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Lexicon :: Strong's H3220 - yām

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to roar
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 871a

Strong’s Definitions

יָם yâm, yawm; from an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article), the Mediterranean Sea; sometimes a large river, or an artifical basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south:—sea (× -faring man, (-shore)), south, west (-ern, side, -ward).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 396x

The KJV translates Strong's H3220 in the following manner: sea (321x), west (47x), westward (21x), west side (4x), seafaring men (1x), south (1x), western (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 396x
The KJV translates Strong's H3220 in the following manner: sea (321x), west (47x), westward (21x), west side (4x), seafaring men (1x), south (1x), western (1x).
  1. sea

    1. Mediterranean Sea

    2. Red Sea

    3. Dead Sea

    4. Sea of Galilee

    5. sea (general)

    6. mighty river (Nile)

    7. the sea (the great basin in the temple court)

    8. seaward, west, westward

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
יָם yâm, yawm; from an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article), the Mediterranean Sea; sometimes a large river, or an artifical basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south:—sea (× -faring man, (-shore)), south, west (-ern, side, -ward).
STRONGS H3220: Abbreviations
יָם 390 noun masculineExodus 14:27 sea (Phoenician ים; Arabic bdb041005; Palmyrene בימא on the sea, VogNo. 79; on Assyrian iâmu, (āmu), sea, see DlHWB 307 M-ACD 52 HptBAS i. 171 n.) — absolute יָם 1 Samuel 13:5 +; יָ֫מָּה Genesis 28:14 +; construct יָם Genesis 14:3 + 23 times, also יָ֫מָּה סוּף Exodus 10:19, but always יַםסֿוּף Exodus 13:18 + 22 times; suffix יַמָּהּ Jeremiah 51:36; plural יַמִּים Judges 5:17 + 29 times; — sea: especially
1. Mediterranean Numbers 13:29 (E), Numbers 34:5 (P), Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 5:1; 1 Kings 5:23 [1 Kings 5:9] (twice in verse); Jonah 1:4 (twice in verse) + often; the Mediterranean is called also הַיָּם הַגָּדוֺל Numbers 34:6, Numbers 34:7; Joshua 15:12, Joshua 15:47; Ezekiel 48:28 +, compare וּרְחַב יָדַיִם גּ׳ הַיּ׳ Psalm 104:25; מְבוֺא הַיָּם חַגּ׳ הַשָּׁ֑מֶשׁ Joshua 1:4; Joshua 23:4 (see Assyrian name of Mediterranean tiamtu rabitu ša sulmu šamši, etc., SchrNamender Meere. 171 ff.); אֶלמֿוּל הַלְּבָנוֺן הַגּ׳ הַיּ׳ Joshua 9:1; הָאַחֲרוֺן הַיּ׳ the hinder sea Deuteronomy 11:24; Deuteronomy 34:2; Zechariah 14:8; Joel 2:20 (in the last two opposed to הַקַּדְמֹנִי הַיּ׳, see below); of Mediterranean in particular part פְּלִשְׁתּים יָם Exodus 23:31 (JE); יָם יָפוֺ 2 Chronicles 2:15 [2 Chronicles 2:16] = יָם יָפוֺא Ezra 3:7. ** Of Mediterranean in plural Daniel 11:45 [compare 8 d] Hi Ke Meinh Bev Dr (world-encircling seas Behrm).
2. יַםסֿוּף 'Red Sea' (see סוּף) Exodus 13:18 (compare Exodus 10:19), Exodus 15:4; Numbers 14:25; Deuteronomy 1:40; Joshua 2:10; Judges 11:16 + often; also הַיָּם Exodus 14:2 (twice in verse); Exodus 14:9; Isaiah 51:10 (twice in verse); Isaiah 63:11 +; probably also יָםמִֿצְרַיִם Isaiah 11:15; 'Red Sea' named or referred to approximately + 66 times; יִםסֿוּף clearly of Ælanitic Gulf 1 Kings 9:26 (compare 2 Chronicles 8:17).
3. Dead Sea, יָם מֶלַח sea of salt Genesis 14:3; Numbers 34:3, Numbers 34:12; Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 3:16; Joshua 12:3; Joshua 15:2, Joshua 15:5; Joshua 18:19; יָם הָעֲרָבָה Deuteronomy 3:17; Deuteronomy 4:49; Joshua 3:16; Joshua 12:3; 2 Kings 14:25; הַקַּדְמֹנִי הַי׳ Ezekiel 47:18; Zechariah 14:8; Joel 2:20 (see above); simply יָם Isaiah 16:8; Jeremiah 48:32; — in יָם יַעְזֵר Jeremiah 48:32 יָם is textual error, strike out with Gf Gr Che Gie.
4. Sea of Galilee יָם כִּנֶּרֶת Numbers 34:11; Joshua 13:27; יָם כִּנְּרוֺת Joshua 12:3; simply יָם Deuteronomy 33:23.
5. more generally sea, opposed to earth and (or) sky Genesis 1:26, Genesis 1:28; Genesis 9:2 (P), Exodus 20:11 (E), Haggai 2:6 +often Job, Psalms, Isaiah2 etc.; Amos 6:12 read בַּבָּקָר יָם for בקרים (see בָּקָר); sea as under earth Psalm 24:2 (compare Genesis 1:10; Genesis 6:11; Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:3); figurative of flood of invaders, עָלָה עַלבָּֿבֶל הַיָּם Jeremiah 51:42.
6. of a mighty river, the Nile Nahum 3:8 (twice in verse); Isaiah 19:5 (|| נָהָר); compare הַתַּנִּין אֲשֶׁר בַּיָּם Isaiah 27:1 and כַּתַּנִּים בַּיַּמִּים Ezekiel 32:2 (simile of Pharaoh); of Euphrates Isaiah 21:1; Jeremiah 51:36 (according to Che Gf and others; Isaiah 21:1 perhaps better of Persian Gulf, see Di).
7. the great basin in temple-court, called the sea: וַיַּעַשׂ אֶתהַֿיָּם מוּצָק 1 Kings 7:23 2 Chronicles 4:2; יָם הַנְּחשֶׁת 2 Kings 25:13; 1 Chronicles 18:8; Jeremiah 52:17; הַיָּם alone 1 Kings 7:24, 1 Kings 7:25 + 10 times Kings Chronicles + Jeremiah 52:20.
8. combinations are:
a. shore of sea, sea-shore שְׂפַת הַיָּם Joshua 11:4; 1 Kings 5:9, and in simile Genesis 22:17; Judges 7:12; 1 Samuel 13:5; חוֺף הַי׳ Joshua 9:1; Ezekiel 25:16; חוֺף יַמִּים Genesis 49:13; Judges 5:17; compare חֶבֶל הַיָּם Zephaniah 2:5 region by the sea; so Zephaniah 2:6 but dubious, see I. חֶבֶל 3.
b. sand of the sea (shore) חוֺל הַיָּם (in simile) Genesis 32:13 [Genesis 32:12]; Genesis 41:49; Hosea 2:1 [Hosea 1:10]; Isaiah 10:22 + often (see חוֺל); חוֺל גְּבוּל לַיָּם Jeremiah 5:22.
c. לְשׁוֺן הַיָּם tongue (arm or gulf) of sea Joshua 15:5; Joshua 18:19; Isaiah 11:15.
d. מִיָּם עַדיָֿם Amos 8:12; Zechariah 9:10; Psalm 72:8, compare Micah 7:12; Zechariah 14:8 (twice in verse); Joel 2:20 (twice in verse); Daniel 11:45.
9. = (west, west-word (originally sea-ward, from position of Mediterranean with reference to Palestine, and this sense still often perceptible): with other three points of compass Genesis 13:14; Genesis 28:14 (J), Numbers 2:18; Numbers 35:5 (P), Deuteronomy 3:27; 1 Kings 7:25; 1 Chronicles 9:24; 2 Chronicles 4:4; Ezekiel 42:19 + 6 times Ezekiel; Zechariah 14:4; Daniel 8:4; Psalm 107:3 (מִמִּזְרָח וּמִמַּעֲרָב מִצָּפוֺן וּמִיָּם; but read perhaps וּמִיָּמִן from the south, Hu Pe Bi Che); opposed to east Joshua 11:2; Joshua 16:6 + 16 times Ezekiel 48; west alone Genesis 12:8 (J); רוּהַ יָם Exodus 10:19 (J) west wind; מִיָּם לְ westward Joshua 8:9, Joshua 8:12, Joshua 8:13 +; יָ֫מָּה westward, often of tabernacle Exodus 26:22, Exodus 26:27; Numbers 3:23Joshua 5:1; Joshua 15:8, Joshua 15:10 etc., + often Ezekiel; דֶּרֶךְ הַיָּם = westward Ezekiel 41:12; גְּבוּל יָם western border Numbers 34:6 (twice in verse); Joshua 15:2; פְּאַת־יָם west side Exodus 27:12; Exodus 38:12; Numbers 35:5; Joshua 18:14; דרך פְּאַת הים Ezekiel 41:12 (see further פאה).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3221.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


1:10; 1:26; 1:28; 6:11; 9:2; 12:8; 13:14; 14:3; 14:3; 22:17; 28:14; 28:14; 32:12; 41:49; 49:13


10:19; 10:19; 10:19; 13:18; 13:18; 14:2; 14:9; 14:27; 15:4; 20:5; 20:11; 23:31; 26:22; 26:27; 27:12; 38:12


2:18; 3:23; 13:29; 14:25; 34:3; 34:5; 34:6; 34:6; 34:7; 34:11; 34:12; 35:5; 35:5


1:7; 1:40; 3:17; 3:17; 3:27; 4:49; 5:3; 11:24; 33:23; 34:2


1:4; 2:10; 3:16; 3:16; 5:1; 5:1; 8:9; 8:12; 8:13; 9:1; 9:1; 11:2; 11:4; 12:3; 12:3; 12:3; 13:27; 15:2; 15:2; 15:5; 15:5; 15:8; 15:10; 15:12; 15:47; 16:6; 18:14; 18:19; 18:19; 23:4


5:17; 5:17; 7:12; 11:16

1 Samuel

13:5; 13:5

1 Kings

5:9; 5:9; 7:23; 7:24; 7:25; 7:25; 9:26

2 Kings

14:25; 25:13

1 Chronicles

9:24; 18:8

2 Chronicles

2:16; 4:2; 4:4; 8:17




24:2; 72:8; 104:25; 107:3


10:22; 11:15; 11:15; 16:8; 19:5; 21:1; 21:1; 27:1; 51:10; 63:11


5:22; 48:32; 48:32; 51:36; 51:36; 51:42; 52:17; 52:20


25:16; 32:2; 41:12; 41:12; 42:19; 47:18; 48; 48:28


8:4; 11:45; 11:45




2:20; 2:20; 2:20


6:12; 8:12








2:5; 2:6




9:10; 14:4; 14:8; 14:8; 14:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3220 matches the Hebrew יָם (yām),
which occurs 396 times in 339 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 7 (Gen 1:10–Num 21:4)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:10 -

God called the dry land “earth,” and the gathering of the water he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:22 -

God blessed them: “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters of the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:26 -

Then God said, “Let us make man[fn] in[fn] our image, according to our likeness. They will rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, the livestock, the whole earth, and the creatures that crawl[fn] on the earth.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:28 -

God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, and every creature that crawls on the earth.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:2 -

“The fear and terror of you will be in every living creature on the earth, every bird of the sky, every creature that crawls on the ground, and all the fish of the sea. They are placed under your authority.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:8 -

From there he moved on to the hill country east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. He built an altar to the LORD there, and he called on the name of the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:14 -

After Lot had separated from him, the LORD said to Abram, “Look from the place where you are. Look north and south, east and west,

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:3 -

All of these came as allies to the Siddim Valley (that is, the Dead Sea).

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:17 -

“I will indeed bless you and make your offspring as numerous as the stars of the sky and the sand on the seashore. Your offspring will possess the city gates of their[fn] enemies.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:14 -

“Your offspring will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out toward the west, the east, the north, and the south. All the peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:12 -

“You have said, ‘I will cause you to prosper, and I will make your offspring like the sand of the sea, too numerous to be counted.’ ”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:49 -

So Joseph stored up grain in such abundance ​— ​like the sand of the sea ​— ​that he stopped measuring it because it was beyond measure.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:13 -

“Zebulun will live by the seashore

and will be a harbor for ships,

and his territory will be next to Sidon.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:19 -

Then the LORD changed the wind to a strong west[fn] wind, and it carried off the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. Not a single locust was left in all the territory of Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:18 -

So he led the people around toward the Red Sea along the road of the wilderness. And the Israelites left the land of Egypt in battle formation.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:2 -

“Tell the Israelites to turn back and camp in front of Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you must camp in front of Baal-zephon, facing it by the sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:9 -

The Egyptians ​— ​all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots, his horsemen,[fn] and his army ​— ​chased after them and caught up with them as they camped by the sea beside Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:16 -

“As for you, lift up your staff, stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:21 -

Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea. The LORD drove the sea back with a powerful east wind all that night and turned the sea into dry land. So the waters were divided,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:22 -

and the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with the waters like a wall to them on their right and their left.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:23 -

The Egyptians set out in pursuit ​— ​all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen ​— ​and went into the sea after them.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:26 -

Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the water may come back on the Egyptians, on their chariots and horsemen.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:27 -

So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea returned to its normal depth. While the Egyptians were trying to escape from it, the LORD threw them into the sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:28 -

The water came back and covered the chariots and horsemen, plus the entire army of Pharaoh that had gone after them into the sea. Not even one of them survived.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:29 -

But the Israelites had walked through the sea on dry ground, with the waters like a wall to them on their right and their left.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:30 -

That day the LORD saved Israel from the power of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:1 -

Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the LORD. They said:

I will sing to the LORD,

for he is highly exalted;

he has thrown the horse

and its rider into the sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:4 -

He threw Pharaoh’s chariots

and his army into the sea;

the elite of his officers

were drowned in the Red Sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:8 -

The water heaped up at the blast from your nostrils;

the currents stood firm like a dam.

The watery depths congealed in the heart of the sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:10 -

But you blew with your breath,

and the sea covered them.

They sank like lead

in the mighty waters.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:19 -

When Pharaoh’s horses with his chariots and horsemen went into the sea, the LORD brought the water of the sea back over them. But the Israelites walked through the sea on dry ground.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:21 -

Miriam sang to them:

Sing to the LORD,

for he is highly exalted;

he has thrown the horse

and its rider into the sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:22 -

Then Moses led Israel on from the Red Sea, and they went out to the Wilderness of Shur. They journeyed for three days in the wilderness without finding water.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:11 -

For the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:31 -

“I will set your borders from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea,[fn] and from the wilderness to the Euphrates River.[fn] For I will place the inhabitants of the land under your control, and you will drive them out ahead of you.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 26:22 -

“and make six supports for the west side of the tabernacle.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 26:27 -

“five crossbars for the supports on the other side of the tabernacle, and five crossbars for the supports on the back side of the tabernacle on the west.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:12 -

“For the width of the courtyard, make hangings 75 feet[fn] long for the west side, including their ten posts and their ten bases.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 36:27 -

And for the back of the tabernacle, on the west side, he made six supports.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 36:32 -

five crossbars for the supports on the other side of the tabernacle, and five crossbars for those at the back of the tabernacle on the west.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:12 -

The hangings on the west side were 75 feet[fn] long, including their ten posts and their ten bases, with silver hooks and silver bands for the posts.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:9 -

“This is what you may eat from all that is in the water: You may eat everything in the water that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or streams.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:10 -

“But these are to be abhorrent to you: everything in the seas or streams that does not have fins and scales among all the swarming things and other living creatures in the water.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 2:18 -

“Ephraim’s military divisions will camp on the west side under their banner. The leader of the Ephraimites is Elishama son of Ammihud.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:23 -

The Gershonite clans camped behind the tabernacle on the west side,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:22 -

“If flocks and herds were slaughtered for them, would they have enough? Or if all the fish in the sea were caught for them, would they have enough? ”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:31 -

A wind sent by the LORD came up and blew quail in from the sea; it dropped them all around the camp. They were flying three feet[fn] off[fn] the ground for about a day’s journey in every direction.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:29 -

“The Amalekites are living in the land of the Negev; the Hethites, Jebusites, and Amorites live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the sea and along the Jordan.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:25 -

“Since the Amalekites and Canaanites are living in the lowlands,[fn] turn back tomorrow and head for the wilderness in the direction of the Red Sea.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:4 -

Then they set out from Mount Hor by way of the Red Sea to bypass the land of Edom, but the people became impatient because of the journey.

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