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Lexicon :: Strong's H2763 - ḥāram

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חָרַם
Transliteration
ḥāram
Pronunciation
khaw-ram'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 744,745

Strong’s Definitions

חָרַם châram, khaw-ram'; a primitive root; to seclude; specifically (by a ban) to devote to religious uses (especially destruction); physical and reflexive, to be blunt as to the nose:—make accursed, consecrate, (utterly) destroy, devote, forfeit, have a flat nose, utterly (slay, make away).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 52x

The KJV translates Strong's H2763 in the following manner: destroy (34x), utterly (10x), devote (2x), accursed (1x), consecrate (1x), forfeited (1x), flat nose (1x), utterly to make away (1x), slay (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 52x
The KJV translates Strong's H2763 in the following manner: destroy (34x), utterly (10x), devote (2x), accursed (1x), consecrate (1x), forfeited (1x), flat nose (1x), utterly to make away (1x), slay (1x).
  1. to ban, devote, destroy utterly, completely destroy, dedicate for destruction, exterminate

    1. (Hiphil)

      1. to prohibit (for common use), ban

      2. to consecrate, devote, dedicate for destruction

      3. to exterminate, completely destroy

    2. (Hophal)

      1. to be put under the ban, be devoted to destruction

      2. to be devoted, be forfeited

      3. to be completely destroyed

  2. to split, slit, mutilate (a part of the body)

    1. (Qal) to mutilate

    2. (Hiphil) to divide

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרַם châram, khaw-ram'; a primitive root; to seclude; specifically (by a ban) to devote to religious uses (especially destruction); physical and reflexive, to be blunt as to the nose:—make accursed, consecrate, (utterly) destroy, devote, forfeit, have a flat nose, utterly (slay, make away).
STRONGS H2763:
† I. [חָרַם] verb
Hiph. ban, devote, exterminate (MI17 החרמתה of devoting, dedicating a city to Chemosh, in clause with כי explaining massacre of all inhabitants; the altar-hearth of י׳ there was dragged before Chemosh; حَرُمَ be prohibited, forbidden, unlawful, become sacred; II. make, pronounce sacred, inviolable; Ethiopic ሐረመ፡ prohibit from common use, consecrate to God, esteem unlawful; Palmyrene חרםconsacré VogNo 35; Nabataean id., Eutp. 28; Sabean מחרם sanctuary, temple, OsZMG 1865, 176. 252, חרמתן DHMZMG 1875, 594; Aramaic אַחֲרִים, and especially MeroAf  anathematize, excommunicate; see also WeSkizzen iii, 165, DrSm 100 ff., RSSemitic i. 140 (150)) —
Hiph. Perfect הֶהֱרִים Joshua 8:26 + 5 times; הֶחֱרִם Joshua 10:28; 2nd person masculine singular וְהַחֲרַמְתָּ֫ה 1 Samuel 15:18; 1st person singular הֶחֱרַמְתִּי 1 Samuel 15:20; וְהַחֲרַמְתִּ֫י Numbers 21:2; 2nd person feminine singular וְהַחֲרַמְתְּ(י) consecutive Micah 4:13 (so Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Syriac Version Targum RV most; MT 1st person singular), see Ges§ 44, R. 4; plural הֶחֱרִימוּ 1 Samuel 15:9; 2 Chronicles 32:14 etc.; (1 Samuel 15:3 read והחרמתו Greek Version of the LXX We Dr); Imperfect יַחֲרִם Leviticus 27:28; וַיַּחֲרֵם Numbers 21:3; Joshua 10:37; suffix וַיַּחֲרִימָהּ Joshua 10:1; 1st person plural וַנַּחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6 etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 13:16; plural הַחֲרִימוּ Jeremiah 51:3; suffix הַחֲרִימוּהָ Jeremiah 50:26; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 3:6 + 4 times; construct הַחֲרִים 2 Chronicles 20:23; Daniel 11:44; suffix הַחֲרִימָם Joshua 11:20 + 4 times; — ban, devote (especially religiously, followed by objects hostile to the theocracy [see especially Exodus 22:19 Hoph.]; this involved generally their destruction; when a city was 'devoted' the inhabitants were put to death, the spoil being destroyed or not according to the gravity of the occasion [contrast Joshua 6:17, 21; 1 Samuel 15:3 with Deuteronomy 2:34f. Deuteronomy 3:6, 7], compare MI17 לעשתר כמש החרמתה to Ashtar-Chemosh I devoted it, i.e. the city Nebo); —
1. most often of devoting to destruction cities of Canaanites and other neighbours of Israel, exterminating inhabitants, and destroying or appropriating their possessions:
a. Israel and her leaders subject Numbers 21:2, 3(destruction according to vow), Joshua 6:21 (compare חֵרֶם ליהוה Joshua 6:17; all J); in Joshua 6:18 read תַּחְמְדוּ (for MT תַּחֲרִימוּ, see Di VB); Joshua 8:26 (Greek Version of the LXX, not LXX of Lucian (Lag.), omit verse), Joshua 10:1 (JE), Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 7:2 (twice in verse) (commanded through Moses, compare for underlying thought Deuteronomy 7:4; Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 7:6), Deuteronomy 20:17 (twice in verse) (commanded by י׳), Joshua 2:10; Joshua 10:28, 35, 37, 39, 40 (divine command), Joshua 11:11, 12, 20, 21 (divine command Joshua 11:12; Joshua 11:20; all D), 1 Samuel 15:3, 8, 9 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 15:15, 18, 20 (divine command 1 Samuel 15:3; 1 Samuel 15:18; 1 Samuel 15:20, compare 1 Samuel 15:11; 1 Samuel 15:22; 1 Samuel 15:23); quite secondary is simple exterminate 1 Kings 9:21; 1 Chronicles 4:41.
b. secondary meaning destroy, exterminate, also with other nations subject: — 2 Kings 19:11Isaiah 37:11 2 Chronicles 32:14; 20:23; Jeremiah 50:21, 26 (both by divine command), Jeremiah 51:3; Daniel 11:44.
c. God as subject, figurative all nations and their armies Isaiah 34:2; the nations of Western Asia Jeremiah 25:9; the tongue of the Egyptian sea (by drying it up) Isaiah 11:15 (but read perhaps החריב with Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate Targum).
d. so also of devoting even Israelites: a city of Israel for worshipping other gods Deuteronomy 13:16; residents of Jabesh-Gilead for not joining in campaign against Benjamin Judges 21:11.
2. devote to י׳ : for sacred uses החרים ליהוה the spoil of the nations Micah 4:13; private possessions, whether a man, animal, or field Leviticus 27:28 (P).
Hoph. Imperfect יָחֳרַם Leviticus 27:29; Ezra 10:8; יָחֳרָ֑ם Exodus 22:19; —
1. be put under the ban, devoted (to death), for worshipping other gods than י׳ Exodus 22:19 (J E; earliest use of word in OT); for some other theocratic offence Leviticus 27:29 (P; see Di).
2. devoted, i.e. forfeited, to the temple treasures Ezra 10:8. — On חרם see especially Di (Kn) Leviticus 27:28; EwAntiq. 75. 78, Dr 1 Samuel 15:33.

† II. [חָרַם] verb slit (nose, lip, ear, etc.), mutilate, especially face (Arabic خَرَمَ perforate, pierce, slit the partition between the nostrils, or the lip, or the lobe of the ear) —
Qal Passive participle עִוֵּר אִישׁ שָׂרוּעַ אוֹ חָרֻם אוֹ פִּסֵחַ a man blind or lame or mutilated in the face (in nose, lip, ear, etc.), or too long in a limb Leviticus 21:18 (H), see Di (Kn).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Exodus

22:19; 22:19; 22:19

Leviticus

21:18; 27:28; 27:28; 27:28; 27:29; 27:29

Numbers

21:2; 21:2; 21:3; 21:3

Deuteronomy

2:34; 2:34; 2:34; 3:6; 3:6; 3:6; 3:6; 3:7; 7:2; 7:4; 7:5; 7:6; 13:16; 13:16; 20:17

Joshua

2:10; 6:17; 6:17; 6:18; 6:21; 6:21; 8:26; 8:26; 10:1; 10:1; 10:28; 10:28; 10:35; 10:37; 10:37; 10:39; 10:40; 11:11; 11:12; 11:12; 11:20; 11:20; 11:20; 11:21

Judges

21:11

1 Samuel

15:3; 15:3; 15:3; 15:3; 15:8; 15:9; 15:9; 15:11; 15:15; 15:18; 15:18; 15:18; 15:20; 15:20; 15:20; 15:22; 15:23; 15:33

1 Kings

9:21

2 Kings

19:11

1 Chronicles

4:41

2 Chronicles

20:23; 20:23; 32:14; 32:14

Ezra

10:8; 10:8

Isaiah

11:15; 34:2; 37:11

Jeremiah

25:9; 50:21; 50:26; 50:26; 51:3; 51:3

Daniel

11:44; 11:44

Micah

4:13; 4:13

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2763 matches the Hebrew חָרַם (ḥāram),
which occurs 52 times in 48 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:20 - He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed. H2763
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:18 - For whatsoever man he be that hath a blemish, he shall not approach: a blind man, or a lame, or he that hath a flat nose, H2763 or any thing superfluous,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 27:28 - Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote H2763 unto the LORD of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 27:29 - None devoted, which shall be devoted H2763 of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:2 - And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy H2763 their cities.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:3 - And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed H2763 them and their cities: and he called the name of the place Hormah.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:34 - And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed H2763 the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:6 - And we utterly destroyed H2763 them, as we did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying H2763 the men, women, and children, of every city.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:2 - And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:15 - Thou shalt surely smite the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, destroying it utterly, H2763 and all that is therein, and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:17 - But thou shalt utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:10 - For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that were on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed. H2763
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:18 - And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, H2763 when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:21 - And they utterly destroyed H2763 all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:26 - For Joshua drew not his hand back, wherewith he stretched out the spear, until he had utterly destroyed H2763 all the inhabitants of Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:1 - Now it came to pass, when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed H2763 it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:28 - And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof he utterly destroyed, H2763 them, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king of Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:35 - And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed H2763 that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:37 - And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but destroyed H2763 it utterly, and all the souls that were therein.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:39 - And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed H2763 all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:40 - So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed H2763 all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:11 - And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying H2763 them: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:12 - And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and he utterly destroyed H2763 them, as Moses the servant of the LORD commanded.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:20 - For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, H2763 and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:21 - And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly H2763 with their cities.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:17 - And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed H2763 it. And the name of the city was called Hormah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:11 - And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy H2763 every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:3 - Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy H2763 all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:8 - And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed H2763 all the people with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:9 - But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy H2763 them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly. H2763
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:15 - And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed. H2763
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:18 - And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy H2763 the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:20 - And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed H2763 the Amalekites.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:21 - Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, H2763 upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:11 - Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly: H2763 and shalt thou be delivered?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 4:41 - And these written by name came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and smote their tents, and the habitations that were found there, and destroyed H2763 them utterly unto this day, and dwelt in their rooms: because there was pasture there for their flocks.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:23 - For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay H2763 and destroy them: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:14 - Who was there among all the gods of those nations that my fathers utterly destroyed, H2763 that could deliver his people out of mine hand, that your God should be able to deliver you out of mine hand?
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:8 - And that whosoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the princes and the elders, all his substance should be forfeited, H2763 and himself separated from the congregation of those that had been carried away.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 11:15 - And the LORD shall utterly destroy H2763 the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:2 - For the indignation of the LORD is upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly destroyed H2763 them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:11 - Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands by destroying them utterly; H2763 and shalt thou be delivered?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:9 - Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy H2763 them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:21 - Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy H2763 after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:26 - Come against her from the utmost border, open her storehouses: cast her up as heaps, and destroy her utterly: H2763 let nothing of her be left.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:3 - Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly H2763 all her host.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:44 - But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away H2763 many.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 4:13 - Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate H2763 their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.

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