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Lexicon :: Strong's H3478 - yiśrā'ēl

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Part of Speech
proper masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Strong’s Definitions

יִשְׂרָאֵל Yisrâʼêl, yis-raw-ale'; from H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisraël, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity:—Israel.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 2,505x

The KJV translates Strong's H3478 in the following manner: Israel (2,489x), Israelites (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 2,505x
The KJV translates Strong's H3478 in the following manner: Israel (2,489x), Israelites (16x).
  1. Israel = "God prevails"

    1. the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel

    2. the name of the descendants and the nation of the descendants of Jacob

      1. the name of the nation until the death of Solomon and the split

      2. the name used and given to the northern kingdom consisting of the 10 tribes under Jeroboam; the southern kingdom was known as Judah

      3. the name of the nation after the return from exile

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
יִשְׂרָאֵל Yisrâʼêl, yis-raw-ale'; from H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisraël, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity:—Israel.
STRONGS H3478: Abbreviations
יִשְׂרָאֵל 2507 proper name, masculine and of a people Israel (Ēl persisteth, persevereth (or jussive Let Ēl persist) [usually contendeth (NesEg.60 ff.) or Let Ēl contend (GrayProp. N. 218), but see DrHast. DB JACOB 530]; on vocalization see LagBN 131 f. Kit 1 Chronicles 4:16 (Hpt); MI5, + 5 times ישראל; in Egyptian Y-si-r-'l SteindZAW xvi (1896), 331, compare BreastedBib. World ix (1897), 62 ff. PatonSyr. and Pal. 134; Assyrian Sir-'-lai (= יִשְׂרְאֵלִי) SchrKG 356 ff., 364; COT Genesis 36:31; 1 Kings 16:29. — On a possibly relation of יִשׂ׳ to proper name שָׂרַי, שָׂרָה see RSK 257, 2nd ed. 34; — compare שְׂרָיָה(וּ); — Ισραηλ:
1. proper name, masculine. second name of Jacob Genesis 32:29 + 28 times Genesis (JE), Exodus 32:13 (JE), Hosea 12:13; Judges 18:29; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 1:20; Numbers 26:5 (all P), 2 Kings 17:34; 1 Chronicles 1:34 + 8 times Chronicles, Psalm 105:23; בֵּית יִשׂ׳ Ruth 4:11; בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ (literal) Genesis 42:5 + 3 times E, + 2 times P + Exodus 1:7 (P; transition to wider use), 1 Kings 18:31; 1 Chronicles 2:1 +; = 12 tribes Exodus 28:9 + 7 times P; אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיִשׂ׳ 1 Kings 18:36; 1 Chronicles 29:18; 2 Chronicles 30:6.
2. proper name, of a people (usually masculineJudges 11:17 f but feminine 1 Samuel 17:21; 2 Samuel 24:9 [not || 1 Chronicles 21:5], compare Dron the passage AlbrZAW xvi (1896), 57 f.): name of Hebrew nation; usually derived from 1, but יִשׂ׳ more common in early usage than בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ (see בֵּן):
(1) undivided kingdom; יִשׂ׳ Genesis 47:27 (J), Genesis 49:7 (poem in J) + 108 times J E, Deuteronomy 1:1; Deuteronomy 18:6; Deuteronomy 33:10 (poem) + 76 times D, Genesis 34:7; Exodus 12:15 + 42 times P; Judges 5:2, 7 (twice in verse) + 104 times Judges; often 1 and 2 Samuel; 1 Kings 1-12; כָּליִֿשׂ׳ of whole people 2 Samuel 8:15 +, of whole army 2 Samuel 11:1 +, opposed to Judah 2 Samuel 2:9 + (so also later).
(2) יִשׂ׳ = Northern tribes, distinguished from Judah, even before disruption, 2 Samuel 2:9, compare 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 3:10; 2 Samuel 4:1; 2 Samuel 5:5; 2 Samuel 12:7; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 1:35; 1 Kings 4:20; 1 Kings 5:5 +; so at disruption 1 Kings 12:16 (3 times in verse); 1 Kings 12:18, 19; then usually of Northern kingdom, till its fall, 1 Kings 12:28; 1Ki 24:7; 1Ki 24:10 + very often Kings, Amos 1:1; Amos 2:6; Amos 3:14 +, Hosea 1:5; Hosea 4:15 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:3 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5 +, Micah 1:13, etc.
(3) יִשׂ׳ of Southern kingdom, Judah, rarely before fall of Samaria Isaiah 1:3; Isaiah 8:18; Micah 1:14, 15, so בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ 1 Kings 12:17; after fall of Samaria, יִשׂ׳ (less often בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳) occurs of entire people, in reference to past or future 2 Kings 21:8; 2 Kings 23:22; Isaiah 17:9; Psalm 103:7; Jeremiah 2:3; Jeremiah 50:17, 19 +; יִשׂ׳ also = Judah Jeremiah 2:14, 31; Jeremiah 4:1 +, Ezekiel 13:2, 4, 16; Ezekiel 14:1, 7, 9 +, Isaiah 40:27; Isaiah 41:8; Isaiah 42:24 +, Ezra 2:59 = Nehemiah 7:61; Ezra 2:70; Ezra 3:11 +, Nehemiah 10:34; Nehemiah 10:3 +, Psalm 14:7 (twice in verse) = Psalm 53:7 [Psalm 53:6] (twice in verse), Psalm 147:2; Psalm 149:2 +, etc.
(4) usage in Chronicles: יִשׂ׳ of whole people 1 Chronicles 2:7 + 110 times, of Northern kingdom 2 Chronicles 11:1 + 16 times, of Judah 2 Chronicles 12:6; 19:8 + 9 times
(5) יִשׂ׳ personified as עֶבֶד י׳, Isaiah 44:1, 21; Isaiah 49:3.
b. בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳,
(1) of undivided people Exodus 1:12 (J), Exodus 3:9 (E) + 72 times J E, Deuteronomy 3:18; Deuteronomy 10:6 + 25 times D, Genesis 32:33 [Genesis 32:32] + 327 times P; Judges 1:1 + 60 times Judges; seldom 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1-12; in 1 Kings 13—2 Kings 25 passive in reference to older history (rarely otherwise).
(2) seldom of Northern kingdom Amos 2:11 + 9 times Amos, Hosea; 2 Chronicles 13:12 + 7 times Chronicles.
(3) of Judah (late) Ezekiel 2:3; Nehemiah 1:6 (twice in verse); Ezra 3:1; Joel 4:16 +, 2 Chronicles 31:5.
c. בֵּית יִשׂ׳ Exodus 16:31; Exodus 40:38 + 142 times (see בַּיִת 5d (δ); + 81 times Ezekiel, where = Judah; see especially Exodus 37:16); שְׁנֵי בָֽתֵּי יִשׂ׳ Isaiah 8:14.
d. other phrases, see sub אִישׁ, אֶרֶץ, בַּת, בְּתוּלָה, גְּבוּל, הַר, כִּסֵּא, מֶלֶךְ, (נטה) מַטֶּה, (יעד) עֵדָה, עַם, שֵׁבֶט; also (in epithet of י׳) below אָבִיר, אוֺר, אֱלֹחִים, I. גָּוֺאל, מֶלֶךְ, מִקְוֶה (I. קוה), I. צוּר (V. צור), קָדוֺשׁ, I. רָעָה 1d (3).
†e. יִשׂ׳ = the laity, opposed to priests, etc. (late): Ezra 10:25; Nehemiah 11:3; 1 Chronicles 9:2; כָּליִֿשׂ׳ Ezra 2:70; Ezra 10:5; הָעָם יִשׂ׳ Ezra 9:1; בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ Nehemiah 10:40, compare שְׁאָר יִשׂ׳ Nehemiah 11:20.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3479.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


32:29; 32:32; 34:7; 36:31; 42:5; 47:27; 49:7


1:7; 1:12; 3:9; 6:14; 12:15; 16:31; 28:9; 32:13; 37:16; 40:38


1:20; 26:5


1:1; 3:18; 10:6; 18:6; 33:10


1:1; 5:2; 5:7; 11:17; 18:29



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

2:9; 2:9; 2:10; 3:10; 4:1; 5:5; 8:15; 11:1; 12:7; 20:1; 24:9

1 Kings

1:35; 4:20; 5:5; 12:16; 12:17; 12:18; 12:19; 12:28; 16:29; 18:31; 18:36

2 Kings

17:34; 21:8; 23:22

1 Chronicles

1:34; 2:1; 2:7; 4:16; 9:2; 21:5; 29:18

2 Chronicles

11:1; 12:6; 13:12; 19:8; 30:6; 31:5


2:59; 2:70; 2:70; 3:1; 3:11; 9:1; 10:5; 10:25


1:6; 7:61; 10:3; 10:34; 11:3; 11:20


14:7; 53:6; 103:7; 105:23; 147:2; 149:2


1:3; 8:14; 8:18; 17:9; 40:27; 41:8; 42:24; 44:1; 44:21; 49:3


2:3; 2:14; 2:31; 4:1; 50:17; 50:19


2:3; 13:2; 13:4; 13:16; 14:1; 14:7; 14:9


1:5; 4:15; 5:3; 5:5; 12:13


1:1; 2:6; 2:11; 3:14


1:13; 1:14; 1:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3478 matches the Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל (yiśrā'ēl),
which occurs 2,507 times in 2,231 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 45 (Gen 32:28–Exo 3:11)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:28 - And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: H3478 for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:32 - Therefore the children of Israel H3478 eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:20 - And he erected there an altar, and called it Elelohe-Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:7 - And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel H3478 in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:10 - And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel H3478 shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel. H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:21 - And Israel H3478 journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 - And it came to pass, when Israel H3478 dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel H3478 heard it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:31 - And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel. H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:3 - Now Israel H3478 loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:13 - And Israel H3478 said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here am I.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:5 - And the sons of Israel H3478 came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:6 - And Israel H3478 said, Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:8 - And Judah said unto Israel H3478 his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:11 - And their father Israel H3478 said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:21 - And the children of Israel H3478 did so: and Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:28 - And Israel H3478 said, It is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will go and see him before I die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:1 - And Israel H3478 took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:2 - And God spake unto Israel H3478 in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:5 - And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel H3478 carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:8 - And these are the names of the children of Israel, H3478 which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:29 - And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel H3478 his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:30 - And Israel H3478 said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:27 - And Israel H3478 dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:29 - And the time drew nigh that Israel H3478 must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:31 - And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel H3478 bowed himself upon the bed's head.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:2 - And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel H3478 strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:8 - And Israel H3478 beheld Joseph's sons, and said, Who are these?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:10 - Now the eyes of Israel H3478 were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:11 - And Israel H3478 said unto Joseph, I had not thought to see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy seed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:13 - And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel's H3478 left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel's H3478 right hand, and brought them near unto him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:14 - And Israel H3478 stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:20 - And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel H3478 bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:21 - And Israel H3478 said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but God shall be with you, and bring you again unto the land of your fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:2 - Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel H3478 your father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:7 - Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:16 - Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:24 - But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:) H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:28 - All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: H3478 and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:2 - And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel. H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:25 - And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, H3478 saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:1 - Now these are the names of the children of Israel, H3478 which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:7 - And the children of Israel H3478 were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:9 - And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel H3478 are more and mightier than we:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:12 - But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. H3478
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:13 - And the Egyptians made the children of Israel H3478 to serve with rigour:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:23 - And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel H3478 sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:25 - And God looked upon the children of Israel, H3478 and God had respect unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:9 - Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel H3478 is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:10 - Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel H3478 out of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:11 - And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel H3478 out of Egypt?

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