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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3490 - yāṯôm

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be lonely
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 934a

Strong’s Definitions

יָתוֹם yâthôwm, yaw-thome'; from an unused root meaning to be lonely; a bereaved person:—fatherless (child), orphan.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x

The KJV translates Strong's H3490 in the following manner: fatherless (38x), fatherless child (3x), orphans (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x
The KJV translates Strong's H3490 in the following manner: fatherless (38x), fatherless child (3x), orphans (1x).
  1. an orphan, fatherless

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
יָתוֹם yâthôwm, yaw-thome'; from an unused root meaning to be lonely; a bereaved person:—fatherless (child), orphan.
STRONGS H3490: Abbreviations
יָתוֺם noun [masculine] orphan (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic יַתְמָא, bdb045011; Phoenician יתם; Arabic bdb045012 pupil, orphan) — יָתוֺם Exodus 22:21 + 29 times; plural יְתוֺמִים Exodus 22:23 + 8 times; suffix יְתֹמֶיךָ Jeremiah 49:11; יְתֹמָיו Isaiah 9:16; לִיתוֺמָיו Psalm 109:12; — orphan, i.e. fatherless (|| אַלְמָנָה) Exodus 22:23; Psalm 109:9; Lamentations 5:3 (|| אַין אָב); Job 24:9; Psalm 109:12; probably also Exodus 22:21; Deuteronomy 10:18; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 16:11, 14; Deuteronomy 24:17, 19, 20, 21; Deuteronomy 26:12, 13; Deuteronomy 27:19; Psalm 94:6; Psalm 146:9; Jeremiah 7:6; Jeremiah 22:3; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5 (in all these, mentioned as helpless, exposed to injury, || אַלְמָנָה and גֵּר); similarly, || אַלְמָנָה Job 22:9; Job 24:3; Job 29:12; Job 31:17; Psalm 68:6; Isaiah 1:17, 23; Isaiah 9:16; Isaiah 10:2; Jeremiah 49:11; Ezekiel 22:7; without אלמנה Hosea 14:4; Job 6:27; Job 31:21; Psalm 10:14; Psalm 10:18; Proverbs 23:10; Jeremiah 5:28 (in no case clear that both parents are dead).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


22:21; 22:21; 22:23; 22:23


10:18; 14:29; 16:11; 16:14; 24:17; 24:19; 24:20; 24:21; 26:12; 26:13; 27:19


6:27; 22:9; 24:3; 24:9; 29:12; 31:17; 31:21


10:14; 10:18; 68:6; 94:6; 109:9; 109:12; 109:12; 146:9




1:17; 1:23; 9:16; 9:16; 10:2


5:28; 7:6; 22:3; 49:11; 49:11












Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3490 matches the Hebrew יָתוֹם (yāṯôm),
which occurs 42 times in 42 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:22 - “You shall not oppress any widow or orphan H3490.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:24 - and My anger will be kindled, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall become widows and your children fatherless H3490.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:18 - “He executes justice for the orphan H3490 and the widow, and shows His love for the stranger by giving him food and clothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:29 - “And the Levite, because he has no portion or inheritance among you, and the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and the widow who are in your [fn]town, shall come and eat and be satisfied, in order that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:11 - and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, your son and your daughter, and your male and female slaves, and the Levite who is in your [fn]town, and the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and the widow who are in your midst, at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:14 - and you shall rejoice in your feast, you, your son and your daughter, and your male and female slaves, and the Levite, the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and the widow who are in your [fn]towns.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:17 - “You shall not pervert the justice [fn]due a stranger or [fn]an orphan H3490, nor seize a widow’s garment as a [fn]pledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:19 - “When you reap your harvest in your field and forget a sheaf in the field, you are not to go back to get it; it shall belong to the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and to the widow, in order that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:20 - “When you beat the olives off your olive tree, you are not to search through the branches [fn]again; that shall be left for the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and for the widow.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:21 - “When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, you are not to [fn]go over it again; that shall be left for the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and the widow.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:12 - “When you have finished paying all the tithe of your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the stranger, to the [fn]orphan H3490, and to the widow, so that they may eat in your [fn]towns and be satisfied.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:13 - “And you shall say before the LORD your God, ‘I have removed the sacred portion from my house, and have also given it to the Levite, the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, and the widow, in accordance with all Your commandments which You have commanded me; I have not violated or forgotten any of Your commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:19 - ‘Cursed is one who distorts the justice due a stranger, an [fn]orphan H3490, or a widow.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:27 - “You would even cast lots for the orphans H3490,
And barter over your friend.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:9 - “You have sent widows away empty,
And the [fn]strength of orphans H3490 has been crushed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:3 - “They drive away the donkeys of orphans H3490;
They seize the widow’s ox as a pledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:9 - Others snatch an orphan H3490 from the breast,
And they seize it as a pledge against the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:12 - Because I saved the poor who cried for help,
And the orphan H3490 who had no helper.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:17 - Or have eaten my morsel alone,
And the orphan H3490 has not [fn]shared it
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:21 - If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan H3490,
Because I saw [fn]I had support in the gate,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:14 - You have seen it, for You have looked at harm and provocation to [fn]take it into Your hand.
The [fn]unfortunate commits himself to You;
You have been the helper of the orphan H3490.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:18 - To [fn]vindicate the orphan H3490 and the oppressed,
So that mankind, which is of the earth, will no longer cause terror.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 68:5 - A father of the fatherless H3490 and a judge [fn]for the widows,
Is God in His holy dwelling.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 82:3 - Vindicate the weak and fatherless H3490;
Do justice to the afflicted and destitute.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:6 - They kill the widow and the stranger
And murder the orphans H3490.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:9 - May his children be fatherless H3490,
And his wife a widow.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:12 - May there be none to [fn]extend kindness to him,
Nor any to be gracious to his fatherless H3490 children H3490.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 146:9 - The LORD watches over strangers;
He [fn]supports the fatherless H3490 and the widow,
But He [fn]thwarts the way of the wicked.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:10 - Do not move the ancient boundary
Or go into the fields of the fatherless H3490,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:17 - Learn to do good;
Seek justice,
Rebuke the oppressor,
Obtain justice for the orphan H3490,
Plead for the widow’s case.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:23 - Your rulers are rebels
And companions of thieves;
Everyone loves a bribe
And chases after gifts.
They do not obtain justice for the [fn]orphan H3490,
Nor does the widow’s case come before them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 9:17 - Therefore the Lord does not rejoice over their young men,
Nor does He have compassion on their [fn]orphans H3490 or their widows;
For every one of them is godless and an evildoer,
And every mouth is speaking foolishness.
In spite of all this, His anger does not turn away,
And His hand is still stretched out.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:2 - So as to [fn]deprive the needy of justice
And rob the poor among My people of their rights,
So that widows may be their spoil
And that they may plunder the [fn]orphans H3490.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:28 - ‘They are fat, they are sleek,
They also [fn]excel in deeds of wickedness;
They do not plead the cause,
The cause of the [fn]orphan H3490, so that they may be successful;
And they do not [fn]defend the rights of the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:6 - if you do not oppress the stranger, the [fn]orphan H3490, or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place, nor follow other gods to your own ruin,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:3 - ‘This is what the LORD says: “Do justice and righteousness, and save one who has been robbed from the power of his oppressor. And do not mistreat or do violence to the stranger, the orphan H3490, or the widow; and do not shed innocent blood in this place.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:11 - “Leave your [fn]orphans H3490 behind, I will keep them alive;
And let your widows trust in Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:3 - We have become orphans H3490, without a father;
Our mothers are like widows.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:7 - “They have treated father and mother with contempt among you. They have oppressed the stranger in your midst; they have oppressed the orphan H3490 and the widow among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 14:3 - “Assyria will not save us,
We will not ride on horses;
Nor will we say again, ‘Our god
To the work of our hands;
For in You the [fn]orphan H3490 finds mercy.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:10 - and do not oppress the widow or the [fn]orphan H3490, the stranger or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - “Then I will come near to you for judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, the adulterers, against those who swear falsely, those who [fn]oppress the wage earner in his wages or the widow or the [fn]orphan H3490, and those who turn away the stranger from justice and do not [fn]fear Me,” says the LORD of armies.
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