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Lexicon :: Strong's H3789 - kāṯaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
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TWOT Reference: 1053

Strong’s Definitions

כָּתַב kâthab, kaw-thab'; a primitive root; to grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe):—describe, record, prescribe, subscribe, write(-ing, -ten).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x

The KJV translates Strong's H3789 in the following manner: write (210x), describe (7x), subscribe (4x), recorded (1x), write up (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x
The KJV translates Strong's H3789 in the following manner: write (210x), describe (7x), subscribe (4x), recorded (1x), write up (1x).
  1. to write, record, enrol

    1. (Qal)

      1. to write, inscribe, engrave, write in, write on

      2. to write down, describe in writing

      3. to register, enrol, record

      4. to decree

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be written

      2. to be written down, be recorded, be enrolled

    3. (Piel) to continue writing

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
כָּתַב kâthab, kaw-thab'; a primitive root; to grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe):—describe, record, prescribe, subscribe, write(-ing, -ten).
STRONGS H3789: Abbreviations
כָּתַב 223 verb write (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician כתב; Aramaic כְּתַב, bdb050703 Nabataean כתב, see especially Nö in EutNab. p. 43; thence Arabic bdb050704 Ethiopic bdb050705 book, DiLex. 852 (as loan-words, Frä249 DHMVOJ i (1887), 29); MV Buhl compare Arabic bdb050706 draw or sew together, conjoin (letters), etc., compare FlZMG 1873, 427) —
Qal Perfect כ׳ Joshua 8:32 +, כָּתַבְתָּ Jeremiah 36:6 +, suffix וּכְתַבְתָּם consecutive Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 11:20, etc. (Perfect + 27 times); Imperfect יִכְתֹּב Isaiah 44:5, וַיִּכְתֹּב Exodus 24:4 +, etc. (Imperfect + 39 times); Imperative כְּתֹב Isaiah 8:1 + 5 times, כְּתָבֿ Exodus 34:27 + 2 times; suffix כָּתְבָהּ Isaiah 30:8, כָּתְבֵם Proverbs 3:3; Proverbs 7:3; plural כִּתְבוּ Deuteronomy 31:9 + 3 times; Infinitive absolute כָּתוֺכ Jeremiah 32:44; cstr כְּתוֺב Psalm 87:8, לִכְתֹּב Deuteronomy 31:24; Joshua 18:8; suffix כָּתְבוֺ Jeremiah 45:1; Participle active כֹּתֵב Jeremiah 36:18, plural כֹּתְבִים Jeremiah 32:12; Nehemiah 10:1; passive (113 times), כָּתוּב Joshua 1:8 +, feminine כְּתוּבָה 2 Samuel 1:18 +, plural כְּתוּבִים 1 Kings 15:7 +, כְּתֻבִים 1 Kings 11:41 +; feminine plural כְּתוּבוֺת 2 Chronicles 34:24; —
1. write:
a. with accusative, words Exodus 34:27, commandments Exodus 24:12, etc.; accusative of congnate meaning with verb מכתב Exodus 39:30, compare כַּמִּכְתָּב Deuteronomy 10:4; with כְּ, giving purport of writing, also Esther 8:8; but object also a book, סֵפֶר Exodus 32:32; Deuteronomy 24:1; מְגִלָּה Jeremiah 38:6, compare participle pass, וְהִיא כְּתוּבָה מָּנִים וְאָחוֺר Ezekiel 2:10)of מגלה; i.e. written on both sides); a letter, סֵפָר 2 Samuel 11:14; 2 Kings 10:1 + 4 times, אִגֶּרֶת 2 Chronicles 30:1; a divorce-certificate סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻת Deuteronomy 24:1, etc.; even לֻחֹת כְּתֻבִים tablets inscribed by the finger of God Exodus 31:18 compare Deuteronomy 9:10; מִשְּׁנֵי עֶבְרֵיהֶם כ׳ ל׳ Exodus 32:15 tables inscribed on both sides (compare Ezekiel 2:10 above) Here belongs (probably) וְזֶה יִכְתֹּב יָדוֺ לי׳ Isaiah 44:5 and this one shall inscribe his hand, 'Yahweh's', so Greek Version of the LXX Hi Kn Che Br Du Di, Ges Ew De, shall sign (with) his hand unto י׳.
b. more often write something on, or in (עַלֿ + 85 times, בְ + 44 times, אֶלֿ + 3 times) a tablet, roll, book, etc. (object various, as above): —
(1) עַלֿ כ׳ followed by סֵפֶר = book Deuteronomy 17:18 + 55 times, especially in phrase כתובים עלסֿפר דברי וגו׳ 1 Kings 11:41 + often Kings Chronicles; עַלמְֿגִּלָּה כ׳ Jeremiah 36:2; Jeremiah 36:28; Jeremiah 36:32; Jeremiah 38:29; עַללֿוּח(ותׅ כ׳ Exodus 34:1 + 7 times, עַלאֶֿבֶן Deuteronomy 27:3 + 2 times, עַלגּֿלָּיוֺן Isaiah 8:1; עַלמְֿזֻזוֺת בַּיִת Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 11:20; עַלמַֿטֶּה on a rod Numbers 17:17; Numbers 17:18; עַלעֵֿץ Ezekiel 37:16 (twice in verse), עַלצִֿיץ (high priest's plate) Exodus 39:30; even (only Chronicles) עַלֿ followed by name of book or its contents: — עַלדִּֿבְרֵי נָתָן כ׳ 2 Chronicles 9:29; compare 2 Chronicles 33:19; עַלמִֿדְרַשׁ וגו׳ 2 Chronicles 24:27; עַלהַֿקִּינוֺת 2 Chronicles 35:25; figurative, עַללִֿבָּם כ׳ Jeremiah 31:83 I will write them upon their heart; compare עַללֿוּחַ לִבֶּ֑ךָ כ׳ Proverbs 3:3.
(2) אֶלֿ כ׳ appears for עַלֿ כ׳ only Jeremiah 36:2 compare Ezekiel 2:10; Jeremiah 51:60. (3) בְּ כ׳ followed by ספר = book Joshua 24:26 (E) + 35 times; = letter, bill, deed, 1 Kings 21:9 + 5 times; בִּמְגִלַּת סֵפֶר כָּתוּב עָלָ֑י Psalm 40:8 it is prescribed to me, על as 2 Kings 22:13 (N.B. עלֿ כ׳ not used with סֵפֶר = letter, and בְּ כ׳ not used with לוּחַ, אבן or עֵץ).
c. other uses of perp. with כ׳ are: — בְּ instrumental, בְּחֶרֶט אֱנוֺשׁ כ׳ Isaiah 8:1, בְּעֵט בַּרְזֶל כ׳ Jeremiah 17:1; כְּתֻבִים בְּאֶצְבַּע אֱלֹהִים Deuteronomy 9:10; Exodus 31:18; אֶלֿ כ׳ unto, of person to whom letter, etc., is addressed 2 Samuel 11:14; 2 Kings 10:6; Esther 9:13; עַלֿ substantive for אֶלֿ (late) 2 Chronicles 30:1; Ezra 4:7; Esther 8:8; the fuller construction is ספר וישׁלח (אֶלֿׅ כ׳ 2 Kings 10:1; Esther 8:10; Esther 9:20 +; אֶלֿ כ׳ write down for the benefit or use of some one, Judges 8:14; לְ to or for, Deuteronomy 17:18; Deuteronomy 24:1 +; note especially אֶכְתָּו֯בלֿוֺ רֻבֵּו֯ תּוֺרָתִי Hosea 8:12, i.e. either, I write (keep writing) for them ever so many (We, רֹב, compare bdb050707 Ew and most רִבּוֺ(אׅ a myriad) of my directions, or 'Though I write,' 'Were I to write,' etc.; כ׳ followed by ל with infinitive of purpose 2 Chronicles 32:17; Esther 8:5; with מִן in phrase מִמִּי פ׳ כ׳ write from the mouth of any one i.e. from dictation, Jeremiah 36:2, 32; Jeremiah 38:6, 17, 27; Jeremiah 45:1.
2. = write down describe in writing, אֶתהָֿאָרֶץ כ׳ Judges 18:4, 6, 8 (3 times in verse); Judges 18:9.
3. = register enroll Isaiah 10:19 (= record the number), 1 Chronicles 24:6; especially passive הַכְּתוּבִים Numbers 11:26 those enrolled compare Nehemiah 12:22; בְּשֵׁמוֺת הַכּ׳ 1 Chronicles 4:41 those recorded by name; in prediction, אֶתהָֿאִישׁ כ׳ הַזֶּה עֲרִירִי Jeremiah 22:30 register this man as childless; with eschatological reference, כָּלהַֿכָּתוּב לַחַיִּים Isaiah 4:3 all those enrolled (i.e. appointed) unto life; and, more explicitly, כָּלהַֿנִּמְצָא כָּתוּב בַּסֵּפֶר Daniel 12:1; עַפִּים בִּכְתוֺב עַמִּים י׳ Psalm 87:6 י׳ shall reckon, when he registers (note absence of suffix) the peoples, etc.
4. = decree, תִּכְתֹּב עָלַי מְרֹרוֺת Job 13:26 thou (י׳) decrest against me bitter things.
†Niph. (chiefly late, especially Esther), Imperfect יִכָּתֵב Esther 1:19 +, 3rd person feminine singular תִּכָּ֫תֶב זֹאת Psalm 102:19; 3rd person masculine plural יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Jeremiah 17:13 + 3 times, יִכָּֽתְבוּן Job 19:23; Participle נִכְתָּב Esther 3:12 + 2 times; —
1. be written, subject words Job 19:23, book Malachi 3:16; be written בְּסֵפֶר Esther 2:23; Esther 9:23, in, or among ב the laws Esther 1:19; once, with עַלֿ, עַלסִֿפְרְךָ כֻּלָּם יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Psalm 139:16 in thy י׳'s book all of them (my members) are written, i.e. written down, recorded (see below); absolute כְּתָב אֲשֶׁר נִכְתָּב בְּשֵׁם הַמֶּלֶךְ Esther 8:8 a writing which is written in the king's name, compare (impersonal) Esther 3:12; impersonal also וַיִּכָּתֵב כְּכָלאֲֿשֶׁר צִוָּה Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9; יִכָּ׳ followed by לְ = for Psalm 102:19; followed by לְ + infinitive (really = a subject-cl., — the contents of the letter) Esther 3:9; Esther 8:5.
2. be written down, recorded, Ezra 8:34; enrolled, בִּכְתָב בית ישׂראל לֹא יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Ezekiel 13:9 in the enrolement of the house of Israel they are not enrolled (eschatological); וְעִםצַֿדִּיקִים אַליִֿכָּתֵ֑בוּ Psalm 69:29 (|| חַיִּים יִמָּחוּ מִסֵּפֶר) — בָּאָרֶץ יִכָּתֵ֑בוּ Jeremiah 17:13 is difficult; Gie reads, plausibly, מֵאֶרֶץ יִכָּרֵ֑תוּ (compare Psalm 34:17; Psalm 101:8, etc.)
Pi. frequently, Perfect and Participle, only כִּתֵּ֑בוּוּמְכַתְּבִים עָמָל Isaiah 10:1 and busy writers that make a business of writing oppression (i.e. register unjust sentences, compare Qal 4; || הַחֹקֲקִים חִקֲקֵיאָֿוֶן).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3790.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:4; 24:12; 31:18; 31:18; 32:15; 32:32; 34:1; 34:27; 34:27; 39:30; 39:30




6:9; 6:9; 9:10; 9:10; 10:4; 11:20; 11:20; 17:18; 17:18; 24:1; 24:1; 24:1; 27:3; 31:9; 31:24


1:8; 8:32; 18:8; 24:26


8:14; 18:4; 18:6; 18:8; 18:9

2 Samuel

1:18; 11:14; 11:14

1 Kings

11:41; 11:41; 15:7; 21:9

2 Kings

10:1; 10:1; 10:6; 22:13

1 Chronicles

4:41; 24:6

2 Chronicles

9:29; 24:27; 30:1; 30:1; 32:17; 33:19; 34:24; 35:25


4:7; 8:34


10:1; 12:22


1:19; 1:19; 2:23; 3:9; 3:12; 3:12; 3:12; 8:5; 8:5; 8:8; 8:8; 8:8; 8:9; 8:10; 9:13; 9:20; 9:23


13:26; 19:23; 19:23


34:17; 40:8; 69:29; 87:6; 101:8; 102:19; 102:19; 139:16


3:3; 3:3; 7:3


4:3; 8:1; 8:1; 8:1; 10:1; 10:19; 30:8; 44:5; 44:5


17:1; 17:13; 17:13; 22:30; 32:12; 32:44; 36:2; 36:2; 36:2; 36:6; 36:18; 36:28; 36:32; 36:32; 38:6; 38:6; 38:17; 38:27; 45:1; 45:1; 51:60


2:10; 2:10; 2:10; 13:9; 37:16







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3789 matches the Hebrew כָּתַב (kāṯaḇ),
which occurs 226 times in 212 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 5 (Exo 17:14–1Sa 10:25)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:14 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Write H3789 this in [fn]a book as a memorial and [fn]recite it in Joshua’s hearing, [fn]that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:4 - And Moses wrote H3789 down H3789 all the words of Yahweh. Then he arose early in the morning and built an altar [fn]at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:12 -

Now Yahweh said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain and [fn]remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets [fn]with the [fn]law and the commandment which I have written H3789 for their instruction.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:18 -

When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written H3789 by the finger of God.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:15 -

Then Moses turned and went down from the mountain. And the two tablets of the testimony were in his hand, tablets which were written H3789 on both [fn]sides; they were written H3789 on one side and the other.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:32 - “But now, if You will forgive their sin—but if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written H3789!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:1 -

Now Yahweh said to Moses, “Carve out for yourself two stone tablets like the former ones, and I will write H3789 on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:27 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Write H3789 [fn]down H3789 these words, for in accordance with these words I have cut a covenant with you and with Israel.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - So he was there with Yahweh forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And [fn]he wrote H3789 on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten [fn]Commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:30 -

They made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold and [fn]wrote H3789 upon it with engraved writing as found on a signet, “Holy to Yahweh.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:23 -

‘The priest shall then write H3789 these curses on a scroll, and he shall [fn]wash them off into the water of bitterness.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:26 -

But two men had remained in the camp; the name of one was Eldad and the name of the [fn]other Medad. And the Spirit rested upon them (now they were among those who had been registered H3789, but had not gone out to the tent), and they prophesied in the camp.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:2 - “Speak to the sons of Israel, and get from them a rod for each father’s household: twelve rods from all their leaders according to their fathers’ households. You shall write H3789 each name on his rod,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:3 - and write H3789 Aaron’s name on the rod of Levi; for there is one rod for the head of each of their fathers’ households.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:2 - And Moses wrote H3789 down their starting places according to their journeys by the [fn]command of Yahweh, and these are their journeys according to their starting places.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:13 - “So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to do, that is, the Ten [fn]Commandments; and He wrote H3789 them on two tablets of stone.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:22 -

“These words Yahweh spoke to all your assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire, of the cloud and of the dense gloom, with a great voice, and He added no more. He wrote H3789 them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:9 - “You shall write H3789 them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:10 - “And Yahweh gave me the two tablets of stone written H3789 by the finger of God; and on them were all the words which Yahweh had spoken with you at the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:2 - ‘And I will write H3789 on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered, and you shall put them in the ark.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:4 - “And He wrote H3789 on the tablets, like the former writing, the Ten [fn]Commandments which Yahweh had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and Yahweh gave them to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:20 - “And you shall write H3789 them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:18 -

“Now it will be when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write H3789 for himself a copy of this law on a scroll [fn]in the presence of the Levitical priests.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:1 -

“If a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens [fn]that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes H3789 her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:3 - and if the latter husband [fn]turns against her and writes H3789 her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, or if the latter husband dies who took her to be his wife,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:3 - and write H3789 on them all the words of this law when you cross over, so that you may enter the land which Yahweh your God gives you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as Yahweh, the God of your fathers, [fn]promised you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:8 - “And you shall write H3789 on the [fn]stones all the words of this law very distinctly.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:58 -

“If you are not careful to do all the words of this law which are written H3789 in this book, to [fn]fear this glorious and fearsome name, Yahweh your God,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:61 - “Also every sickness and every plague, which is not written H3789 in the book of this law, Yahweh will bring on you until you are destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:20 - “Yahweh shall not be willing to pardon him, but rather the anger of Yahweh and His jealousy will [fn]burn against that man, and every curse which is written H3789 in this book will [fn]rest on him, and Yahweh will blot out his name from under heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:21 - “Then Yahweh will separate him out for [fn]adversity from all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant which are written H3789 in this book of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:27 - ‘Therefore, the anger of Yahweh was kindled against that land, to bring upon it every curse which is written H3789 in this book;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:10 - [fn]when you listen to the voice of Yahweh your God to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written H3789 in this book of the law, [fn]when you return to Yahweh your God with all your heart and soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:9 -

So Moses wrote H3789 this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi who carried the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, and to all the elders of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:19 -

“So now, write H3789 this song for yourselves and teach it to the sons of Israel; put it in their mouths, so that this song may be a witness for Me against the sons of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:22 - So Moses wrote H3789 this song the same day and taught it to the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:24 -

And it happened, when Moses finished writing H3789 the words of this law in a book until they were complete,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:8 - “This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may [fn]be careful to do according to all that is written H3789 in it; for then you will make your way successful, and then you will [fn]be prosperous.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:31 - just as Moses the servant of Yahweh had commanded the sons of Israel, as it is written H3789 in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of uncut stones on which no man had wielded an iron tool; and they offered burnt offerings on it to Yahweh and sacrificed peace offerings.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:32 - And he wrote H3789 there on the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which [fn]he had written H3789, in the presence of the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:34 - Then afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessing and the curse, according to all that is written H3789 in the book of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 -

So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped,

Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies.

Is it not written H3789 in the book of Jashar? And the sun stood in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:4 - “Provide for yourselves three men from [fn]each tribe that I may send them, and that they may arise and walk through the land and write H3789 a description of it according to their inheritance; then they shall [fn]return to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:6 - “So you shall write H3789 a description of the land in seven divisions and bring the description here to me. I will cast lots for you here before Yahweh our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:8 -

Then the men arose and went, and Joshua commanded those who went to write H3789 the description of the land, saying, “Go and walk through the land and write H3789 a description of it, and return to me; then I will cast lots for you here before Yahweh in Shiloh.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:9 - So the men went and passed through the land and wrote H3789 a description of it by cities in seven divisions in a book; and they came to Joshua to the camp at Shiloh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:6 - “Be very strong, then, to keep and to do all that is written H3789 in the book of the law of Moses, so that you may not turn aside from it to the right hand or to the left,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:26 - And Joshua wrote H3789 these words in the book of the law of God; and he took a large stone and set it up there under the oak that was by the sanctuary of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:14 - And he captured a youth from the men of Succoth and questioned him. So the youth wrote H3789 down H3789 for him the princes of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:25 -

Then Samuel spoke with the people about the legal judgments of the kingdom and wrote H3789 them in the book and placed it before Yahweh. And Samuel sent all the people away, each one to his house.

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