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Lexicon :: Strong's H2219 - zārâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [compare זוּר (H2114)]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 579

Strong’s Definitions

זָרָה zârâh, zaw-raw'; a primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication, to diffuse, winnow:—cast away, compass, disperse, fan, scatter (away), spread, strew, winnow.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's H2219 in the following manner: scatter (19x), disperse (8x), fan (4x), spread (2x), winnowed (2x), cast away (1x), scatter away (1x), compass (1x), strawed (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's H2219 in the following manner: scatter (19x), disperse (8x), fan (4x), spread (2x), winnowed (2x), cast away (1x), scatter away (1x), compass (1x), strawed (1x).
  1. to scatter, fan, cast away, winnow, disperse, compass, spread, be scattered, be dispersed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to scatter

      2. to fan, winnow

    2. (Niphal) to be scattered, be dispersed

    3. (Piel)

      1. to scatter, disperse (intensive of Qal)

      2. to winnow, sift

    4. (Pual) to be scattered, be spread out

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
זָרָה zârâh, zaw-raw'; a primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication, to diffuse, winnow:—cast away, compass, disperse, fan, scatter (away), spread, strew, winnow.
STRONGS H2219: Abbreviations
† [זָרָה] verb scatter, fan, winnow (Arabic ذَرا cause to fly, scatter (of wind), winnow; Aramaic דְּרָא, axRD; Ethiopic ዘረወ፡
Qal Imperfect וַיִּ֫זֶר Exodus 32:20; 2nd person masculine singular תִּזְרֶה Ezekiel 5:2; suffix תִּזְרֵם Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 41:16; וָאֶזְרֵם Jeremiah 15:7; Imperative זְרֵה Numbers 17:2; Infinitive לִזְרוֺת Jeremiah 4:11; Participle זֹרֶה Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24; —
1. scatter, the powder into which golden calf was ground Exodus 32:20 (E, object not expressed); with accusative (strange) fire from censers Numbers 17:2 (P); hair (symbolic act) Ezekiel 5:2; Isaiah 30:22.
2. fan, winnow, object גֹּרֶן הַשְּׂעוֺרִים Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24 (where participle has indefinite subject), Isaiah 41:16 metaphor, object mountains and hills, figurative of winnowing; figurative fan, winnow, in purification Jeremiah 4:11 (|| לְהָכַ֑ר); in chastisement Jeremiah 15:7(בְּמִזְרֶה ז׳).
Niph. Imperfect וַיִּזָּרוּ Ezekiel 36:19 be scattered, dispersed, of Israel; Infinitive בְּהִזָּרוֺתֵיכֶם Ezekiel 6:8 when ye shall be dispersed (on plural suffix Ew§ 259 b, but Co strike out י).
Pi. Perfect suffix וְזֵרָם 1 Kings 14:15; זִרֵ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3, suffix זֵירִיתָ֫נוּ Psalm 44:12; וְזֵרִיתִ֫י Ezekiel 5:10 etc.; Infinitive זָרוֺת Ezekiel 20:23 etc.; —
1. (intensive of Qal) scatter, disperse, especially of peoples, with accusative (Israel and Judah) 1 Kings 14:15; Leviticus 26:33 (H), Psalm 44:12; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 5:10, 12; Ezekiel 12:14, 15; Ezekiel 20:23; Ezekiel 22:15 compare Zechariah 2:2; Zechariah 2:4 (twice in verse); Psalm 106:27; bones of Israel Ezekiel 6:5; people of Hazor Jeremiah 49:32; of Elam Jeremiah 49:36; of Babylon Jeremiah 51:2 (זָרִים = strangers ?); Egyptians Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:26 + Ezekiel 30:23 (strike out Co, internal grounds); in general the wicked Proverbs 20:26; evil Proverbs 20:8; participle מְזָרִים = substantive scatterers, epithet of winds [H4215 Job 37:9] (compare Qor 51:1); על־פניכם פֶּרֶשׁ וְזֵרִיתִי Malachi 2:3 scatter dung on your faces (token of shame and curse); figurative disperse knowledge (of lips) Proverbs 15:7.
2. winnow, sift (compare Qal 2) only figurative אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרִ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3 my path and my couch thou siftest (Che; BaZMG 1887, 607 measurest, determinest, whence זֶרֶת which see).
Pu. be scattered,Imperfect יְזֹרֶה Job 18:15, subject גָּפְרִית followed by עַל; Participle feminine מְזֹרָה (agreeing with רָשֶׁ֑ת net) Proverbs 1:17.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


32:20; 32:20




17:2; 17:2


3:2; 3:2

1 Kings

14:15; 14:15




44:12; 44:12; 106:27; 139:3; 139:3


1:17; 15:7; 20:8; 20:26


30:22; 30:22; 30:24; 30:24; 41:16; 41:16


4:11; 4:11; 15:7; 15:7; 31:10; 49:32; 49:36; 51:2


5:2; 5:2; 5:10; 5:10; 5:12; 6:5; 6:8; 12:14; 12:15; 20:23; 20:23; 22:15; 29:12; 30:23; 30:26; 36:19


2:2; 2:4



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2219 matches the Hebrew זָרָה (zārâ),
which occurs 39 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:20 - Then he took the calf which they had made and completely burned it with fire, and ground it to powder, and scattered H2219 it over the surface of the water and made the sons of Israel drink it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:33 - ‘You, however, I will scatter H2219 among the nations, and I will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become ruins.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:37 - “Tell Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, that he shall pick up the censers from the midst of the burned area, because they are holy; and you are to scatter H2219 the [fn]burning coals farther away.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:2 - “Now then, is Boaz not our relative, with whose young women you were? Behold, he is winnowing H2219 barley at the threshing floor tonight.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:15 -

“For the LORD will strike Israel, just as a reed sways in the water; and He will uproot Israel from this good land which He gave to their fathers, and will scatter H2219 them beyond the Euphrates River, because they have made their [fn]Asherim, provoking the LORD to anger.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:15 -

[fn]Nothing of his dwells in his tent;

Brimstone is scattered H2219 on his home.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:11 -

You turn us over [fn]to be eaten like sheep,

And have scattered H2219 us among the nations.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:27 -

And that He would bring down their [fn]descendants among the nations,

And scatter H2219 them in the lands.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:3 -

You [fn]scrutinize H2219 my [fn]path and my lying down,

And are acquainted with all my ways.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:17 -

Indeed, it is [fn]useless to spread H2219 the baited net

In the sight of any [fn]bird;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:7 -

The lips of the wise spread H2219 knowledge,

But the hearts of fools are not so.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:8 -

A king who sits on the throne of justice

[fn]Disperses H2219 all evil with his eyes.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:26 -

A wise king scatters H2219 the wicked,

And [fn]drives a threshing wheel over them.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:22 - And you will desecrate your carved images plated with silver, and your cast metal images plated with gold. You will scatter H2219 them as a filthy thing, and say to [fn]them, “Be gone!”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:24 - Also the oxen and the donkeys that work the ground will eat [fn]seasoned feed, which [fn]has been winnowed H2219 with shovel and pitchfork.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:16 -

“You will winnow H2219 them, and the wind will carry them away,

And the storm will scatter them;

But you will rejoice in the LORD,

You will boast in the Holy One of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:11 -

At that time it will be said to this people and to Jerusalem, “A scorching wind from the bare heights in the wilderness, in the direction of the daughter of My people—not to winnow H2219 and not to cleanse,

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:7 -

“I will winnow H2219 them with a winnowing fork

At the gates of the land;

I will bereave them of children, I will destroy My people;

They did not [fn]repent of their ways.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:10 -

Hear the word of the LORD, you nations,

And declare it in the coastlands far away,

And say, “He who scattered H2219 Israel will gather him,

And He will keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:32 -

“Their camels will become plunder,

And their many livestock for spoils,

And I will scatter H2219 to all the winds those who cut the corners of their hair;

And I will bring their disaster from every side,” declares the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:36 -

‘I will bring upon Elam the four winds

From the four ends of heaven,

And will scatter H2219 them to all these winds;

And there will be no nation

To which the outcasts of Elam will not go.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:2 -

“I will send [fn]foreigners to Babylon so that they may winnow H2219 her

And devastate her land;

For they will be opposed to her on every side

On the day of her disaster.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:2 - “A third you shall burn in the fire at the center of the city, when the days of the siege are completed. Then you shall take a third and strike it with the sword all around [fn]the city, and a third you shall scatter H2219 to the wind; for I will unsheathe a sword behind them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:10 - ‘Therefore, fathers will eat their sons among you, and sons will eat their fathers; for I will execute judgments on you and scatter H2219 all your remnant to every wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:12 - ‘A third of you will die by plague or perish by famine among you, a third will fall by the sword around you, and a third I will scatter H2219 to every wind, and I will unsheathe a sword behind them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:5 - “I will also lay the dead bodies of the sons of Israel in front of their idols; and I will scatter H2219 your bones around your altars.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:8 -

“However, I will leave a remnant, in that you will have those who escaped the sword among the nations when you are scattered H2219 among the countries.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:14 - “And I will scatter H2219 to every wind all who are around him, his helpers and all his troops; and I will draw out a sword after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:15 - “So they will know that I am the LORD, when I disperse them among the nations and scatter H2219 them among the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 20:23 - “Also I swore to them in the wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:15 - “And I will scatter you among the nations and disperse H2219 you among the lands, and I will eliminate your uncleanness from you.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:12 - “So I will make the land of Egypt a desolation in the midst of deserted lands. And her cities, in the midst of cities that are laid waste, will be desolate for forty years; and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:23 - ‘And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:26 - ‘When I scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands, then they will know that I am the LORD.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:19 - “I also scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed H2219 throughout the lands. According to their ways and their deeds I judged them.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:19 - So I said to the angel who was speaking with me, “What are these?” And he said to me, “These are the horns that have scattered H2219 Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:21 - And I said, “What are these coming to do?” And he said, “These are the horns that have scattered H2219 Judah so that no one lifts up his head; but these craftsmen have come to frighten them, to throw down the horns of the nations who have lifted up their horns against the land of Judah in order to scatter H2219 it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:3 - “Behold, I am going to rebuke your [fn]descendants, and I will spread H2219 [fn]dung on your faces, the [fn]dung of your feasts; and you will be taken away [fn]with it.
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