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Lexicon :: Strong's H2219 - zārâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [compare זוּר (H2114)]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 579

Strong’s Definitions

זָרָה zârâh, zaw-raw'; a primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication, to diffuse, winnow:—cast away, compass, disperse, fan, scatter (away), spread, strew, winnow.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's H2219 in the following manner: scatter (19x), disperse (8x), fan (4x), spread (2x), winnowed (2x), cast away (1x), scatter away (1x), compass (1x), strawed (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's H2219 in the following manner: scatter (19x), disperse (8x), fan (4x), spread (2x), winnowed (2x), cast away (1x), scatter away (1x), compass (1x), strawed (1x).
  1. to scatter, fan, cast away, winnow, disperse, compass, spread, be scattered, be dispersed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to scatter

      2. to fan, winnow

    2. (Niphal) to be scattered, be dispersed

    3. (Piel)

      1. to scatter, disperse (intensive of Qal)

      2. to winnow, sift

    4. (Pual) to be scattered, be spread out

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
זָרָה zârâh, zaw-raw'; a primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication, to diffuse, winnow:—cast away, compass, disperse, fan, scatter (away), spread, strew, winnow.
† [זָרָה] verb scatter, fan, winnow (Arabic ذَرا cause to fly, scatter (of wind), winnow; Aramaic דְּרָא, axRD; Ethiopic ዘረወ፡
Qal Imperfect וַיִּ֫זֶר Exodus 32:20; 2nd person masculine singular תִּזְרֶה Ezekiel 5:2; suffix תִּזְרֵם Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 41:16; וָאֶזְרֵם Jeremiah 15:7; Imperative זְרֵה Numbers 17:2; Infinitive לִזְרוֺת Jeremiah 4:11; Participle זֹרֶה Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24; —
1. scatter, the powder into which golden calf was ground Exodus 32:20 (E, object not expressed); with accusative (strange) fire from censers Numbers 17:2 (P); hair (symbolic act) Ezekiel 5:2; Isaiah 30:22.
2. fan, winnow, object גֹּרֶן הַשְּׂעוֺרִים Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24 (where participle has indefinite subject), Isaiah 41:16 metaphor, object mountains and hills, figurative of winnowing; figurative fan, winnow, in purification Jeremiah 4:11 (|| לְהָכַ֑ר); in chastisement Jeremiah 15:7(בְּמִזְרֶה ז׳).
Niph. Imperfect וַיִּזָּרוּ Ezekiel 36:19 be scattered, dispersed, of Israel; Infinitive בְּהִזָּרוֺתֵיכֶם Ezekiel 6:8 when ye shall be dispersed (on plural suffix Ew§ 259 b, but Co strike out י).
Pi. Perfect suffix וְזֵרָם 1 Kings 14:15; זִרֵ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3, suffix זֵירִיתָ֫נוּ Psalm 44:12; וְזֵרִיתִ֫י Ezekiel 5:10 etc.; Infinitive זָרוֺת Ezekiel 20:23 etc.; —
1. (intensive of Qal) scatter, disperse, especially of peoples, with accusative (Israel and Judah) 1 Kings 14:15; Leviticus 26:33 (H), Psalm 44:12; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 5:10, 12; Ezekiel 12:14, 15; Ezekiel 20:23; Ezekiel 22:15 compare Zechariah 2:2; Zechariah 2:4 (twice in verse); Psalm 106:27; bones of Israel Ezekiel 6:5; people of Hazor Jeremiah 49:32; of Elam Jeremiah 49:36; of Babylon Jeremiah 51:2 (זָרִים = strangers ?); Egyptians Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:26 + Ezekiel 30:23 (strike out Co, internal grounds); in general the wicked Proverbs 20:26; evil Proverbs 20:8; participle מְזָרִים = substantive scatterers, epithet of winds [H4215 Job 37:9] (compare Qor 51:1); על־פניכם פֶּרֶשׁ וְזֵרִיתִי Malachi 2:3 scatter dung on your faces (token of shame and curse); figurative disperse knowledge (of lips) Proverbs 15:7.
2. winnow, sift (compare Qal 2) only figurative אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרִ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3 my path and my couch thou siftest (Che; BaZMG 1887, 607 measurest, determinest, whence זֶרֶת which see).
Pu. be scattered,Imperfect יְזֹרֶה Job 18:15, subject גָּפְרִית followed by עַל; Participle feminine מְזֹרָה (agreeing with רָשֶׁ֑ת net) Proverbs 1:17.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


32:20; 32:20




17:2; 17:2


3:2; 3:2

1 Kings

14:15; 14:15




44:12; 44:12; 106:27; 139:3; 139:3


1:17; 15:7; 20:8; 20:26


30:22; 30:22; 30:24; 30:24; 41:16; 41:16


4:11; 4:11; 15:7; 15:7; 31:10; 49:32; 49:36; 51:2


5:2; 5:2; 5:10; 5:10; 5:12; 6:5; 6:8; 12:14; 12:15; 20:23; 20:23; 22:15; 29:12; 30:23; 30:26; 36:19


2:2; 2:4



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2219 matches the Hebrew זָרָה (zārâ),
which occurs 39 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:20 - He took the calf which they had made and burned it with fire, and ground it to powder, and scattered H2219 it over the surface of the water and made the sons of Israel drink it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:33 - ‘You, however, I will scatter H2219 among the nations and will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become waste.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:37 - “Say to Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, that he shall take up the censers out of the midst of the [fn]blaze, for they are holy; and you scatter H2219 the [fn]burning coals abroad.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:2 - “Now is not Boaz our [fn]kinsman, with whose maids you were? Behold, he winnows H2219 barley at the threshing floor tonight.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:15 - “For the LORD will strike Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water; and He will uproot Israel from this good land which He gave to their fathers, and will scatter H2219 them beyond the Euphrates River, because they have made their [fn]Asherim, provoking the LORD to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:15 - [fn]There dwells in his tent nothing of his;
Brimstone is scattered H2219 on his habitation.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:11 - You give us as sheep [fn]to be eaten
And have scattered H2219 us among the nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:27 - And that He would cast their seed among the nations
And scatter H2219 them in the lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:3 - You [fn]scrutinize H2219 my [fn]path and my lying down,
And are intimately acquainted with all my ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:17 - Indeed, it is [fn]useless to spread H2219 the baited net
In the sight of any [fn]bird;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:7 - The lips of the wise spread H2219 knowledge,
But the hearts of fools are not so.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:8 - A king who sits on the throne of justice
[fn]Disperses H2219 all evil with his eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:26 - A wise king winnows H2219 the wicked,
And [fn]drives the threshing wheel over them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:22 - And you will defile your graven images overlaid with silver, and your molten images plated with gold. You will scatter H2219 them as an impure thing, and say to [fn]them, “Be gone!”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:24 - Also the oxen and the donkeys which work the ground will eat salted fodder, which [fn]has been winnowed H2219 with shovel and fork.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:16 - “You will winnow H2219 them, and the wind will carry them away,
And the storm will scatter them;
But you will rejoice in the LORD,
You will glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:11 - In that time it will be said to this people and to Jerusalem, “A scorching wind from the bare heights in the wilderness in the direction of the daughter of My people—not to winnow H2219 and not to cleanse,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:7 - “I will winnow H2219 them with a winnowing H2219 fork
At the gates of the land;
I will bereave them of children, I will destroy My people;
They did not [fn]repent of their ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:10 - Hear the word of the LORD, O nations,
And declare in the coastlands afar off,
And say, “He who scattered H2219 Israel will gather him
And keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:32 - “Their camels will become plunder,
And their many cattle for booty,
And I will scatter H2219 to all the winds those who cut the corners of their hair;
And I will bring their disaster from every side,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:36 - ‘I will bring upon Elam the four winds
From the four ends of heaven,
And will scatter H2219 them to all these winds;
And there will be no nation
To which the outcasts of Elam will not go.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:2 - “I will dispatch [fn]foreigners to Babylon that they may winnow H2219 her
And may devastate her land;
For on every side they will be opposed to her
In the day of her calamity.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:2 - “One third you shall burn in the fire at the center of the city, when the days of the siege are completed. Then you shall take one third and strike it with the sword all around [fn]the city, and one third you shall scatter H2219 to the wind; and I will unsheathe a sword behind them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:10 - ‘Therefore, fathers will eat their sons among you, and sons will eat their fathers; for I will execute judgments on you and scatter H2219 all your remnant to every wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 5:12 - ‘One third of you will die by plague or be consumed by famine among you, one third will fall by the sword around you, and one third I will scatter H2219 to every wind, and I will unsheathe a sword behind them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:5 - “I will also lay the dead bodies of the sons of Israel in front of their idols; and I will scatter H2219 your bones around your altars.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:8 - “However, I will leave a remnant, for you will have those who escaped the sword among the nations when you are scattered H2219 among the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:14 - “I will scatter H2219 to every wind all who are around him, his helpers and all his troops; and I will draw out a sword after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:15 - “So they will know that I am the LORD when I scatter them among the nations and spread H2219 them among the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 20:23 - “Also I swore to them in the wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:15 - “I will scatter you among the nations and I will disperse H2219 you through the lands, and I will consume your uncleanness from you.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:12 - “So I will make the land of Egypt a desolation in the midst of desolated lands. And her cities, in the midst of cities that are laid waste, will be desolate forty years; and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:23 - ‘I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:26 - ‘When I scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse H2219 them among the lands, then they will know that I am the LORD.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:19 - “Also I scattered them among the nations and they were dispersed H2219 throughout the lands. According to their ways and their deeds I judged them.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:19 - So I said to the angel who was speaking with me, “What are these?” And he answered me, “These are the horns which have scattered H2219 Judah, Israel and Jerusalem.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 1:21 - I said, “What are these coming to do?” And he said, “These are the horns which have scattered H2219 Judah so that no man lifts up his head; but these craftsmen have come to terrify them, to throw down the horns of the nations who have lifted up their horns against the land of Judah in order to scatter H2219 it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:3 - “Behold, I am going to rebuke your [fn]offspring, and I will spread H2219 [fn]refuse on your faces, the [fn]refuse of your feasts; and you will be taken away [fn]with it.

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