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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H2856 - ḥāṯam

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 780

Strong’s Definitions

חָתַם châtham, khaw-tham'; a primitive root; to close up; especially to seal:—make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 27x

The KJV translates Strong's H2856 in the following manner: seal (18x), seal up (6x), marked (1x), stopped (1x), variant (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 27x
The KJV translates Strong's H2856 in the following manner: seal (18x), seal up (6x), marked (1x), stopped (1x), variant (1x).
  1. to seal, seal up, affix a seal

    1. (Qal)

      1. to seal, affix one's seal

      2. to seal up, fasten up by sealing

    2. (Niphal) to seal

    3. (Piel) to lock up

    4. (Hiphil) to be stopped

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָתַם châtham, khaw-tham'; a primitive root; to close up; especially to seal:—make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.
STRONGS H2856: Abbreviations
חָתַם verb seal, affix seal, seal up (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲתַם, Mtxo; Ethiopic ኀተመ፡ Arabic خَتَمَ (whence خَاتَمً) is loan-word according to Frä252)
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַחְתֹּם Job 9:7; Job 33:6, יַחְתּוֺם Job 37:7, וַיַּחְתֹּם Esther 8:10, etc.; Imperative חֲתֹם Daniel 12:4, חֲתוֺם Isaiah 8:16, חִתְמוּ Esther 8:8; Infinitive absolute חָתוֺם Jeremiah 32:44; construct לַחְתֹּם Daniel 9:24, + Daniel 9:24 Kt (Qr לְהָתֵם); Participle active חוֺתֵם Ezekiel 28:12; pass. חָתוּם Deuteronomy 32:24 + 2 times, etc.; —
1. seal, affix one's seal, in attestation; seal with king's seal (בְּחֹתָמוֺ) 1 Kings 21:8, בְּטַבַּעַת המלך Esther 8:8, 10; of covenant with י׳, attested by seal (passive) Nehemiah 10:1; Nehemiah 10:2; figurative, of י׳ putting his seal upon (בְּ) discipline, i.e. ratifying it, Job 33:16; perhaps also upon hand of man (that man may know י׳'s ways) Job 37:7 see De; Di below 2. seal up hand of man, so that he cannot work with it (in winter).
2. seal up, fasten up by sealing, a deed of sale Jeremiah 32:10, 11 (opposed to הַגָּלוּי that which was left open), Jeremiah 32:14; Jeremiah 32:44, a book of prophecy Daniel 12:4 (|| סְתֹם הַדְּבָרים), compare Daniel 12:9 (|| id.), Daniel 9:24b; so in simile of unintelligible prophecy Isaiah 29:11 (twice in verse); חֲתֹם תּוֺרָה בְּלְמֻּדָ֑י Isaiah 8:16 seal up the teaching among my disciples, i.e. keep it securely (|| צוֺר); of י׳'s remembrance of offences חָתוּם בְּאוֺצְרֹתָ֑י Deuteronomy 32:34 (|| כָּמֻס עְמָּדִי), so פִּשְׁעִי בִּצְרוֺר חָתוּם Job 14:17 (|| עַל־עֲוֹנִי וַתִּטְפֹּל); מַעְיָן חָתוּם Songs 4:12 a fountain sealed up, metaphor of chaste woman (|| גַּן (גַּל) נָעוּל); וּבְעַד כּוֺכָבִים יַח׳ Job 9:7 and about the stars he putteth a seal (|| of forbidding sun to rise). — אַתָּה חוֺתֵם תָּכְנִית Ezekiel 28:12 is obscure: thou wast one sealing proportion, i.e. perfection, — wast complete perfection, Ges Sm.; wast a sealer of symmetry see Da; wast a seal (ring) — i.e. חוֺתַם construct — of proportion Manuscripts Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Hi compare Ew; text perhaps corrupt, see suggestions in Co. — Daniel 9:24a read Qr לְהָתֵם (see תמם). Job 33:16; Job 37:7 see below 1.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular [or Participle?] נִכְתָּ֔ב וְנֶחְתָּ֖ם Esther 3:12 (it was) written and sealed בְּטַבַּעַת הַמֶּלֶךְ; Infinitive absolute וְנַחְתּוֺם Esther 8:8 (continuing participle נִכְתָּ֣ב) also + בְּטַבַּעַת הַמּ׳; both passive of Qal 1.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person plural יוֺמָם חִתְּמוּלָֿמוֺ Job 24:16 literally by day they seal up for themselves, i.e. according to most, they shut themselves up, do not shew themselves (|| לֹא יָדְעוּ אוֺר); Greek Version of the LXX C has ἡμέρας ἐσφράγισαν εἀυτοῖ ς (B and others εἁυτους), whence Siegf conjecture plausibly ל׳ יָמִים ח׳ they seal up the days unto themselves, i.e. daytime is for them sealed up and unused.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אוֺהֶֿחְתִּים בְּשָׁרוֺ מִזּוֺבוֺ Leviticus 15:3 or hath his flesh (genital organ) shewn stoppage by reason of his flux.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H2857.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




32:24; 32:34

1 Kings



10:1; 10:2


3:12; 8:8; 8:8; 8:8; 8:10; 8:10


9:7; 9:7; 14:17; 24:16; 33:6; 33:16; 33:16; 37:7; 37:7; 37:7

Song of Songs



8:16; 8:16; 29:11


32:10; 32:11; 32:14; 32:44; 32:44


28:12; 28:12


9:24; 9:24; 9:24; 9:24; 12:4; 12:4; 12:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2856 matches the Hebrew חָתַם (ḥāṯam),
which occurs 27 times in 24 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:3 - And this shall be his uncleanness in his issue: whether his flesh run with his issue, or his flesh be stopped H2856 from his issue, it is his uncleanness.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:34 - Is not this laid up in store with me, and sealed up H2856 among my treasures?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:8 - So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed H2856 them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:38 - And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal H2856 unto it.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 10:1 - Now those that sealed H2856 were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah,
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:12 - Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed H2856 with the king's ring.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:8 - Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal H2856 it with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed H2856 with the king's ring, may no man reverse.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:10 - And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed H2856 it with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young dromedaries:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:7 - Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not; and sealeth up H2856 the stars.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:17 - My transgression is sealed up H2856 in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:16 - In the dark they dig through houses, which they had marked H2856 for themselves in the daytime: they know not the light.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:16 - Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth H2856 their instruction,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:7 - He sealeth up H2856 the hand of every man; that all men may know his work.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 4:12 - A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed. H2856
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:16 - Bind up the testimony, seal H2856 the law among my disciples.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:11 - And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, H2856 which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed: H2856
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:10 - And I subscribed the evidence, and sealed H2856 it, and took witnesses, and weighed him the money in the balances.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:11 - So I took the evidence of the purchase, both that which was sealed H2856 according to the law and custom, and that which was open:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:14 - Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences, this evidence of the purchase, both which is sealed, H2856 and this evidence which is open; and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:44 - Men shall buy fields for money, and subscribe evidences, and seal H2856 them, and take witnesses in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, and in the cities of the mountains, and in the cities of the valley, and in the cities of the south: for I will cause their captivity to return, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 28:12 - Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up H2856 the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:24 - Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end H2856 of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up H2856 the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 12:4 - But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal H2856 the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 12:9 - And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed H2856 till the time of the end.
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