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Lexicon :: Strong's H3789 - kāṯaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1053

Strong’s Definitions

כָּתַב kâthab, kaw-thab'; a primitive root; to grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe):—describe, record, prescribe, subscribe, write(-ing, -ten).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x

The KJV translates Strong's H3789 in the following manner: write (210x), describe (7x), subscribe (4x), recorded (1x), write up (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x
The KJV translates Strong's H3789 in the following manner: write (210x), describe (7x), subscribe (4x), recorded (1x), write up (1x).
  1. to write, record, enrol

    1. (Qal)

      1. to write, inscribe, engrave, write in, write on

      2. to write down, describe in writing

      3. to register, enrol, record

      4. to decree

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be written

      2. to be written down, be recorded, be enrolled

    3. (Piel) to continue writing

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּתַב kâthab, kaw-thab'; a primitive root; to grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe):—describe, record, prescribe, subscribe, write(-ing, -ten).
STRONGS H3789: Abbreviations
כָּתַב 223 verb write (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician כתב; Aramaic כְּתַב, bdb050703 Nabataean כתב, see especially Nö in EutNab. p. 43; thence Arabic bdb050704 Ethiopic bdb050705 book, DiLex. 852 (as loan-words, Frä249 DHMVOJ i (1887), 29); MV Buhl compare Arabic bdb050706 draw or sew together, conjoin (letters), etc., compare FlZMG 1873, 427) —
Qal Perfect כ׳ Joshua 8:32 +, כָּתַבְתָּ Jeremiah 36:6 +, suffix וּכְתַבְתָּם consecutive Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 11:20, etc. (Perfect + 27 times); Imperfect יִכְתֹּב Isaiah 44:5, וַיִּכְתֹּב Exodus 24:4 +, etc. (Imperfect + 39 times); Imperative כְּתֹב Isaiah 8:1 + 5 times, כְּתָבֿ Exodus 34:27 + 2 times; suffix כָּתְבָהּ Isaiah 30:8, כָּתְבֵם Proverbs 3:3; Proverbs 7:3; plural כִּתְבוּ Deuteronomy 31:9 + 3 times; Infinitive absolute כָּתוֺכ Jeremiah 32:44; cstr כְּתוֺב Psalm 87:8, לִכְתֹּב Deuteronomy 31:24; Joshua 18:8; suffix כָּתְבוֺ Jeremiah 45:1; Participle active כֹּתֵב Jeremiah 36:18, plural כֹּתְבִים Jeremiah 32:12; Nehemiah 10:1; passive (113 times), כָּתוּב Joshua 1:8 +, feminine כְּתוּבָה 2 Samuel 1:18 +, plural כְּתוּבִים 1 Kings 15:7 +, כְּתֻבִים 1 Kings 11:41 +; feminine plural כְּתוּבוֺת 2 Chronicles 34:24; —
1. write:
a. with accusative, words Exodus 34:27, commandments Exodus 24:12, etc.; accusative of congnate meaning with verb מכתב Exodus 39:30, compare כַּמִּכְתָּב Deuteronomy 10:4; with כְּ, giving purport of writing, also Esther 8:8; but object also a book, סֵפֶר Exodus 32:32; Deuteronomy 24:1; מְגִלָּה Jeremiah 38:6, compare participle pass, וְהִיא כְּתוּבָה מָּנִים וְאָחוֺר Ezekiel 2:10)of מגלה; i.e. written on both sides); a letter, סֵפָר 2 Samuel 11:14; 2 Kings 10:1 + 4 times, אִגֶּרֶת 2 Chronicles 30:1; a divorce-certificate סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻת Deuteronomy 24:1, etc.; even לֻחֹת כְּתֻבִים tablets inscribed by the finger of God Exodus 31:18 compare Deuteronomy 9:10; מִשְּׁנֵי עֶבְרֵיהֶם כ׳ ל׳ Exodus 32:15 tables inscribed on both sides (compare Ezekiel 2:10 above) Here belongs (probably) וְזֶה יִכְתֹּב יָדוֺ לי׳ Isaiah 44:5 and this one shall inscribe his hand, 'Yahweh's', so Greek Version of the LXX Hi Kn Che Br Du Di, Ges Ew De, shall sign (with) his hand unto י׳.
b. more often write something on, or in (עַלֿ + 85 times, בְ + 44 times, אֶלֿ + 3 times) a tablet, roll, book, etc. (object various, as above): —
(1) עַלֿ כ׳ followed by סֵפֶר = book Deuteronomy 17:18 + 55 times, especially in phrase כתובים עלסֿפר דברי וגו׳ 1 Kings 11:41 + often Kings Chronicles; עַלמְֿגִּלָּה כ׳ Jeremiah 36:2; Jeremiah 36:28; Jeremiah 36:32; Jeremiah 38:29; עַללֿוּח(ותׅ כ׳ Exodus 34:1 + 7 times, עַלאֶֿבֶן Deuteronomy 27:3 + 2 times, עַלגּֿלָּיוֺן Isaiah 8:1; עַלמְֿזֻזוֺת בַּיִת Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 11:20; עַלמַֿטֶּה on a rod Numbers 17:17; Numbers 17:18; עַלעֵֿץ Ezekiel 37:16 (twice in verse), עַלצִֿיץ (high priest's plate) Exodus 39:30; even (only Chronicles) עַלֿ followed by name of book or its contents: — עַלדִּֿבְרֵי נָתָן כ׳ 2 Chronicles 9:29; compare 2 Chronicles 33:19; עַלמִֿדְרַשׁ וגו׳ 2 Chronicles 24:27; עַלהַֿקִּינוֺת 2 Chronicles 35:25; figurative, עַללִֿבָּם כ׳ Jeremiah 31:83 I will write them upon their heart; compare עַללֿוּחַ לִבֶּ֑ךָ כ׳ Proverbs 3:3.
(2) אֶלֿ כ׳ appears for עַלֿ כ׳ only Jeremiah 36:2 compare Ezekiel 2:10; Jeremiah 51:60. (3) בְּ כ׳ followed by ספר = book Joshua 24:26 (E) + 35 times; = letter, bill, deed, 1 Kings 21:9 + 5 times; בִּמְגִלַּת סֵפֶר כָּתוּב עָלָ֑י Psalm 40:8 it is prescribed to me, על as 2 Kings 22:13 (N.B. עלֿ כ׳ not used with סֵפֶר = letter, and בְּ כ׳ not used with לוּחַ, אבן or עֵץ).
c. other uses of perp. with כ׳ are: — בְּ instrumental, בְּחֶרֶט אֱנוֺשׁ כ׳ Isaiah 8:1, בְּעֵט בַּרְזֶל כ׳ Jeremiah 17:1; כְּתֻבִים בְּאֶצְבַּע אֱלֹהִים Deuteronomy 9:10; Exodus 31:18; אֶלֿ כ׳ unto, of person to whom letter, etc., is addressed 2 Samuel 11:14; 2 Kings 10:6; Esther 9:13; עַלֿ substantive for אֶלֿ (late) 2 Chronicles 30:1; Ezra 4:7; Esther 8:8; the fuller construction is ספר וישׁלח (אֶלֿׅ כ׳ 2 Kings 10:1; Esther 8:10; Esther 9:20 +; אֶלֿ כ׳ write down for the benefit or use of some one, Judges 8:14; לְ to or for, Deuteronomy 17:18; Deuteronomy 24:1 +; note especially אֶכְתָּו֯בלֿוֺ רֻבֵּו֯ תּוֺרָתִי Hosea 8:12, i.e. either, I write (keep writing) for them ever so many (We, רֹב, compare bdb050707 Ew and most רִבּוֺ(אׅ a myriad) of my directions, or 'Though I write,' 'Were I to write,' etc.; כ׳ followed by ל with infinitive of purpose 2 Chronicles 32:17; Esther 8:5; with מִן in phrase מִמִּי פ׳ כ׳ write from the mouth of any one i.e. from dictation, Jeremiah 36:2, 32; Jeremiah 38:6, 17, 27; Jeremiah 45:1.
2. = write down describe in writing, אֶתהָֿאָרֶץ כ׳ Judges 18:4, 6, 8 (3 times in verse); Judges 18:9.
3. = register enroll Isaiah 10:19 (= record the number), 1 Chronicles 24:6; especially passive הַכְּתוּבִים Numbers 11:26 those enrolled compare Nehemiah 12:22; בְּשֵׁמוֺת הַכּ׳ 1 Chronicles 4:41 those recorded by name; in prediction, אֶתהָֿאִישׁ כ׳ הַזֶּה עֲרִירִי Jeremiah 22:30 register this man as childless; with eschatological reference, כָּלהַֿכָּתוּב לַחַיִּים Isaiah 4:3 all those enrolled (i.e. appointed) unto life; and, more explicitly, כָּלהַֿנִּמְצָא כָּתוּב בַּסֵּפֶר Daniel 12:1; עַפִּים בִּכְתוֺב עַמִּים י׳ Psalm 87:6 י׳ shall reckon, when he registers (note absence of suffix) the peoples, etc.
4. = decree, תִּכְתֹּב עָלַי מְרֹרוֺת Job 13:26 thou (י׳) decrest against me bitter things.
†Niph. (chiefly late, especially Esther), Imperfect יִכָּתֵב Esther 1:19 +, 3rd person feminine singular תִּכָּ֫תֶב זֹאת Psalm 102:19; 3rd person masculine plural יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Jeremiah 17:13 + 3 times, יִכָּֽתְבוּן Job 19:23; Participle נִכְתָּב Esther 3:12 + 2 times; —
1. be written, subject words Job 19:23, book Malachi 3:16; be written בְּסֵפֶר Esther 2:23; Esther 9:23, in, or among ב the laws Esther 1:19; once, with עַלֿ, עַלסִֿפְרְךָ כֻּלָּם יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Psalm 139:16 in thy י׳'s book all of them (my members) are written, i.e. written down, recorded (see below); absolute כְּתָב אֲשֶׁר נִכְתָּב בְּשֵׁם הַמֶּלֶךְ Esther 8:8 a writing which is written in the king's name, compare (impersonal) Esther 3:12; impersonal also וַיִּכָּתֵב כְּכָלאֲֿשֶׁר צִוָּה Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9; יִכָּ׳ followed by לְ = for Psalm 102:19; followed by לְ + infinitive (really = a subject-cl., — the contents of the letter) Esther 3:9; Esther 8:5.
2. be written down, recorded, Ezra 8:34; enrolled, בִּכְתָב בית ישׂראל לֹא יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Ezekiel 13:9 in the enrolement of the house of Israel they are not enrolled (eschatological); וְעִםצַֿדִּיקִים אַליִֿכָּתֵ֑בוּ Psalm 69:29 (|| חַיִּים יִמָּחוּ מִסֵּפֶר) — בָּאָרֶץ יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Jeremiah 17:13 is difficult; Gie reads, plausibly, מֵאֶרֶץ יִכָּרֵ֑תוּ (compare Psalm 34:17; Psalm 101:8, etc.)
Pi. frequently, Perfect and Participle, only כִּתֵּ֑בוּוּמְכַתְּבִים עָמָל Isaiah 10:1 and busy writers that make a business of writing oppression (i.e. register unjust sentences, compare Qal 4; || הַחֹקֲקִים חִקֲקֵיאָֿוֶן).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3790.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:4; 24:12; 31:18; 31:18; 32:15; 32:32; 34:1; 34:27; 34:27; 39:30; 39:30




6:9; 6:9; 9:10; 9:10; 10:4; 11:20; 11:20; 17:18; 17:18; 24:1; 24:1; 24:1; 27:3; 31:9; 31:24


1:8; 8:32; 18:8; 24:26


8:14; 18:4; 18:6; 18:8; 18:9

2 Samuel

1:18; 11:14; 11:14

1 Kings

11:41; 11:41; 15:7; 21:9

2 Kings

10:1; 10:1; 10:6; 22:13

1 Chronicles

4:41; 24:6

2 Chronicles

9:29; 24:27; 30:1; 30:1; 32:17; 33:19; 34:24; 35:25


4:7; 8:34


10:1; 12:22


1:19; 1:19; 2:23; 3:9; 3:12; 3:12; 3:12; 8:5; 8:5; 8:8; 8:8; 8:8; 8:9; 8:10; 9:13; 9:20; 9:23


13:26; 19:23; 19:23


34:17; 40:8; 69:29; 87:6; 101:8; 102:19; 102:19; 139:16


3:3; 3:3; 7:3


4:3; 8:1; 8:1; 8:1; 10:1; 10:19; 30:8; 44:5; 44:5


17:1; 17:13; 17:13; 22:30; 32:12; 32:44; 36:2; 36:2; 36:2; 36:6; 36:18; 36:28; 36:32; 36:32; 38:6; 38:6; 38:17; 38:27; 45:1; 45:1; 51:60


2:10; 2:10; 2:10; 13:9; 37:16







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3789 matches the Hebrew כָּתַב (kāṯaḇ),
which occurs 226 times in 212 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 5 (Exo 17:14–1Sa 10:25)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:14 - And Jehovah said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: that I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:4 - And Moses wrote all the words of Jehovah, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the mount, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:12 - And Jehovah said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee the tables of stone, and the law and the commandment, which I have written, that thou mayest teach them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:18 - And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, the two tables of the testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:15 - And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, with the two tables of the testimony in his hand; tables that were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:32 - Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin—; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:1 - And Jehovah said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon the tables the words that were on the first tables, which thou brakest.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:27 - And Jehovah said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - And he was there with Jehovah forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:30 - And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like the engravings of a signet, HOLY TO JEHOVAH.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:23 - And the priest shall write these curses in a book, and he shall blot them out into the water of bitterness:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:26 - But there remained two men in the camp, the name of the one was Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the Spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written, but had not gone out unto the Tent; and they prophesied in the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:2 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and take of them rods, one for each fathers’ house, of all their princes according to their fathers’ houses, twelve rods: write thou every man’s name upon his rod.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:3 - And thou shalt write Aaron’s name upon the rod of Levi; for there shall be one rod for each head of their fathers’ houses.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:2 - And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of Jehovah: and these are their journeys according to their goings out.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:13 - And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even the ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:22 - These words Jehovah spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them upon two tables of stone, and gave them unto me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:9 - And thou shalt write them upon the door-posts of thy house, and upon thy gates.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:10 - And Jehovah delivered unto me the two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which Jehovah spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:2 - And I will write on the tables the words that were on the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:4 - And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which Jehovah spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and Jehovah gave them unto me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:20 - And thou shalt write them upon the door-posts of thy house, and upon thy gates;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:18 - And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book, out of that which is before the priests the Levites:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:1 - When a man taketh a wife, and marrieth her, then it shall be, if she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some unseemly thing in her, that he shall write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:3 - And if the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, who took her to be his wife;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:3 - and thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou art passed over; that thou mayest go in unto the land which Jehovah thy God giveth thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, as Jehovah, the God of thy fathers, hath promised thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:8 - And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:58 - If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, JEHOVAH THY GOD;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:61 - Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will Jehovah bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:20 - Jehovah will not pardon him, but then the anger of Jehovah and his jealousy will smoke against that man, and all the curse that is written in this book shall lie upon him, and Jehovah will blot out his name from under heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:21 - And Jehovah will set him apart unto evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant that is written in this book of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:27 - therefore the anger of Jehovah was kindled against this land, to bring upon it all the curse that is written in this book;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:10 - if thou shalt obey the voice of Jehovah thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which are written in this book of the law; if thou turn unto Jehovah thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:9 - And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, that bare the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, and unto all the elders of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:19 - Now therefore write ye this song for you, and teach thou it the children of Israel: put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:22 - So Moses wrote this song the same day, and taught it the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:24 - And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:8 - This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate thereon day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:31 - as Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of unhewn stones, upon which no man had lifted up any iron: and they offered thereon burnt-offerings unto Jehovah, and sacrificed peace-offerings.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:32 - And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote, in the presence of the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:34 - And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessing and the curse, according to all that is written in the book of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 -
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed,
Until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies.
Is not this written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:4 - Appoint for you three men of each tribe: and I will send them, and they shall arise, and walk through the land, and describe it according to their inheritance; and they shall come unto me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:6 - And ye shall describe the land into seven portions, and bring the description hither to me; and I will cast lots for you here before Jehovah our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:8 - And the men arose, and went: and Joshua charged them that went to describe the land, saying, Go and walk through the land, and describe it, and come again to me; and I will cast lots for you here before Jehovah in Shiloh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:9 - And the men went and passed through the land, and described it by cities into seven portions in a book; and they came to Joshua unto the camp at Shiloh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:6 - Therefore be ye very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not aside therefrom to the right hand or to the left;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:26 - And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God; and he took a great stone, and set it up there under the oak that was by the sanctuary of Jehovah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:14 - And he caught a young man of the men of Succoth, and inquired of him: and he described for him the princes of Succoth, and the elders thereof, seventy and seven men.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:25 - Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before Jehovah. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house.

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