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Lexicon :: Strong's H3885 - lûn

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1096,1097

Strong’s Definitions

לוּן lûwn, loon; or לִין lîyn; a primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication, to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain):—abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 87x

The KJV translates Strong's H3885 in the following manner: lodge (33x), murmur (14x), ... the night (14x), abide (7x), remain (6x), tarry (2x), lodge in (2x), continue (1x), dwell (1x), endure (1x), grudge (1x), left (1x), lie (1x), variant (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 87x
The KJV translates Strong's H3885 in the following manner: lodge (33x), murmur (14x), ... the night (14x), abide (7x), remain (6x), tarry (2x), lodge in (2x), continue (1x), dwell (1x), endure (1x), grudge (1x), left (1x), lie (1x), variant (3x).
  1. to lodge, stop over, pass the night, abide

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lodge, pass the night

      2. to abide, remain (fig.)

    2. (Hiphil) to cause to rest or lodge

    3. (Hithpalpel) to dwell, abide

  2. to grumble, complain, murmur

    1. (Niphal) to grumble

    2. (Hiphil) to complain, cause to grumble

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
לוּן lûwn, loon; or לִין lîyn; a primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication, to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain):—abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).
STRONGS H3885: Abbreviations
I. לוּן, לִין verb lodge, pass the night, figurative abide (Late Hebrew לִינָה noun lodging, spending the night; compare NöZMG xxxvii (1883), 535 ff.; according to Thes kindred with לַיְלָה (which see below), with change of ל and ן) —
Qal Perfect לָן Genesis 32:22; 2 Samuel 12:16; 3rd person feminine singular וְ֫לָנֶה consecutive (before monosyl.) Zechariah 5:4; 1st person plural וְלַנּוּ consecutive Judges 19:13 (see Ges§ 73. R. 1i. 508); Imperfect יָלִין Exodus 23:18 + 13 times + 2 Samuel 17:8, but compare Hiph.; וַיָּ֫לֶן Genesis 28:11 +4 times; 3rd person feminine singular תָּלִין Leviticus 19:13 + 4 times; תָּלַ֫ן Job 17:2 (see Köi. 509); 2nd person masculine singular jussive אַלתָּֿ֫לֶן 2 Samuel 17:16; תַָּל֑ן Judges 19:20 (see Köi.c.), etc.; Imperative לִין Judges 9:6, 19, etc.; Infinitive construct לָלוּן Genesis 24:25 + 5 times; לָלִין Genesis 24:23; Participle plural לֵנִים Nehemiah 13:21; —
1. lodge, pass the night:
a. literally, human subject, often with preposition or adverb of place, Genesis 19:2; Genesis 28:11; Judges 19:13, 15; 2 Samuel 17:16; Job 24:7 + often (on 2 Samuel 17:8 see Hiph.); with ה locative, וְלָן וְשָׁכַב אַ֫רְצָה 2 Samuel 12:16; with ב location + ב temporal בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא Genesis 32:14; Genesis 32:22; Joshua 8:9; with הַלַּיְלָה (accusative temporal), Numbers 22:8; Joshua 4:3; 2 Samuel 17:16; 2 Samuel 19:8; Ruth 3:13; of the wicked Psalm 59:16, according to Hup De Pe and others; < from II. לון Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Aq Che Bae and others, compare AV; simile of temporary sojourn Jeremiah 14:8 (of י׳ in Israel)
b. of animals: wild ox (span class="Hb maroon">רְאֵם) Job 39:9 (followed by עַלאֲֿבוּסֶ֑ךָ), porcupine (קִפּד) Zephaniah 2:14.
c. inanimate subject = remain all night: of fat of sacrifice Exodus 23:18 (E; followed by עַדבֹּֿקֶר), passover meal Exodus 34:25 (P; followed by לַבֹּקֶר), Deuteronomy 16:4 (followed by לַבֹּקֶר; all these without local designation), wages of hireling Leviticus 19:13 (H; אֶת = with + עַדבֹּֿקֶר); of dead body Deuteronomy 21:23 (עַל location); dew Job 29:19 (ב location); bunch of myrrh Songs 1:13 בֵּין location)
d. figurative יָלִין בֶּ֑כִי בָּעֶרֶב Psalm 30:6 at evening weeping may come to lodge (opposed to וְלַבֹּקֶר רִנָּה).
† 2. figurative abide, remain, subject עַיִן ( = look upon), with ב Job 17:2; of error, Job 19:4 (with preposition אֵת person), strength Job 41:14 (of crocodile; with ב); of righteousness, Isaiah 1:21 (with ב); תָּלִין נַפְשׁוֺ בְטוֺב Psalm 25:13; of hearkening ear Proverbs 15:31, with בְּקֶרֶב; of thoughts Jeremiah 4:14, with id.; absolute, of man, continue, endure, Psalm 49:13, שָׂבֵעַ יָלִין Proverbs 19:23 he shall continue satisfied.
Hiph. Imperfect יָלִין cause to rest, lodge, followed by accusative, 2 Samuel 17:8 see Köi. 509.
Hithpalp. Imperfect יִתְלֹנָ֑ן Job 39:28 dwell, abide, of eagle; figurative יִתְלוֺנָ֑ן בְּצֵל שַׁדַּי Psalm 91:1 of one trusting in י׳.

† II. [לוּן] verb murmur, only Exodus 15; Exodus 16; Exodus 17; Numbers 14; Numbers 16; Numbers 17; and Joshua 9:18 (SAM always defective, hence NöZMG xxxvii.1883, 535 n. thinks possibly לנן [compare רנן ?]; from limited occurrence, he supposes it disappeared early; but found chiefly in P); —
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּלּוֺ֫נוּ Exodus 15:24 +3 times + Exodus 16:2 Qr (Kt וילינו) + Numbers 14:36 Kt (Qr וַיַּלִּי֫נוּ, Hiph.); 2nd person masculine plural תִּלּוֺ֫נוּ Exodus 16:7; Numbers 16:11, both Kt (Qr תַּלִּי֫נוּ); on forms see Ges§ 72 Anm. 8i. 509; — murmur against, followed by עַל Exodus 15:24 (JE), Exodus 16:2, 7; Numbers 14:2; Numbers 16:11; Numbers 17:6; Joshua 9:18 (all P; all of people Israel); absolute Psalm 59:16 (see I.לון 1a).
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine plural הֲלִינֹתֶם Numbers 14:29; Imperfect וַיָּ֫לֶן Exodus 17:3; וַיַּלִּי֫נוּ Exodus 16:2 Kt, Numbers 14:36 Qr; 2nd person masculine plural תַּלִּי֫נוּ Exodus 16:7 Qr, Numbers 16:11 Qr (on all see above); Participle plural מַלִּינִים Exodus 16:8 +3 times; — murmur = Niph., followed by על Exodus 17:3 (E), elsewhere P: Exodus 16:8; Numbers 14:27 (twice in verse); Numbers 14:29; Numbers 17:20; cause to murmur, followed by accusative + עַל Numbers 14:36 Qr; (compare also above Niph.)
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:2; 24:23; 24:25; 28:11; 28:11; 32:14; 32:22; 32:22


15; 15:24; 15:24; 16; 16:2; 16:2; 16:2; 16:7; 16:7; 16:7; 16:8; 16:8; 17; 17:3; 17:3; 23:18; 23:18; 34:25


19:13; 19:13


14; 14:2; 14:27; 14:29; 14:29; 14:36; 14:36; 14:36; 16; 16:11; 16:11; 16:11; 17; 17:6; 22:8


16:4; 21:23


4:3; 8:9; 9:18; 9:18


9:6; 9:19; 19:13; 19:13; 19:15; 19:20



2 Samuel

12:16; 12:16; 17:8; 17:8; 17:8; 17:16; 17:16; 17:16; 19:8




17:2; 17:2; 19:4; 24:7; 29:19; 39:9; 39:28; 41:14


25:13; 30:6; 49:13; 59:16; 59:16; 91:1


15:31; 19:23

Song of Songs





4:14; 14:8





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3885 matches the Hebrew לוּן (lûn),
which occurs 87 times in 78 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 19:2–Neh 4:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:2 - And he said, “Now behold, my lords, please turn aside into your servant’s house, and spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885, and wash your feet; then you may rise early and go on your way.” They said however, “No, but we shall spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in the square.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:23 - and said, “Whose daughter are you? Please tell me, is there a place for us to lodge H3885 in your father’s house?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:25 - And she said to him, “We have plenty of both straw and feed, and a place to lodge H3885 in.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:54 - Then he and the men who were with him ate and drank and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885. And then they arose in the morning, and he said, “Send me away to my master.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he reached [fn]a certain place and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there because the sun had set; and he took one of the stones of the place and put it [fn]under his head and lay down in that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain and called his [fn]relatives to eat a [fn]meal; and they ate [fn]the meal and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 on the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:13 -

So he spent H3885 the night there. Then he took from what [fn]he had with him a present for his brother Esau:

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:21 - So the present passed on before him, while he himself spent H3885 that night in the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:24 - So the people grumbled H3885 at Moses, saying, “What shall we drink?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:2 - And the whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled H3885 against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:7 - and in the morning [fn]you will see the glory of Yahweh, for He hears your grumblings against Yahweh; and what are we, that you grumble H3885 against us?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:3 - But the people thirsted there for water; and [fn]they grumbled H3885 against Moses and said, “Why, now, have you brought us up from Egypt, to put [fn]us and [fn]our children and [fn]our livestock to death with thirst?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:18 -

“You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; nor is the fat of My [fn]feast to remain H3885 overnight H3885 until morning.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:25 -

“You shall not [fn]offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread, and the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover shall not [fn]be left H3885 over H3885 until morning.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:13 -

‘You shall not oppress your neighbor nor rob him. The wages of a hired man shall not remain H3885 with you overnight H3885 until morning.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:2 - And all the sons of Israel grumbled H3885 against Moses and Aaron; and the whole congregation said to them, “Would that we had died in the land of Egypt! Or would that we had died in this wilderness!
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:27 - “How long shall I bear with this evil congregation who are grumbling H3885 against Me? I have heard the complaints of the sons of Israel, which they are [fn]making H3885 against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:29 - your corpses will fall in this wilderness, even all your [fn]numbered men, according to your complete number from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled H3885 against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:36 -

As for the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land and who returned and made all the congregation grumble H3885 against him by bringing out a bad report concerning the land,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:11 - “Therefore you and all your congregation are gathered together against Yahweh; but as for Aaron, [fn]who is he that you grumble H3885 against him?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:41 -

But on the next day all the congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled H3885 against Moses and Aaron, saying, “You are the ones who have caused the death of the people of Yahweh.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:5 - “And it will come about that the rod of the man whom I choose will sprout. Thus I will rid Myself of the grumblings of the sons of Israel, who are grumbling H3885 against you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:8 - And he said to them, “Spend H3885 the night here, and I will bring word back to you as Yahweh may speak to me.” And the leaders of Moab stayed with Balaam.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:4 - “For seven days no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory, and none of the flesh which you sacrifice on the evening of the first day shall remain H3885 overnight H3885 until morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:23 - his corpse shall not hang H3885 all night H3885 on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (because cursed of God is he who is hanged), so that you do not make unclean your land which Yahweh your God gives you as an inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 3:1 -

Then Joshua rose early in the morning; and he and all the sons of Israel set out from Shittim and came to the Jordan, and they lodged H3885 there before they crossed.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:3 - and command them, saying, ‘Carry for yourselves twelve stones from here out of the middle of the Jordan, from the place where the priests’ feet are standing firm, and carry them over with you and lay them down in the lodging place where you will lodge H3885 tonight.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:11 - So he had the ark of Yahweh [fn]taken around the city, circling it once; then they came into the camp and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:9 - So Joshua sent them away, and they went to the place of ambush and remained between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of Ai; but Joshua spent H3885 that night among the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:18 - But the sons of Israel did not strike them down because the leaders of the congregation had sworn to them by Yahweh the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled H3885 against the leaders.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:2 - So the sons of Dan sent from their family five men out of their whole number, [fn]men of valor from Zorah and Eshtaol, to spy out the land and to search it; and they said to them, “Go, search the land.” And they came to the hill country of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, and lodged H3885 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:4 - And his father-in-law, the girl’s father, prevailed upon him; and he remained with him three days. So they ate and drank and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:6 - So both of them sat down and ate and drank together; and the girl’s father said to the man, “Please be willing to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885, and let your heart be merry.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:7 - Then the man arose to go, but his father-in-law pressed him so that he turned back and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - Then the man arose to go along with his concubine and young man, and his father-in-law, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn [fn]to a close; please spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885. Behold, the day is [fn]coming to an end; spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go to your tent.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:10 -

But the man was not willing to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885, so he arose and went and came to a place before Jebus (that is, Jerusalem). And there were with him a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine also was with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:11 - They were alongside of Jebus, and the day was almost gone. And the young man said to his master, “Come, please, and let us turn aside into this city of the Jebusites and spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:13 - Then he said to his young man, “Come and let us draw near to one of these places; and we will spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in Gibeah or Ramah.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:15 - Then they turned aside there in order to enter and to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in Gibeah. So [fn]they entered and sat down in the open square of the city. Now no one was taking them into his house to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:20 - Then the old man said, “Peace be to you. Only let me take care of all that you lack; however, do not spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in the open square.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:4 - So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “I came with my concubine to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 at Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:16 - But Ruth said, “Do not press me to forsake you in turning back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge H3885, I will lodge H3885. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:13 - “Stay H3885 this night, and it will be in the morning that, if he will [fn]redeem you, good; let him redeem you. But if he does not desire to [fn]redeem you, then I will redeem you, as Yahweh lives. Lie down until morning.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:16 - David therefore sought God about the boy; and David fasted and went and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 lying on the ground.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:8 - Then Hushai said, “You know your father and his men, that they are mighty men and they are bitter of soul, like a bear robbed of her cubs in the field. And your father is a man of war, and will not spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 with the people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:16 - “So now, send quickly and inform David, saying, ‘Do not spend H3885 the night at the fords of the wilderness, but by all means cross over, lest the king and all the people who are with him be swallowed up.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:7 - “So now, arise, go out and speak to the heart of your servants, for I swear by Yahweh, if you do not go out, surely not a man will pass H3885 the night with you, and this will be of greater evil for you than all the evil that has come upon you from your youth until now.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:9 -

Then he came there to a cave and lodged H3885 there; and behold, the word of Yahweh came to him, and He said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:27 - And they spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 all around the house of God, because the watch was [fn]committed to them; and they were over opening it morning by morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:22 - At that time I also said to the people, “Let each man with his young man spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 within Jerusalem so that they may be a guard for us by night and a worker by day.”

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