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Lexicon :: Strong's H3220 - yām

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to roar
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 871a

Strong’s Definitions

יָם yâm, yawm; from an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article), the Mediterranean Sea; sometimes a large river, or an artifical basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south:—sea (× -faring man, (-shore)), south, west (-ern, side, -ward).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 396x

The KJV translates Strong's H3220 in the following manner: sea (321x), west (47x), westward (21x), west side (4x), seafaring men (1x), south (1x), western (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 396x
The KJV translates Strong's H3220 in the following manner: sea (321x), west (47x), westward (21x), west side (4x), seafaring men (1x), south (1x), western (1x).
  1. sea

    1. Mediterranean Sea

    2. Red Sea

    3. Dead Sea

    4. Sea of Galilee

    5. sea (general)

    6. mighty river (Nile)

    7. the sea (the great basin in the temple court)

    8. seaward, west, westward

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
יָם yâm, yawm; from an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article), the Mediterranean Sea; sometimes a large river, or an artifical basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south:—sea (× -faring man, (-shore)), south, west (-ern, side, -ward).
STRONGS H3220: Abbreviations
יָם 390 noun masculineExodus 14:27 sea (Phoenician ים; Arabic bdb041005; Palmyrene בימא on the sea, VogNo. 79; on Assyrian iâmu, (āmu), sea, see DlHWB 307 M-ACD 52 HptBAS i. 171 n.) — absolute יָם 1 Samuel 13:5 +; יָ֫מָּה Genesis 28:14 +; construct יָם Genesis 14:3 + 23 times, also יָ֫מָּה סוּף Exodus 10:19, but always יַםסֿוּף Exodus 13:18 + 22 times; suffix יַמָּהּ Jeremiah 51:36; plural יַמִּים Judges 5:17 + 29 times; — sea: especially
1. Mediterranean Numbers 13:29 (E), Numbers 34:5 (P), Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 5:1; 1 Kings 5:23 [1 Kings 5:9] (twice in verse); Jonah 1:4 (twice in verse) + often; the Mediterranean is called also הַיָּם הַגָּדוֺל Numbers 34:6, Numbers 34:7; Joshua 15:12, Joshua 15:47; Ezekiel 48:28 +, compare וּרְחַב יָדַיִם גּ׳ הַיּ׳ Psalm 104:25; מְבוֺא הַיָּם חַגּ׳ הַשָּׁ֑מֶשׁ Joshua 1:4; Joshua 23:4 (see Assyrian name of Mediterranean tiamtu rabitu ša sulmu šamši, etc., SchrNamender Meere. 171 ff.); אֶלמֿוּל הַלְּבָנוֺן הַגּ׳ הַיּ׳ Joshua 9:1; הָאַחֲרוֺן הַיּ׳ the hinder sea Deuteronomy 11:24; Deuteronomy 34:2; Zechariah 14:8; Joel 2:20 (in the last two opposed to הַקַּדְמֹנִי הַיּ׳, see below); of Mediterranean in particular part פְּלִשְׁתּים יָם Exodus 23:31 (JE); יָם יָפוֺ 2 Chronicles 2:15 [2 Chronicles 2:16] = יָם יָפוֺא Ezra 3:7. ** Of Mediterranean in plural Daniel 11:45 [compare 8 d] Hi Ke Meinh Bev Dr (world-encircling seas Behrm).
2. יַםסֿוּף 'Red Sea' (see סוּף) Exodus 13:18 (compare Exodus 10:19), Exodus 15:4; Numbers 14:25; Deuteronomy 1:40; Joshua 2:10; Judges 11:16 + often; also הַיָּם Exodus 14:2 (twice in verse); Exodus 14:9; Isaiah 51:10 (twice in verse); Isaiah 63:11 +; probably also יָםמִֿצְרַיִם Isaiah 11:15; 'Red Sea' named or referred to approximately + 66 times; יִםסֿוּף clearly of Ælanitic Gulf 1 Kings 9:26 (compare 2 Chronicles 8:17).
3. Dead Sea, יָם מֶלַח sea of salt Genesis 14:3; Numbers 34:3, Numbers 34:12; Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 3:16; Joshua 12:3; Joshua 15:2, Joshua 15:5; Joshua 18:19; יָם הָעֲרָבָה Deuteronomy 3:17; Deuteronomy 4:49; Joshua 3:16; Joshua 12:3; 2 Kings 14:25; הַקַּדְמֹנִי הַי׳ Ezekiel 47:18; Zechariah 14:8; Joel 2:20 (see above); simply יָם Isaiah 16:8; Jeremiah 48:32; — in יָם יַעְזֵר Jeremiah 48:32 יָם is textual error, strike out with Gf Gr Che Gie.
4. Sea of Galilee יָם כִּנֶּרֶת Numbers 34:11; Joshua 13:27; יָם כִּנְּרוֺת Joshua 12:3; simply יָם Deuteronomy 33:23.
5. more generally sea, opposed to earth and (or) sky Genesis 1:26, Genesis 1:28; Genesis 9:2 (P), Exodus 20:11 (E), Haggai 2:6 +often Job, Psalms, Isaiah2 etc.; Amos 6:12 read בַּבָּקָר יָם for בקרים (see בָּקָר); sea as under earth Psalm 24:2 (compare Genesis 1:10; Genesis 6:11; Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:3); figurative of flood of invaders, עָלָה עַלבָּֿבֶל הַיָּם Jeremiah 51:42.
6. of a mighty river, the Nile Nahum 3:8 (twice in verse); Isaiah 19:5 (|| נָהָר); compare הַתַּנִּין אֲשֶׁר בַּיָּם Isaiah 27:1 and כַּתַּנִּים בַּיַּמִּים Ezekiel 32:2 (simile of Pharaoh); of Euphrates Isaiah 21:1; Jeremiah 51:36 (according to Che Gf and others; Isaiah 21:1 perhaps better of Persian Gulf, see Di).
7. the great basin in temple-court, called the sea: וַיַּעַשׂ אֶתהַֿיָּם מוּצָק 1 Kings 7:23 2 Chronicles 4:2; יָם הַנְּחשֶׁת 2 Kings 25:13; 1 Chronicles 18:8; Jeremiah 52:17; הַיָּם alone 1 Kings 7:24, 1 Kings 7:25 + 10 times Kings Chronicles + Jeremiah 52:20.
8. combinations are:
a. shore of sea, sea-shore שְׂפַת הַיָּם Joshua 11:4; 1 Kings 5:9, and in simile Genesis 22:17; Judges 7:12; 1 Samuel 13:5; חוֺף הַי׳ Joshua 9:1; Ezekiel 25:16; חוֺף יַמִּים Genesis 49:13; Judges 5:17; compare חֶבֶל הַיָּם Zephaniah 2:5 region by the sea; so Zephaniah 2:6 but dubious, see I. חֶבֶל 3.
b. sand of the sea (shore) חוֺל הַיָּם (in simile) Genesis 32:13 [Genesis 32:12]; Genesis 41:49; Hosea 2:1 [Hosea 1:10]; Isaiah 10:22 + often (see חוֺל); חוֺל גְּבוּל לַיָּם Jeremiah 5:22.
c. לְשׁוֺן הַיָּם tongue (arm or gulf) of sea Joshua 15:5; Joshua 18:19; Isaiah 11:15.
d. מִיָּם עַדיָֿם Amos 8:12; Zechariah 9:10; Psalm 72:8, compare Micah 7:12; Zechariah 14:8 (twice in verse); Joel 2:20 (twice in verse); Daniel 11:45.
9. = (west, west-word (originally sea-ward, from position of Mediterranean with reference to Palestine, and this sense still often perceptible): with other three points of compass Genesis 13:14; Genesis 28:14 (J), Numbers 2:18; Numbers 35:5 (P), Deuteronomy 3:27; 1 Kings 7:25; 1 Chronicles 9:24; 2 Chronicles 4:4; Ezekiel 42:19 + 6 times Ezekiel; Zechariah 14:4; Daniel 8:4; Psalm 107:3 (מִמִּזְרָח וּמִמַּעֲרָב מִצָּפוֺן וּמִיָּם; but read perhaps וּמִיָּמִן from the south, Hu Pe Bi Che); opposed to east Joshua 11:2; Joshua 16:6 + 16 times Ezekiel 48; west alone Genesis 12:8 (J); רוּהַ יָם Exodus 10:19 (J) west wind; מִיָּם לְ westward Joshua 8:9, Joshua 8:12, Joshua 8:13 +; יָ֫מָּה westward, often of tabernacle Exodus 26:22, Exodus 26:27; Numbers 3:23Joshua 5:1; Joshua 15:8, Joshua 15:10 etc., + often Ezekiel; דֶּרֶךְ הַיָּם = westward Ezekiel 41:12; גְּבוּל יָם western border Numbers 34:6 (twice in verse); Joshua 15:2; פְּאַת־יָם west side Exodus 27:12; Exodus 38:12; Numbers 35:5; Joshua 18:14; דרך פְּאַת הים Ezekiel 41:12 (see further פאה).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3221.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


1:10; 1:26; 1:28; 6:11; 9:2; 12:8; 13:14; 14:3; 14:3; 22:17; 28:14; 28:14; 32:12; 41:49; 49:13


10:19; 10:19; 10:19; 13:18; 13:18; 14:2; 14:9; 14:27; 15:4; 20:5; 20:11; 23:31; 26:22; 26:27; 27:12; 38:12


2:18; 3:23; 13:29; 14:25; 34:3; 34:5; 34:6; 34:6; 34:7; 34:11; 34:12; 35:5; 35:5


1:7; 1:40; 3:17; 3:17; 3:27; 4:49; 5:3; 11:24; 33:23; 34:2


1:4; 2:10; 3:16; 3:16; 5:1; 5:1; 8:9; 8:12; 8:13; 9:1; 9:1; 11:2; 11:4; 12:3; 12:3; 12:3; 13:27; 15:2; 15:2; 15:5; 15:5; 15:8; 15:10; 15:12; 15:47; 16:6; 18:14; 18:19; 18:19; 23:4


5:17; 5:17; 7:12; 11:16

1 Samuel

13:5; 13:5

1 Kings

5:9; 5:9; 7:23; 7:24; 7:25; 7:25; 9:26

2 Kings

14:25; 25:13

1 Chronicles

9:24; 18:8

2 Chronicles

2:16; 4:2; 4:4; 8:17




24:2; 72:8; 104:25; 107:3


10:22; 11:15; 11:15; 16:8; 19:5; 21:1; 21:1; 27:1; 51:10; 63:11


5:22; 48:32; 48:32; 51:36; 51:36; 51:42; 52:17; 52:20


25:16; 32:2; 41:12; 41:12; 42:19; 47:18; 48; 48:28


8:4; 11:45; 11:45




2:20; 2:20; 2:20


6:12; 8:12








2:5; 2:6




9:10; 14:4; 14:8; 14:8; 14:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3220 matches the Hebrew יָם (yām),
which occurs 396 times in 339 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 7 (Gen 1:10–Num 21:4)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:10 - et vocavit Deus aridam terram congregationesque aquarum appellavit maria et vidit Deus quod esset bonum
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:22 - benedixitque eis dicens crescite et multiplicamini et replete aquas maris avesque multiplicentur super terram
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:26 - et ait faciamus hominem ad imaginem et similitudinem nostram et praesit piscibus maris et volatilibus caeli et bestiis universaeque terrae omnique reptili quod movetur in terra
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:28 - benedixitque illis Deus et ait crescite et multiplicamini et replete terram et subicite eam et dominamini piscibus maris et volatilibus caeli et universis animantibus quae moventur super terram
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:2 - et terror vester ac tremor sit super cuncta animalia terrae et super omnes volucres caeli cum universis quae moventur in terra omnes pisces maris manui vestrae traditi sunt
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:8 - et inde transgrediens ad montem qui erat contra orientem Bethel tetendit ibi tabernaculum suum ab occidente habens Bethel et ab oriente Ai aedificavit quoque ibi altare Domino et invocavit nomen eius
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:14 - dixitque Dominus ad Abram postquam divisus est Loth ab eo leva oculos tuos et vide a loco in quo nunc es ad aquilonem et ad meridiem ad orientem et ad occidentem
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:3 - omnes hii convenerunt in vallem Silvestrem quae nunc est mare Salis
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:17 - benedicam tibi et multiplicabo semen tuum sicut stellas caeli et velut harenam quae est in litore maris possidebit semen tuum portas inimicorum suorum
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:14 - eritque germen tuum quasi pulvis terrae dilataberis ad occidentem et orientem septentrionem et meridiem et benedicentur in te et in semine tuo cunctae tribus terrae
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:12 - tu locutus es quod bene mihi faceres et dilatares semen meum sicut harenam maris quae prae multitudine numerari non potest
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:49 - tantaque fuit multitudo tritici ut harenae maris coaequaretur et copia mensuram excederet
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:13 - Zabulon in litore maris habitabit et in statione navium pertingens usque ad Sidonem
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:19 - qui flare fecit ventum ab occidente vehementissimum et arreptam lucustam proiecit in mare Rubrum non remansit ne una quidem in cunctis finibus Aegypti
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:18 - sed circumduxit per viam deserti quae est iuxta mare Rubrum et armati ascenderunt filii Israhel de terra Aegypti
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:2 - loquere filiis Israhel reversi castrametentur e regione Phiahiroth quae est inter Magdolum et mare contra Beelsephon in conspectu eius castra ponetis super mare
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:9 - cumque persequerentur Aegyptii vestigia praecedentium reppererunt eos in castris super mare omnis equitatus et currus Pharaonis et universus exercitus erant in Ahiroth contra Beelsephon
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:16 - tu autem eleva virgam tuam et extende manum super mare et divide illud ut gradiantur filii Israhel in medio mari per siccum
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:21 - cumque extendisset Moses manum super mare abstulit illud Dominus flante vento vehementi et urente tota nocte et vertit in siccum divisaque est aqua
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:22 - et ingressi sunt filii Israhel per medium maris sicci erat enim aqua quasi murus a dextra eorum et leva
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:23 - persequentesque Aegyptii ingressi sunt post eos omnis equitatus Pharaonis currus eius et equites per medium maris
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:26 - et ait Dominus ad Mosen extende manum tuam super mare ut revertantur aquae ad Aegyptios super currus et equites eorum
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:27 - cumque extendisset Moses manum contra mare reversum est primo diluculo ad priorem locum fugientibusque Aegyptiis occurrerunt aquae et involvit eos Dominus in mediis fluctibus
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:28 - reversaeque sunt aquae et operuerunt currus et equites cuncti exercitus Pharaonis qui sequentes ingressi fuerant mare ne unus quidem superfuit ex eis
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:29 - filii autem Israhel perrexerunt per medium sicci maris et aquae eis erant quasi pro muro a dextris et a sinistris
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:30 - liberavitque Dominus in die illo Israhel de manu Aegyptiorum
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:1 - tunc cecinit Moses et filii Israhel carmen hoc Domino et dixerunt cantemus Domino gloriose enim magnificatus est equum et ascensorem deiecit in mare
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:4 - currus Pharaonis et exercitum eius proiecit in mare electi principes eius submersi sunt in mari Rubro
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:8 - et in spiritu furoris tui congregatae sunt aquae stetit unda fluens congregatae sunt abyssi in medio mari
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:10 - flavit spiritus tuus et operuit eos mare submersi sunt quasi plumbum in aquis vehementibus
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:19 - ingressus est enim equus Pharao cum curribus et equitibus eius in mare et reduxit super eos Dominus aquas maris filii autem Israhel ambulaverunt per siccum in medio eius
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:21 - quibus praecinebat dicens cantemus Domino gloriose enim magnificatus est equum et ascensorem eius deiecit in mare
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:22 - tulit autem Moses Israhel de mari Rubro et egressi sunt in desertum Sur ambulaveruntque tribus diebus per solitudinem et non inveniebant aquam
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:11 - sex enim diebus fecit Dominus caelum et terram et mare et omnia quae in eis sunt et requievit in die septimo idcirco benedixit Dominus diei sabbati et sanctificavit eum
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:31 - ponam autem terminos tuos a mari Rubro usque ad mare Palestinorum et a deserto usque ad Fluvium tradam manibus vestris habitatores terrae et eiciam eos de conspectu vestro
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 26:22 - ad occidentalem vero plagam tabernaculi facies sex tabulas
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 26:27 - et quinque alios in altero et eiusdem numeri ad occidentalem plagam
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:12 - in latitudine vero atrii quod respicit ad occidentem erunt tentoria per quinquaginta cubitos et columnae decem basesque totidem
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 36:27 - contra occidentem vero id est ad eam partem tabernaculi quae mare respicit fecit sex tabulas
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 36:32 - et quinque alios ad alterius lateris tabulas coaptandas et extra hos quinque alios vectes ad occidentalem plagam tabernaculi contra mare
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:12 - in ea vero plaga quae occidentem respicit fuere tentoria cubitorum quinquaginta columnae decem cum basibus suis aeneae et capita columnarum celata argentea
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:9 - haec sunt quae gignuntur in aquis et vesci licitum est omne quod habet pinnulas et squamas tam in mari quam in fluminibus et stagnis comedetis
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:10 - quicquid autem pinnulas et squamas non habet eorum quae in aquis moventur et vivunt abominabile vobis
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 2:18 - ad occidentalem plagam erunt castra filiorum Ephraim quorum princeps fuit Helisama filius Ammiud
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:23 - hii post tabernaculum metabuntur ad occidentem
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:22 - numquid ovium et boum multitudo caedetur ut possit sufficere ad cibum vel omnes pisces maris in unum congregabuntur ut eos satient
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:31 - ventus autem egrediens a Domino arreptas trans mare coturnices detulit et dimisit in castra itinere quantum uno die confici potest ex omni parte castrorum per circuitum volabantque in aere duobus cubitis altitudine super terram
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:29 - [Vulgate 13:30] Amalech habitat in meridie Hettheus et Iebuseus et Amorreus in montanis Chananeus vero moratur iuxta mare et circa fluenta Iordanis
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:25 - quoniam Amalechites et Chananeus habitant in vallibus cras movete castra et revertimini in solitudinem per viam maris Rubri
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:4 - profecti sunt autem et de monte Or per viam quae ducit ad mare Rubrum ut circumirent terram Edom et taedere coepit populum itineris ac laboris

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