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Lexicon :: Strong's H3637 - kālam

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 987

Strong’s Definitions

כָּלַם kâlam, kaw-lawm'; a primitive root; properly, to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult:—be (make) ashamed, blush, be confounded, be put to confusion, hurt, reproach, (do, put to) shame.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x

The KJV translates Strong's H3637 in the following manner: ashamed (12x), confounded (11x), shame (7x), blush (3x), hurt (2x), reproach (2x), confusion (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x
The KJV translates Strong's H3637 in the following manner: ashamed (12x), confounded (11x), shame (7x), blush (3x), hurt (2x), reproach (2x), confusion (1x).
  1. to insult, shame, humiliate, blush, be ashamed, be put to shame, be reproached, be put to confusion, be humiliated

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be humiliated, be ashamed

      2. to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to put to shame, insult, humiliate, cause shame to

      2. to exhibit shame

    3. (Hophal)

      1. to be insulted, be humiliated

      2. to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּלַם kâlam, kaw-lawm'; a primitive root; properly, to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult:—be (make) ashamed, blush, be confounded, be put to confusion, hurt, reproach, (do, put to) shame.
STRONGS H3637: Abbreviations
† [כָּלַם] verb only Niph., Hoph. be humiliated, Hiph. humiliate (Late Hebrew Hiph., id.; Aramaic כְּלַם Aph`el, Ithpe.; Arabic bdb048303 is wound; bdb048304 also speak to, converse with); —
Niph. Perfect 2nd person feminine singular וְנִכְלַמְתְּ consecutive Jeremiah 22:22 + 2 times; 1st person singular נִכְלַמְתִּי Jeremiah 31:19; Ezra 9:6, נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי Isaiah 50:7; 3rd person plural נִכְלְמוּ Isaiah 45:16 + 2 times; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּכָּלֵם Numbers 12:14; 2nd person feminine singular תִּכָּֽלְמִי Isaiah 54:4; 3rd person masculine plural יִכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 41:11 + 5 times; 2nd person masculine plural תִּכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 45:17; Imperative masculine plural הִכָּֽלְמוּ Ezekiel 36:32; Infinitive construct הִכָּלֵם Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 8:12; Participle נִכְלָם Psalm 74:21; masculine plural נִכְלָמִים 2 Samuel 10:5 + 2 times; feminine plural נִכְלָמוֺת Ezekiel 16:27; — be humiliated, ashamed, put to shame, dishonoured, confounded:
1. be humiliated, ashamed, before men Numbers 12:14 (E), 2 Samuel 10:5 = 1 Chronicles 19:5; 2 Samuel 19:4, compare Psalm 74:21; before enemies (by defeat, etc.) Isaiah 45:17 (|| בושׁ), Isaiah 50:7; Isaiah 54:4 (|| בושׁ, חפר); before God, followed by לְ infinitive, וְנִכְלַמְתִּי אֵלֶיךָ פָּנַי לְהָרִים אֱלֹהַי Ezra 9:6 (|| בושׁ); Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:27, 54 (|| נָשָׂא כְלִמָּה), Ezekiel 43:10, 11 (all + מִן causative) Ezekiel 16:61, so probably Levites, at Hezekiah's reforms 2 Chronicles 30:5.
2. be put to shame, dishonoured, confounded, by judgments of י׳, all || בושׁ : Jeremiah 22:22 (מִן of cause), Ezekiel 36:32 (id.), Jeremiah 31:19 (כִּי of cause), Jeremiah 8:12; Isaiah 41:11; Isaiah 45:16 (+ הָלַךְ בַּכְּלִמָּה), Psalm 35:4; Psalm 69:7; + חפר Psalm 40:15; Psalm 70:3.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix הִכְּלִמוֺ 1 Samuel 20:34; 3rd person masculine plural suffix הֶכְלַמְנוּם (Ges§ 53, 3 R. 6) 1 Samuel 25:7; Imperfect יַכְלִים Proverbs 28:7; 2nd person masculine singular suffix וַתַּכְלִימֵנוּ Psalm 44:10; 2nd person masculine plural suffix תַּכְלִימוּנִי Job 19:3, מֿוּהָ Ruth 2:15; Infinitive construct הַכְלִים Jeremiah 6:15; Proverbs 25:8; Participle מַכְלִים Judges 18:7 (but see below), מַכְלִם Job 11:3; —
1. put to shame = insult, humiliate, with accusative 1 Samuel 20:34; 1 Samuel 25:7 (compare Hoph. 1 Samuel 25:15) Ruth 2:15; Job 19:3; humiliate by rebuke Job 11:3; humiliate by defeat Proverbs 25:8; Psalm 44:10; cause shame to Proverbs 28:7; — Judges 18:7 is corrupt (see Be VB GFM; Be proposes מַחְסוֺר כלדֿבר there was no lack of anything, for MT מַכְלִים ד׳; GFM conjectures מְכַלֵּא מִדָּבָר there is no one to restrain (us) from anything in the land).
2. exhibit shame Jeremiah 6:15 (|| בוֺשׁ).
Hoph. Perfect
1. 1st person plural לֹא הָכְלַמְנוּ 1 Samuel 25:15 we were not insulted, humiliated (compare Hiph. 1).
2. 3rd person plural חָכְלְמוּ Jeremiah 14:3 they were put to shame, dishonoured, confounded (|| בושׁ).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


12:14; 12:14


18:7; 18:7


2:15; 2:15

1 Samuel

20:34; 20:34; 25:7; 25:7; 25:15; 25:15

2 Samuel

10:5; 10:5; 19:4

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles



9:6; 9:6


11:3; 11:3; 19:3; 19:3


35:4; 40:15; 44:10; 44:10; 69:7; 70:3; 74:21; 74:21


25:8; 25:8; 28:7; 28:7


41:11; 41:11; 45:16; 45:16; 45:17; 45:17; 50:7; 50:7; 54:4; 54:4


3:3; 3:3; 6:15; 6:15; 8:12; 8:12; 14:3; 22:22; 22:22; 31:19; 31:19


16:27; 16:27; 16:54; 16:61; 36:32; 36:32; 43:10; 43:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3637 matches the Hebrew כָּלַם (kālam),
which occurs 38 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:14 - But the LORD said to Moses, “If her father had only spit in her face, would she not be put H3637 to H3637 shame H3637 for seven days? Have her shut outside the camp for seven days, and afterward she may be received again.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:7 -

So the five men departed and came to Laish, and saw the people who were in it living in security, in the way of the Sidonians, quiet and unsuspecting; for there was no [fn]oppressive ruler humiliating H3637 them for anything in the land, and they were far from the Sidonians and had no dealings with anyone.

Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:15 - When she got up to glean, Boaz commanded his servants, saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves, and do not [fn]insult H3637 her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:34 - Then Jonathan got up from the table in the heat of anger, and did not eat food on the second day of the new moon, because he was worried about David since his father had insulted H3637 him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:7 - ‘Now then, I have heard that you have shearers. Now, your shepherds have been with us; we have not harmed H3637 them, nor has anything of theirs gone missing all the days they were in Carmel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:15 - “Yet the men were very good to us, and we were not harmed H3637, nor did anything go missing [fn]as long as we went with them, while we were in the fields.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 10:5 - When messengers informed David, he sent servants to meet them, because the men were extremely humiliated H3637. And the king said, “Stay in Jericho until your beards grow back, and then you shall return.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:3 - And the people entered the city surreptitiously that day, just as people who are humiliated H3637 surreptitiously flee in battle.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 19:5 - Then certain people went and told David about the men. And he sent messengers to meet them, because the men were very humiliated H3637. And the king said, “Stay at Jericho until your beards grow back, then return.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:15 - Then they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth of the second month. And the priests and Levites were ashamed H3637 of themselves, and consecrated themselves and brought burnt offerings to the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:6 - and I said, “My God, I am ashamed and humiliated H3637 to lift up my face to You, my God, for our wrongful deeds have [fn]risen above our heads, and our guilt has grown even to the heavens.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:3 -

“Shall your boasts silence people?

And will you scoff, and no one rebuke H3637?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:3 -

“These ten times you have insulted H3637 me;

You are not ashamed to wrong me.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:4 -

Let those be ashamed and dishonored H3637 who seek my [fn]life;

Let those be turned back and humiliated H3637 who devise evil against me.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 40:14 -

May those be ashamed and humiliated H3637 together

Who seek my [fn]life to destroy it;

May those be turned back and dishonored H3637

Who delight [fn]in my hurt.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:9 -

Yet You have rejected us and brought H3637 us to H3637 dishonor H3637,

And do not go out with our armies.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:6 -

May those who wait for You not be ashamed because of me, Lord [fn]GOD of armies;

May those who seek You not be dishonored H3637 because of me, God of Israel,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 70:2 -

May those who seek my [fn]life

Be put to shame and humiliated;

May those who delight [fn]in my harm

Be turned back and dishonored H3637.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:21 -

May the oppressed person not return dishonored H3637;

May the afflicted and the needy praise Your name.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:8 -

Do not go out hastily to [fn]argue your case;

[fn]Otherwise, what will you do in [fn]the end,

When your neighbor humiliates H3637 you?

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:7 -

He who keeps the Law is a discerning son,

But he who is a companion of gluttons humiliates H3637 his father.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:11 -

“Behold, all those who are angered at you will be shamed and dishonored H3637;

Those who contend with you will be as nothing and will perish.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:16 -

They will be put to shame and even humiliated H3637, all of them;

The manufacturers of idols will go away together in humiliation.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:17 -

Israel has been saved by the LORD

With an everlasting salvation;

You will not be put to shame or humiliated H3637

To all eternity.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:7 -

For the Lord GOD helps Me,

Therefore, I am not disgraced H3637;

Therefore, I have made My face like flint,

And I know that I will not be ashamed.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:4 -

“Fear not, for you will not be put to shame;

And do not feel H3637 humiliated H3637, for you will not be disgraced;

But you will forget the shame of your youth,

And no longer remember the disgrace of your widowhood.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:3 -

“Therefore the showers have been withheld,

And there has been no spring rain.

Yet you had a prostitute’s [fn]forehead;

You refused to be ashamed H3637.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:15 -

“Were they ashamed because of the abomination they had done?

They were not ashamed at all,

Nor did they know even how to be ashamed H3637.

Therefore they will fall among those who fall;

At the time that I punish them,

They will collapse,” says the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:12 -

“Were they ashamed because of the abomination they had done?

They were not ashamed at all,

And they did not know how to be ashamed H3637;

Therefore they will fall among those who fall;

At the time of their punishment they will collapse,”

Says the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:3 -

“Their nobles have sent their [fn]servants for water;

They have come to the cisterns and found no water.

They have returned with their containers empty;

They have been put to shame and humiliated H3637,

And they cover their heads,

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:22 -

“The wind will sweep away all your shepherds,

And your lovers will go into captivity;

Then you will certainly be ashamed and humiliated H3637

Because of all your wickedness.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:19 -

‘For after I turned back, I repented;

And after I was instructed, I [fn]slapped my thigh;

I was ashamed and also humiliated H3637

Because I bore the shame of my youth.’

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:27 - “So behold, I have stretched out My hand against you and cut back your rations. And I turned you over to the desire of those who hate you, the daughters of the Philistines, who are ashamed H3637 of your outrageous conduct.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:54 - so that you will bear your disgrace and feel H3637 ashamed H3637 for all that you have done when you become a consolation to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:61 - “Then you will remember your ways and be ashamed H3637 when you receive your sisters, both your older and your younger; and I will give them to you as daughters, but not because of your covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:32 - “I am not doing this for your sake,” declares the Lord GOD; “let that be known to you. Be ashamed and humiliated H3637 for your ways, house of Israel!”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 43:10 -

“As for you, son of man, inform the house of Israel of the [fn]temple, so that they will be ashamed H3637 of their wrongdoings; and have them measure the [fn]plan.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 43:11 - “And if they are ashamed H3637 of everything that they have done, make known to them the plan of the house, its layout, its exits, its entrances, all its plans, all its [fn]statutes, and all its laws. And write it in their sight, so that they may observe its entire plan and all its statutes and execute them.
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