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Lexicon :: Strong's H2778 - ḥārap̄

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חָרַף
Transliteration
ḥārap̄
Pronunciation
khaw-raf'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 749,750,751

Strong’s Definitions

חָרַף châraph, khaw-raf'; a primitive root; also denominative (from H2779) to pull off, i.e. (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically, to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively, to carp at, i.e. defame; to spend the winter:—betroth, blaspheme, defy, jeopard, rail, reproach, upbraid.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x

The KJV translates Strong's H2778 in the following manner: reproach (27x), defy (8x), betrothed (1x), blasphemed (1x), jeoparded (1x), rail (1x), upbraid (1x), winter (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x
The KJV translates Strong's H2778 in the following manner: reproach (27x), defy (8x), betrothed (1x), blasphemed (1x), jeoparded (1x), rail (1x), upbraid (1x), winter (1x).
  1. to reproach, taunt, blaspheme, defy, jeopardise, rail, upbraid

    1. (Qal) to reproach

    2. (Piel) to reproach, defy, taunt

  2. (Qal) to winter, spend harvest time, remain in harvest time

  3. (Niphal) to acquire, be betrothed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרַף châraph, khaw-raf'; a primitive root; also denominative (from H2779) to pull off, i.e. (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically, to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively, to carp at, i.e. defame; to spend the winter:—betroth, blaspheme, defy, jeopard, rail, reproach, upbraid.
STRONGS H2778:
† I. [חָרַף] verb reproach (Late Hebrew Pi. id.; Aramaic חֲרַף id., Perfo sharpen, Pycrfo sharp, keen, acute); —
Qal Imperfect לֹאיֶֿחֱרַף לְבָבִי מִיָּמָ֑י Job 27:6; Participle suffix חֹרְפִי Psalm 119:42; Proverbs 27:11; חוֺרְפֶיךָ Psalm 69:10.
Piel Perfect חֵרֵף Judges 5:18 + 6 times; חֵרַפְתָּ Isaiah 37:23 + 4 times etc. + 10 times perfect; Imperfect יְחָרֵף 2 Samuel 21:21; 1 Chronicles 20:7; יְחָ֫רֶף Psalm 74:10 + 2 times suffix; Infinitive לְחָרֵף Isaiah 37:4 + 5 times; בְּחָֽרְפָם 2 Samuel 23:9 (but see below); Participle מְחָרֵף Psalm 44:17; — reproach, — properly say sharp things against, — taunt, with accusative Judges 8:15; 1 Samuel 17:10, 25, 26, 36, 45; 2 Samuel 21:21 + 1 Chronicles 20:7; God, by injustice to the poor Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 17:5; Yahweh, by idolatry Isaiah 65:7; Yahweh as the God of Israel 2 Kings 19:4, 16, 22, 23Isaiah 37:4; Isaiah 37:17; Isaiah 37:23; Isaiah 37:242 Chronicles 32:17 (with לְ); with בְּ, Philistines 2 Samuel 23:9 MT (but read בְּפַס דַּמִּים at Pas-dammîm, proper name, of a location, as 1 Chronicles 11:12 We Dr); reproach, Nehemiah 6:13 Psalm 42:11 [Psalm 42:10]; Psalm 44:17 [Psalm 44:16]; Psalm 55:13 [Psalm 55:12]; Psalm 57:4 [Psalm 57:3]; Psalm 74:10; Psalm 74:18; Psalm 79:12; Psalm 89:52 [Psalm 89:51] (twice in verse); Psalm 102:9 [Psalm 102:8]; Zephaniah 2:8, 10; in poetry and figurative, despise, scorn, נפשׁ למוּת ח׳ Judges 5:18.

III. [חָרַף] verb denominative remain in harvest-time (so Arabic خَرَفَ; English to winter) — only
Qal Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular כָּלבֶּֿהֱמַת הָאָרֶץ עָלָיו תֶּחֱרָ֑ף Isaiah 18:6 all the beasts of the earth shall spend the harvest-time upon it.

† IV. [חָרַף] verb acquire (compare Arabic حَرَفَ turn a thing from its proper way or manner, but also gain, acquire [subsistence] for one's family) — only
Niph. Participle feminine שִׁפְחָה נֶחֱרֶפֶת לְאִישׁ a maidservant acquired for a man (namely as his concubine) Leviticus 19:26 (H; compare Late Hebrew חֲרוּפָה of woman designated for a man).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Leviticus

19:26

Judges

5:18; 5:18; 8:15

1 Samuel

17:10; 17:25; 17:26; 17:36; 17:45

2 Samuel

21:21; 21:21; 23:9; 23:9

2 Kings

19:4; 19:16; 19:22; 19:23

1 Chronicles

11:12; 20:7; 20:7

2 Chronicles

32:17

Nehemiah

6:13

Job

27:6

Psalms

42:10; 44:16; 44:17; 44:17; 55:12; 57:3; 69:10; 74:10; 74:10; 74:18; 79:12; 89:51; 89:52; 102:8; 119:42

Proverbs

14:31; 17:5; 27:11

Isaiah

18:6; 37:4; 37:4; 37:17; 37:23; 37:23; 37:24; 65:7

Zephaniah

2:8; 2:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2778 matches the Hebrew חָרַף (ḥārap̄),
which occurs 41 times in 40 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:20 - ‘Now if a man has sexual relations with a woman who is a slave acquired H2778 for another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death, because she was not free.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:18 - “Zebulun was a people who risked H2778 their lives,
And Naphtali too, on the high places of the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:15 - And he came to the men of Succoth and said, “Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, about whom you taunted H2778 me, saying, ‘[fn]Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are weary?’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:10 - Then the Philistine said, “I have defied H2778 the ranks of Israel this day! Give me a man, so that we may fight together.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:25 - And the men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who is coming up? Surely he is coming up to defy H2778 Israel. And it will be that the king will make the man who kills him wealthy with great riches, and will give him his daughter and make his father’s house [fn]free in Israel.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:26 - Then David said to the men who were standing by him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and rids Israel of the disgrace? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he has dared to defy H2778 the armies of the living God?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:36 - “Your servant has [fn]killed both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, since he has defied H2778 the armies of the living God.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:45 - But David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, a spear, and a [fn]saber, but I come to you in the name of the LORD of armies, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied H2778.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:21 - When he defied H2778 Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David’s brother, struck and killed him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:9 - And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied H2778 the Philistines who were gathered there to battle and the men of Israel had [fn]withdrawn.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:4 - ‘Perhaps the LORD your God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to taunt H2778 the living God, and will avenge the words which the LORD your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for the remnant that is [fn]left.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:16 - “Incline Your ear, LORD, and hear; open Your eyes, LORD, and see; and listen to the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent to taunt H2778 the living God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:22 - ‘Whom have you taunted H2778 and blasphemed?
And against whom have you raised your voice,
And [fn]haughtily raised your eyes?
Against the Holy One of Israel!
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:23 - ‘Through your messengers you have taunted H2778 the Lord,
And you have said, “With my many chariots
I went up to the heights of the mountains,
To the remotest parts of Lebanon;
And I cut down its tall cedars and its choicest junipers.
And I entered its farthest resting place, its thickest forest.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 20:7 - When he taunted H2778 Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea, David’s brother, [fn]killed him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:17 - He also wrote letters to insult H2778 the LORD God of Israel, and to speak against Him, saying, “As the gods of the nations of the lands [fn]have not saved their people from my hand, so the God of Hezekiah will not save His people from my hand.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:13 - He was hired for this reason, that I would become frightened and act accordingly and sin, so that they might have an evil report in order that they could taunt H2778 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:6 - “I have kept hold of my righteousness and will not let it go.
My heart does not rebuke H2778 any of my days.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 42:10 - As a shattering of my bones, my adversaries taunt H2778 me,
While they say to me all day long, “Where is your God?”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:16 - Because of the voice of one who taunts H2778 and reviles,
Because of the presence of the enemy and the avenger.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 55:12 - For it is not an enemy who taunts H2778 me,
Then I could endure it;
Nor is it one who hates me who has exalted himself against me,
Then I could hide myself from him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 57:3 - He will send from heaven and save me;
He rebukes H2778 the one who [fn]tramples upon me. Selah
God will send His [fn]favor and His truth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:9 - For zeal for Your house has consumed me,
And the taunts of those who taunt H2778 You have fallen on me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:10 - How long, God, will the enemy taunt H2778 You?
Shall the enemy treat Your name disrespectfully forever?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:18 - Remember this, [fn]LORD, that the enemy has taunted H2778 You,
And a foolish people has treated Your name disrespectfully.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 79:12 - And return to our neighbors seven times as much into their lap
Their taunts with which they have taunted H2778 You, Lord.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:51 - With which Your enemies have taunted H2778, LORD,
With which they have taunted H2778 the footsteps of Your anointed.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 102:8 - My enemies have taunted H2778 me all day long;
Those who [fn]deride me [fn]have used my name as a curse.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:42 - So that I will have an answer for one who taunts H2778 me,
For I trust in Your word.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:31 - One who oppresses the poor taunts H2778 his Maker,
But one who is gracious to the needy honors Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:5 - One who mocks the poor taunts H2778 his Maker;
One who rejoices at disaster will not go unpunished.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:11 - Be wise, my son, and make my heart glad,
So that I may reply to one who taunts H2778 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 18:6 - They will be left together for mountain birds of prey,
And for the animals of the earth;
And the birds of prey will spend the summer feeding on them,
And all the animals of the earth will spend H2778 harvest H2778 time H2778 on them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:4 - ‘Perhaps the LORD your God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to taunt H2778 the living God, and will avenge the words which the LORD your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for the remnant that is left.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:17 - “Incline Your ear, LORD, and hear; open Your eyes, LORD, and see; and listen to all the words of Sennacherib, who sent them to taunt H2778 the living God.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:23 - “Whom have you taunted H2778 and blasphemed?
And against whom have you raised your voice
And [fn]haughtily raised your eyes?
Against the Holy One of Israel!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:24 - “Through your servants you have taunted H2778 the Lord,
And you have said, ‘With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains,
To the remotest parts of Lebanon;
And I cut down its tall cedars and its choice junipers.
And I will come to its [fn]highest peak, its thickest forest.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 65:7 - Both your own wrongdoings and the wrongdoings of your fathers together,” says the LORD.
“Because they have burned incense on the mountains
And scorned H2778 Me on the hills,
Therefore I will measure their former work [fn]into their laps.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:8 - “I have heard the taunting of Moab
And the abusive speech of the sons of Ammon,
With which they have taunted H2778 My people
And boasted against their territory.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:10 - This they will have in return for their arrogance, because they have taunted H2778 and boasted against the people of the LORD of armies.

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