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Lexicon :: Strong's H2856 - ḥāṯam

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 780

Strong’s Definitions

חָתַם châtham, khaw-tham'; a primitive root; to close up; especially to seal:—make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 27x

The KJV translates Strong's H2856 in the following manner: seal (18x), seal up (6x), marked (1x), stopped (1x), variant (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 27x
The KJV translates Strong's H2856 in the following manner: seal (18x), seal up (6x), marked (1x), stopped (1x), variant (1x).
  1. to seal, seal up, affix a seal

    1. (Qal)

      1. to seal, affix one's seal

      2. to seal up, fasten up by sealing

    2. (Niphal) to seal

    3. (Piel) to lock up

    4. (Hiphil) to be stopped

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָתַם châtham, khaw-tham'; a primitive root; to close up; especially to seal:—make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.
STRONGS H2856: Abbreviations
חָתַם verb seal, affix seal, seal up (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲתַם, Mtxo; Ethiopic ኀተመ፡ Arabic خَتَمَ (whence خَاتَمً) is loan-word according to Frä252)
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַחְתֹּם Job 9:7; Job 33:6, יַחְתּוֺם Job 37:7, וַיַּחְתֹּם Esther 8:10, etc.; Imperative חֲתֹם Daniel 12:4, חֲתוֺם Isaiah 8:16, חִתְמוּ Esther 8:8; Infinitive absolute חָתוֺם Jeremiah 32:44; construct לַחְתֹּם Daniel 9:24, + Daniel 9:24 Kt (Qr לְהָתֵם); Participle active חוֺתֵם Ezekiel 28:12; pass. חָתוּם Deuteronomy 32:24 + 2 times, etc.; —
1. seal, affix one's seal, in attestation; seal with king's seal (בְּחֹתָמוֺ) 1 Kings 21:8, בְּטַבַּעַת המלך Esther 8:8, 10; of covenant with י׳, attested by seal (passive) Nehemiah 10:1; Nehemiah 10:2; figurative, of י׳ putting his seal upon (בְּ) discipline, i.e. ratifying it, Job 33:16; perhaps also upon hand of man (that man may know י׳'s ways) Job 37:7 see De; Di below 2. seal up hand of man, so that he cannot work with it (in winter).
2. seal up, fasten up by sealing, a deed of sale Jeremiah 32:10, 11 (opposed to הַגָּלוּי that which was left open), Jeremiah 32:14; Jeremiah 32:44, a book of prophecy Daniel 12:4 (|| סְתֹם הַדְּבָרים), compare Daniel 12:9 (|| id.), Daniel 9:24b; so in simile of unintelligible prophecy Isaiah 29:11 (twice in verse); חֲתֹם תּוֺרָה בְּלְמֻּדָ֑י Isaiah 8:16 seal up the teaching among my disciples, i.e. keep it securely (|| צוֺר); of י׳'s remembrance of offences חָתוּם בְּאוֺצְרֹתָ֑י Deuteronomy 32:34 (|| כָּמֻס עְמָּדִי), so פִּשְׁעִי בִּצְרוֺר חָתוּם Job 14:17 (|| עַל־עֲוֹנִי וַתִּטְפֹּל); מַעְיָן חָתוּם Songs 4:12 a fountain sealed up, metaphor of chaste woman (|| גַּן (גַּל) נָעוּל); וּבְעַד כּוֺכָבִים יַח׳ Job 9:7 and about the stars he putteth a seal (|| of forbidding sun to rise). — אַתָּה חוֺתֵם תָּכְנִית Ezekiel 28:12 is obscure: thou wast one sealing proportion, i.e. perfection, — wast complete perfection, Ges Sm.; wast a sealer of symmetry see Da; wast a seal (ring) — i.e. חוֺתַם construct — of proportion Manuscripts Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Hi compare Ew; text perhaps corrupt, see suggestions in Co. — Daniel 9:24a read Qr לְהָתֵם (see תמם). Job 33:16; Job 37:7 see below 1.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular [or Participle?] נִכְתָּ֔ב וְנֶחְתָּ֖ם Esther 3:12 (it was) written and sealed בְּטַבַּעַת הַמֶּלֶךְ; Infinitive absolute וְנַחְתּוֺם Esther 8:8 (continuing participle נִכְתָּ֣ב) also + בְּטַבַּעַת הַמּ׳; both passive of Qal 1.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person plural יוֺמָם חִתְּמוּלָֿמוֺ Job 24:16 literally by day they seal up for themselves, i.e. according to most, they shut themselves up, do not shew themselves (|| לֹא יָדְעוּ אוֺר); Greek Version of the LXX C has ἡμέρας ἐσφράγισαν εἀυτοῖ ς (B and others εἁυτους), whence Siegf conjecture plausibly ל׳ יָמִים ח׳ they seal up the days unto themselves, i.e. daytime is for them sealed up and unused.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אוֺהֶֿחְתִּים בְּשָׁרוֺ מִזּוֺבוֺ Leviticus 15:3 or hath his flesh (genital organ) shewn stoppage by reason of his flux.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H2857.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




32:24; 32:34

1 Kings



10:1; 10:2


3:12; 8:8; 8:8; 8:8; 8:10; 8:10


9:7; 9:7; 14:17; 24:16; 33:6; 33:16; 33:16; 37:7; 37:7; 37:7

Song of Songs



8:16; 8:16; 29:11


32:10; 32:11; 32:14; 32:44; 32:44


28:12; 28:12


9:24; 9:24; 9:24; 9:24; 12:4; 12:4; 12:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2856 matches the Hebrew חָתַם (ḥāṯam),
which occurs 27 times in 24 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:3 - ‘This, moreover, shall be his uncleanness in his discharge: it is his uncleanness whether his body allows its discharge to flow or whether his body obstructs H2856 its discharge.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:34 - ‘Is it not stored up with Me,
Sealed H2856 up H2856 in My treasuries?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:8 - So she wrote letters in Ahab’s name and sealed H2856 them with his seal, and sent the letters to the elders and to the nobles who were living with Naboth in his city.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:38 - [fn]Now because of all this
We are making an agreement in writing;
And on the sealed H2856 document are the names of our leaders, our Levites, and our priests.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 10:1 - [fn]Now on the sealed H2856 document were the names of: Nehemiah the [fn]governor, the son of Hacaliah, and Zedekiah,
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:12 - Then the king’s scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and it was written just as Haman commanded to the king’s satraps, to the governors who were over each province and to the officials of each people, each province according to its script, each people according to its language, being written in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed H2856 with the king’s signet ring.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:8 - “Now you write to the Jews [fn]as you see fit, in the king’s name, and seal H2856 it with the king’s signet ring; for a decree which is written in the name of the king and sealed H2856 with the king’s signet ring may not be revoked.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:10 - He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed H2856 it with the king’s signet ring, and sent letters by couriers on horses, riding on royal relay horses, offspring of racing mares.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:7 - Who commands the sun [fn]not to shine,
And puts H2856 a H2856 seal H2856 on the stars;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:17 - “My wrongdoing is sealed H2856 up H2856 in a bag,
And You cover over my [fn]guilt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:16 - “In the darkness they dig into houses,
They shut H2856 themselves up H2856 by day;
They do not know the light.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:16 - Then He opens the ears of people,
And horrifies them with warnings,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:7 - “He seals H2856 the hand of every person,
So that all people may know His work.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 4:12 - “A locked garden is my sister, my bride,
A locked spring, a sealed H2856 fountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:16 - Bind up the testimony, seal H2856 the [fn]Law among my disciples.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:11 - The entire vision will be to you like the words of a sealed H2856 [fn]book, which, when they give it to the one who [fn]is literate, saying, “Please read this,” he will say, “I cannot, because it is sealed H2856.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:10 - “And I [fn]signed and sealed H2856 the deed, and called in witnesses, and weighed out the silver on the scales.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:11 - “Then I took the deeds of purchase, both the sealed H2856 copy containing the terms and conditions and the open copy;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:14 - ‘This is what the LORD of armies, the God of Israel says: “Take these deeds, this sealed H2856 deed of purchase and this open deed, and put them in an earthenware jar, so that they may [fn]last a long time.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:44 - People will buy fields for money, [fn]sign and seal H2856 [fn]deeds, and call in witnesses in the land of Benjamin, in the areas surrounding Jerusalem, in the cities of Judah, in the cities of the hill country, in the cities of the lowland, and in the cities of the [fn]Negev; for I will restore their fortunes,’ declares the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 28:12 - “Son of man, take up a song of mourning over the king of Tyre and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord GOD says:
“You [fn]had the seal H2856 of [fn]perfection,
Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:24 - “Seventy [fn]weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to [fn]finish the wrongdoing, to [fn]make an end of sin, to make atonement for guilt, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal H2856 up H2856 vision and [fn]prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy Place.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 12:4 - “But as for you, Daniel, keep these words secret and seal H2856 up H2856 the book until the end of time; many will roam about, and knowledge will increase.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 12:9 - And he said, “Go your way, Daniel, for these words will be kept secret and sealed H2856 up H2856 until the end time.
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