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Lexicon :: Strong's H2199 - zāʿaq

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 570

Strong’s Definitions

זָעַק zâʻaq, zaw-ak'; a primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy, (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly:—assemble, call (together), (make a) cry (out), come with such a company, gather (together), cause to be proclaimed.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 73x

The KJV translates Strong's H2199 in the following manner: cry (50x), cry out (11x), assemble (3x), called (3x), gathered together (2x), gathered (2x), company (1x), proclaimed (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 73x
The KJV translates Strong's H2199 in the following manner: cry (50x), cry out (11x), assemble (3x), called (3x), gathered together (2x), gathered (2x), company (1x), proclaimed (1x).
  1. to cry, cry out, call, call for help

    1. (Qal)

      1. to call (to one's aid)

      2. to cry, cry out (in need)

    2. (Niphal) to be assembled, be called together, be joined together

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to call, call out, call together, summon

      2. to make a crying, proclaim

      3. to have a proclamation made

      4. to call out to, call out at

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
זָעַק zâʻaq, zaw-ak'; a primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy, (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly:—assemble, call (together), (make a) cry (out), come with such a company, gather (together), cause to be proclaimed.
STRONGS H2199: Abbreviations
† [זָעַק] verb cry, cry out, call (|| form of צעק which see; Arabic زَعَقَ, Aramaic Qfiz) —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְזָעָ֑קָה 2 Samuel 13:19; 1st person singular זָעַקְתִּי Psalm 142:6; 3rd person plural זָֽעֲקוּ Judges 6:7 + 3 times; וְזָעֲקוּ consecutive Judges 11:11 + 2 times; 2nd person masculine plural וּזְעַקְתֶּם consecutive 1 Samuel 8:18; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִזְעָ֑ק Isaiah 15:5; וַיִּזְעַק 1 Samuel 7:9 + 5 times, etc.; Imperative זְעַק Ezekiel 21:17; feminine singular זַעֲקְיֿ Isaiah 14:31, compare Jeremiah 48:20 Kt; וְזַעֲקוּ Judges 10:14 + 2 times; וּזְעָ֑קוּ Jeremiah 48:20 Qr; Infinitive construct מִזְּעֹק 1 Samuel 7:8; וְלִזְעֹק 2 Samuel 19:29; suffix זַעְקֶ֑ךָ Isaiah 30:19; בְּזַעְקֵךְ Isaiah 57:13 (Ol§ 245 b Ges§ 61. 1. R 1); —
1. call, to one's aid, followed by accusative of person Judges 12:2.
2. cry, cry out, in need:
a. unto God (י׳), followed by אֶלֿ Judges 3:9, 15; Judges 6:6, 7; Judges 10:10; 1 Samuel 7:8, 9 (+ בעד of intercession), 1 Samuel 12:8, 10; 1 Samuel 15:11; Micah 3:4; Jeremiah 11:11; Habakkuk 1:2 (with accusative חמס, compare Hosea 8:2 below), 2 Chronicles 20:9; Psalm 22:6; Psalm 107:13; Psalm 107:19; Psalm 142:6; Joel 1:14; followed by אֶליֿ׳ + בְּקוֺל גָּדוֺל Nehemiah 9:4; + קוֺלִי Psalm 142:2 (|| התחנן); + בְּלִבָּם Hosea 7:14 (opposed to הֵילִיל); followed by לְ Hosea 8:2 (+ object of words uttered), 1 Chronicles 5:20; followed by suffix Nehemiah 9:28; followed by הַשָּׁמַיִם (without divine name) 2 Chronicles 32:20 (|| התפלל); absolute, but with implication of cry to י׳ 1 Samuel 8:18; Isaiah 30:19.
b. unto other gods, followed by אֶלֿ Judges 10:14; Jeremiah 11:12; Jonah 1:5.
c. unto king, followed by אֶלֿ 2 Samuel 19:29.
d. absolute, utterance of horror, anxiety, alarm, distress, sorrow, etc. 1 Samuel 4:13; 1 Samuel 5:10; 1 Samuel 28:12 (+ בקול גדול), 2 Samuel 13:19; 2 Samuel 19:5 (+ קול גדול), 1 Kings 22:32 2 Chronicles 18:31; Isaiah 15:4; Isaiah 26:17; Isaiah 57:13; Jeremiah 20:8 (|| קרא, compare Habakkuk 1:2 above), Lamentations 3:8 (|| אֲשַׁוֵּעַ) Ezekiel 9:8; Ezekiel 11:13; Ezekiel 27:30; also of cry heard by God Exodus 2:23 (P); followed by לְ of that in behalf of, or for which one cries Isaiah 15:5; Jeremiah 48:31; so followed by עַלֿ Jeremiah 30:15; followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb זְעָקָה Esther 4:1; || היליל Jeremiah 47:2; and especially Imperative Isaiah 14:31; Jeremiah 25:34; Jeremiah 48:20; Ezekiel 21:17.
e. cry out against one, followed by עַלֿ Job 31:38 if my land cry out against me (|| יִבְכָּיוּן); compare also (absolute, and without preposition) Habakkuk 2:11 the stone shall cry out of (מִן) the wall.
Niph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular נִזְעָ֑קְתָּ Judges 18:23; 3rd person masculine plural נִזְעֲקוּ Judges 18:22; Imperfect וַיִּזָּעֵק Judges 6:34 + 2 times; וַיִּזָּעֲקוּ Joshua 8:16; — be called together **be called out for military service, passive of Hiph. 1.; compare GFMJudg 18:23; assemble, join Joshua 8:16 (JE), Judges 18:22, 23; 1 Samuel 14:20; followed by אַחֲרָיו Judges 6:34, 35 assembled after him, i.e. joined him as his followers.
Hiph. Imperfect וַיַּזְעֵק Judges 4:10 + 3 times; יַזְעִיקוּ Job 35:9; Imperative הַזְעֶקֿ 2 Samuel 20:4; Infinitive construct לְהַזְעִיק 2 Samuel 20:5; —
1. call, call out, or together, for military service, followed by accusative Judges 4:10, 13; 2 Samuel 20:4, 5.
2. make a crying Job 35:9 (יְשַׁוְּעוּ in || clause)
3. have proclamation made ויאמר ויז׳ Jonah 3:7.
4. call out to, or at, followed by accusative וַיַּזְעֵק אֹתִי וַיְדַבֵּר Zechariah 6:8 (si vera lectio; Gr queries וַיָּעַר ?).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H2200.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




8:16; 8:16


3:9; 3:15; 4:10; 4:10; 4:13; 6:6; 6:7; 6:7; 6:34; 6:34; 6:35; 10:10; 10:14; 10:14; 11:11; 12:2; 18:22; 18:22; 18:23; 18:23; 18:23

1 Samuel

4:13; 5:10; 7:8; 7:8; 7:9; 7:9; 8:18; 8:18; 12:8; 12:10; 14:20; 15:11; 28:12

2 Samuel

13:19; 13:19; 19:5; 19:29; 19:29; 20:4; 20:4; 20:5; 20:5

1 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

18:31; 20:9; 32:20


9:4; 9:28




31:38; 35:9; 35:9


22:6; 107:13; 107:19; 142:2; 142:6; 142:6


14:31; 14:31; 15:4; 15:5; 15:5; 26:17; 30:19; 30:19; 57:13; 57:13


11:11; 11:12; 20:8; 25:34; 30:15; 47:2; 48:20; 48:20; 48:20; 48:31




9:8; 11:13; 21:17; 21:17; 27:30


7:14; 8:2; 8:2




1:5; 3:7




1:2; 1:2; 2:11



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2199 matches the Hebrew זָעַק (zāʿaq),
which occurs 73 times in 72 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Exo 2:23–Isa 57:13)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:23 - And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, H2199 and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:16 - And all the people that were in Ai were called H2199 together to pursue after them: and they pursued after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:9 - And when the children of Israel cried H2199 unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:15 - But when the children of Israel cried H2199 unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:10 - And Barak called H2199 Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:13 - And Sisera gathered together H2199 all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:6 - And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites; and the children of Israel cried H2199 unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:7 - And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried H2199 unto the LORD because of the Midianites,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:34 - But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered H2199 after him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:35 - And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh; who also was gathered H2199 after him: and he sent messengers unto Asher, and unto Zebulun, and unto Naphtali; and they came up to meet them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:10 - And the children of Israel cried H2199 unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:14 - Go and cry H2199 unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 12:2 - And Jephthah said unto them, I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon; and when I called H2199 you, ye delivered me not out of their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:22 - And when they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men that were in the houses near to Micah's house were gathered together, H2199 and overtook the children of Dan.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:23 - And they cried unto the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, and said unto Micah, What aileth thee, that thou comest with such a company? H2199
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:13 - And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out. H2199
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 5:10 - Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, H2199 saying, They have brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:8 - And the children of Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to cry H2199 unto the LORD our God for us, that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:9 - And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the LORD: and Samuel cried H2199 unto the LORD for Israel; and the LORD heard him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:18 - And ye shall cry out H2199 in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:8 - When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried H2199 unto the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:10 - And they cried H2199 unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:20 - And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled H2199 themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:11 - It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried H2199 unto the LORD all night.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:12 - And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried H2199 with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:19 - And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying. H2199
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:4 - But the king covered his face, and the king cried H2199 with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:28 - For all of my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry H2199 any more unto the king?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:4 - Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble H2199 me the men of Judah within three days, and be thou here present.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:5 - So Amasa went to assemble H2199 the men of Judah: but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:32 - And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel. And they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out. H2199
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:20 - And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried H2199 to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:31 - And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, It is the king of Israel. Therefore they compassed about him to fight: but Jehoshaphat cried out, H2199 and the LORD helped him; and God moved them to depart from him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:9 - If, when evil cometh upon us, as the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name is in this house,) and cry H2199 unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:20 - And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried H2199 to heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:4 - Then stood up upon the stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried H2199 with a loud voice unto the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:28 - But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried H2199 unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies;
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:1 - When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried H2199 with a loud and a bitter cry;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:38 - If my land cry H2199 against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 35:9 - By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make the oppressed to cry: H2199 they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 22:5 - They cried H2199 unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:13 - Then they cried H2199 unto the LORD in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:19 - Then they cry H2199 unto the LORD in their trouble, and he saveth them out of their distresses.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 142:1 - [[Maschil of David; A Prayer when he was in the cave.]] I cried H2199 unto the LORD with my voice; with my voice unto the LORD did I make my supplication.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 142:5 - I cried H2199 unto thee, O LORD: I said, Thou art my refuge and my portion in the land of the living.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:31 - Howl, O gate; cry, H2199 O city; thou, whole Palestina, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 15:4 - And Heshbon shall cry, H2199 and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard even unto Jahaz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moab shall cry out; his life shall be grievous unto him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 15:5 - My heart shall cry out H2199 for Moab; his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 26:17 - Like as a woman with child, that draweth near the time of her delivery, is in pain, and crieth out H2199 in her pangs; so have we been in thy sight, O LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:13 - When thou criest, H2199 let thy companies deliver thee; but the wind shall carry them all away; vanity shall take them: but he that putteth his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain;

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