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Lexicon :: Strong's H2181 - zānâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [highly-fed and therefore wanton]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 563

Strong’s Definitions

זָנָה zânâh, zaw-naw'; a primitive root [highly fed and therefore wanton]; to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively, to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah):—(cause to) commit fornication, × continually, × great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 93x

The KJV translates Strong's H2181 in the following manner: ...harlot (36x), go a whoring (19x), ...whoredom (15x), whore (11x), commit fornication (3x), whorish (3x), harlot (with H802) (2x), commit (1x), continually (1x), great (1x), whore's (with H802) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 93x
The KJV translates Strong's H2181 in the following manner: ...harlot (36x), go a whoring (19x), ...whoredom (15x), whore (11x), commit fornication (3x), whorish (3x), harlot (with H802) (2x), commit (1x), continually (1x), great (1x), whore's (with H802) (1x).
  1. to commit fornication, be a harlot, play the harlot

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be a harlot, act as a harlot, commit fornication

      2. to commit adultery

      3. to be a cult prostitute

      4. to be unfaithful (to God) (fig.)

    2. (Pual) to play the harlot

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to commit adultery

      2. to force into prostitution

      3. to commit fornication

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
זָנָה zânâh, zaw-naw'; a primitive root [highly fed and therefore wanton]; to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively, to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah):—(cause to) commit fornication, × continually, × great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish.
STRONGS H2181: Abbreviations
זָנָה verb commit fornication, be a harlot (Arabic زَنَى commit fornication, Aramaic axnz, זנא; compare Ethiopic ዘንየት፡ effusio seminis virilis, seman effusum, Di1055; on this and ዘመወ፡ (compare by Ges and others) see PrätBAS i. 32, Anm.) —
Qal Perfect ז׳ Deuteronomy 31:16, זָֽנְתָה Genesis 38:34 [Genesis 38:24] + 3 times, etc.; Imperfect יִזְנֶ֯ה (Kt) Ezekiel 23:43; תִּזְנֶה Leviticus 19:29 + 4 times; וַתִּ֫זֶן Jeremiah 3:8; Ezekiel 23:5; תִּזְנִי Hosea 3:3; וַתִּזְנִי Jeremiah 3:6 (but read probably וַתִּזְנִי ׃וַתִּזֶן is not Aramaic form of 3rd person feminine singular, see Köi. 540 Kau§ 47 g b) Ezekiel 16:15 + 4 times; וַתִּזְנִים Ezekiel 16:28; יִזְנוּ (Qr) Ezekiel 23:43; וַיִּזְנוּ Judges 8:27 + 4 times; תִּזְנֶינָה Hosea 4:13, 14; וַתִּזְנֶינָה Ezekiel 23:3; Infinitive absolute זָנֹה Hosea 1:2; construct לִזְנוֺת Leviticus 20:5 + 3 times; לִזְנֹת Leviticus 20:6; suffix בִּזְנוֺתֵךְ Ezekiel 23:30; Participle זוֺנֶה Psalm 73:27; Ezekiel 6:9; זֹנֶה Hosea 4:15; plural זֹנִים Leviticus 17:7 + 3 times; זוֺנָה Deuteronomy 23:19 + 25 times; זֹנָה Leviticus 21:7 + 2 times; זוֺנוֺת Proverbs 29:3; זֹנוֺת Hosea 4:14 + 4 times
1. be or act as a harlot, absolute Genesis 38:24 (J), Deuteronomy 22:21 (D), Leviticus 21:9 (H), Hosea 4:13, 14; Amos 7:17; זונה + (ה)אשׁה Joshua 2:1; Joshua 6:22 (J), Leviticus 21:7 (H), Judges 11:1; Judges 16:1; Proverbs 6:26; Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:30; Ezekiel 23:44; זוֺנָה Genesis 34:31; Genesis 38:15; Joshua 6:17, 25 (all J), Deuteronomy 23:19; Leviticus 21:14 (H), Proverbs 7:10; Proverbs 23:27; Isaiah 23:15, 16; Joel 4:3; Micah 1:7 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 16:31; נָשִׁים זֹנוֺת 1 Kings 3:16; ז(ו)נות [H2185 1 Kings 22:38]; Proverbs 29:3; Hosea 3:3; Hosea 4:14; Ezekiel 16:33; בית זונה Jeremiah 5:7; commit fornication, man's act אל ז׳ Numbers 25:1 (J); of woman's act Judges 19:2; of land given to harlotry Leviticus 19:29.
2. figurative of improper intercourse with foreign nations (religious reference sometimes involved) את ז׳ Isaiah 23:17; אחרי Ezekiel 23:30; אל Ezekiel 16:26, 28 (twice in verse); תַזְנוּתיה ז׳ Ezekiel 23:43; Nahum 3:4; וַתִּזֶן אָהֳלָה תַחְתָּ֑י and Ohola committed fornication (whilst) under me Ezekiel 23:5 (compare Numbers 5:19).
3. of intercourse with other deities, considered as harlotry, sometimes involving actual prostitution, אחרי ז׳ Exodus 34:15, 16; Deuteronomy 31:16 (all J), Leviticus 17:7; Leviticus 20:5 (twice in verse) (all H), Judges 2:17; Judges 8:27, 33; 1 Chronicles 5:25; Ezekiel 6:9; Ezekiel 20:30; after אֹבֹת, etc. Leviticus 20:6 (H), one's own heart & eyes Numbers 15:39 (H); especially of Israel, Judah, and Jerusalem under figure of lewd woman Ezekiel 16:15 (absolute) Ezekiel 16:16 (על במית), Ezekiel 16:17 (בְ ז׳), Ezekiel 23:3 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 23:19 (absolute), Jeremiah 3:1 (with accusative); Jeremiah 3:6; Jeremiah 3:8 (absolute); absolute elsewhere Hosea 2:7; Hosea 4:15; Isaiah 57:3; Psalm 106:39; as leaving י׳, followed by מֵעַל Hosea 9:1; מאחרי Hosea 1:2 (twice in verse); מתחת Hosea 4:12; followed by מן alone Psalm 73:27; ז(ו)נה Jeremiah 2:20; Ezekiel 16:35, 41; בית זונה Jeremiah 5:7; לִבָּם הַזּוֺנֶה their whorish heart Ezekiel 6:9.
4. זונה of moral defection Isaiah 1:21.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אַהֲרַיִךְ לֹא זוּנָּה fornication was not done (in going) after thee Ezekiel 16:34 (but strike out Co).
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הִזְנֵיתָ Hosea 5:3; 3rd person plural חִזְנוּ Hosea 4:10, 18; Exodus 34:16; Imperfect וַיֶּ֫זֶן 2 Chronicles 21:11; וַתַּזְנֶה 2 Chronicles 21:13; Infinitive absolute הַזְנֵה Hosea 4:18; construct הַזְנוֺת 2 Chronicles 21:13; suffix לְהַזְנוֺתָהּ Leviticus 19:29.
1. cause to commit fornication:
a. sexual Leviticus 19:29 (H).
b. religious Exodus 34:16 (J), 2 Chronicles 21:11, 13 (twice in verse).
2. commit fornication:
a. sexual Hosea 4:10.
b. religious Hosea 4:18 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:3.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


34:31; 38:15; 38:24; 38:24


34:15; 34:16; 34:16; 34:16


17:7; 17:7; 19:29; 19:29; 19:29; 19:29; 20:5; 20:5; 20:6; 20:6; 21:7; 21:7; 21:9; 21:14


5:19; 15:39; 25:1


22:21; 23:19; 23:19; 31:16; 31:16


2:1; 6:17; 6:22; 6:25


2:17; 8:27; 8:27; 8:33; 11:1; 16:1; 19:2

1 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

21:11; 21:11; 21:13; 21:13; 21:13


73:27; 73:27; 106:39


6:26; 7:10; 23:27; 29:3; 29:3


1:21; 23:15; 23:16; 23:17; 57:3


2:20; 3:1; 3:3; 3:6; 3:6; 3:8; 3:8; 5:7; 5:7


6:9; 6:9; 6:9; 16:15; 16:15; 16:16; 16:17; 16:26; 16:28; 16:28; 16:30; 16:31; 16:33; 16:34; 16:35; 16:41; 20:30; 23:3; 23:3; 23:5; 23:5; 23:19; 23:30; 23:30; 23:43; 23:43; 23:43; 23:44


1:2; 1:2; 2:7; 3:3; 3:3; 4:10; 4:10; 4:12; 4:13; 4:13; 4:14; 4:14; 4:14; 4:14; 4:15; 4:15; 4:18; 4:18; 4:18; 5:3; 5:3; 9:1







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2181 matches the Hebrew זָנָה (zānâ),
which occurs 93 times in 81 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 34:31–Eze 16:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:31 - But they said, “Should he [fn]treat our sister like a prostitute H2181?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:15 - When Judah saw her, he assumed she was a prostitute H2181, for she had covered her face.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:24 -

Now it was about three months later that Judah was [fn]informed, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has prostituted H2181 herself, and behold, she is also pregnant by prostitution.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and have her burned!”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:15 - otherwise you might make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they would prostitute H2181 themselves with their gods and sacrifice to their gods, and someone might invite you [fn]to eat of his sacrifice,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:16 - and you might take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters might prostitute H2181 themselves with their gods and cause your sons also to prostitute H2181 themselves with their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:7 - “And they shall no longer offer their sacrifices to the [fn]goat demons with which they play H2181 the H2181 prostitute H2181. This shall be a permanent statute to them throughout their generations.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:29 -

‘Do not profane your daughter by making H2181 her a prostitute H2181, so that the land does not fall H2181 into H2181 prostitution H2181, and the land does not become full of outrageous sin.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:5 - then I Myself will set My face against that man and against his family, and I will cut off from among their people both him and all those who play H2181 the H2181 prostitute H2181 with him, by playing H2181 the H2181 prostitute H2181 with Molech.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:6 -

‘As for the person who turns to [fn]mediums and to spiritists, to play H2181 the H2181 prostitute H2181 with them, I will also set My face against that person and will cut him off from among his people.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:7 - ‘They shall not take a woman who is a prostitute H2181 and [fn]profaned, nor shall they take a woman divorced from her husband; for he is holy to his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:9 - ‘Also the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by prostitution H2181, she profanes her father; she shall be burned with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:14 - ‘A widow, or a divorced woman, or one who is profaned by prostitution H2181, these he shall not take; but rather he is to [fn]marry a virgin of his own people,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:39 - “It shall be a tassel for you [fn]to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, so that you will do them and not [fn]follow your own heart and your own eyes, [fn]which led you to prostitute H2181 yourselves,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:1 -

While Israel remained at Shittim, the people began to commit H2181 infidelity H2181 with the daughters of Moab.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:21 - then they shall bring the girl out to the doorway of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her [fn]to death, because she has committed a disgraceful sin in Israel by playing H2181 the H2181 prostitute H2181 in her father’s house; so you shall eliminate the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:18 - “You shall not bring the earnings of a prostitute H2181 or the money for a [fn]dog into the house of the LORD your God as payment for any vowed offering, because both of these are an abomination to the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:16 - The LORD said to Moses, “Behold, you are about to [fn]lie down with your fathers; and this people will arise and play H2181 the H2181 prostitute H2181 with the foreign gods of the land into the midst of which they are going, and they will abandon Me and break My covenant which I have made with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:1 -

Then Joshua the son of Nun sent two men as spies secretly from Shittim, saying, “Go, view the land, especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute H2181 whose name was Rahab, and rested there.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:17 - “But the city shall be designated for [fn]destruction, it and everything that is in it belongs to the LORD; only Rahab the prostitute H2181 [fn]and all who are with her in the house shall live, because she hid the messengers whom we sent.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:22 -

And Joshua said to the two men who had spied out the land, “Go into the prostitute’s H2181 house and bring the woman and all she has out of there, just as you have sworn to her.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:25 - However, Rahab the prostitute H2181 and her father’s household and all she had, Joshua [fn]spared; and she has lived in the midst of Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:17 - Yet they did not listen to their judges, for they [fn]committed H2181 infidelity H2181 with other gods and bowed down to them. They turned aside quickly from the way in which their fathers had walked in obeying the commandments of the LORD; they did not do the same as their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:27 - Gideon made it into an ephod, and placed it in his city, Ophrah; but all Israel [fn]committed infidelity H2181 with it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:33 -

Then it came about, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the sons of Israel again [fn]committed H2181 infidelity H2181 with the Baals, and made Baal-berith their god.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:1 -

Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a [fn]valiant warrior, but he was the son of a prostitute H2181. And Gilead had fathered Jephthah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:1 -

Now Samson went to Gaza and saw a prostitute H2181 there, and had relations with her.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:2 - But his concubine [fn]found H2181 him repugnant H2181, and she left him and went to her father’s house in Bethlehem in Judah, and remained there for a period of four months.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:25 -

But they were untrue to the God of their fathers and prostituted H2181 themselves with the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 21:11 - Furthermore, he made high places in the mountains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to be unfaithful H2181, and led Judah astray.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 21:13 - but have walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and have caused Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to be unfaithful H2181 as the house of Ahab was unfaithful H2181, and you have also killed your brothers, [fn]your own family, who were better than you,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 73:27 -

For, behold, those who are far from You will perish;

You have destroyed all those who [fn]are unfaithful H2181 to You.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:39 -

So they became unclean in their [fn]practices,

And [fn]were H2181 unfaithful H2181 in their deeds.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:26 -

For the price of a prostitute H2181 reduces one to a loaf of bread,

And [fn]an adulteress hunts for a precious life.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 7:10 -

And behold, a woman comes to meet him,

Dressed as a prostitute H2181 and cunning of heart.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:27 -

For a prostitute H2181 is a deep pit,

And a [fn]strange woman is a narrow well.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:3 -

A man who loves wisdom makes his father glad,

But he who involves himself with prostitutes H2181 wastes his wealth.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:21 -

How the faithful city has become a prostitute H2181,

She who was full of justice!

Righteousness once dwelt in her,

But now murderers.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:15 -

Now on that day Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the prostitute H2181:

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:16 -

Take your harp, wander around the city,

You forgotten prostitute H2181;

Pluck the strings skillfully, sing many songs,

That you may be remembered.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:17 -

It will come about at the end of seventy years that the LORD will visit Tyre. Then she will go back to her prostitute’s wages and commit H2181 prostitution H2181 with all the kingdoms [fn]on the face of the earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:3 -

“But come here, you sons of a sorceress,

Offspring of an adulterer and [fn]a prostitute H2181!

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:20 -

“For long ago [fn]I broke your yoke

And tore off your restraints;

But you said, ‘I will not serve!’

For on every high hill

And under every leafy tree

You have lain down as a prostitute H2181.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:1 -

God [fn]says, “If a husband divorces his wife

And she leaves him

And becomes another man’s wife,

Will he return to her again?

Would that land not be completely defiled?

But you are a prostitute H2181 with many [fn]lovers;

Yet you turn to Me,” declares the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:3 -

“Therefore the showers have been withheld,

And there has been no spring rain.

Yet you had a prostitute’s H2181 [fn]forehead;

You refused to be ashamed.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:6 -

Then the LORD said to me in the days of King Josiah, “Have you seen what faithless Israel did? She went up on every high hill and under every leafy tree, and she prostituted H2181 herself there.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:8 - “And I saw that for all the [fn]adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a certificate of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and prostituted H2181 herself also.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:7 -

“Why should I forgive you?

Your sons have forsaken Me

And sworn by those who are not gods.

When I had fed them to the full,

They committed adultery

And stayed at the prostitute’s H2181 house.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:9 - “Then those of you who escape will remember Me among the nations to which they will be taken captive, how I have [fn]been hurt by their adulterous H2181 hearts which turned away from Me, and by their eyes which committed H2181 infidelity H2181 with their idols; and they will loathe themselves in their own sight for the evils which they have committed, for all their abominations.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:15 -

“But you trusted in your beauty and became H2181 unfaithful H2181 because of your fame, and you poured out your [fn]obscene practices on every passer-by to whom it might be tempting.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:16 - “You took some of your clothes, made for yourself [fn]high places of various colors, and committed H2181 prostitution H2181 on them, which should not come about nor happen.

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