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Lexicon :: Strong's H2717 - ḥāraḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 731,732

Strong’s Definitions

חָרַב chârab, khaw-rab'; or חֲרֵב chărêb; a primitive root; to parch (through drought) i.e. (by analogy,) to desolate, destroy, kill:—decay, (be) desolate, destroy(-er), (be) dry (up), slay, × surely, (lay, lie, make) waste.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x

The KJV translates Strong's H2717 in the following manner: waste (16x), dry (7x), dry up (7x), desolate (3x), slay (2x), decayeth (1x), destroyed (1x), destroyer (1x), surely (1x), utterly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x
The KJV translates Strong's H2717 in the following manner: waste (16x), dry (7x), dry up (7x), desolate (3x), slay (2x), decayeth (1x), destroyed (1x), destroyer (1x), surely (1x), utterly (1x).
  1. to be waste, lay waste, make desolate, be desolate, be in ruins

    1. (Qal) to be waste, be desolate

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be made desolate

      2. desolate (participle)

    3. (Hiphil) to lay waste, make desolate

    4. (Hophal) to be laid waste

  2. to be dry, be dried up

    1. (Qal) to be dried, be dried up

    2. (Pual) to be dried

    3. (Hiphil) to dry up

    4. (Hophal) to be dried up

  3. to attack, smite down, slay, fight

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרַב chârab, khaw-rab'; or חֲרֵב chărêb; a primitive root; to parch (through drought) i.e. (by analogy,) to desolate, destroy, kill:—decay, (be) desolate, destroy(-er), (be) dry (up), slay, × surely, (lay, lie, make) waste.
STRONGS H2717: Abbreviations
† I. [חָרֵב] verb be dry, dried up (compare יָבֵשׁ) (Aramaic חֲרוֺב be dry, חוּרְבָּא drought); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural חָֽרְבוּ Genesis 8:13 (twice in verse), Isaiah 19:6; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יֶחֱרַב Hosea 13:15 + 2 times, וַיֶּחֱרָ֑ב Psalm 106:9; Imperative feminine singular חֳרָ֑בִי Isaiah 44:27; — be dry, dried up:
1. of ground, be freed from waters of flood הָאֳדמָה פְּנֵי ח׳ Genesis 8:13b (J).
2. of waters, be dried up, taken away; of waters of flood Genesis 8:13a (P); of Nile וְנָהָר יֶחֱרַב וְיָבֵשׁ Isaiah 19:5 (|| וְנִשְּׁתוּמַֿיִם מֵהַיָּם), see same combination Job 14:11 (|| אָֽזְלו מַיִם מִנִּייָֿם); Isaiah 19:6 (|| דָּֽלֲלוּ) Isaiah 44:27 (|| הוֺבִישׁ); of Red Sea Psalm 106:9; figurative of Ephraim's freshness and vigour Hosea 13:15.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person plural לֹא חֹרָ֑בוּ Judges 16:7, 8, of fresh bow-strings (of gut, see Bla).
Hiph. Perfect הֶחֱרִיב Nahum 1:4, of י׳'s drying up rivers (|| וַיַּבְּשֵׁהוּ), perhaps also Isaiah 11:15 (for MT החרים) see Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate Targum; וְהַחֲרַבְתִּ֫י the Euphrates Jeremiah 51:36 (|| הוֺבַשְׁתִּי); Imperfect אַחֲרִיב יָם Isaiah 50:2, subject י׳, I dry up a sea (|| אָשִׂים נְהָרוֺת מִדְבָּר); אַחְרִב Isaiah 37:25אַחֲרִב 2 Kings 19:24, of king of Assyria drying up rivers of Egypt; Participle feminine singular הַמַּחֲרֶבֶת Isaiah 51:10 of י׳'s arm drying up (Red) Sea.

† II. [חָרֵב] be waste, desolate (Late Hebrew חָרֵב id.; Aramaic חֲרוֺב Bfro be laid waste; Zinjirli חרב adjective; Arabic خَرِبَ be in ruins, waste, depopulated; Assyrian ḫarâbu, be waste, DlPr 175, ḫuribtu, desert, LotzTP); —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֶּחֱרַ֔ב Jeremiah 26:9, תֶּחֱרָ֔ב Isaiah 34:10; 3rd person masculine plural יֶחֶרְבוּ Ezekiel 6:6, יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ Amos 7:9; Isaiah 60:12; 3rd person feminine plural תֶּחֱרַבְנָה Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 12:20; Imperative חָרְבוּ (so, not חָֽרְבוּ — Theile — see van d. H. Hahn Köi. 244) Jeremiah 2:12; Infinitive absolute חָרֹב Isaiah 60:12; — be waste, desolate; of sanctuaries of Israel Amos 7:9 (|| נָשַׁמּוּ), of altars Ezekiel 6:6; of cities Jeremiah 26:9; Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 12:20 (|| שׁמם); of nations Isaiah 34:10, חָרֹב יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ Isaiah 60:12 (|| יאֹבֵדוּ); figurative, in address to the heavens חָרְבוּ מְאֹד Jeremiah 2:12 — (|| שֹׁמּוּ, וְשַׂעֲרוּ), be very desolate (at sins of Israel); others, be amazed, astounded (on relation of meanings see שׁמם).
Niph. Participle feminine נֶחֱרֶבֶת Ezekiel 26:19 as adjective, desolate city, i.e. uninhabited, see context; נַחֲרָבוֺת Ezekiel 30:17 of desolate countries (|| נָשַׁמּוּ).
Hiph. Perfect הֶחֱרִיב Ezekiel 19:17; 1st person singular הֶחֱרַבְתִּי Zephaniah 3:6; 3rd person plural הֶחֱרִיבוּ Isaiah 37:18; 2 Kings 19:17; Imperfect 1st person singular אַחֲרִיב Isaiah 42:15; Participle מַחֲרִיב Judges 16:24; plural with suffix מַחֲרִיבַיִךְ Isaiah 49:17; — lay waste, make desolate, human subject; nations and lands Isaiah 37:182 Kings 19:17; Isaiah 42:15, compare participle Isaiah 49:17 (|| מְהָֽרְסַיִךְ); add probably with We Amos 4:9 (הֶחֱרַבְתִּי for the untranslateable הַרְבּוֺת) I have devastated your gardens and vineyards; participle Judges 16:24 desolater of our country (|| הִרְבָּה אֶתחֲֿלָלֵנ֑וּ); object cities Ezekiel 19:7; streets Zephaniah 3:6 (|| נָשַׁמּוּ).
Hoph. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular הָחֳרָ֑בָה Ezekiel 26:2 she is laid waste, of a city; Participle מָחֳרָבוֺת Ezekiel 29:12 laid waste, of cities (|| שׁמם).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H2718.

† III. [חָרַב] verb (Aramaic and rare) attack, smite down (compare Arabic حَرَبَ plunder, III. wage war with, VI. fight together, حَرْبً war, battle; Syriac Bfro smite, slay) —
Qal Imperative masculine singular חֲרֹב Jeremiah 50:21 attack (+ וְהַחֲרֵם אַחֲרֵיהֶם); masculine plural חִרְבוּ Jeremiah 50:27 object כָּל־פָּרֶיהָ, figurative of men of Babylon.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person plural נֶחֶרְבוּ המלכים (see Hoph.) הָחֳרֵב 2 Kings 3:23 the kings have attacked one another, fought together (|| וַיַּכּוּ אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ).
Hoph. Infinitive absolute 2 Kings 3:23, see Niph., but read perhaps הֵחָרֵב, compare Dr Leviticus 19:20, note.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


8:13; 8:13; 8:13




16:7; 16:8; 16:24; 16:24

2 Kings

3:23; 3:23; 19:17; 19:17; 19:24




106:9; 106:9


11:15; 19:5; 19:6; 19:6; 34:10; 34:10; 37:18; 37:18; 37:25; 42:15; 42:15; 44:27; 44:27; 49:17; 49:17; 50:2; 51:10; 60:12; 60:12; 60:12


2:12; 2:12; 26:9; 26:9; 50:21; 50:27; 51:36


6:6; 6:6; 6:6; 6:6; 12:20; 12:20; 19:7; 26:2; 26:19; 29:12; 30:17


13:15; 13:15


4:9; 7:9; 7:9




3:6; 3:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2717 matches the Hebrew חָרַב (ḥāraḇ),
which occurs 42 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:13 - And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up H2717 from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry. H2717
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:7 - And Samson said unto her, If they bind me with seven green withs that were never dried, H2717 then shall I be weak, and be as another man.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:8 - Then the lords of the Philistines brought up to her seven green withs which had not been dried, H2717 and she bound him with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:24 - And when the people saw him, they praised their god: for they said, Our god hath delivered into our hands our enemy, and the destroyer H2717 of our country, which slew many of us.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:23 - And they said, This is blood: the kings are surely H2717 slain, H2717 and they have smitten one another: now therefore, Moab, to the spoil.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:17 - Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have destroyed H2717 the nations and their lands,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:24 - I have digged and drunk strange waters, and with the sole of my feet have I dried H2717 up all the rivers of besieged places.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:3 - And said unto the king, Let the king live for ever: why should not my countenance be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers' sepulchres, lieth waste, and the gates thereof are consumed with fire?
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:17 - Then said I unto them, Ye see the distress that we are in, how Jerusalem lieth waste, and the gates thereof are burned with fire: come, and let us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we be no more a reproach.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:11 - As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth H2717 and drieth up:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:9 - He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: H2717 so he led them through the depths, as through the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:5 - And the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted H2717 and dried up.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:6 - And they shall turn the rivers far away; and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up: H2717 the reeds and flags shall wither.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:10 - It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; H2717 none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:18 - Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste H2717 all the nations, and their countries,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:25 - I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up H2717 all the rivers of the besieged places.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 42:15 - I will make waste H2717 mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs; and I will make the rivers islands, and I will dry up the pools.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:27 - That saith to the deep, Be dry, H2717 and I will dry up thy rivers:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:17 - Thy children shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste H2717 shall go forth of thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:2 - Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up H2717 the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because there is no water, and dieth for thirst.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:10 - Art thou not it which hath dried H2717 the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 60:12 - For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly H2717 wasted. H2717
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:12 - Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, H2717 saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 26:9 - Why hast thou prophesied in the name of the LORD, saying, This house shall be like Shiloh, and this city shall be desolate H2717 without an inhabitant? And all the people were gathered against Jeremiah in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:21 - Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste H2717 and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:27 - Slay H2717 all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:36 - Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up H2717 her sea, and make her springs dry.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:6 - In all your dwellingplaces the cities shall be laid waste, H2717 and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars may be laid waste H2717 and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:20 - And the cities that are inhabited shall be laid waste, H2717 and the land shall be desolate; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 19:7 - And he knew their desolate palaces, and he laid waste H2717 their cities; and the land was desolate, and the fulness thereof, by the noise of his roaring.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 26:2 - Son of man, because that Tyrus hath said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken that was the gates of the people: she is turned unto me: I shall be replenished, now she is laid waste: H2717
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 26:19 - For thus saith the Lord GOD; When I shall make thee a desolate H2717 city, like the cities that are not inhabited; when I shall bring up the deep upon thee, and great waters shall cover thee;
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:12 - And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste H2717 shall be desolate forty years: and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:7 - And they shall be desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted. H2717
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 13:15 - Though he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: H2717 he shall spoil the treasure of all pleasant vessels.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 7:9 - And the high places of Isaac shall be desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste; H2717 and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 1:4 - He rebuketh the sea, and maketh it dry, H2717 and drieth up all the rivers: Bashan languisheth, and Carmel, and the flower of Lebanon languisheth.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 3:6 - I have cut off the nations: their towers are desolate; I made their streets waste, H2717 that none passeth by: their cities are destroyed, so that there is no man, that there is none inhabitant.
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