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Lexicon :: Strong's H2763 - ḥāram

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 744,745

Strong’s Definitions

חָרַם châram, khaw-ram'; a primitive root; to seclude; specifically (by a ban) to devote to religious uses (especially destruction); physical and reflexive, to be blunt as to the nose:—make accursed, consecrate, (utterly) destroy, devote, forfeit, have a flat nose, utterly (slay, make away).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 52x

The KJV translates Strong's H2763 in the following manner: destroy (34x), utterly (10x), devote (2x), accursed (1x), consecrate (1x), forfeited (1x), flat nose (1x), utterly to make away (1x), slay (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 52x
The KJV translates Strong's H2763 in the following manner: destroy (34x), utterly (10x), devote (2x), accursed (1x), consecrate (1x), forfeited (1x), flat nose (1x), utterly to make away (1x), slay (1x).
  1. to ban, devote, destroy utterly, completely destroy, dedicate for destruction, exterminate

    1. (Hiphil)

      1. to prohibit (for common use), ban

      2. to consecrate, devote, dedicate for destruction

      3. to exterminate, completely destroy

    2. (Hophal)

      1. to be put under the ban, be devoted to destruction

      2. to be devoted, be forfeited

      3. to be completely destroyed

  2. to split, slit, mutilate (a part of the body)

    1. (Qal) to mutilate

    2. (Hiphil) to divide

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרַם châram, khaw-ram'; a primitive root; to seclude; specifically (by a ban) to devote to religious uses (especially destruction); physical and reflexive, to be blunt as to the nose:—make accursed, consecrate, (utterly) destroy, devote, forfeit, have a flat nose, utterly (slay, make away).
STRONGS H2763: Abbreviations
† I. [חָרַם] verb
Hiph. ban, devote, exterminate (MI17 החרמתה of devoting, dedicating a city to Chemosh, in clause with כי explaining massacre of all inhabitants; the altar-hearth of י׳ there was dragged before Chemosh; حَرُمَ be prohibited, forbidden, unlawful, become sacred; II. make, pronounce sacred, inviolable; Ethiopic ሐረመ፡ prohibit from common use, consecrate to God, esteem unlawful; Palmyrene חרםconsacré VogNo 35; Nabataean id., Eutp. 28; Sabean מחרם sanctuary, temple, OsZMG 1865, 176. 252, חרמתן DHMZMG 1875, 594; Aramaic אַחֲרִים, and especially MeroAf  anathematize, excommunicate; see also WeSkizzen iii, 165, DrSm 100 ff., RSSemitic i. 140 (150)) —
Hiph. Perfect הֶהֱרִים Joshua 8:26 + 5 times; הֶחֱרִם Joshua 10:28; 2nd person masculine singular וְהַחֲרַמְתָּ֫ה 1 Samuel 15:18; 1st person singular הֶחֱרַמְתִּי 1 Samuel 15:20; וְהַחֲרַמְתִּ֫י Numbers 21:2; 2nd person feminine singular וְהַחֲרַמְתְּ(י) consecutive Micah 4:13 (so Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Syriac Version Targum RV most; MT 1st person singular), see Ges§ 44, R. 4; plural הֶחֱרִימוּ 1 Samuel 15:9; 2 Chronicles 32:14 etc.; (1 Samuel 15:3 read והחרמתו Greek Version of the LXX We Dr); Imperfect יַחֲרִם Leviticus 27:28; וַיַּחֲרֵם Numbers 21:3; Joshua 10:37; suffix וַיַּחֲרִימָהּ Joshua 10:1; 1st person plural וַנַּחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6 etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 13:16; plural הַחֲרִימוּ Jeremiah 51:3; suffix הַחֲרִימוּהָ Jeremiah 50:26; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵם Deuteronomy 3:6 + 4 times; construct הַחֲרִים 2 Chronicles 20:23; Daniel 11:44; suffix הַחֲרִימָם Joshua 11:20 + 4 times; — ban, devote (especially religiously, followed by objects hostile to the theocracy [see especially Exodus 22:19 Hoph.]; this involved generally their destruction; when a city was 'devoted' the inhabitants were put to death, the spoil being destroyed or not according to the gravity of the occasion [contrast Joshua 6:17, 21; 1 Samuel 15:3 with Deuteronomy 2:34f. Deuteronomy 3:6, 7], compare MI17 לעשתר כמש החרמתה to Ashtar-Chemosh I devoted it, i.e. the city Nebo); —
1. most often of devoting to destruction cities of Canaanites and other neighbours of Israel, exterminating inhabitants, and destroying or appropriating their possessions:
a. Israel and her leaders subject Numbers 21:2, 3(destruction according to vow), Joshua 6:21 (compare חֵרֶם ליהוה Joshua 6:17; all J); in Joshua 6:18 read תַּחְמְדוּ (for MT תַּחֲרִימוּ, see Di VB); Joshua 8:26 (Greek Version of the LXX, not LXX of Lucian (Lag.), omit verse), Joshua 10:1 (JE), Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 7:2 (twice in verse) (commanded through Moses, compare for underlying thought Deuteronomy 7:4; Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 7:6), Deuteronomy 20:17 (twice in verse) (commanded by י׳), Joshua 2:10; Joshua 10:28, 35, 37, 39, 40 (divine command), Joshua 11:11, 12, 20, 21 (divine command Joshua 11:12; Joshua 11:20; all D), 1 Samuel 15:3, 8, 9 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 15:15, 18, 20 (divine command 1 Samuel 15:3; 1 Samuel 15:18; 1 Samuel 15:20, compare 1 Samuel 15:11; 1 Samuel 15:22; 1 Samuel 15:23); quite secondary is simple exterminate 1 Kings 9:21; 1 Chronicles 4:41.
b. secondary meaning destroy, exterminate, also with other nations subject: — 2 Kings 19:11Isaiah 37:11 2 Chronicles 32:14; 20:23; Jeremiah 50:21, 26 (both by divine command), Jeremiah 51:3; Daniel 11:44.
c. God as subject, figurative all nations and their armies Isaiah 34:2; the nations of Western Asia Jeremiah 25:9; the tongue of the Egyptian sea (by drying it up) Isaiah 11:15 (but read perhaps החריב with Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate Targum).
d. so also of devoting even Israelites: a city of Israel for worshipping other gods Deuteronomy 13:16; residents of Jabesh-Gilead for not joining in campaign against Benjamin Judges 21:11.
2. devote to י׳ : for sacred uses החרים ליהוה the spoil of the nations Micah 4:13; private possessions, whether a man, animal, or field Leviticus 27:28 (P).
Hoph. Imperfect יָחֳרַם Leviticus 27:29; Ezra 10:8; יָחֳרָ֑ם Exodus 22:19; —
1. be put under the ban, devoted (to death), for worshipping other gods than י׳ Exodus 22:19 (J E; earliest use of word in OT); for some other theocratic offence Leviticus 27:29 (P; see Di).
2. devoted, i.e. forfeited, to the temple treasures Ezra 10:8. — On חרם see especially Di (Kn) Leviticus 27:28; EwAntiq. 75. 78, Dr 1 Samuel 15:33.

† II. [חָרַם] verb slit (nose, lip, ear, etc.), mutilate, especially face (Arabic خَرَمَ perforate, pierce, slit the partition between the nostrils, or the lip, or the lobe of the ear) —
Qal Passive participle עִוֵּר אִישׁ שָׂרוּעַ אוֹ חָרֻם אוֹ פִּסֵחַ a man blind or lame or mutilated in the face (in nose, lip, ear, etc.), or too long in a limb Leviticus 21:18 (H), see Di (Kn).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


22:19; 22:19; 22:19


21:18; 27:28; 27:28; 27:28; 27:29; 27:29


21:2; 21:2; 21:3; 21:3


2:34; 2:34; 2:34; 3:6; 3:6; 3:6; 3:6; 3:7; 7:2; 7:4; 7:5; 7:6; 13:16; 13:16; 20:17


2:10; 6:17; 6:17; 6:18; 6:21; 6:21; 8:26; 8:26; 10:1; 10:1; 10:28; 10:28; 10:35; 10:37; 10:37; 10:39; 10:40; 11:11; 11:12; 11:12; 11:20; 11:20; 11:20; 11:21



1 Samuel

15:3; 15:3; 15:3; 15:3; 15:8; 15:9; 15:9; 15:11; 15:15; 15:18; 15:18; 15:18; 15:20; 15:20; 15:20; 15:22; 15:23; 15:33

1 Kings


2 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

20:23; 20:23; 32:14; 32:14


10:8; 10:8


11:15; 34:2; 37:11


25:9; 50:21; 50:26; 50:26; 51:3; 51:3


11:44; 11:44


4:13; 4:13

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2763 matches the Hebrew חָרַם (ḥāram),
which occurs 52 times in 48 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:20 - “He who sacrifices to [fn]any god, other than to the LORD alone, shall be [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed. H2763
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:18 - ‘For no one who has a defect shall approach: a blind man, or a lame man, or he who has a [fn]disfigured H2763 face, or any deformed limb,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 27:28 - ‘Nevertheless, anything which a man [fn]sets H2763 apart H2763 to the LORD out of all that he has, of man or animal or of the fields of his own property, shall not be sold or redeemed. Anything [fn]devoted to destruction H2763 is most holy to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 27:29 - ‘No [fn]one who may have been [fn]set H2763 apart H2763 among men shall be ransomed; he shall surely be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:2 - So Israel made a vow to the LORD and said, “If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763 their cities.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:3 - The LORD heard the voice of Israel and delivered up the Canaanites; then they [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 them and their cities. Thus the name of the place was called [fn]Hormah.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:34 - “So we captured all his cities at that time and [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 [fn]the men, women and children of every city. We left no survivor.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:6 - “We [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 them, as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, [fn]utterly H2763 destroying H2763 [fn]the men, women and children of every city.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:2 - and when the LORD your God delivers them before you and you [fn]defeat them, then you shall [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them. You shall make no covenant with them and show no favor to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:15 - you shall surely strike the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, [fn]utterly H2763 destroying H2763 it and all that is in it and its cattle with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:17 - “But you shall [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them, the Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite and the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, as the LORD your God has commanded you,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:10 - “For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the [fn]Red Sea before you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon and Og, whom you [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed. H2763
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:18 - “But as for you, only keep yourselves from the things under the ban, so that you do not [fn]covet H2763 them and take some of the things under the ban, and make the camp of Israel accursed and bring trouble on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:21 - They [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 everything in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox and sheep and donkey, with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:26 - For Joshua did not withdraw his hand with which he stretched out the javelin until he had [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 all the inhabitants of Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:1 - Now it came about when Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai, and had [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 it (just as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to Ai and its king), and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were [fn]within their land,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:28 - Now Joshua captured Makkedah on that day, and struck it and its king with the edge of the sword; he [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 [fn]it and every [fn]person who was in it. He left no survivor. Thus he did to the king of Makkedah just as he had done to the king of Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:35 - They captured it on that day and struck it with the edge of the sword; and he [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 that day every person who was in it, according to all that he had done to Lachish.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:37 - They captured it and struck it and its king and all its cities and all the persons who were in it with the edge of the sword. He left no survivor, according to all that he had done to Eglon. And he [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 it and every person who was in it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:39 - He captured it and its king and all its cities, and they struck them with the edge of the sword, and [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 every person who was in it. He left no survivor. Just as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir and its king, as he had also done to Libnah and its king.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:40 - Thus Joshua struck all the land, the hill country and the [fn]Negev and the lowland and the slopes and all their kings. He left no survivor, but he [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 all who breathed, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had commanded.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:11 - They struck every person who was in it with the edge of the sword, [fn]utterly H2763 destroying H2763 them; there was no one left who breathed. And he burned Hazor with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:12 - Joshua captured all the cities of these kings, and all their kings, and he struck them with the edge of the sword, and utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 them; just as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:20 - For it was of the LORD to [fn]harden their hearts, to meet Israel in battle in order that he might utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them, that they might [fn]receive no mercy, but that he might destroy them, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:21 - Then Joshua came at that time and cut off the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab and from all the hill country of Judah and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 them with their cities.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:17 - Then Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they struck the Canaanites living in Zephath, and utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 it. So the name of the city was called Hormah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:11 - “This is the thing that you shall do: you shall utterly H2763 destroy H2763 every man and every woman who has [fn]lain with a man.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:3 - ‘Now go and strike Amalek and utterly H2763 destroy H2763 all that he has, and do not spare him; but put to death both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:8 - He captured Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 all the people with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:9 - But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs, and all that was good, and were not willing to destroy H2763 them utterly; H2763 but everything despised and worthless, that they utterly H2763 destroyed. H2763
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:15 - Saul said, “They have brought them from the Amalekites, for the people spared the best of the sheep and oxen, to sacrifice to the LORD your God; but the rest we have utterly H2763 destroyed.” H2763
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:18 - and the LORD sent you on a [fn]mission, and said, ‘Go and utterly H2763 destroy H2763 the sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them until they are exterminated.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:20 - Then Saul said to Samuel, “I did obey the voice of the LORD, and went on the [fn]mission on which the LORD sent me, and have brought back Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 the Amalekites.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:21 - their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy H2763 utterly, H2763 from them Solomon levied forced laborers, even to this day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:11 - ‘Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, destroying H2763 them completely. H2763 So will you be [fn]spared?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 4:41 - These, recorded by name, came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and [fn]attacked their tents and the Meunites who were found there, and destroyed H2763 them utterly H2763 to this day, and lived in their place, because there was pasture there for their flocks.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:23 - For the sons of Ammon and Moab rose up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir destroying H2763 them completely; and when they had finished with the inhabitants of Seir, they helped to destroy one another.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:14 - ‘Who was there among all the gods of those nations which my fathers utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 who could deliver his people out of my hand, that your God should be able to deliver you from my hand?
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:8 - and that whoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the leaders and the elders, all his possessions should be forfeited H2763 and he himself excluded from the assembly of the exiles.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 11:15 - And the LORD will [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763
The tongue of the [fn]Sea of Egypt;
And He will wave His hand over the [fn]River
With His scorching wind;
And He will strike it into seven streams
And make men walk over [fn]dry-shod.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:2 - For the LORDS indignation is against all the nations,
And His wrath against all their armies;
He has [fn]utterly H2763 destroyed H2763 them,
He has given them over to slaughter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:11 - ‘Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, destroying H2763 them completely. H2763 So will you be [fn]spared?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:9 - behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,’ declares the LORD, ‘and I will send to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land and against its inhabitants and against all these nations round about; and I will [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them and make them a horror and a hissing, and an everlasting desolation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:21 - “Against the land of [fn]Merathaim, go up against it,
And against the inhabitants of [fn]Pekod.
Slay and [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763 them,” declares the LORD,
“And do according to all that I have commanded you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:26 - Come to her from the [fn]farthest border;
Open up her barns,
Pile her up like heaps
And [fn]utterly H2763 destroy H2763 her,
Let nothing be left to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:3 - [fn]Let not [fn]him who [fn]bends his bow [fn]bend it,
[fn]Nor let him rise up in his scale-armor;
So do not spare her young men;
Devote H2763 all her army to destruction. H2763
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:44 - “But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and [fn]annihilate H2763 many.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 4:13 - “Arise and thresh, daughter of Zion,
For your horn I will make iron
And your hoofs I will make bronze,
That you may pulverize many peoples,
That you may devote H2763 to the LORD their unjust gain
And their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.
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