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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3782 - kāšal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1050

Strong’s Definitions

כָּשַׁל kâshal, kaw-shal'; a primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall:—bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, × utterly, be weak.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x

The KJV translates Strong's H3782 in the following manner: fall (27x), stumble (19x), cast down (4x), feeble (4x), overthrown (2x), ruin (2x), bereave (with H7921) (1x), decayed (1x), faileth (1x), utterly (1x), weak (1x), variant (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x
The KJV translates Strong's H3782 in the following manner: fall (27x), stumble (19x), cast down (4x), feeble (4x), overthrown (2x), ruin (2x), bereave (with H7921) (1x), decayed (1x), faileth (1x), utterly (1x), weak (1x), variant (2x).
  1. to stumble, stagger, totter

    1. (Qal)

      1. to stumble

      2. to totter

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to stumble

      2. to be tottering, be feeble

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to stumble, bring injury or ruin to, overthrow

      2. to make feeble, make weak

    4. (Hophal) to be made to stumble

    5. (Piel) bereave

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּשַׁל kâshal, kaw-shal'; a primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall:—bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, × utterly, be weak.
STRONGS H3782: Abbreviations
כָּשַׁל verb stumble, stagger, totter (Late Hebrew id.; Syriac [bdb050502] give offence (occasion for stumbling), σκανδαλιζω, (chiefly Ethpe`el Aph`el), see PS Brock Schw; Arabic bdb050503 is be heavy, sluggish); —
Qal Perfect כ׳ Nehemiah 4:4 +, (Hosea 5:5b read יִכָּשֵׁל, compare We), כָּֽשְׁלָה Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 59:14; כָּֽשְׁלוּ Jeremiah 46:6 +, כָּשַׁלְנוּ Isaiah 59:10, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יכשׁ֑ולו Proverbs 4:16 Kt (but read Hiph., whidh see, so Qr); יכשׁלו Nahum 3:3 Kt (but read Perfect וְכָֽשְׁלוּ so Qr); Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל Isaiah 40:30 (with Niph. Imperfect); Participle active כּוֺשֵׁל Isaiah 5:27 + 2 times, כּשֵׁל 2 Chronicles 28:15; Psalm 105:37; feminine plural כּשְׁלוֺת Isaiah 35:3; —
1. stumble at, over, something, with ב (literally by means of), Nahum 3:3, גִּבּוֺר בְּגִבּוֺר כ׳ Jeremiah 46:13 (+ נָפַל), compare Leviticus 26:37; וּנְעָרִיס בָּעֵץ כ׳ Lamentations 5:13 i.e. stagger (of toil in captivity); absolute Isaiah 5:27 ׅ || (עָיֵף, כָּֽשְׁלוּ וְנָפָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 46:6, compare הִרְבָּה כּוֺשֵׁ֑ל גַּםנָֿפַל אישׁ וגו׳ Jeremiah 46:16 (strange; Gie following in part Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version, עֶרְבְּךָ כָּשַׁל וְנָפַל thy mixed people — compare Jeremiah 25:20, etc. — hath stumbled and hath fallen); often figurative of overthrow, throughdivine judgment, with בְּ at, (see above) Jeremiah 6:21, so Isaiah 8:15 (+ נָפַל etc.) according to Ges Hi Bhul Che Di; < בָּם = among them, — Israel and Judah, — as ב in Isaiah 8:16, so Ew De Du EV; Hosea 4:5 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5; Hosea 14:2 (בַּעֲוֺנֶָֽךָ, בְּ probably instrumental); absolute of Babylon, under figure of זָדוֺן, ונפל כ׳ Jeremiah 50:32; ונפל כ׳ Paslm Jeremiah 27:2; Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 31:3 (both || נפל); of אֱמֶת Isaiah 59:14; in metaphor of anxiety, distress Isaiah 59:10, Paslm Isa 107:12.
2. totter, of knees, literal מִצּוֺם בִּרְכַּי כ׳ Paslm Isa 109:24 my knees totter from fasting; figurative Isaiah 35:3 (|| יָדַיִם רָפוֺת) כּוֺשֵׁל tottering one, literal Job 4:4; 2 Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; hence figurative, fail, of strength (כֹּחַ) Nehemiah 4:4; Paslm Neh 31:11; — Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל, see below Niph.
Niph. Perfect consecutive וְנִכְשַׁל Daniel 11:9, וְנִכְשְׁלוּ Daniel 11:33, וְנִכְשָׁ֑לוּ Daniel 11:14; Imperfect יִכָּשֵׁל Ezekiel 33:12 + Hosea 5:5b (Greek Version of the LXX. as Hosea 5:5a, so We; MT כָּשַׁל), 2nd person masculine singular תִּכָּשֵׁל Proverbs 4:12, בִּכָּֽשְׁלוּ Proverbs 24:17 (yet see Ges§ 51, R. 1), בְּהִכָּֽשְׁלָם Daniel 11:34; Participle נִכְשָׁל Zechariah 12:8; plural נִכְשָׁלִים 1 Samuel 2:4; —
1. stumble (= Qal) Nahum 2:6; Isaiah 63:13; Jeremiah 31:9; usually figurative:
a. of misfortune Proverbs 24:17 (|| נפל), negative Proverbs 4:12.
b. of divine judgement (with בְּ at) Proverbs 4:19; Proverbs 24:16, negative Ezekiel 33:12; see also Hosea 14:10 (בְ location), Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 11:14, 35, מִפָּנֶיךָ וְיאֹבְדו יִכָּֽשְׁלוּ Psalm 9:4; especially = be overthrown, of nations, armies, etc., Hosea 5:5 (with בַּעֲוֺנָם, compare Hosea 14:2 Qal), Jeremiah 6:15 || נפל, compare Jeremiah 8:12 (|| id.), Daniel 11:19 (+ נפל), Daniel 11:33 (בְ instrumental), Daniel 11:34; Daniel 11:41.
2. be tottering, feeble, כָּשׁוֺל יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ Isaiah 40:30 (opposed to יַחֲלִיפוּ כֹחַ Isaiah 40:31); so participle 1 Samuel 2:4; Zechariah 12:8.
Pi. only apparent, תְּכַשְּׁלִי Ezekiel 36:14, read תְּשַׁכְּלִי with Qr Vrss EV Sm Co Da (see also Hiph. near the end).
Hiph. Perfect הִכְשִׁיל Lamentations 1:14 הִכְשַׁלְתֶּם Malachi 2:8; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַכְשִׁילְךָ 2 Chronicles 25:8; 2nd person feminine singular תַּכְשִׁלִי Ezekiel 36:15 (but strike out Greek Version of the LXX Co; read תשׁכלי, as Ezekiel 36:14 other Vrss Sm Da); 3rd person masculine plural יַכְשִׁילוּ Proverbs 4:16 Qr (Kt see below Qal), וַיַּכְשִׁילֻהוּ Psalm 64:9, וַיַּכְשִׁלוּם Jeremiah 18:15 (so Targum; Gie, after Greek Version of the LXX. Syriac Version, וַיִּכְשְׁלוּ, [< וַיִּכָּֽשִׁלוּ]); Infinitive construct הַכְשִׁיל 2 Chronicles 25:8, sf הַכְשִׁילוֺ 2 Chronicles 28:23; —
1..cause to stumble, figurative:
a. = bring injury or ruin to, abs Proverbs 4:16; of punishment Psalm 64:9 (indefinite subject; si vera lectio; text probably corrupt, see Che Bae).
b. = overthrow, of nation, army, etc., 2 Chronicles 25:8 (followed by לִפְנֵי אוֺיֵב) compare 2 Chronicles 25:8 (opposed to עזר); cause overthrow 2 Chronicles 28:23. — On Ezekiel 36:15 see above.
c. morally, Jeremiah 18:15 (בְּ local), Malachi 2:8 (בְּ instrumental).
2. make feeble, weak, הִכְשִׁיל כֹּחִי Lamentations 1:14 (of God's dealing with Jerusalem)
Hoph. only Participle והיו מֻכְשָׁלִים לְפָנֶיךָ Jeremiah 18:23 either and let them be ones who have stumbled before thee, i.e. regard them as such (Hi Gf VB), or and let them be ones overthrown before thee (Gie; so Qr according to Gf). So also in Ezekiel 21:20 according to Co, compare Sm Da (MT מִכְשֹׁלִים, see H4383 מִכְשׁוֺל).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs



1 Samuel

2:4; 2:4

2 Chronicles

25:8; 25:8; 25:8; 25:8; 28:15; 28:15; 28:23; 28:23


4:4; 4:4




9:4; 64:9; 64:9; 105:37


4:12; 4:12; 4:16; 4:16; 4:16; 4:19; 24:16; 24:17; 24:17


3:8; 3:8; 5:27; 5:27; 8:15; 8:16; 31:3; 35:3; 35:3; 40:30; 40:30; 40:31; 59:10; 59:10; 59:14; 59:14; 63:13


6:15; 6:21; 8:12; 18:15; 18:15; 18:23; 20:11; 25:20; 27:2; 31:9; 46:6; 46:6; 46:13; 46:16; 50:32


1:14; 1:14; 5:13


21:20; 33:12; 33:12; 36:14; 36:14; 36:15; 36:15


11:9; 11:14; 11:14; 11:19; 11:33; 11:33; 11:34; 11:34; 11:35; 11:41


4:5; 5:5; 5:5; 5:5; 5:5; 5:5; 14:2; 14:2


2:6; 3:3; 3:3


12:8; 12:8


2:8; 2:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3782 matches the Hebrew כָּשַׁל (kāšal),
which occurs 65 times in 59 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:37–Dan 11:35)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:37 - And they shall fall H3782 one upon another, as it were before a sword, when none pursueth: and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:4 - The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled H3782 are girded with strength.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 25:8 - But if thou wilt go, do it, be strong for the battle: God shall make thee fall H3782 before the enemy: for God hath power to help, and to cast down. H3782
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:15 - And the men which were expressed by name rose up, and took the captives, and with the spoil clothed all that were naked among them, and arrayed them, and shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried all the feeble H3782 of them upon asses, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brethren: then they returned to Samaria.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:23 - For he sacrificed unto the gods of Damascus, which smote him: and he said, Because the gods of the kings of Syria help them, therefore will I sacrifice to them, that they may help me. But they were the ruin H3782 of him, and of all Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:10 - And Judah said, The strength of the bearers of burdens is decayed, H3782 and there is much rubbish; so that we are not able to build the wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:4 - Thy words have upholden him that was falling, H3782 and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 9:3 - When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall H3782 and perish at thy presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 27:2 - When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled H3782 and fell.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:10 - For my life is spent with grief, and my years with sighing: my strength faileth H3782 because of mine iniquity, and my bones are consumed.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:8 - So they shall make their own tongue to fall H3782 upon themselves: all that see them shall flee away.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:37 - He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble H3782 person among their tribes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:12 - Therefore he brought down their heart with labour; they fell down, H3782 and there was none to help.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:24 - My knees are weak H3782 through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:12 - When thou goest, thy steps shall not be straitened; and when thou runnest, thou shalt not stumble. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:16 - For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall. H3782 H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:19 - The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:16 - For a just man falleth seven times, and riseth up again: but the wicked shall fall H3782 into mischief.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:17 - Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth: H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:8 - For Jerusalem is ruined, H3782 and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:27 - None shall be weary nor stumble H3782 among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:15 - And many among them shall stumble, H3782 and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:13 - But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall H3782 backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:3 - Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, H3782 and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 35:3 - Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble H3782 knees.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:30 - Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly H3782 fall: H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:10 - We grope for the wall like the blind, and we grope as if we had no eyes: we stumble H3782 at noonday as in the night; we are in desolate places as dead men.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:14 - And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen H3782 in the street, and equity cannot enter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:13 - That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, that they should not stumble? H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:15 - Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time that I visit them they shall be cast down, H3782 saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:21 - Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will lay stumblingblocks before this people, and the fathers and the sons together shall fall H3782 upon them; the neighbour and his friend shall perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:12 - Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, H3782 saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:15 - Because my people hath forgotten me, they have burned incense to vanity, and they have caused them to stumble H3782 in their ways from the ancient paths, to walk in paths, in a way not cast up;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:23 - Yet, LORD, thou knowest all their counsel against me to slay me: forgive not their iniquity, neither blot out their sin from thy sight, but let them be overthrown H3782 before thee; deal thus with them in the time of thine anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 20:11 - But the LORD is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, H3782 and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: their everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:9 - They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: H3782 for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:6 - Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, H3782 and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:12 - The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled H3782 against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:16 - He made many to fall, H3782 yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:32 - And the most proud shall stumble H3782 and fall, and none shall raise him up: and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall devour all round about him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:14 - The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand: they are wreathed, and come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, H3782 the Lord hath delivered me into their hands, from whom I am not able to rise up.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:13 - They took the young men to grind, and the children fell H3782 under the wood.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:12 - Therefore, thou son of man, say unto the children of thy people, The righteousness of the righteous shall not deliver him in the day of his transgression: as for the wickedness of the wicked, he shall not fall H3782 thereby in the day that he turneth from his wickedness; neither shall the righteous be able to live for his righteousness in the day that he sinneth.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:14 - Therefore thou shalt devour men no more, neither bereave H3782 thy nations any more, saith the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:15 - Neither will I cause men to hear in thee the shame of the heathen any more, neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to fall H3782 any more, saith the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:14 - And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:19 - Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble H3782 and fall, and not be found.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:33 - And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall H3782 by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:34 - Now when they shall fall, H3782 they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:35 - And some of them of understanding shall fall, H3782 to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.

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