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Lexicon :: Strong's H2254 - ḥāḇal

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חָבַל
Transliteration
ḥāḇal
Pronunciation
khaw-bal'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 592,593,594,5

Strong’s Definitions

חָבַל châbal, khaw-bal'; a primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), i.e. to bind; specifically, by a pledge; figuratively, to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition):—× at all, band, bring forth, (deal) corrupt(-ly), destroy, offend, lay to (take a) pledge, spoil, travail, × very, withhold.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H2254 in the following manner: destroy (7x), take a pledge (5x), pledge (5x), bands (2x), brought forth (2x), at all (1x), corrupt (1x), corruptly (1x), offend (1x), spoil (1x), travaileth (1x), very (1x), withholden (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H2254 in the following manner: destroy (7x), take a pledge (5x), pledge (5x), bands (2x), brought forth (2x), at all (1x), corrupt (1x), corruptly (1x), offend (1x), spoil (1x), travaileth (1x), very (1x), withholden (1x).
  1. to bind

    1. (Qal)

      1. to bind

  2. to take a pledge, lay to pledge

    1. (Qal) to hold by a pledge, take in pledge, hold in pledge

    2. (Niphal) to give a pledge, become pledged

  3. to destroy, spoil, deal corruptly, offend

    1. (Qal) to spoil, corrupt, offend

    2. (Niphal) to be ruined

    3. (Piel) to destroy, ruin

    4. (Pual) to be ruined, be broken

  4. to bring forth, travail

    1. (Piel) to writhe, twist, travail

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָבַל châbal, khaw-bal'; a primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), i.e. to bind; specifically, by a pledge; figuratively, to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition):—× at all, band, bring forth, (deal) corrupt(-ly), destroy, offend, lay to (take a) pledge, spoil, travail, × very, withhold.
STRONGS H2254:
† I. [חָבַל] verb bind, pledge (Arabic حَبَلَ bind; compare Aramaic Lfbo, Lebfo travail; חֲבַל pledge (but rare and dubious); especially Hbfo cord, field, חַבְלָא cord, Hbeo, חֶבְלָא pain, especially of travail; Sabean חבל border-territory, or field, SabDenkm48. 49; Ethiopic ሐበለ፡ ZimBP 93 n., compare Assyrian naḫbalu, rope, snare (but = خ))
Qal Perfect חָבָ֑ל Ezekiel 18:16 Imperfect יַחֲבֹל Deuteronomy 24:6; 2nd person masculine singular תַּחֲבֹל Deuteronomy 24:17; תַּחְבֹּל Ezekiel 22:25; Job 22:6; יַחְבְּלוּ Job 24:3; יַחְבֹּ֑לוּ Job 24:9; Imperative suffix חַבְלֵהוּ Proverbs 20:16; Proverbs 27:13; Infinitive absolute חָבֹל Exodus 22:25; Participle active חֹבֵל Deuteronomy 24:6, compare חֹבְלִים Zechariah 11:7, 14 (name of מַקֵּל); passive חֲבֻלִים Amos 2:8; —
1. bind, only in חֹבְלִים, name of one of Zechariah's symbolic staves, Zechariah 11:7, 14 symbolic of fraternity. Especially
2. bind by taking a pledge of, hold by a pledge, followed by accusative of person Proverbs 20:16; Proverbs 27:13; Job 22:6; take or hold in pledge, followed by accusative of thing Exodus 22:25 (J E), Deuteronomy 24:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 24:17; Job 24:3; followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb חֲבֹל Ezekiel 18:16; עַלעָֿנִי יַחְבֹּ֑לוּ Job 24:9 probably pregnant (see Di) take pledges (getting power) over the poor; בְּגָדִים חֲבֻלִים Amos 2:8 garments taken in pledge.
Niph. Imperfect יֵחָ֫בֶל לוֺ Proverbs 13:13 becometh pledged to it (i.e. pledged to pay the penalty, opposed to יְשֻׁלָּ֑ם), so Ew Hi De Now Str RVm VB. > below II. חָבַל which see.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular חִבְּלָה Songs 8:5; חִבְּלַתְךָ Songs 8:5; Imperfect יְחַבֶּלֿ Psalm 7:15; — writhe, twist, hence travail; of mother Songs 8:5 (twice in verse) (with accusative of child; || יְלָדָ֑תְךָ); metaphor of wicked man יְחַבֶּלאָֿ֑וֶן וְהָרָה עָמָל וְיָלַד שָֽׁקֶר ׃ Psalm 7:15.

II. חָבַל verb act (ruinously) corruptly (Late Hebrew id. wound, injure; Arabic حَبَلَ corrupt or render unsound (the mind, a limb, etc.), حَبِلَ be deranged (in mind); Assyrian ḫabâlu, injure, VR62, 11; Aramaic Lebfo, חַבֵּל corrupt, ruin; Ethiopic ተነበለ፡ be arrogant, audacious; Sabean חֿבל DHMEpigr. Denkm. 48; compare Palmyrene חבל mortuus VogNo. 161 and often)
Qal Perfect 1st person plural חָבַלְנוּ Nehemiah 1:7; Imperfect 1st person singular אֶחְבֹּל Job 34:31; Infinitive construct (used as absolute) Nehemiah 1:7; — act corruptly against, חֲבֹל חבלנו לְ Nehemiah 1:7; absolute Job 34:31.
Niph. Imperfect יֵחָ֫בֶל לוֺ Proverbs 13:13 shall be ruined (לְ reflexive), Thes Rob-Ges AV RV, but < I. חָבַל (which see).
Pi. ruin, destroy: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְחִבֵּל את מעשׂה ידיך Ecclesiastes 5:5, subject God. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תְּחַבֵּל וְחֶבֶל נִמְרָץ Micah 2:10 that destroyeth, even with sore destruction; but read rather נ׳ תְּחֻבְּלוּ ח׳ ye shall be destroyed with etc., so Greek Version of the LXX Roo Che. Infinitive construct לְחַבֵּל with accusative, the poor Isaiah 32:7, the land Isaiah 13:5; absolute Isaiah 54:16; compare Participle plural מְחַבְּלִים Songs 2:15 with accusative of foxes ruining vineyards.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular וְחֻבַּל consecutive Isaiah 10:27 of yoke, be ruined, broken, si vera lectio; RSJPh xiii. 1885, p. 62 proposes יחדל, compare also Checritical note.; and remark by Di Du; 3rd person feminine singular חֻבָּ֑לָה Job 17:1 my spirit is broken (|| יָמַי נִזְעָ֑כוּ); Imperfect 2nd person masculine plural תְּחֻבְּלוּ Micah 2:10 (emendation: see above).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H2255.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Exodus

22:25; 22:25

Deuteronomy

24:6; 24:6; 24:6; 24:17; 24:17

Nehemiah

1:7; 1:7; 1:7

Job

17:1; 22:6; 22:6; 24:3; 24:3; 24:9; 24:9; 34:31; 34:31

Psalms

7:15; 7:15

Proverbs

13:13; 13:13; 20:16; 20:16; 27:13; 27:13

Ecclesiastes

5:5

Song of Songs

2:15; 8:5; 8:5; 8:5

Isaiah

10:27; 13:5; 32:7; 54:16

Ezekiel

18:16; 18:16; 22:25

Amos

2:8; 2:8

Micah

2:10; 2:10

Zechariah

11:7; 11:7; 11:14; 11:14

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2254 matches the Hebrew חָבַל (ḥāḇal),
which occurs 27 times in 23 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:26 - “If you ever H2254 seize H2254 your neighbor’s cloak as H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254, you are to return it to him before the sun sets,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:6 - “No one shall seize H2254 a handmill or an upper millstone as H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254 for a loan, since he would be seizing H2254 the debtor’s [fn]means of life as H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:17 - “You shall not pervert the justice [fn]due a stranger or [fn]an orphan, nor seize H2254 a widow’s garment as H2254 a H2254 [fn]pledge H2254.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:7 - “We have acted H2254 very H2254 corruptly H2254 against You and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the ordinances which You commanded Your servant Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:1 - “My spirit is broken H2254, my days are extinguished,
The [fn]grave is ready for me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:6 - “For you have seized H2254 pledges H2254 from your brothers without cause,
And [fn]stripped people naked.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:3 - “They drive away the donkeys of orphans;
They seize H2254 the widow’s ox as H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:9 - Others snatch an orphan from the breast,
And they seize H2254 it as H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254 against the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:31 - “For has anyone said to God,
‘I have endured punishment;
I will not offend H2254 anymore;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:14 - Behold, an evil person is H2254 pregnant H2254 with injustice,
And he conceives harm and gives birth to lies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:13 - One who despises the word will do H2254 badly H2254,
But one who fears the commandment will be rewarded.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:16 - Take his garment when he becomes guarantor for a stranger;
And for foreigners, seize H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254 from him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:13 - Take his garment when he becomes a guarantor for a stranger;
And for a foreign woman seize H2254 a H2254 pledge H2254 from him.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 5:6 - Do not let your [fn]speech cause [fn]you to sin, and do not say in the presence of the messenger of God that it was a mistake. Why should God be angry on account of your voice, and destroy H2254 the work of your hands?
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 2:15 - The Chorus
“Catch the [fn]foxes for us,
The [fn]little [fn]foxes that are ruining H2254 the vineyards,
While our vineyards are in blossom.”
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 8:5 - The Chorus
“Who is this coming up from the wilderness,
Leaning on her beloved?”
The Bride
“Beneath the apple tree I awakened you;
There your mother went H2254 into H2254 labor H2254 with you,
There she was H2254 in H2254 labor H2254 and gave birth to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:27 - So it will be on that day, that [fn]his burden will be removed from your shoulders, and his yoke from your neck; and the yoke will be broken H2254 because of fatness.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:5 - They are coming from a distant country,
From the [fn]farthest horizons,
The LORD and the weapons of His indignation,
To destroy H2254 the whole land.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:7 - As for a rogue, his weapons are evil;
He devises wicked schemes
To destroy H2254 the poor with [fn]slander,
Even though the needy one speaks [fn]what is right.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:16 - “Behold, I Myself have created the smith who blows on the fire of coals
And produces a weapon for its work;
And I have created the destroyer to inflict H2254 ruin H2254.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:16 - nor oppressed anyone, nor retained H2254 a pledge, nor committed robbery; instead, he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 2:8 - “And on garments seized H2254 as H2254 pledges H2254 they stretch out beside every altar,
And in the house of their God they drink the wine of those who have been fined.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:10 - “Arise and go,
For this is no place of rest
Because of the uncleanness that brings H2254 on destruction H2254,
A painful destruction.

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