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Lexicon :: Strong's H3478 - yiśrā'ēl

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Part of Speech
proper masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Strong’s Definitions

יִשְׂרָאֵל Yisrâʼêl, yis-raw-ale'; from H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisraël, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity:—Israel.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 2,505x

The KJV translates Strong's H3478 in the following manner: Israel (2,489x), Israelites (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 2,505x
The KJV translates Strong's H3478 in the following manner: Israel (2,489x), Israelites (16x).
  1. Israel = "God prevails"

    1. the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel

    2. the name of the descendants and the nation of the descendants of Jacob

      1. the name of the nation until the death of Solomon and the split

      2. the name used and given to the northern kingdom consisting of the 10 tribes under Jeroboam; the southern kingdom was known as Judah

      3. the name of the nation after the return from exile

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
יִשְׂרָאֵל Yisrâʼêl, yis-raw-ale'; from H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisraël, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity:—Israel.
STRONGS H3478: Abbreviations
יִשְׂרָאֵל 2507 proper name, masculine and of a people Israel (Ēl persisteth, persevereth (or jussive Let Ēl persist) [usually contendeth (NesEg.60 ff.) or Let Ēl contend (GrayProp. N. 218), but see DrHast. DB JACOB 530]; on vocalization see LagBN 131 f. Kit 1 Chronicles 4:16 (Hpt); MI5, + 5 times ישראל; in Egyptian Y-si-r-'l SteindZAW xvi (1896), 331, compare BreastedBib. World ix (1897), 62 ff. PatonSyr. and Pal. 134; Assyrian Sir-'-lai (= יִשְׂרְאֵלִי) SchrKG 356 ff., 364; COT Genesis 36:31; 1 Kings 16:29. — On a possibly relation of יִשׂ׳ to proper name שָׂרַי, שָׂרָה see RSK 257, 2nd ed. 34; — compare שְׂרָיָה(וּ); — Ισραηλ:
1. proper name, masculine. second name of Jacob Genesis 32:29 + 28 times Genesis (JE), Exodus 32:13 (JE), Hosea 12:13; Judges 18:29; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 1:20; Numbers 26:5 (all P), 2 Kings 17:34; 1 Chronicles 1:34 + 8 times Chronicles, Psalm 105:23; בֵּית יִשׂ׳ Ruth 4:11; בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ (literal) Genesis 42:5 + 3 times E, + 2 times P + Exodus 1:7 (P; transition to wider use), 1 Kings 18:31; 1 Chronicles 2:1 +; = 12 tribes Exodus 28:9 + 7 times P; אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיִשׂ׳ 1 Kings 18:36; 1 Chronicles 29:18; 2 Chronicles 30:6.
2. proper name, of a people (usually masculineJudges 11:17 f but feminine 1 Samuel 17:21; 2 Samuel 24:9 [not || 1 Chronicles 21:5], compare Dron the passage AlbrZAW xvi (1896), 57 f.): name of Hebrew nation; usually derived from 1, but יִשׂ׳ more common in early usage than בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ (see בֵּן):
(1) undivided kingdom; יִשׂ׳ Genesis 47:27 (J), Genesis 49:7 (poem in J) + 108 times J E, Deuteronomy 1:1; Deuteronomy 18:6; Deuteronomy 33:10 (poem) + 76 times D, Genesis 34:7; Exodus 12:15 + 42 times P; Judges 5:2, 7 (twice in verse) + 104 times Judges; often 1 and 2 Samuel; 1 Kings 1-12; כָּליִֿשׂ׳ of whole people 2 Samuel 8:15 +, of whole army 2 Samuel 11:1 +, opposed to Judah 2 Samuel 2:9 + (so also later).
(2) יִשׂ׳ = Northern tribes, distinguished from Judah, even before disruption, 2 Samuel 2:9, compare 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 3:10; 2 Samuel 4:1; 2 Samuel 5:5; 2 Samuel 12:7; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 1:35; 1 Kings 4:20; 1 Kings 5:5 +; so at disruption 1 Kings 12:16 (3 times in verse); 1 Kings 12:18, 19; then usually of Northern kingdom, till its fall, 1 Kings 12:28; 1Ki 24:7; 1Ki 24:10 + very often Kings, Amos 1:1; Amos 2:6; Amos 3:14 +, Hosea 1:5; Hosea 4:15 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:3 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5 +, Micah 1:13, etc.
(3) יִשׂ׳ of Southern kingdom, Judah, rarely before fall of Samaria Isaiah 1:3; Isaiah 8:18; Micah 1:14, 15, so בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ 1 Kings 12:17; after fall of Samaria, יִשׂ׳ (less often בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳) occurs of entire people, in reference to past or future 2 Kings 21:8; 2 Kings 23:22; Isaiah 17:9; Psalm 103:7; Jeremiah 2:3; Jeremiah 50:17, 19 +; יִשׂ׳ also = Judah Jeremiah 2:14, 31; Jeremiah 4:1 +, Ezekiel 13:2, 4, 16; Ezekiel 14:1, 7, 9 +, Isaiah 40:27; Isaiah 41:8; Isaiah 42:24 +, Ezra 2:59 = Nehemiah 7:61; Ezra 2:70; Ezra 3:11 +, Nehemiah 10:34; Nehemiah 10:3 +, Psalm 14:7 (twice in verse) = Psalm 53:7 [Psalm 53:6] (twice in verse), Psalm 147:2; Psalm 149:2 +, etc.
(4) usage in Chronicles: יִשׂ׳ of whole people 1 Chronicles 2:7 + 110 times, of Northern kingdom 2 Chronicles 11:1 + 16 times, of Judah 2 Chronicles 12:6; 19:8 + 9 times
(5) יִשׂ׳ personified as עֶבֶד י׳, Isaiah 44:1, 21; Isaiah 49:3.
b. בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳,
(1) of undivided people Exodus 1:12 (J), Exodus 3:9 (E) + 72 times J E, Deuteronomy 3:18; Deuteronomy 10:6 + 25 times D, Genesis 32:33 [Genesis 32:32] + 327 times P; Judges 1:1 + 60 times Judges; seldom 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1-12; in 1 Kings 13—2 Kings 25 passive in reference to older history (rarely otherwise).
(2) seldom of Northern kingdom Amos 2:11 + 9 times Amos, Hosea; 2 Chronicles 13:12 + 7 times Chronicles.
(3) of Judah (late) Ezekiel 2:3; Nehemiah 1:6 (twice in verse); Ezra 3:1; Joel 4:16 +, 2 Chronicles 31:5.
c. בֵּית יִשׂ׳ Exodus 16:31; Exodus 40:38 + 142 times (see בַּיִת 5d (δ); + 81 times Ezekiel, where = Judah; see especially Exodus 37:16); שְׁנֵי בָֽתֵּי יִשׂ׳ Isaiah 8:14.
d. other phrases, see sub אִישׁ, אֶרֶץ, בַּת, בְּתוּלָה, גְּבוּל, הַר, כִּסֵּא, מֶלֶךְ, (נטה) מַטֶּה, (יעד) עֵדָה, עַם, שֵׁבֶט; also (in epithet of י׳) below אָבִיר, אוֺר, אֱלֹחִים, I. גָּוֺאל, מֶלֶךְ, מִקְוֶה (I. קוה), I. צוּר (V. צור), קָדוֺשׁ, I. רָעָה 1d (3).
†e. יִשׂ׳ = the laity, opposed to priests, etc. (late): Ezra 10:25; Nehemiah 11:3; 1 Chronicles 9:2; כָּליִֿשׂ׳ Ezra 2:70; Ezra 10:5; הָעָם יִשׂ׳ Ezra 9:1; בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ Nehemiah 10:40, compare שְׁאָר יִשׂ׳ Nehemiah 11:20.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3479.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


32:29; 32:32; 34:7; 36:31; 42:5; 47:27; 49:7


1:7; 1:12; 3:9; 6:14; 12:15; 16:31; 28:9; 32:13; 37:16; 40:38


1:20; 26:5


1:1; 3:18; 10:6; 18:6; 33:10


1:1; 5:2; 5:7; 11:17; 18:29



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

2:9; 2:9; 2:10; 3:10; 4:1; 5:5; 8:15; 11:1; 12:7; 20:1; 24:9

1 Kings

1:35; 4:20; 5:5; 12:16; 12:17; 12:18; 12:19; 12:28; 16:29; 18:31; 18:36

2 Kings

17:34; 21:8; 23:22

1 Chronicles

1:34; 2:1; 2:7; 4:16; 9:2; 21:5; 29:18

2 Chronicles

11:1; 12:6; 13:12; 19:8; 30:6; 31:5


2:59; 2:70; 2:70; 3:1; 3:11; 9:1; 10:5; 10:25


1:6; 7:61; 10:3; 10:34; 11:3; 11:20


14:7; 53:6; 103:7; 105:23; 147:2; 149:2


1:3; 8:14; 8:18; 17:9; 40:27; 41:8; 42:24; 44:1; 44:21; 49:3


2:3; 2:14; 2:31; 4:1; 50:17; 50:19


2:3; 13:2; 13:4; 13:16; 14:1; 14:7; 14:9


1:5; 4:15; 5:3; 5:5; 12:13


1:1; 2:6; 2:11; 3:14


1:13; 1:14; 1:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3478 matches the Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל (yiśrā'ēl),
which occurs 2,507 times in 2,231 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 45 (Gen 32:28–Exo 3:11)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:28 - Then He said, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but [fn]Israel H3478; for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:32 - Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel H3478 do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh because he touched the socket of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew of the hip.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:20 - Then he set up there an altar and called it [fn]El-Elohe-Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:7 - Now the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, and they were very angry because he had done a [fn]disgraceful thing in Israel H3478 [fn]by lying with Jacob’s daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:10 - And God said to him,

“Your name is Jacob;

Your name shall no longer be called Jacob,

But Israel H3478 shall be your name.”

Thus He called his name Israel H3478.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:21 - Then Israel H3478 journeyed on and pitched his tent beyond the [fn]tower of [fn]Eder.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 -

Now it happened while Israel H3478 was dwelling in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine, and Israel H3478 heard of it.

And there were twelve sons of Jacob

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:31 -

Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king of the sons of Israel H3478 reigned.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:3 - Now Israel H3478 loved Joseph more than all his sons because he was the son of his old age; and he made him a [fn]varicolored tunic.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:13 - And Israel H3478 said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing the flock in Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them.” And he said to him, “[fn]I will go.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:5 - So the sons of Israel H3478 came to buy grain among those who were coming, for the famine was in the land of Canaan also.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:6 - Then Israel H3478 said, “Why did you treat me so badly [fn]by telling the man whether you still had another brother?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:8 - Then Judah said to his father Israel H3478, “Send the boy with me, and we will arise and go, that we may live and not die, we as well as you and our little ones.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:11 -

Then their father Israel H3478 said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: take some of the best products of the land in your [fn]bags, and bring them down to the man as a present, a little [fn]balm and a little honey, [fn]aromatic gum and [fn]myrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:21 -

Then the sons of Israel H3478 did so; and Joseph gave them wagons according to the [fn]command of Pharaoh, and he gave them provisions for the journey.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:28 - And Israel H3478 said, “It is enough! My son Joseph is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:1 -

So Israel H3478 set out with all that he had and came to Beersheba and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:2 - And God spoke to Israel H3478 [fn]in visions of the night and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:5 -

Then Jacob arose from Beersheba; and the sons of Israel H3478 carried their father Jacob and their little ones and their wives in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:8 -

Now these are the names of the sons of Israel H3478—of Jacob and his sons—who were coming to Egypt: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:29 - And Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet his father Israel H3478; as soon as he appeared [fn]before him, he fell on his neck and wept on his neck a long time.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:30 - Then Israel H3478 said to Joseph, “Now I can die, since I have seen your face, that you are still alive.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:27 -

Now Israel H3478 [fn]lived in the land of Egypt, [fn]in Goshen, and they took possession of property in it and were fruitful and became very numerous.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:29 -

Then the days for Israel H3478 to die drew near, and he called his son Joseph and said to him, “Please, if I have found favor in your sight, place now your hand under my thigh and deal with me in lovingkindness and truth. Please do not bury me in Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:31 - Then he said, “Swear to me.” So he swore to him. Then Israel H3478 bowed in worship at the head of the bed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:2 - Then [fn]it was told to Jacob, “Behold, your son Joseph has come to you,” so Israel H3478 strengthened himself and sat [fn]up in the bed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:8 -

Then Israel H3478 saw Joseph’s sons and said, “Who are these?”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:10 - Now the eyes of Israel H3478 were so dim from age that he could not see. Then [fn]Joseph brought them close to him, and he kissed them and embraced them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:11 - Then Israel H3478 said to Joseph, “I never [fn]expected to see your face, and behold, God has let me see your seed as well.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:13 - And Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s H3478 left, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s H3478 right, and brought them close to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:14 - But Israel H3478 stretched out his right hand and laid it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, [fn]crossing his hands, [fn]although Manasseh was the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:20 - And he blessed them that day, saying,

“By you Israel H3478 will pronounce blessing, saying,

‘May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh!’”

Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:21 - Then Israel H3478 said to Joseph, “Behold, I am about to die, but God will be with you and will bring you back to the land of your fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:2 -

“Assemble together and hear, O sons of Jacob;

And listen to Israel H3478 your father.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:7 -

“Cursed be their anger, for it is strong;

And their wrath, for it is cruel.

I will divide them amongst Jacob,

And scatter them in Israel H3478.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:16 -

“Dan shall render justice to his people,

As one of the tribes of Israel H3478.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:24 -

But his bow remained [fn]firm,

And [fn]his arms were agile,

From the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob,

From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel H3478,

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:28 -

All these are the twelve tribes of Israel H3478, and this is what their father spoke to them. So he blessed them. He blessed them, every one [fn]with the blessing appropriate to him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:2 - And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel H3478.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:25 - Then Joseph made the sons of Israel H3478 swear, saying, “God will surely [fn]take care of you, and you shall carry my bones up from here.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:1 -

Now these are the names of the sons of Israel H3478 who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one [fn]with his household:

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:7 - But the sons of Israel H3478 were fruitful and [fn]increased and multiplied and became exceedingly [fn]mighty, so that the land was filled with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:9 - And he said to his people, “Behold, the people of the sons of Israel H3478 are [fn]more and mightier than we.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:12 - But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they [fn]spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel H3478.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:13 - So the Egyptians brutally compelled the sons of Israel H3478 to slave labor;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:23 -

Now it happened in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel H3478 sighed because of the slavery, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of their slavery rose up to God.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:25 - And God saw the sons of Israel H3478, and God knew them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:9 - “So now, behold, the cry of the sons of Israel H3478 has come to Me; and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:10 - “So now, come and I will send you to Pharaoh, and so you shall bring My people, the sons of Israel H3478, out of Egypt.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:11 - But Moses said to God, “Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the sons of Israel H3478 out of Egypt?”

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