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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H2821 - ḥāšaḵ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 769

Strong’s Definitions

חָשַׁךְ châshak, khaw-shak'; a primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively, to darken:—be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H2821 in the following manner: darken (9x), dark (5x), blacker (1x), darkness (1x), dim (1x), hideth (1x), variant (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H2821 in the following manner: darken (9x), dark (5x), blacker (1x), darkness (1x), dim (1x), hideth (1x), variant (1x).
  1. to be or become dark, grow dim, be darkened, be black, be hidden

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be or grow dark

      2. to have a dark colour

      3. to grow dim

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to make dark, cause to be dark

      2. to hide, conceal

      3. to obscure, confuse (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָשַׁךְ châshak, khaw-shak'; a primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively, to darken:—be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.
STRONGS H2821: Abbreviations
חָשַׁךְ verb be, grow dark (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲשַׁךְ, Kewo; Arabic حَسِكَ bear rancour, see LagBN 30) —
Qal Perfect ח׳ Isaiah 5:30 + 4 times; וְחָֽשְׁכָה consecutive Micah 3:6 (but see below); חָֽשְׁכוּ Lamentations 5:17; וְחָֽשְׁכוּ consecutive Ecclesiastes 12:3; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֶּחְשַׁךְ Ecclesiastes 12:2; וַתֶּחְשַׁךְ Exodus 10:15; 3rd person masculine plural יֶחְשְׁכוּ Job 3:9; 3rd person feminine plural תֶּחְשַׁכְנָה Psalm 69:24; —
1. be, grow dark, אוֺר Isaiah 5:30, compare (figurative) Job 18:6; הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ Isaiah 13:10 (figurative); היום Ezekiel 30:18 (where read חשׁך, for MT Baer חשׂך); Job 3:9 (subject כוכבים), compare Ecclesiastes 12:2 (subject השׁמשׁ, האור, הירח, הכוכבים); impersonal Micah 3:6; (si vera lectio; but read probably וַחֲשֵׁכָה, corresponding with לַיְלָה preceding).
2. have a dark colour: מִשְּׁחוֺר ח׳ תָּֽאֳרָם Lamentations 4:8 darker than blackness is their visage; of the earth הָאֶרֶץ Exodus 10:15.
3. grow dim Lamentations 5:17 (subject עינינו), compare Psalm 69:24 (figurative), Ecclesiastes 12:3 subject הָראֹוֺת i.e. the eyes.
Hiph. Perfect הֶחְשִׁיךְ Amos 5:8, וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֫י Amos 8:9; Imperfect יַחֲשִׁיךְ Psalm 139:12; יַחְשִׁךְ Jeremiah 13:16;וַיַּחְשִׁךְ Psalm 105:28; Participle מַחְשִׁיךְ Job 38:2; —
1. make dark, יום לילה הח׳ Amos 5:8; absolute cause darkness Jeremiah 13:16; Psalm 105:28, compare Amos 8:9 (לארץ).
2.hide, conceal, followed by מִמֶּךָּ Psalm 139:12.
3. figurative obscure, confuse Job 38:2 (object עֵצָה).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


10:15; 10:15


3:9; 3:9; 18:6; 38:2; 38:2


69:24; 69:24; 105:28; 105:28; 139:12; 139:12


12:2; 12:2; 12:3; 12:3


5:30; 5:30; 13:10


13:16; 13:16


4:8; 5:17; 5:17




5:8; 5:8; 8:9; 8:9


3:6; 3:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2821 matches the Hebrew חָשַׁךְ (ḥāšaḵ),
which occurs 18 times in 18 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:15 - For they covered the surface of the whole land, so that the land was darkened H2821; and they ate every plant of the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Therefore nothing green was left on tree or plant of the field throughout the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:9 - “May the stars of its twilight be darkened H2821;
May it wait for light but have none,
And may it not see the [fn]breaking dawn;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:6 - “The light in his tent is darkened H2821,
And his lamp goes out above him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 38:2 - “Who is this who darkens H2821 the divine plan
By words without knowledge?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:23 - May their eyes grow H2821 dim H2821 so that they cannot see,
And make their hips shake continually.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:28 - He sent darkness and made H2821 it dark H2821;
And they did not rebel against His words.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:12 - Even darkness is H2821 not dark H2821 [fn]to You,
And the night is as bright as the day.
Darkness and light are alike to You.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:2 - before the sun and the light, the moon and the stars are darkened H2821, and clouds return after the rain;
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:3 - on the day that the watchmen of the house tremble, and strong men are bent over, the grinders stop working because they are few, and those who look through [fn]windows grow H2821 [fn]dim H2821;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:30 - And it will roar against it on that day like the roaring of the sea.
If one looks across to the land, behold, there is darkness and distress;
Even the light is darkened H2821 by its clouds.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:10 - For the stars of heaven and their constellations
Will not flash their light;
The sun will be H2821 dark H2821 when it rises
And the moon will not shed its light.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:16 - Give glory to the LORD your God
Before He brings H2821 darkness H2821
And before your feet stumble
On the mountains in the dark,
And while you are hoping for light
He makes it into gloom,
And turns it into thick darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:8 - Their appearance is H2821 darker H2821 than soot,
They are not recognized in the streets;
Their skin is shriveled on their bones,
It is dry, it has become like wood.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:17 - Because of this our heart is faint,
Because of these things our eyes are H2821 dim H2821;
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:18 - “In Tehaphnehes the day will [fn]be H2821 dark H2821
When I break there the yoke bars of Egypt.
Then the pride of her power will cease in her;
A cloud will cover her,
And her daughters will go into captivity.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 5:8 - He who made the Pleiades and Orion,
And changes deep darkness into morning,
[fn]Who also darkens H2821 day into night,
Who calls for the waters of the sea
And pours them out on the surface of the earth,
The LORD is His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:9 - “And it will come about on that day,” declares the Lord GOD,
“That I will make the sun go down at noon,
And make H2821 the earth dark H2821 in [fn]broad daylight.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 3:6 - Therefore it will be night for you—without vision,
And darkness for you—without divination.
The sun will go down on the prophets,
And the day will become dark over them.
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