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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H2790 - ḥāraš

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 760,761

Strong’s Definitions

חָרַשׁ chârash, khaw-rash'; a primitive root; to scratch, i.e. (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively, to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness):—× altogether, cease, conceal, be deaf, devise, ear, graven, imagine, leave off speaking, hold peace, plow(-er, man), be quiet, rest, practise secretly, keep silence, be silent, speak not a word, be still, hold tongue, worker.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 73x

The KJV translates Strong's H2790 in the following manner: ...peace (26x), plow (13x), devise (5x), keep ... silence (5x), hold...tongue (4x), altogether (3x), plowman (2x), cease (1x), conceal (1x), deaf (1x), to ear (1x), graven (1x), imagine (1x), miscellaneous (9x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 73x
The KJV translates Strong's H2790 in the following manner: ...peace (26x), plow (13x), devise (5x), keep ... silence (5x), hold...tongue (4x), altogether (3x), plowman (2x), cease (1x), conceal (1x), deaf (1x), to ear (1x), graven (1x), imagine (1x), miscellaneous (9x).
  1. to cut in, plough, engrave, devise

    1. (Qal)

      1. to cut in, engrave

      2. to plough

      3. to devise

    2. (Niphal) to be ploughed

    3. (Hiphil) to plot evil

  2. to be silent, be dumb, be speechless, be deaf

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be silent

      2. to be deaf

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to be silent, keep quiet

      2. to make silent

      3. to be deaf, show deafness

    3. (Hithpael) to remain silent

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָרַשׁ chârash, khaw-rash'; a primitive root; to scratch, i.e. (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively, to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness):—× altogether, cease, conceal, be deaf, devise, ear, graven, imagine, leave off speaking, hold peace, plow(-er, man), be quiet, rest, practise secretly, keep silence, be silent, speak not a word, be still, hold tongue, worker.
STRONGS H2790: Abbreviations
† I. [חָרַשׁ] verb cut in, engrave, plough, devise (Late Hebrew id., plough, so Ethiopic ሐረለ፡ Phoenician חרש, Aramaic (rare) חֲרַת engrave, Tfro cleave, plough, Arabic حَرَثَ plough) —
Qal Perfect חָֽרְשׁוּ Psalm 129:3, חֲרַשְׁתֶּם Judges 14:18; Hosea 10:13; Imperfect יַחֲרשׁ Isaiah 28:24; Proverbs 20:4; יַחֲרוֺשׁ Hosea 10:11+ Amos 6:12 (see below); 2nd person masculine singular תַּחֲרשׁ Deuteronomy 22:10; Proverbs 3:29; Infinitive construct חֲרשׁ 1 Samuel 8:12; Participle חֹרֵשׁ [H2794 Genesis 4:22] + 5 times; חוֺרֵשׁ Amos 9:13; plural חֹרְשִׁים Psalm 129:3, חֹרְשֵׁי Job 4:8 + 3 times, feminine plural absolute חֹרְשׁוֺת Job 1:14; passive חֲרוּשָׁה Jeremiah 17:1: —
1. cut in, engrave, of worker in metals נְחשֶׁת וּבַרְזֶל ח׳ [H2794 Genesis 4:22] (J), נחשׁת ח׳ 1 Kings 7:14; figurative עַללֿוּחַ לִבָּם ח׳ Jeremiah 17:1 engraved on the tablet of their heart.
2. plough, literally, human subject (animal usually with בְּ), no object expressed 1 Kings 19:19; Deuteronomy 22:10; Isaiah 28:24, so יַחֲרוֺשׁ בבקרים Amos 6:12 (but read probably יֵחָרֵשׁ בבקר יָם, see We and others); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb חֲרִישׁוֺ ח׳ 1 Samuel 8:12 plough his ploughing (=do his ploughing), Proverbs 20:4; figurative of Judah Hosea 10:11; with ethical reference רֶשַׁע ח׳ Hosea 10:13 (|| קצר), אָוֶן ח׳ Job 4:8 (|| זרע, קצר); עַלגַּֿבִּי חָֽרְשׁוּ חֹרְשִׁים Psalm 129:3 upon my back have ploughmen ploughed (figurative of oppression by wicked); חֹרֵשׁploughman Isaiah 28:24; Amos 9:13 (|| קוֺצֵר); ח׳ with oxen subject only Job 1:14.
3. devise (as one who works in, practises), usually bad sense, object רָעָה Proverbs 3:29, רַע Proverbs 6:14; מַחְשְׁבוֺת אָוֶן Proverbs 6:18, חֹרְשֵׁירַע Proverbs 12:20; Proverbs 14:22; but also חֹרְשֵׁי טוֺב Proverbs 14:22.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular צִיּוֺן שָׂדֶה תֵּחָרֵשׁ Micah 3:12 Zion, as a field she shall be ploughedJeremiah 26:18.
Hiph. Participle מַחֲרִישׁ רָעָה עַלֿ 1 Samuel 23:9 fabricating mischief against (see Dr, and compare We).

† II. [חָרֵשׁ] verb
1. be silent, dumb, speechless;
2. be deaf; chiefly poetical (Late Hebrew Pi. make deaf; Aramaic Wero, Wfro be dumb, deaf; Arabic خَرِسَ be dumb, speechless, compare Assyrian ḫarâšu, restrain, according to DlPr 100; see LagBN 120) —
Qal Imperfect יֶחֱרָ֑שׁ Psalm 50:3; 2nd person masculine singular תֶּחֱרַשׁ Psalm 28:1; Psalm 83:2; תֶּחֱרַ֑שׁ Psalm 35:22; Psalm 109:1; תֶּחֱרָ֑שׁ Psalm 39:13; 3rd person feminine plural תֶּחֱרַ֑שְׁנָה Micah 7:16; —
1. be silent, always of God's keeping silence when men pray Psalm 35:22; Psalm 50:3; Psalm 83:2; Psalm 109:1; followed by אֶלֿ Psalm 39:13.
2. be deaf, subject י׳, followed by מִמֶּנִּי Psalm 28:1; subject אָזְנַיִם Micah 7:16.
Hiph. Perfect חֶחֱרִשׁ Numbers 30:15; Genesis 34:5; יְחֶחֱרִישׁ consecutive Numbers 30:5; Numbers 30:8; וְהֶחֱרִשׁ consecutive Numbers 30:12; הֶחֱרַ֫שְׁתִּי Esther 7:4 + 2 times etc.; Imperfect יַחֲרִישׁ Numbers 30:15 + 2 times (including Zephaniah 3:17 see below); 2nd person masculine singular תַּחֲרִישׁ Habakkuk 1:13; jussive תַּחְרֵשׁ 1 Samuel 7:8; 2nd person masculine plural תַּחֲרִישׁוּן Job 13:5; תַּחֲרִשׁוּן Exodus 14:14, etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵשׁ Judges 18:19 + 2 times; הַחֲרִ֫ישִׁי 2 Samuel 13:20; הַחֲרִ֫ישׁוּ Job 13:13; Isaiah 41:1; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵשׁ Numbers 30:15 + 2 times; Participle מַחֲרִישׁ Genesis 24:21 + 2 times (including 1 Samuel 10:27 see below); מַחֲרִישִׁים 2 Samuel 19:11; —
1. be silent (=exhibit silence)
a. almost always of men Genesis 24:21; Genesis 34:5; Exodus 14:14 (all J), Judges 18:19; 2 Samuel 13:20; 2 Samuel 19:11; 2 Kings 18:36Isaiah 36:21; Jeremiah 4:19; Job 6:24; Job 13:5 (twice in verse); Job 13:19; Job 33:31, 33; Proverbs 11:12; Proverbs 17:28; Psalm 32:3; Nehemiah 5:8; Esther 4:14 (twice in verse); Esther 7:4; also וַיְהִי כְּמַחֲרִישׁ 1 Samuel 10:27 (but read rather ויהי כְּמֵחֹדֶשׁ and it came to pass after about a month, Greek Version of the LXX Dr); יחרישׁ באהבתו Zephaniah 3:17 (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version יְחַדֵּשׁ he will renew his love, see especially BuhlZAW see 1885, 183); ח׳ with לְ person keep silence at one, i.e. fail to make objection at proper time Numbers 30:5; Numbers 30:8; Numbers 30:12; Numbers 30:15 (3 times in verse) (all P); אלי הח׳ Isaiah 41:1 pregnantly =come silently unto me; followed by מִן person cease to speak with Jeremiah 38:27; be silent about, pass by in silence, followed by accusative בַּדָּיו אח׳ Job 41:4.
b. rarely of God, permitting evil in silence Habakkuk 1:13; Isaiah 42:14; Psalm 50:21.
2. once causative. make silent, with accusative Job 11:3.
3. be deaf, shew deafness: אַלֿ תַּחֲרֵשׁ מִמֶּנּוּ מִזְּעֹק 1 Samuel 7:8 be not deaf (turning) from us, so as not to cry.
** Hithp. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּתְחָֽרְשׁוּ Judges 16:2 and they kept quiet.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:21; 24:21; 34:5; 34:5


14:14; 14:14


30:5; 30:5; 30:8; 30:8; 30:12; 30:12; 30:15; 30:15; 30:15; 30:15


22:10; 22:10


14:18; 16:2; 18:19; 18:19

1 Samuel

7:8; 7:8; 8:12; 8:12; 10:27; 10:27; 23:9

2 Samuel

13:20; 13:20; 19:11; 19:11

1 Kings

7:14; 19:19

2 Kings





4:14; 7:4; 7:4


1:14; 1:14; 4:8; 4:8; 6:24; 11:3; 13:5; 13:5; 13:13; 13:19; 33:31; 33:33; 41:4


28:1; 28:1; 32:3; 35:22; 35:22; 39:13; 39:13; 50:3; 50:3; 50:21; 83:2; 83:2; 109:1; 109:1; 129:3; 129:3; 129:3


3:29; 3:29; 6:14; 6:18; 11:12; 12:20; 14:22; 14:22; 17:28; 20:4; 20:4


28:24; 28:24; 28:24; 36:21; 41:1; 41:1; 42:14


4:19; 17:1; 17:1; 26:18; 38:27


10:11; 10:11; 10:13; 10:13


6:12; 6:12; 9:13; 9:13


3:12; 7:16; 7:16


1:13; 1:13


3:17; 3:17

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2790 matches the Hebrew חָרַשׁ (ḥāraš),
which occurs 72 times in 65 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 24:21–Isa 28:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:21 - Meanwhile, the man was taking a close look at her [fn]in H2790 silence H2790, to find out whether the LORD had made his journey successful or not.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:5 - Now Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah; but his sons were with his livestock in the field, so Jacob said H2790 nothing H2790 until they came in.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:14 - “The LORD will fight for you, while you keep H2790 silent H2790.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:4 - and her father hears her vow and her obligation under which she has put herself, and her father [fn]says H2790 nothing H2790 to her, then all her vows shall [fn]remain valid and every binding obligation under which she has put herself shall [fn]remain valid.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:7 - and her husband hears of it and says H2790 nothing H2790 to her on the day he hears it, then her vows shall remain valid and her binding obligations under which she has put herself shall remain valid.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:11 - and her husband heard it, but said H2790 nothing H2790 to her and did not express disapproval to her, then all her vows shall remain valid and every binding obligation under which she put herself shall remain valid.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:14 - “But if her husband in H2790 fact H2790 says H2790 nothing H2790 to her from day to day, then he confirms all her vows or all her binding obligations which are on her; he has confirmed them, because he said H2790 nothing H2790 to her on the day he heard them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:10 - “You shall not plow H2790 with an ox and a donkey together.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:18 - So the men of the city said to him on the seventh day before the sun went down,
“What is sweeter than honey?
And what is stronger than a lion?”
And he said to them,
“If you had not plowed H2790 with my heifer,
You would not have found out my riddle.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:2 - When it was reported to the Gazites, saying, “Samson has come here,” they surrounded the place and lay in wait for him all night at the gate of the city. And they kept H2790 silent H2790 all night, saying, “Let’s wait until the morning light, then we will kill him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:19 - And they said to him, “Be H2790 silent H2790, put your hand over your mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest. Is it better for you to be a priest to the house of one man, or to be priest to a tribe and a family in Israel?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:8 - So the sons of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not stop H2790 crying out to the LORD our God for us, that He will save us from the hand of the Philistines!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:12 - “He will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and commanders of fifties, and some to [fn]do H2790 his plowing and to gather in his harvest, and to make his weapons of war and equipment for his chariots.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:27 - But certain [fn]useless men said, “How can this one save us?” And they despised him and did not bring him a gift. But [fn]he kept H2790 silent H2790 about it.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:9 - But David knew that Saul was plotting H2790 evil against him; so he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:20 - Then Absalom her brother said to her, “Has Amnon your brother been with you? But now keep H2790 silent H2790, my sister, he is your brother; do not take this matter to heart.” So Tamar remained and was isolated in her brother Absalom’s house.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:10 - “However, Absalom, whom we anointed over us, has died in battle. Now then, why are H2790 you silent H2790 about bringing the king back?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:19 - So he departed from there and found Elisha the son of Shaphat while he was plowing H2790, with twelve yoke of oxen in front of him, and he with the twelfth. And Elijah came over to him and threw his cloak on him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:36 - But the people were H2790 silent H2790 and did not answer him with even a word, because it was the king’s [fn]command: “Do not answer him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 5:8 - And I said to them, “We, according to our ability, have [fn]redeemed our Jewish brothers who were sold to the nations; now would you even sell your brothers that they may be sold to us?” Then they were H2790 silent H2790 and could not find a word to say.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:14 - “For if you keep H2790 silent H2790 at this time, liberation and rescue will arise for the Jews from another place, and you and your father’s house will perish. And who knows whether you have not attained royalty for such a time as this?”
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 7:4 - for we have been sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, killed, and eliminated. Now if we had only been sold as slaves, men and women, I would have kept H2790 silent H2790, because the distress would not be sufficient reason to burden the king.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:14 - a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing H2790 and the female donkeys feeding beside them,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:8 - “According to what I have seen, those who [fn]plow H2790 wrongdoing
And those who sow trouble harvest it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:24 - “Teach me, and I will be H2790 silent H2790;
And show me how I have done wrong.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:3 - “Shall your boasts silence H2790 people?
And will you scoff, and no one rebuke?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:5 - “Oh that you would be H2790 completely H2790 silent H2790,
And that it would become your wisdom!
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:13 - “Be H2790 silent H2790 before me so that I may speak;
Then let come upon me what may.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:19 - “Who could contend with me?
For then I would be H2790 silent H2790 and die.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:31 - “Pay attention, Job, listen to me;
Keep H2790 silent H2790, and let me speak.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:33 - “If not, listen to me;
Keep H2790 silent H2790, and I will teach you wisdom.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 41:12 - “I will not be H2790 silent H2790 about his limbs,
Or his mighty strength, or his graceful frame.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 28:1 - A Psalm of David.
To You, LORD, I call;
My rock, do not be H2790 deaf H2790 to me,
For if You are silent to me,
I will become like those who go down to the pit.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:3 - When I kept H2790 silent H2790 about my sin, my [fn]body wasted away
Through my [fn]groaning all day long.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:22 - You have seen it, LORD, do not keep H2790 silent H2790;
Lord, do not be far from me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 39:12 - “Hear my prayer, LORD, and listen to my cry for help;
Do not be H2790 silent H2790 to my tears;
For I am a stranger with You,
One who lives abroad, like all my fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:3 - May our God come and not keep H2790 silent H2790;
Fire devours before Him,
And a storm is violently raging around Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:21 - “These things you have done and I kept H2790 silent H2790;
You thought that I was just like you;
I will rebuke you and present the case before your eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 83:1 - A Song, a Psalm of Asaph.
God, do not remain quiet;
Do not be H2790 silent H2790 and, God, do not be still.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:1 - For the music director. A Psalm of David.
God of my praise,
Do not be H2790 silent H2790!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 129:3 - “The plowers H2790 plowed H2790 upon my back;
They lengthened their furrows.”
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:29 - Do not devise H2790 harm against your neighbor,
While he lives securely beside you.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:14 - Who, with perversion in his heart, continually devises H2790 evil,
Who [fn]spreads strife.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:18 - A heart that devises H2790 wicked plans,
Feet that run rapidly to evil,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 11:12 - One who despises his neighbor lacks [fn]sense,
But a person of understanding keeps H2790 silent H2790.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 12:20 - Deceit is in the heart of those who devise H2790 evil,
But counselors of peace have joy.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:22 - Will they who devise H2790 evil not go astray?
But kindness and truth will be to those who devise H2790 good.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:28 - Even a fool, when he keeps H2790 silent H2790, is considered wise;
When he closes his lips, he is considered prudent.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:4 - The [fn]lazy one does not plow H2790 after the autumn,
So he [fn]begs during the harvest and has nothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:24 - Does the [fn]farmer H2790 plow H2790 [fn]continually to plant seed?
Does he continually [fn]turn and break up his ground?

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 24:21–Isa 28:24) Gen 24:21–Isa 28:24

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