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Lexicon :: Strong's H3782 - kāšal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1050

Strong’s Definitions

כָּשַׁל kâshal, kaw-shal'; a primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall:—bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, × utterly, be weak.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x

The KJV translates Strong's H3782 in the following manner: fall (27x), stumble (19x), cast down (4x), feeble (4x), overthrown (2x), ruin (2x), bereave (with H7921) (1x), decayed (1x), faileth (1x), utterly (1x), weak (1x), variant (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x
The KJV translates Strong's H3782 in the following manner: fall (27x), stumble (19x), cast down (4x), feeble (4x), overthrown (2x), ruin (2x), bereave (with H7921) (1x), decayed (1x), faileth (1x), utterly (1x), weak (1x), variant (2x).
  1. to stumble, stagger, totter

    1. (Qal)

      1. to stumble

      2. to totter

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to stumble

      2. to be tottering, be feeble

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to stumble, bring injury or ruin to, overthrow

      2. to make feeble, make weak

    4. (Hophal) to be made to stumble

    5. (Piel) bereave

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּשַׁל kâshal, kaw-shal'; a primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall:—bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, × utterly, be weak.
STRONGS H3782: Abbreviations
כָּשַׁל verb stumble, stagger, totter (Late Hebrew id.; Syriac [bdb050502] give offence (occasion for stumbling), σκανδαλιζω, (chiefly Ethpe`el Aph`el), see PS Brock Schw; Arabic bdb050503 is be heavy, sluggish); —
Qal Perfect כ׳ Nehemiah 4:4 +, (Hosea 5:5b read יִכָּשֵׁל, compare We), כָּֽשְׁלָה Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 59:14; כָּֽשְׁלוּ Jeremiah 46:6 +, כָּשַׁלְנוּ Isaiah 59:10, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יכשׁ֑ולו Proverbs 4:16 Kt (but read Hiph., whidh see, so Qr); יכשׁלו Nahum 3:3 Kt (but read Perfect וְכָֽשְׁלוּ so Qr); Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל Isaiah 40:30 (with Niph. Imperfect); Participle active כּוֺשֵׁל Isaiah 5:27 + 2 times, כּשֵׁל 2 Chronicles 28:15; Psalm 105:37; feminine plural כּשְׁלוֺת Isaiah 35:3; —
1. stumble at, over, something, with ב (literally by means of), Nahum 3:3, גִּבּוֺר בְּגִבּוֺר כ׳ Jeremiah 46:13 (+ נָפַל), compare Leviticus 26:37; וּנְעָרִיס בָּעֵץ כ׳ Lamentations 5:13 i.e. stagger (of toil in captivity); absolute Isaiah 5:27 ׅ || (עָיֵף, כָּֽשְׁלוּ וְנָפָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 46:6, compare הִרְבָּה כּוֺשֵׁ֑ל גַּםנָֿפַל אישׁ וגו׳ Jeremiah 46:16 (strange; Gie following in part Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version, עֶרְבְּךָ כָּשַׁל וְנָפַל thy mixed people — compare Jeremiah 25:20, etc. — hath stumbled and hath fallen); often figurative of overthrow, throughdivine judgment, with בְּ at, (see above) Jeremiah 6:21, so Isaiah 8:15 (+ נָפַל etc.) according to Ges Hi Bhul Che Di; < בָּם = among them, — Israel and Judah, — as ב in Isaiah 8:16, so Ew De Du EV; Hosea 4:5 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5; Hosea 14:2 (בַּעֲוֺנֶָֽךָ, בְּ probably instrumental); absolute of Babylon, under figure of זָדוֺן, ונפל כ׳ Jeremiah 50:32; ונפל כ׳ Paslm Jeremiah 27:2; Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 31:3 (both || נפל); of אֱמֶת Isaiah 59:14; in metaphor of anxiety, distress Isaiah 59:10, Paslm Isa 107:12.
2. totter, of knees, literal מִצּוֺם בִּרְכַּי כ׳ Paslm Isa 109:24 my knees totter from fasting; figurative Isaiah 35:3 (|| יָדַיִם רָפוֺת) כּוֺשֵׁל tottering one, literal Job 4:4; 2 Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; hence figurative, fail, of strength (כֹּחַ) Nehemiah 4:4; Paslm Neh 31:11; — Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל, see below Niph.
Niph. Perfect consecutive וְנִכְשַׁל Daniel 11:9, וְנִכְשְׁלוּ Daniel 11:33, וְנִכְשָׁ֑לוּ Daniel 11:14; Imperfect יִכָּשֵׁל Ezekiel 33:12 + Hosea 5:5b (Greek Version of the LXX. as Hosea 5:5a, so We; MT כָּשַׁל), 2nd person masculine singular תִּכָּשֵׁל Proverbs 4:12, בִּכָּֽשְׁלוּ Proverbs 24:17 (yet see Ges§ 51, R. 1), בְּהִכָּֽשְׁלָם Daniel 11:34; Participle נִכְשָׁל Zechariah 12:8; plural נִכְשָׁלִים 1 Samuel 2:4; —
1. stumble (= Qal) Nahum 2:6; Isaiah 63:13; Jeremiah 31:9; usually figurative:
a. of misfortune Proverbs 24:17 (|| נפל), negative Proverbs 4:12.
b. of divine judgement (with בְּ at) Proverbs 4:19; Proverbs 24:16, negative Ezekiel 33:12; see also Hosea 14:10 (בְ location), Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 11:14, 35, מִפָּנֶיךָ וְיאֹבְדו יִכָּֽשְׁלוּ Psalm 9:4; especially = be overthrown, of nations, armies, etc., Hosea 5:5 (with בַּעֲוֺנָם, compare Hosea 14:2 Qal), Jeremiah 6:15 || נפל, compare Jeremiah 8:12 (|| id.), Daniel 11:19 (+ נפל), Daniel 11:33 (בְ instrumental), Daniel 11:34; Daniel 11:41.
2. be tottering, feeble, כָּשׁוֺל יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ Isaiah 40:30 (opposed to יַחֲלִיפוּ כֹחַ Isaiah 40:31); so participle 1 Samuel 2:4; Zechariah 12:8.
Pi. only apparent, תְּכַשְּׁלִי Ezekiel 36:14, read תְּשַׁכְּלִי with Qr Vrss EV Sm Co Da (see also Hiph. near the end).
Hiph. Perfect הִכְשִׁיל Lamentations 1:14 הִכְשַׁלְתֶּם Malachi 2:8; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַכְשִׁילְךָ 2 Chronicles 25:8; 2nd person feminine singular תַּכְשִׁלִי Ezekiel 36:15 (but strike out Greek Version of the LXX Co; read תשׁכלי, as Ezekiel 36:14 other Vrss Sm Da); 3rd person masculine plural יַכְשִׁילוּ Proverbs 4:16 Qr (Kt see below Qal), וַיַּכְשִׁילֻהוּ Psalm 64:9, וַיַּכְשִׁלוּם Jeremiah 18:15 (so Targum; Gie, after Greek Version of the LXX. Syriac Version, וַיִּכְשְׁלוּ, [< וַיִּכָּֽשִׁלוּ]); Infinitive construct הַכְשִׁיל 2 Chronicles 25:8, sf הַכְשִׁילוֺ 2 Chronicles 28:23; —
1..cause to stumble, figurative:
a. = bring injury or ruin to, abs Proverbs 4:16; of punishment Psalm 64:9 (indefinite subject; si vera lectio; text probably corrupt, see Che Bae).
b. = overthrow, of nation, army, etc., 2 Chronicles 25:8 (followed by לִפְנֵי אוֺיֵב) compare 2 Chronicles 25:8 (opposed to עזר); cause overthrow 2 Chronicles 28:23. — On Ezekiel 36:15 see above.
c. morally, Jeremiah 18:15 (בְּ local), Malachi 2:8 (בְּ instrumental).
2. make feeble, weak, הִכְשִׁיל כֹּחִי Lamentations 1:14 (of God's dealing with Jerusalem)
Hoph. only Participle והיו מֻכְשָׁלִים לְפָנֶיךָ Jeremiah 18:23 either and let them be ones who have stumbled before thee, i.e. regard them as such (Hi Gf VB), or and let them be ones overthrown before thee (Gie; so Qr according to Gf). So also in Ezekiel 21:20 according to Co, compare Sm Da (MT מִכְשֹׁלִים, see H4383 מִכְשׁוֺל).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs



1 Samuel

2:4; 2:4

2 Chronicles

25:8; 25:8; 25:8; 25:8; 28:15; 28:15; 28:23; 28:23


4:4; 4:4




9:4; 64:9; 64:9; 105:37


4:12; 4:12; 4:16; 4:16; 4:16; 4:19; 24:16; 24:17; 24:17


3:8; 3:8; 5:27; 5:27; 8:15; 8:16; 31:3; 35:3; 35:3; 40:30; 40:30; 40:31; 59:10; 59:10; 59:14; 59:14; 63:13


6:15; 6:21; 8:12; 18:15; 18:15; 18:23; 20:11; 25:20; 27:2; 31:9; 46:6; 46:6; 46:13; 46:16; 50:32


1:14; 1:14; 5:13


21:20; 33:12; 33:12; 36:14; 36:14; 36:15; 36:15


11:9; 11:14; 11:14; 11:19; 11:33; 11:33; 11:34; 11:34; 11:35; 11:41


4:5; 5:5; 5:5; 5:5; 5:5; 5:5; 14:2; 14:2


2:6; 3:3; 3:3


12:8; 12:8


2:8; 2:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3782 matches the Hebrew כָּשַׁל (kāšal),
which occurs 65 times in 59 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:37–Dan 11:35)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:37 - ‘They will therefore stumble H3782 over each other as if running from the sword, although no one is pursuing; and you will have no strength [fn]to stand up before your enemies.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:4 - “The bows of the mighty are shattered,
But the feeble H3782 gird on strength.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 25:8 - “But if you do go, do it, be strong for the battle; yet God will [fn]bring H3782 you down H3782 before the enemy, for God has power to help and to [fn]bring H3782 down.” H3782
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:15 - Then the men who were designated by name arose, took the captives, and they clothed all their naked ones from the spoil; and they gave them clothes and sandals, fed them and gave them drink, anointed them with oil, led all their feeble H3782 ones on donkeys, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brothers; then they returned to Samaria.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:23 - For he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus which had [fn]defeated him, and said, “Because the gods of the kings of Aram helped them, I will sacrifice to them that they may help me.” But they became the [fn]downfall H3782 of him and all Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:10 - Thus [fn]in Judah it was said,
“The strength of the burden bearers is failing, H3782
Yet there is much [fn]rubbish;
And we ourselves are unable
To rebuild the wall.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:4 - “Your words have [fn]helped the tottering H3782 to stand,
And you have strengthened [fn]feeble knees.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 9:3 - When my enemies turn back,
They stumble H3782 and perish before You.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 27:2 - When evildoers came upon me to devour my flesh,
My adversaries and my enemies, they stumbled H3782 and fell.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:10 - For my life is spent with sorrow
And my years with sighing;
My strength has failed H3782 because of my iniquity,
And my [fn]body has wasted away.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:8 - So [fn]they [fn]will make him stumble; H3782
Their own tongue is against them;
All who see them will shake the head.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:37 - Then He brought them out with silver and gold,
And among His tribes there was not one who stumbled. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:12 - Therefore He humbled their heart with labor;
They stumbled H3782 and there was none to help.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:24 - My knees [fn]are weak H3782 from fasting,
And my flesh has grown lean, without fatness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:12 - When you walk, your steps will not be impeded;
And if you run, you will not stumble. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:16 - For they cannot sleep unless they do evil;
And [fn]they are robbed of sleep unless they make someone stumble. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:19 - The way of the wicked is like darkness;
They do not know over what they [fn]stumble. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:16 - For a righteous man falls seven times, and rises again,
But the wicked stumble H3782 in time of calamity.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:17 - Do not rejoice when your enemy falls,
And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles; H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:8 - For Jerusalem has stumbled H3782 and Judah has fallen,
Because their [fn]speech and their actions are against the LORD,
To rebel against [fn]His glorious presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:27 - No one in it is weary or stumbles, H3782
None slumbers or sleeps;
Nor is the belt at its waist undone,
Nor its sandal strap broken.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:15 - “Many will stumble H3782 over them,
Then they will fall and be broken;
They will even be snared and caught.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:13 - So the word of the LORD to them will be,
[fn]Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there,”
That they may go and stumble H3782 backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:3 - Now the Egyptians are men and not God,
And their horses are flesh and not spirit;
So the LORD will stretch out His hand,
And he who helps will stumble H3782
And he who is helped will fall,
And all of them will come to an end together.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 35:3 - Encourage the [fn]exhausted, and strengthen the [fn]feeble. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:30 - Though youths grow weary and tired,
And vigorous young men stumble H3782 badly, H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:10 - We grope along the wall like blind men,
We grope like those who have no eyes;
We stumble H3782 at midday as in the twilight,
Among those who are vigorous we are like dead men.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:14 - Justice is turned back,
And righteousness stands far away;
For truth has stumbled H3782 in the street,
And uprightness cannot enter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:13 - Who led them through the depths?
Like the horse in the wilderness, they did not stumble; H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:15 - “Were they ashamed because of the abomination they have done?
They were not even ashamed at all;
They did not even know how to blush.
Therefore they shall fall among those who fall;
At the time that I punish them,
They shall be cast H3782 down,” H3782 says the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:21 - Therefore, thus says the LORD,
“Behold, I am [fn]laying stumbling blocks before this people.
And they will stumble H3782 against them,
Fathers and sons together;
Neighbor and [fn]friend will perish.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:12 - “Were they ashamed because of the abomination they had done?
They certainly were not ashamed,
And they did not know how to blush;
Therefore they shall fall among those who fall;
At the time of their punishment they shall be brought H3782 down,” H3782
Says the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:15 - ‘For My people have forgotten Me,
They burn incense [fn]to worthless gods
And they [fn]have stumbled H3782 [fn]from their ways,
[fn]From the ancient paths,
To walk in bypaths,
Not on a highway,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:23 - Yet You, O LORD, know
All their [fn]deadly designs against me;
Do not [fn]forgive their iniquity
Or blot out their sin from Your sight.
But may they be [fn]overthrown H3782 before You;
Deal with them in the time of Your anger!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 20:11 - But the LORD is with me like a dread champion;
Therefore my persecutors will stumble H3782 and not prevail.
They will be utterly ashamed, because they have [fn]failed,
With an everlasting disgrace that will not be forgotten.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:9 - “With weeping they will come,
And by supplication I will lead them;
I will make them walk by streams of waters,
On a straight path in which they will not stumble; H3782
For I am a father to Israel,
And Ephraim is My firstborn.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:6 - Let not the swift man flee,
Nor the mighty man escape;
In the north beside the river Euphrates
They have stumbled H3782 and fallen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:12 - The nations have heard of your shame,
And the earth is full of your cry of distress;
For one warrior has stumbled H3782 over [fn]another,
And both of them have fallen down together.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:16 - “They have repeatedly stumbled; H3782
Indeed, they have fallen one against another.
Then they said, ‘Get up! And let us go back
To our own people and our native land
Away from the [fn]sword of the oppressor.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:32 - “The [fn]arrogant one will stumble H3782 and fall
With no one to raise him up;
And I will set fire to his cities
And it will devour all his environs.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:14 - “The yoke of my transgressions is bound;
By His hand they are knit together.
They have come upon my neck;
He has made my strength [fn]fail. H3782
The Lord has given me into the hands
Of those against whom I am not able to stand.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:13 - Young men [fn]worked at the grinding mill,
And youths stumbled H3782 under loads of wood.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:12 - “And you, son of man, say to [fn]your fellow citizens, ‘The righteousness of a righteous man will not deliver him in the day of his transgression, and as for the wickedness of the wicked, he will not stumble H3782 because of it in the day when he turns from his wickedness; whereas a righteous man will not be able to live [fn]by his righteousness on the day when he commits sin.’
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:14 - therefore you will no longer devour men and no longer bereave your nation of children,’ declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 36:15 - “I will not let you hear insults from the nations anymore, nor will you bear disgrace from the peoples any longer, nor will you cause your nation to stumble H3782 any longer,” declares the Lord GOD.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:14 - “Now in those times many will rise up against the king of the South; the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision, but they will [fn]fall H3782 down. H3782
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:19 - “So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble H3782 and fall and be found no more.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:33 - [fn]Those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will fall H3782 by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:34 - “Now when they fall H3782 they will be granted a little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:35 - “Some of [fn]those who have insight will fall, H3782 in order to refine, purge and make them [fn]pure until the end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time.

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