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Lexicon :: Strong's H3722 - kāp̄ar

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כָּפַר
Transliteration
kāp̄ar
Pronunciation
kaw-far'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1023,1024,102

Strong’s Definitions

כָּפַר kâphar, kaw-far'; a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 102x

The KJV translates Strong's H3722 in the following manner: atonement (71x), purge (7x), reconciliation (4x), reconcile (3x), forgive (3x), purge away (2x), pacify (2x), atonement...made (2x), merciful (2x), cleansed (1x), disannulled (1x), appease (1x), put off (1x), pardon (1x), pitch (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 102x
The KJV translates Strong's H3722 in the following manner: atonement (71x), purge (7x), reconciliation (4x), reconcile (3x), forgive (3x), purge away (2x), pacify (2x), atonement...made (2x), merciful (2x), cleansed (1x), disannulled (1x), appease (1x), put off (1x), pardon (1x), pitch (1x).
  1. to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch

    1. (Qal) to coat or cover with pitch

    2. (Piel)

      1. to cover over, pacify, propitiate

      2. to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for

      3. to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites

    3. (Pual)

      1. to be covered over

      2. to make atonement for

    4. (Hithpael) to be covered

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּפַר kâphar, kaw-far'; a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation).
STRONGS H3722: Abbreviations
כִּפֶּר verb Pi. etc.denominative cover over (figurative), pacify, make propitiation; —
Pi. Perfect כִּפֶּר Exodus 30:10 + 31 times; 2nd person masculine singular suffix כִּפַּרְתָּ֑הוּ Ezekiel 43:20; 3rd person masculine plural יְכַפְּרוּ Ezekiel 43:26; 2nd person masculine plural כִּפַּרְתֶּם Ezekiel 45:20; Imperfect יְכַפֵּר Exodus 30:10 + 10 times; יְכַפֶּר־ Leviticus 7:7; Numbers 5:8; suffix יְכַפְּרֶנָּה Proverbs 16:14; 1st person singular אֲכַפֵּר 2 Samuel 21:3; אֲכַפְּרָה Genesis 32:21; Exodus 32:30, etc.; Imperative כַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8 + 4 times; Infinitive כַּפֵּר Exodus 30:15 + 28 times; suffixes כַּפְּרִי Ezekiel 16:63; כַּפֶּרְךָ Exodus 29:36; כַּפְּרָהּ Isaiah 47:11; —
1. cover over, pacify, propitiate; בַּמִּנְחָה פָנָיו אֲכַפְּרָה Genesis 32:21 let me cover his face by the present (so that he does not see the offence, i.e. pacify, him; E; RSOTJC, 2d ed., 381 'wipe clean the face,' blackened by displeasure, as the Arabs say 'whiten the face'); הֹוָה עָלַיִךְ וְתִפֹּל כַּפְּרָהּ תוּכְלִי לֹא Isaiah 47:11 and disaster will fall upon thee, thou wilt not be able to propitiate it (by payment of a כֹּפֶר, see Isaiah 43:3); pacify the wrath of a king Proverbs 16:14 (e.g. by a gift).
2. cover over, atone for sin, without sacrifice :
a. man as subject, אֲכַפֵּר בַּמָּה 2 Samuel 21:3, with what shall I cover over (namely, the bloodguiltiness of the house of Saul, says David The answer is by a death penalty of seven sons of the guilty house); בְּעַר חטאתכם Exodus 32:30 on behalf of your sins (J E; Moses, by intercession); with על of persons Numbers 17:11; Numbers 17:12 (P; by incense), Numbers 25:13 (P when Phinehas slays the ringleaders).
b. with God as subject, with accusative of person, cover, i.e. treat as covered, view propitiously, Yahweh's land Deuteronomy 32:43 (song); לְ person Deuteronomy 21:8 (bloodguiltiness flows away in the stream), Ezekiel 16:63; בְּעַד of person 2 Chronicles 30:18; with accusative of the sin Psalm 65:4; Psalm 78:38, probably also Daniel 9:24 (|| ׅחתם ׅחטאת); עַל of sin, Psalm 79:9; Jeremiah 18:23 ׅ || (מחה. It is conceived that God in his sovereignty may himself provide an atonement or covering for men and their sins which could not be provided by men.
3. cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites, in the codes of H, P, and Ezekiel: absolute הַכֹּהֵן וכ׳ and the priest shall make atonement Leviticus 16:32;
a. with accusative of sacred places (by the great sin-offering of the day of atonement), Leviticus 16:20, 33 (twice in verse); also Ezekiel 43:20, 26; Ezekiel 45:20 (by the blood of the sin-offering || חִטֵּא, טִהַר).
b. usually with עַל
(1) of things, e.g. of the altar to which the blood of the sin-offering was applied Exodus 29:36, 37; Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 8:15 ׅ || (קִדַּשׁ, Leviticus 16:18; and specifically the horns of the altar Exodus 30:10; the holy place of the tabernacle Leviticus 16:16 (by the great sin-offering, because of (מִן) the uncleannesses of the children of Israel and because of their transgressions); for the leprous house by ceremony of purification Leviticus 14:53 ׅ || (טִהַר; for the goat לעזאזל Leviticus 16:10 (which was presented before Yahweh to consecrate him for the bearing away of the sins of the people).
(2) of persons, נפשׁתיכם עלֿ, for your persons, yourselves, e.g. by the payment of atonement-money הַכִּפֻּרִים כֶּסֶף at the census Exodus 30:15, 16; by the קרבן of the spoils Numbers 31:50; by the blood upon the altar Leviticus 17:11; in the ritual עֲלֵיהֶם, עָלָיו by ministry of priest through the blood of the sin-offering Leviticus 4:20, 31; Leviticus 8:34; Leviticus 10:17; Leviticus 12:7, 8; Leviticus 14:19, 31; Leviticus 16:30, 33; Leviticus 23:28; Numbers 8:12, 21; Numbers 15:25, 28 (twice in verse); Numbers 28:22, 30; Numbers 29:5; 2 Chronicles 29:24; Nehemiah 10:34; of the trespass-offering Leviticus 5:16, 18; Leviticus 5:26; Leviticus 7:7; Leviticus 14:21; Leviticus 19:22; Numbers 5:8; the whole burnt-offering Leviticus 1:4; Leviticus 14:20; Leviticus 16:24; by the oil used in purifying a leper Leviticus 14:18, 29; by the תרומה Ezekiel 45:15; by the priestly ministry in general 1 Chronicles 6:34; by the substitution of the Levites for the firstborn Numbers 8:19. Underlying all these offerings there is the conception that the persons offering are covered by that which is regarded as sufficient and satisfactory by Yahweh. (The purpose of the covering is stated Leviticus 16:30 יְכַפֵּר תִּטְהָ֑רוּ י׳ לִפְנֵי חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם מִכֹּל אֶתְכֶם לְטַהֵר עֲלֵיכֶם = shall atonement be made for you to cleanse you, from all your sins shall ye be clean before Yahweh, and Numbers 8:21 לְטַהֲרָם עֲלֵיהֶם וַיְכַפֵּר and (Aaron) made atonement for them to cleanse them.)
c. the need of the atonement is expressed by מִן : **others understand מִן as = away from; compare DiLev 4:26, RiSühne 50 f. מֵחטאתו because of his sin Leviticus 4:26; Leviticus 5:6, 10; Leviticus 16:34; מטמאתו Leviticus 14:19; Leviticus 16:16; מזוב Leviticus 15:15, 30; מֵאֲשֶׁר חָטָא Numbers 6:11; also עַל עַלחַֿטָּאתוֺ on account of his sin Leviticus 4:35; Leviticus 5:13; Leviticus 19:22; עלשֿׁגגתוֺ Leviticus 5:18.
d. with בְּ instrumental בְּאֵיל Leviticus 5:16; Leviticus 19:22; Numbers 5:8; with a trespass-offering Leviticus 7:7; יְכַפֵּר בַּנֶּפֶשׁ הוּא כִּי־הַדָּם Leviticus 17:11 for it is the blood with the living being that covers over (H, see נפשׁ 3 (a); RV by reason of the life after De Di Kn Bähr Kau and most moderns; AV follows Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate. Targum. so Ges Ew§ 282 a. Anm. 1 : ' for the soul '); with בְּ local בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Leviticus 6:23; Leviticus 16:17, 27.
e. with בַּעַד person, on behalf of Leviticus 9:7 (twice in verse); Leviticus 16:6, 11, 17, 24 (by Aaron), Ezekiel 45:17 (by the prince).
Pu. Perfect כֻּפַּר Exodus 29:33; Isaiah 28:18 (but read תֻּפַר, — √ I. פרר, — so Targum. Hu We Che SS and others see BrMP 209); Imperfect יְכֻפַּר Numbers 35:33 + 3 times; 3rd person feminine singular תְּכֻפָּ֑ר Isaiah 6:7 be covered over, atoned for.
1. apart from the ritual, חטאתך תכפר Isaiah 6:7 thy sin shall be covered over (|| וְסָר עֲוֺנֶךָ; by the touch of the live coal from the altar); הַזֶּה הֶעָוֺן אִם־יְכֻפַּר לָכֶםIsaiah 22:14 surely this iniquity shall not be covered over; with בְּ instrumental בזאת יכפר עון Isaiah 27:9 by this shall the iniquity of Jacob be covered over (|| הָסר חטאתו namely by the destruction of idolatrous objects); עוןבחסד יאמת יכפר Proverbs 16:6 by mercy and fidelity iniquity is covered over.
2. with לְ for whom, לארץ לא יכפר לדם Numbers 35:33 for the land atonement cannot be made, in view of the blood shed in it, except by the blood of the shedder of blood; in the ritual of P, with בְּ instrumental בָּהֶם כֻּפַּר אֲשֶׁר Exodus 29:33 wherewith atonement was made (ram of consecration).
Hithp. Imperfect יִתְכַּפֵּר 1 Samuel 3:14; with בְּ instrumental אִם־ וּבְמִנְחָה בְּזֶבַח בֵּית־עֵלִי עֲוֹן יִתְכַּפֵּר the iniquity of the house of Eli shall not be covered by peace offering or minchah (in other words there was no atonement for it; compare Pu. Isaiah 22:14).
Niph. Perfect הַדָּם לָהֶם וְנִכַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8 and the blood shall be covered for them.

† II. [כָּפַר] verb denominative (from II. כֹּפֶר) — Perfect 2nd person masculine singular וְכָֽפַרְתָּ֫ בַּכֹּפֶד Genesis 6:14 and thou shalt pitch it with pitch (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3722 matches the Hebrew כָּפַר (kāp̄ar),
which occurs 103 times in 94 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 6:14–Lev 16:34)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:14 - Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch H3722 it within and without with pitch.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:20 - And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease H3722 him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:33 - And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, H3722 to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:36 - And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement H3722 for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:37 - Seven days thou shalt make an atonement H3722 for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:10 - And Aaron shall make an atonement H3722 upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement H3722 upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:15 - The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, to make an atonement H3722 for your souls.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:16 - And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement H3722 for your souls.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:30 - And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement H3722 for your sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 1:4 - And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement H3722 for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:20 - And he shall do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for them, and it shall be forgiven them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:26 - And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:31 - And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour unto the LORD; and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him, and it shall be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:35 - And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:6 - And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him concerning his sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:10 - And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:13 - And the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:16 - And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:18 - And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:7 - And the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him before the LORD: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he hath done in trespassing therein.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:30 - And no sin offering, whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile H3722 withal in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:7 - As the sin offering is, so is the trespass offering: there is one law for them: the priest that maketh atonement H3722 therewith shall have it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:15 - And he slew it; and Moses took the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the blood at the bottom of the altar, and sanctified it, to make reconciliation H3722 upon it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:34 - As he hath done this day, so the LORD hath commanded to do, to make an atonement H3722 for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:7 - And Moses said unto Aaron, Go unto the altar, and offer thy sin offering, and thy burnt offering, and make an atonement H3722 for thyself, and for the people: and offer the offering of the people, and make an atonement H3722 for them; as the LORD commanded.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:17 - Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement H3722 for them before the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 12:7 - Who shall offer it before the LORD, and make an atonement H3722 for her; and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that hath born a male or a female.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 12:8 - And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for her, and she shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:18 - And the remnant of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall pour upon the head of him that is to be cleansed: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:19 - And the priest shall offer the sin offering, and make an atonement H3722 for him that is to be cleansed from his uncleanness; and afterward he shall kill the burnt offering:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:20 - And the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the meat offering upon the altar: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him, and he shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:21 - And if he be poor, and cannot get so much; then he shall take one lamb for a trespass offering to be waved, to make an atonement H3722 for him, and one tenth deal of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering, and a log of oil;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:29 - And the rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put upon the head of him that is to be cleansed, to make an atonement H3722 for him before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:31 - Even such as he is able to get, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, with the meat offering: and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him that is to be cleansed before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:53 - But he shall let go the living bird out of the city into the open fields, and make an atonement H3722 for the house: and it shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:15 - And the priest shall offer them, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for him before the LORD for his issue.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:30 - And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make an atonement H3722 for her before the LORD for the issue of her uncleanness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:6 - And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement H3722 for himself, and for his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:10 - But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement H3722 with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:11 - And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement H3722 for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:16 - And he shall make an atonement H3722 for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:17 - And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement H3722 in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement H3722 for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:18 - And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the LORD, and make an atonement H3722 for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:20 - And when he hath made an end of reconciling H3722 the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:24 - And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement H3722 for himself, and for the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:27 - And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement H3722 in the holy place, shall one carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:30 - For on that day shall the priest make an atonement H3722 for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:32 - And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his father's stead, shall make the atonement, H3722 and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:33 - And he shall make an atonement H3722 for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement H3722 for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement H3722 for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:34 - And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement H3722 for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

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