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Lexicon :: Strong's H2219 - zārâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [compare זוּר (H2114)]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 579

Strong’s Definitions

זָרָה zârâh, zaw-raw'; a primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication, to diffuse, winnow:—cast away, compass, disperse, fan, scatter (away), spread, strew, winnow.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's H2219 in the following manner: scatter (19x), disperse (8x), fan (4x), spread (2x), winnowed (2x), cast away (1x), scatter away (1x), compass (1x), strawed (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's H2219 in the following manner: scatter (19x), disperse (8x), fan (4x), spread (2x), winnowed (2x), cast away (1x), scatter away (1x), compass (1x), strawed (1x).
  1. to scatter, fan, cast away, winnow, disperse, compass, spread, be scattered, be dispersed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to scatter

      2. to fan, winnow

    2. (Niphal) to be scattered, be dispersed

    3. (Piel)

      1. to scatter, disperse (intensive of Qal)

      2. to winnow, sift

    4. (Pual) to be scattered, be spread out

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
זָרָה zârâh, zaw-raw'; a primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication, to diffuse, winnow:—cast away, compass, disperse, fan, scatter (away), spread, strew, winnow.
† [זָרָה] verb scatter, fan, winnow (Arabic ذَرا cause to fly, scatter (of wind), winnow; Aramaic דְּרָא, axRD; Ethiopic ዘረወ፡
Qal Imperfect וַיִּ֫זֶר Exodus 32:20; 2nd person masculine singular תִּזְרֶה Ezekiel 5:2; suffix תִּזְרֵם Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 41:16; וָאֶזְרֵם Jeremiah 15:7; Imperative זְרֵה Numbers 17:2; Infinitive לִזְרוֺת Jeremiah 4:11; Participle זֹרֶה Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24; —
1. scatter, the powder into which golden calf was ground Exodus 32:20 (E, object not expressed); with accusative (strange) fire from censers Numbers 17:2 (P); hair (symbolic act) Ezekiel 5:2; Isaiah 30:22.
2. fan, winnow, object גֹּרֶן הַשְּׂעוֺרִים Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24 (where participle has indefinite subject), Isaiah 41:16 metaphor, object mountains and hills, figurative of winnowing; figurative fan, winnow, in purification Jeremiah 4:11 (|| לְהָכַ֑ר); in chastisement Jeremiah 15:7(בְּמִזְרֶה ז׳).
Niph. Imperfect וַיִּזָּרוּ Ezekiel 36:19 be scattered, dispersed, of Israel; Infinitive בְּהִזָּרוֺתֵיכֶם Ezekiel 6:8 when ye shall be dispersed (on plural suffix Ew§ 259 b, but Co strike out י).
Pi. Perfect suffix וְזֵרָם 1 Kings 14:15; זִרֵ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3, suffix זֵירִיתָ֫נוּ Psalm 44:12; וְזֵרִיתִ֫י Ezekiel 5:10 etc.; Infinitive זָרוֺת Ezekiel 20:23 etc.; —
1. (intensive of Qal) scatter, disperse, especially of peoples, with accusative (Israel and Judah) 1 Kings 14:15; Leviticus 26:33 (H), Psalm 44:12; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 5:10, 12; Ezekiel 12:14, 15; Ezekiel 20:23; Ezekiel 22:15 compare Zechariah 2:2; Zechariah 2:4 (twice in verse); Psalm 106:27; bones of Israel Ezekiel 6:5; people of Hazor Jeremiah 49:32; of Elam Jeremiah 49:36; of Babylon Jeremiah 51:2 (זָרִים = strangers ?); Egyptians Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:26 + Ezekiel 30:23 (strike out Co, internal grounds); in general the wicked Proverbs 20:26; evil Proverbs 20:8; participle מְזָרִים = substantive scatterers, epithet of winds [H4215 Job 37:9] (compare Qor 51:1); על־פניכם פֶּרֶשׁ וְזֵרִיתִי Malachi 2:3 scatter dung on your faces (token of shame and curse); figurative disperse knowledge (of lips) Proverbs 15:7.
2. winnow, sift (compare Qal 2) only figurative אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרִ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3 my path and my couch thou siftest (Che; BaZMG 1887, 607 measurest, determinest, whence זֶרֶת which see).
Pu. be scattered,Imperfect יְזֹרֶה Job 18:15, subject גָּפְרִית followed by עַל; Participle feminine מְזֹרָה (agreeing with רָשֶׁ֑ת net) Proverbs 1:17.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


32:20; 32:20




17:2; 17:2


3:2; 3:2

1 Kings

14:15; 14:15




44:12; 44:12; 106:27; 139:3; 139:3


1:17; 15:7; 20:8; 20:26


30:22; 30:22; 30:24; 30:24; 41:16; 41:16


4:11; 4:11; 15:7; 15:7; 31:10; 49:32; 49:36; 51:2


5:2; 5:2; 5:10; 5:10; 5:12; 6:5; 6:8; 12:14; 12:15; 20:23; 20:23; 22:15; 29:12; 30:23; 30:26; 36:19


2:2; 2:4



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2219 matches the Hebrew זָרָה (zārâ),
which occurs 39 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:20 - And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed H2219 it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:33 - And I will scatter H2219 you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:37 - Speak unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, that he take up the censers out of the burning, and scatter H2219 thou the fire yonder; for they are hallowed.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:2 - And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth H2219 barley to night in the threshingfloor.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:15 - For the LORD shall smite Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water, and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter H2219 them beyond the river, because they have made their groves, provoking the LORD to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:15 - It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone shall be scattered H2219 upon his habitation.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:11 - Thou hast given us like sheep appointed for meat; and hast scattered H2219 us among the heathen.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:27 - To overthrow their seed also among the nations, and to scatter H2219 them in the lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:3 - Thou compassest H2219 my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:17 - Surely in vain the net is spread H2219 in the sight of any bird.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:7 - The lips of the wise disperse H2219 knowledge: but the heart of the foolish doeth not so.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:8 - A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away H2219 all evil with his eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:26 - A wise king scattereth H2219 the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:22 - Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away H2219 as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:24 - The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed H2219 with the shovel and with the fan.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:16 - Thou shalt fan H2219 them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:11 - At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, H2219 nor to cleanse,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:7 - And I will fan H2219 them with a fan in the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children, I will destroy my people, since they return not from their ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:10 - Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered H2219 Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:32 - And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I will scatter H2219 into all winds them that are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all sides thereof, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:36 - And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter H2219 them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:2 - And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan H2219 her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:2 - Thou shalt burn with fire a third part in the midst of the city, when the days of the siege are fulfilled: and thou shalt take a third part, and smite about it with a knife: and a third part thou shalt scatter H2219 in the wind; and I will draw out a sword after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:10 - Therefore the fathers shall eat the sons in the midst of thee, and the sons shall eat their fathers; and I will execute judgments in thee, and the whole remnant of thee will I scatter H2219 into all the winds.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:12 - A third part of thee shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the midst of thee: and a third part shall fall by the sword round about thee; and I will scatter H2219 a third part into all the winds, and I will draw out a sword after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:5 - And I will lay the dead carcases of the children of Israel before their idols; and I will scatter H2219 your bones round about your altars.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:8 - Yet will I leave a remnant, that ye may have some that shall escape the sword among the nations, when ye shall be scattered H2219 through the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:14 - And I will scatter H2219 toward every wind all that are about him to help him, and all his bands; and I will draw out the sword after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:15 - And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall scatter them among the nations, and disperse H2219 them in the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 20:23 - I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse H2219 them through the countries;
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:15 - And I will scatter thee among the heathen, and disperse H2219 thee in the countries, and will consume thy filthiness out of thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:12 - And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be desolate forty years: and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse H2219 them through the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:23 - And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse H2219 them through the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:26 - And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse H2219 them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:19 - And I scattered them among the heathen, and they were dispersed H2219 through the countries: according to their way and according to their doings I judged them.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:19 - And I said unto the angel that talked with me, What be these? And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered H2219 Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:21 - Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These are the horns which have scattered H2219 Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter H2219 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:3 - Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread H2219 dung upon your faces, even the dung of your solemn feasts; and one shall take you away with it.

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