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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3722 - kāp̄ar

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כָּפַר
Transliteration
kāp̄ar
Pronunciation
kaw-far'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1023,1024,102

Strong’s Definitions

כָּפַר kâphar, kaw-far'; a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 102x

The KJV translates Strong's H3722 in the following manner: atonement (71x), purge (7x), reconciliation (4x), reconcile (3x), forgive (3x), purge away (2x), pacify (2x), atonement...made (2x), merciful (2x), cleansed (1x), disannulled (1x), appease (1x), put off (1x), pardon (1x), pitch (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 102x
The KJV translates Strong's H3722 in the following manner: atonement (71x), purge (7x), reconciliation (4x), reconcile (3x), forgive (3x), purge away (2x), pacify (2x), atonement...made (2x), merciful (2x), cleansed (1x), disannulled (1x), appease (1x), put off (1x), pardon (1x), pitch (1x).
  1. to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch

    1. (Qal) to coat or cover with pitch

    2. (Piel)

      1. to cover over, pacify, propitiate

      2. to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for

      3. to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites

    3. (Pual)

      1. to be covered over

      2. to make atonement for

    4. (Hithpael) to be covered

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּפַר kâphar, kaw-far'; a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation).
STRONGS H3722: Abbreviations
כִּפֶּר verb Pi. etc.denominative cover over (figurative), pacify, make propitiation; —
Pi. Perfect כִּפֶּר Exodus 30:10 + 31 times; 2nd person masculine singular suffix כִּפַּרְתָּ֑הוּ Ezekiel 43:20; 3rd person masculine plural יְכַפְּרוּ Ezekiel 43:26; 2nd person masculine plural כִּפַּרְתֶּם Ezekiel 45:20; Imperfect יְכַפֵּר Exodus 30:10 + 10 times; יְכַפֶּר־ Leviticus 7:7; Numbers 5:8; suffix יְכַפְּרֶנָּה Proverbs 16:14; 1st person singular אֲכַפֵּר 2 Samuel 21:3; אֲכַפְּרָה Genesis 32:21; Exodus 32:30, etc.; Imperative כַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8 + 4 times; Infinitive כַּפֵּר Exodus 30:15 + 28 times; suffixes כַּפְּרִי Ezekiel 16:63; כַּפֶּרְךָ Exodus 29:36; כַּפְּרָהּ Isaiah 47:11; —
1. cover over, pacify, propitiate; בַּמִּנְחָה פָנָיו אֲכַפְּרָה Genesis 32:21 let me cover his face by the present (so that he does not see the offence, i.e. pacify, him; E; RSOTJC, 2d ed., 381 'wipe clean the face,' blackened by displeasure, as the Arabs say 'whiten the face'); הֹוָה עָלַיִךְ וְתִפֹּל כַּפְּרָהּ תוּכְלִי לֹא Isaiah 47:11 and disaster will fall upon thee, thou wilt not be able to propitiate it (by payment of a כֹּפֶר, see Isaiah 43:3); pacify the wrath of a king Proverbs 16:14 (e.g. by a gift).
2. cover over, atone for sin, without sacrifice :
a. man as subject, אֲכַפֵּר בַּמָּה 2 Samuel 21:3, with what shall I cover over (namely, the bloodguiltiness of the house of Saul, says David The answer is by a death penalty of seven sons of the guilty house); בְּעַר חטאתכם Exodus 32:30 on behalf of your sins (J E; Moses, by intercession); with על of persons Numbers 17:11; Numbers 17:12 (P; by incense), Numbers 25:13 (P when Phinehas slays the ringleaders).
b. with God as subject, with accusative of person, cover, i.e. treat as covered, view propitiously, Yahweh's land Deuteronomy 32:43 (song); לְ person Deuteronomy 21:8 (bloodguiltiness flows away in the stream), Ezekiel 16:63; בְּעַד of person 2 Chronicles 30:18; with accusative of the sin Psalm 65:4; Psalm 78:38, probably also Daniel 9:24 (|| ׅחתם ׅחטאת); עַל of sin, Psalm 79:9; Jeremiah 18:23 ׅ || (מחה. It is conceived that God in his sovereignty may himself provide an atonement or covering for men and their sins which could not be provided by men.
3. cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites, in the codes of H, P, and Ezekiel: absolute הַכֹּהֵן וכ׳ and the priest shall make atonement Leviticus 16:32;
a. with accusative of sacred places (by the great sin-offering of the day of atonement), Leviticus 16:20, 33 (twice in verse); also Ezekiel 43:20, 26; Ezekiel 45:20 (by the blood of the sin-offering || חִטֵּא, טִהַר).
b. usually with עַל
(1) of things, e.g. of the altar to which the blood of the sin-offering was applied Exodus 29:36, 37; Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 8:15 ׅ || (קִדַּשׁ, Leviticus 16:18; and specifically the horns of the altar Exodus 30:10; the holy place of the tabernacle Leviticus 16:16 (by the great sin-offering, because of (מִן) the uncleannesses of the children of Israel and because of their transgressions); for the leprous house by ceremony of purification Leviticus 14:53 ׅ || (טִהַר; for the goat לעזאזל Leviticus 16:10 (which was presented before Yahweh to consecrate him for the bearing away of the sins of the people).
(2) of persons, נפשׁתיכם עלֿ, for your persons, yourselves, e.g. by the payment of atonement-money הַכִּפֻּרִים כֶּסֶף at the census Exodus 30:15, 16; by the קרבן of the spoils Numbers 31:50; by the blood upon the altar Leviticus 17:11; in the ritual עֲלֵיהֶם, עָלָיו by ministry of priest through the blood of the sin-offering Leviticus 4:20, 31; Leviticus 8:34; Leviticus 10:17; Leviticus 12:7, 8; Leviticus 14:19, 31; Leviticus 16:30, 33; Leviticus 23:28; Numbers 8:12, 21; Numbers 15:25, 28 (twice in verse); Numbers 28:22, 30; Numbers 29:5; 2 Chronicles 29:24; Nehemiah 10:34; of the trespass-offering Leviticus 5:16, 18; Leviticus 5:26; Leviticus 7:7; Leviticus 14:21; Leviticus 19:22; Numbers 5:8; the whole burnt-offering Leviticus 1:4; Leviticus 14:20; Leviticus 16:24; by the oil used in purifying a leper Leviticus 14:18, 29; by the תרומה Ezekiel 45:15; by the priestly ministry in general 1 Chronicles 6:34; by the substitution of the Levites for the firstborn Numbers 8:19. Underlying all these offerings there is the conception that the persons offering are covered by that which is regarded as sufficient and satisfactory by Yahweh. (The purpose of the covering is stated Leviticus 16:30 יְכַפֵּר תִּטְהָ֑רוּ י׳ לִפְנֵי חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם מִכֹּל אֶתְכֶם לְטַהֵר עֲלֵיכֶם = shall atonement be made for you to cleanse you, from all your sins shall ye be clean before Yahweh, and Numbers 8:21 לְטַהֲרָם עֲלֵיהֶם וַיְכַפֵּר and (Aaron) made atonement for them to cleanse them.)
c. the need of the atonement is expressed by מִן : **others understand מִן as = away from; compare DiLev 4:26, RiSühne 50 f. מֵחטאתו because of his sin Leviticus 4:26; Leviticus 5:6, 10; Leviticus 16:34; מטמאתו Leviticus 14:19; Leviticus 16:16; מזוב Leviticus 15:15, 30; מֵאֲשֶׁר חָטָא Numbers 6:11; also עַל עַלחַֿטָּאתוֺ on account of his sin Leviticus 4:35; Leviticus 5:13; Leviticus 19:22; עלשֿׁגגתוֺ Leviticus 5:18.
d. with בְּ instrumental בְּאֵיל Leviticus 5:16; Leviticus 19:22; Numbers 5:8; with a trespass-offering Leviticus 7:7; יְכַפֵּר בַּנֶּפֶשׁ הוּא כִּי־הַדָּם Leviticus 17:11 for it is the blood with the living being that covers over (H, see נפשׁ 3 (a); RV by reason of the life after De Di Kn Bähr Kau and most moderns; AV follows Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate. Targum. so Ges Ew§ 282 a. Anm. 1 : ' for the soul '); with בְּ local בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Leviticus 6:23; Leviticus 16:17, 27.
e. with בַּעַד person, on behalf of Leviticus 9:7 (twice in verse); Leviticus 16:6, 11, 17, 24 (by Aaron), Ezekiel 45:17 (by the prince).
Pu. Perfect כֻּפַּר Exodus 29:33; Isaiah 28:18 (but read תֻּפַר, — √ I. פרר, — so Targum. Hu We Che SS and others see BrMP 209); Imperfect יְכֻפַּר Numbers 35:33 + 3 times; 3rd person feminine singular תְּכֻפָּ֑ר Isaiah 6:7 be covered over, atoned for.
1. apart from the ritual, חטאתך תכפר Isaiah 6:7 thy sin shall be covered over (|| וְסָר עֲוֺנֶךָ; by the touch of the live coal from the altar); הַזֶּה הֶעָוֺן אִם־יְכֻפַּר לָכֶםIsaiah 22:14 surely this iniquity shall not be covered over; with בְּ instrumental בזאת יכפר עון Isaiah 27:9 by this shall the iniquity of Jacob be covered over (|| הָסר חטאתו namely by the destruction of idolatrous objects); עוןבחסד יאמת יכפר Proverbs 16:6 by mercy and fidelity iniquity is covered over.
2. with לְ for whom, לארץ לא יכפר לדם Numbers 35:33 for the land atonement cannot be made, in view of the blood shed in it, except by the blood of the shedder of blood; in the ritual of P, with בְּ instrumental בָּהֶם כֻּפַּר אֲשֶׁר Exodus 29:33 wherewith atonement was made (ram of consecration).
Hithp. Imperfect יִתְכַּפֵּר 1 Samuel 3:14; with בְּ instrumental אִם־ וּבְמִנְחָה בְּזֶבַח בֵּית־עֵלִי עֲוֹן יִתְכַּפֵּר the iniquity of the house of Eli shall not be covered by peace offering or minchah (in other words there was no atonement for it; compare Pu. Isaiah 22:14).
Niph. Perfect הַדָּם לָהֶם וְנִכַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8 and the blood shall be covered for them.

† II. [כָּפַר] verb denominative (from II. כֹּפֶר) — Perfect 2nd person masculine singular וְכָֽפַרְתָּ֫ בַּכֹּפֶד Genesis 6:14 and thou shalt pitch it with pitch (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3722 matches the Hebrew כָּפַר (kāp̄ar),
which occurs 103 times in 94 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 6:14–Lev 16:34)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:14 - So make yourself an ark of cypress[fn] wood; make rooms in it and coat it with pitch inside and out.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:20 - And be sure to say, ‘Your servant Jacob is coming behind us.’ ” For he thought, “I will pacify him with these gifts I am sending on ahead; later, when I see him, perhaps he will receive me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:33 - They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eat them, because they are sacred.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:36 - Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:37 - For seven days make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. Then the altar will be most holy, and whatever touches it will be holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:10 - Once a year Aaron shall make atonement on its horns. This annual atonement must be made with the blood of the atoning sin offering[fn] for the generations to come. It is most holy to the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:15 - The rich are not to give more than a half shekel and the poor are not to give less when you make the offering to the LORD to atone for your lives.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:16 - Receive the atonement money from the Israelites and use it for the service of the tent of meeting. It will be a memorial for the Israelites before the LORD, making atonement for your lives.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:30 - The next day Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin. But now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 1:4 - You are to lay your hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on your behalf to make atonement for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:20 - and do with this bull just as he did with the bull for the sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for the community, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:26 - He shall burn all the fat on the altar as he burned the fat of the fellowship offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for the leader’s sin, and he will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:31 - They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the LORD. In this way the priest will make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:35 - They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the lamb of the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altar on top of the food offerings presented to the LORD. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:6 - As a penalty for the sin they have committed, they must bring to the LORD a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering[fn]; and the priest shall make atonement for them for their sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:10 - The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:13 - In this way the priest will make atonement for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.’ ”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:16 - They must make restitution for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:18 - They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offering a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:7 - In this way the priest will make atonement for them before the LORD, and they will be forgiven for any of the things they did that made them guilty.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:30 - But any sin offering whose blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place must not be eaten; it must be burned up.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:7 - “ ‘The same law applies to both the sin offering[fn] and the guilt offering: They belong to the priest who makes atonement with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:15 - Moses slaughtered the bull and took some of the blood, and with his finger he put it on all the horns of the altar to purify the altar. He poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. So he consecrated it to make atonement for it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:34 - What has been done today was commanded by the LORD to make atonement for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:7 - Moses said to Aaron, “Come to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and the people; sacrifice the offering that is for the people and make atonement for them, as the LORD has commanded.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:17 - “Why didn’t you eat the sin offering in the sanctuary area? It is most holy; it was given to you to take away the guilt of the community by making atonement for them before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 12:7 - He shall offer them before the LORD to make atonement for her, and then she will be ceremonially clean from her flow of blood. “ ‘These are the regulations for the woman who gives birth to a boy or a girl.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 12:8 - But if she cannot afford a lamb, she is to bring two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for her, and she will be clean.’ ”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:18 - The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed and make atonement for them before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:19 - “Then the priest is to sacrifice the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from their uncleanness. After that, the priest shall slaughter the burnt offering
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:20 - and offer it on the altar, together with the grain offering, and make atonement for them, and they will be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:21 - “If, however, they are poor and cannot afford these, they must take one male lamb as a guilt offering to be waved to make atonement for them, together with a tenth of an ephah[fn] of the finest flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of oil,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:29 - The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonement for them before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:31 - one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. In this way the priest will make atonement before the LORD on behalf of the one to be cleansed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:53 - Then he is to release the live bird in the open fields outside the town. In this way he will make atonement for the house, and it will be clean.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:15 - The priest is to sacrifice them, the one for a sin offering[fn] and the other for a burnt offering. In this way he will make atonement before the LORD for the man because of his discharge.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:30 - The priest is to sacrifice one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. In this way he will make atonement for her before the LORD for the uncleanness of her discharge.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:6 - “Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:10 - But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement by sending it into the wilderness as a scapegoat.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:11 - “Aaron shall bring the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household, and he is to slaughter the bull for his own sin offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:16 - In this way he will make atonement for the Most Holy Place because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites, whatever their sins have been. He is to do the same for the tent of meeting, which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:17 - No one is to be in the tent of meeting from the time Aaron goes in to make atonement in the Most Holy Place until he comes out, having made atonement for himself, his household and the whole community of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:18 - “Then he shall come out to the altar that is before the LORD and make atonement for it. He shall take some of the bull’s blood and some of the goat’s blood and put it on all the horns of the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:20 - “When Aaron has finished making atonement for the Most Holy Place, the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall bring forward the live goat.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:24 - He shall bathe himself with water in the sanctuary area and put on his regular garments. Then he shall come out and sacrifice the burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people, to make atonement for himself and for the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:27 - The bull and the goat for the sin offerings, whose blood was brought into the Most Holy Place to make atonement, must be taken outside the camp; their hides, flesh and intestines are to be burned up.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:30 - because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the LORD, you will be clean from all your sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:32 - The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:33 - and make atonement for the Most Holy Place, for the tent of meeting and the altar, and for the priests and all the members of the community.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:34 - “This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites.” And it was done, as the LORD commanded Moses.

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