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Lexicon :: Strong's H2859 - ḥāṯan

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 781b

Strong’s Definitions

חָתַן châthan, khaw-than'; a primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage:—join in affinity, father in law, make marriages, mother in law, son in law.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's H2859 in the following manner: law (27x), affinity (3x), marriages (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's H2859 in the following manner: law (27x), affinity (3x), marriages (3x).
  1. to become a son-in-law, make oneself a daughter's husband

    1. (Qal) wife's father, wife's mother, father-in-law, mother-in-law (participle)

    2. (Hithpael) to make oneself a daughter's husband

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
חָתַן châthan, khaw-than'; a primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage:—join in affinity, father in law, make marriages, mother in law, son in law.
STRONGS H2859: Abbreviations
חֹתֵן verbal noun.
1. masculine wife's father (Arabic خَاتِنً a circumciser, hence father-in-law, with reference to circumcision performed on young men just before marriage; خَتَنً relation on wife's side; see WeProl. 1886, 355 Anm, 1; Skizzen iii, 154 StaZAW 1886. 143 Aum.ZMG 1886, 187; otherwise DlPr 91 LagBN 116) — construct חֹתֵן Exodus 18:1 + 9 times, חֹתֶנְךָ Exodus 18:6, חֹתְנוֺ Exodus 3:1 + 9 times; — usually of Moses' wife's father Exodus 3:1; Exodus 4:18; Exodus 18:1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12 (twice in verse); Exodus 18:14; Exodus 18:15; Exodus 18:17; Exodus 18:24; Exodus 18:27 (all E), Numbers 10:29 (J), Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11; of a Levite Judges 19:4, 7, 9.
2. feminine wife's mother, only suffix חֹתַנְתּוֺ Deuteronomy 27:23.

† II. חתן verb denominative only
Hithp. make oneself a daughter's husband (Late Hebrew Hithp. id., Aramaic Ithpa. id.)Perfect 2nd person masculine plural וְהִתְחַתַּנְתֶּם consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect וַיִּתְחַתֵּן 1 Kings 3:1; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2nd person masculine תִּתְחַתֵּן Deuteronomy 7:3; 1 Samuel 18:21; Imperative הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:22, הִתְחַתְּנוּ Genesis 34:9; Infinitive הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:23 + 3 times; —
1. make oneself daughter's husband (son-in-law) to, with בְּ 1 Samuel 18:21, 22, 23, 26, 27; with אֶת 1 Kings 3:1; Genesis 34:9 (P); with לְ 2 Chronicles 18:1, of marriage of Jehoshaphat's son and Ahab's daughter (compare 2 Kings 8:18 2 Chronicles 21:6).
2. in general form marriage-alliance with, with בְּ Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12 (D), Ezra 9:14.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


34:9; 34:9


3:1; 3:1; 4:18; 18:1; 18:1; 18:2; 18:5; 18:6; 18:6; 18:7; 18:8; 18:12; 18:14; 18:15; 18:17; 18:24; 18:27




7:3; 7:3; 27:23


23:12; 23:12


1:16; 4:11; 19:4; 19:7; 19:9

1 Samuel

18:21; 18:21; 18:22; 18:22; 18:23; 18:23; 18:26; 18:27

1 Kings

3:1; 3:1

2 Kings


2 Chronicles

18:1; 18:1; 21:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2859 matches the Hebrew חָתַן (ḥāṯan),
which occurs 33 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:9 - “And intermarry H2859 with us; give your daughters to us and take our daughters for yourselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:1 -

Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law H2859, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the [fn]west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:18 -

Then Moses went and returned to [fn]Jethro his father-in-law H2859 and said to him, “Please, let me go, that I may return to my brothers who are in Egypt and see if they are still alive.” And Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:1 -

Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law H2859, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how Yahweh had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:2 - And Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law H2859, took Moses’ wife Zipporah, after he had sent her away,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:5 -

Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law H2859, came with his sons and his wife to Moses [fn]in the wilderness where he was camped, at the mount of God.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:6 - And he [fn]sent word to Moses, “I, your father-in-law H2859 Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:7 - Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law H2859, and he bowed down and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare and went into the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:8 - And Moses recounted to his father-in-law H2859 all that Yahweh had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, all the hardship that had befallen them on the journey, and how Yahweh had delivered them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:12 - Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law H2859, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat [fn]a meal with Moses’ father-in-law H2859 before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:14 - And Moses’ father-in-law H2859 saw all that he was doing for the people, so he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge and all the people stand about you from morning until evening?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:15 - And Moses said to his father-in-law H2859, “Because the people come to me to inquire of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:17 - And Moses’ father-in-law H2859 said to him, “The thing that you are doing is not good.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:24 -

So Moses listened to the voice of his father-in-law H2859 and did all that he had said.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:27 - Then Moses [fn]let his father-in-law H2859 depart, and he went his way into his own land.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:29 -

Then Moses said to Hobab the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses’ father-in-law H2859, “We are setting out to the place of which Yahweh said, ‘I will give it to you’; come with us and we will do you good, for Yahweh has [fn]promised good concerning Israel.”

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:3 - “Furthermore, you shall not intermarry H2859 with them; you shall not give your [fn]daughters to [fn]their sons, nor shall you take [fn]their daughters for your [fn]sons.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:23 -

‘Cursed is he who lies with his mother-in-law H2859.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:12 - “For if you ever turn back and cling to the rest of these nations, these which remain among you, and intermarry H2859 with them, so that you go along with them and they with you,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:16 -

Now the sons of the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law H2859, went up from the city of palms with the sons of Judah, to the wilderness of Judah which is in the south of Arad; and they went and lived with the people.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:11 -

Now Heber the Kenite had separated himself from the Kenites, from the sons of Hobab the father-in-law H2859 of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far away as the [fn]oak in Zaanannim, which is near Kedesh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:4 - And his father-in-law H2859, the girl’s father, prevailed upon him; and he remained with him three days. So they ate and drank and spent the night there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:7 - Then the man arose to go, but his father-in-law H2859 pressed him so that he turned back and spent the night there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - Then the man arose to go along with his concubine and young man, and his father-in-law H2859, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn [fn]to a close; please spend the night. Behold, the day is [fn]coming to an end; spend the night here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go to your tent.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:21 - And Saul said, “I will give her to him that she may become a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David, “For a second time you may be my son-in-law H2859 today.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:22 - Then Saul commanded his servants, “Speak to David secretly, saying, ‘Behold, the king delights in you, and all his servants love you; so now, become H2859 the king’s son-in-law H2859.’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:23 - So Saul’s servants spoke these words in [fn]David’s hearing. But David said, “Is it trivial in your eyes to become H2859 the king’s son-in-law H2859, since I am a poor man and lightly esteemed?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:26 - Then his servants told David these words, and it was right in the eyes of David to become H2859 the king’s son-in-law H2859. [fn]So before the days had expired,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:27 - David rose up and went, he and his men, and struck down two hundred men among the Philistines. Then David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might become H2859 the king’s son-in-law H2859. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter as a wife.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 3:1 -

Then Solomon [fn]formed H2859 a H2859 marriage H2859 alliance H2859 with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh’s daughter and brought her to the city of David until he had completed building his own house and the house of Yahweh and the wall around Jerusalem.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:1 -

Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance; and he allied H2859 himself by H2859 marriage H2859 with Ahab.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:14 - shall we again break Your commandments and intermarry H2859 with the peoples [fn]who commit these abominations? Would You not be angry with us [fn]to the point of destruction, until there is no remnant nor any who escape?
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