Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3899 - leḥem

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1105a

Strong’s Definitions

לֶחֶם lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; See also H1036 food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it):—(shew-) bread, × eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 297x

The KJV translates Strong's H3899 in the following manner: bread (237x), food (21x), meat (18x), shewbread (with H6440) (5x), loaves (5x), shewbread (with H4635) (3x), shewbread (2x), victuals (2x), eat (1x), feast (1x), fruit (1x), provision (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 297x
The KJV translates Strong's H3899 in the following manner: bread (237x), food (21x), meat (18x), shewbread (with H6440) (5x), loaves (5x), shewbread (with H4635) (3x), shewbread (2x), victuals (2x), eat (1x), feast (1x), fruit (1x), provision (1x).
  1. bread, food, grain

    1. bread

      1. bread

      2. bread-corn

    2. food (in general)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
לֶחֶם lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; See also H1036 food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it):—(shew-) bread, × eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.
STRONGS H3899: Abbreviations
לֶ֫חֶם 296 noun masculine1 Samuel 9:7 and (rarely) feminineGenesis 49:20 (see below, and Dr1 Samuel 10:4) bread, food (Phoenician לחם bread; Late Hebrew לֶחֶם; Aramaic לַחְמָא, bdb053604, as Hebrew; Arabic bdb053605 flesh, meat, (compare Frä30)); — absolute ל׳ Genesis 3:19 +; לָ֑חֶם Genesis 31:54 +; לֶ֑חֶם Psalm 14:4 + 2 times; construct לֶחֶם Hosea 9:4 +; suffix לַחְמִי Job 3:24 +, לַחְמְךָ Obadiah 7 +, לַחְמָם Hosea 9:4b, + Hosea 9:4a (for MT לָהֶם), We GASm Now, + etc.; —
a. bread, the ordinary food of early Hebrews (BenzArchaeology 84 ff NowArchaeology i. 109 ff.) Exodus 21:14 (E), Numbers 21:5; Joshua 9:5, 12 (JE), Deuteronomy 8:3; Deuteronomy 23:5; Exodus 16:3 (P) +; כִּכַּרלֿ׳ loaf of bread 1 Samuel 2:36 + (see כִּכָּר below כרר), and without ככר (always with number)† 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 16:20 (see Dr), 1 Samuel 17:7; 1 Samuel 21:4; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 16:1; 1 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 4:42 †; חַלַת ל׳ cake of bread 2 Samuel 6:19; Exodus 29:23 + (see חַלָּה below I. חלל); made from barley (שְׂעֹרִים); Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 4:42 (see also לָחֶם above); from wheat-flour (סֹלֶת חִטִים) Exodus 29:2 (P); compare the mixture Ezekiel 4:9; made by baking (אפה) Isaiah 44:15, 19; Leviticus 26:26 (H; compare Jeremiah 37:21); † פַּת־ל׳ a bit of bread 1 Samuel 2:36; 1 Kings 17:11; Proverbs 28:21, compare Ezekiel 13:19, as modest term for a hospitable meal Genesis 18:5 (J), Judges 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:22 †; distinguished from meat (flesh), Genesis 27:17 (J) 1 Samuel 25:11; 1 Kings 17:6 (twice in verse); Exodus 16:8, 12 (also Exodus 16:3 above), Exodus 29:32, 34; Leviticus 8:31 (all P), Leviticus 23:18 (H), 1 Chronicles 12:40; Psalm 78:20; Daniel 10:3; = a meal 1 Samuel 20:27, אָכַל ל׳ = take a meal Genesis 31:54 (twice in verse); Genesis 37:25; Genesis 43:25, 32 +; אכל לַחְמִי Psalm 41:10 eat my bread, establishing an obligation, compare Obadiah 7 (read אֹכְלֵי ל׳ according to MartiKau AT; strike out ל׳ Greek Version of the LXX Hi We, compare VB) עשׂה ל׳ = make a feast Ecclesiastes 10:19; מַטֵּה ל׳ staff of bread (as support of life), only late † Ezekiel 4:16; Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 14:13; Leviticus 26:26 (H), Psalm 105:16; cf.מִשְׁעַן ל׳ Isaiah 3:1 (gloss) †; leavened bread is חָמֵץ ל׳ Leviticus 7:13; unleavened bread is מַצּוֺת ל׳ Exodus 29:2 (both P); † (הַ)פָּנִים ל׳ bread of the face (of י׳; i.e. in his presence, DiLeviticus 24:9 Dr1 Samuel 21:7); in the sanctuary 1 Samuel 21:7; 1 Kings 7:48 2 Chronicles 4:19; Exodus 25:30; Exodus 35:13; Exodus 39:36, without פ׳ Exodus 40:23 (all P); = הַתָּמִיד ל׳ Numbers 4:7 (P), קֹדֶשׁ ל׳ 1 Samuel 21:5; in Chronicles הַמַּעֲרָ֑כֶת ל׳ 1 Chronicles 9:32; compare 1 Chronicles 23:29; Nehemiah 10:34, ל׳ מ׳ 2 Chronicles 13:11; opposed to חֹל ל׳ 1 Samuel 21:5 †; תְּנוּפִה ל׳ Leviticus 23:17 wave-loaf; (הַ)בִּכֻּרִים ל׳ Leviticus 23:20; 2 Kings 4:42 bread of first-fruits.
† b. = bread-corn, the material from which bread is made, i.e. wheat, barley, etc.: Genesis 41:54, 55 (E), Genesis 47:13, 15, 17 (twice in verse); Genesis 47:19 (J), Genesis 49:20 (poem in J), Isaiah 28:28; Isaiah 30:23; Isaiah 55:10; Jeremiah 5:17; Ezekiel 48:18; Job 28:5; Proverbs 28:3; Psalm 104:14; הָאָרֶץ ל׳ Numbers 15:19 (P), ארץ ל׳ 2 Kings 18:32 = Isaiah 36:17 †.
2. food in general:
a. of man, Judges 13:16 (kid, Judges 13:15) 1 Samuel 14:24 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 14:28 (honey), 1 Samuel 28:20; 1 Samuel 30:12; Proverbs 22:9; Proverbs 27:27 (twice in verse) (goat's milk) +; לְכָלבָּֿשָׂר נֹתֵן ל׳ Psalm 136:25.
†b. of animals, Proverbs 6:8; Proverbs 30:25; Prov 65:25; Job 24:5 + Psalm 147:9 †.
c. of God (in sacrifices): † אֱלֹהֵיהֶם ל׳ (compare RSSemitic i. 207, 2nd ed., 224) Leviticus 21:6 compare Leviticus 21:8; Leviticus 21:17; Leviticus 21:21; Leviticus 21:22, Leviticus 22:25 (all H), compare Numbers 28:2 (P), Ezekiel 16:19; Ezekiel 44:7, and מְגֹאָל ל׳ Malachi 1:7, also (לי׳) אִשֶּׁה ל׳ Leviticus 3:11, 16; Numbers 28:24 (all P) †.
3. other phrases and figurative uses are:
a. רֶשַׁע ל׳ Proverbs 4:17 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb with לָחַם), probably = food gained by wickedness ׅ || (יִיִן חֲמָסִים, compare שָׁ֑קֶר ל׳ Proverbs 20:17, כְּזָבִים ל׳ Proverbs 23:3; עַצְלוּת ל׳ Proverbs 31:27 = bread of idleness, i.e. unearned; חֻקִּי ל׳ Proverbs 30:8 (opposed to riches and poverty, see חֹק); לַחַץ ל׳ 1 Kings 22:27 = 2 Chronicles 18:26, see לַחַץ below; הָעֲצָבִים ל׳ Psalm 127:2 see II. עֶצָב; אוֺנִים ל׳ Hosea 9:4, see אָוֶן; אֲנָשִׁים ל׳ Ezekiel 24:17, 22 of food offered to mourners, compare Jeremiah 16:7 (where insert ל׳ Greek Version of the LXX Gf Gie); שַׁלַּח לחמך עלפֿני המים Ecclesiastes 11:1 usual interpration of benevolent giving (compare Now); De and others of sea-commerce in bread-stuffs, compare Proverbs 31:14.
b. figurative לַחְמֵנוּ הֵם Numbers 14:9 (JE) our food are they, i.e. we will devour, destroy, them (compare Deuteronomy 7:16); דִּמְעָתִּי ל׳ Psalm 42:4; compare Psalm 80:6 (see אכל above); ל׳ of evil deeds of wicked Job 20:14; עֵץ בְּלַחְמוֺ Jeremiah 11:19 apparently fig.of destroying the prophet and his house, but read probably בְּלֵחוֺ in its freshness (i.e. untimely), so Hi Gf Che Gie (see לֵחַ below לחח above).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3900.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:19; 18:5; 27:17; 31:54; 31:54; 37:25; 41:54; 41:55; 43:25; 43:32; 47:13; 47:15; 47:17; 47:19; 49:20; 49:20


16:3; 16:3; 16:8; 16:12; 21:14; 25:30; 29:2; 29:2; 29:23; 29:32; 29:34; 35:13; 39:36; 40:23


3:11; 3:16; 7:13; 8:31; 21:6; 21:8; 21:17; 21:21; 21:22; 22:25; 23:17; 23:18; 23:20; 24:9; 26:26; 26:26


4:7; 14:9; 15:19; 21:5; 28:2; 28:24


7:16; 8:3; 23:5


9:5; 9:12


7:13; 13:15; 13:16; 19:5

1 Samuel

2:36; 2:36; 9:7; 10:4; 10:4; 14:24; 14:28; 16:20; 17:7; 20:27; 21:4; 21:5; 21:5; 21:7; 21:7; 25:11; 25:18; 28:20; 28:22; 30:12

2 Samuel

6:19; 16:1

1 Kings

7:48; 14:3; 17:6; 17:11; 22:27

2 Kings

4:42; 4:42; 4:42; 18:32

1 Chronicles

9:32; 12:40; 23:29

2 Chronicles

4:19; 13:11; 18:26




3:24; 20:14; 24:5; 28:5


14:4; 41:10; 42:4; 78:20; 80:6; 104:14; 105:16; 127:2; 136:25; 147:9


4:17; 6:8; 20:17; 22:9; 23:3; 27:27; 28:3; 28:21; 30:8; 30:25; 31:14; 31:27


10:19; 11:1


3:1; 28:28; 30:23; 36:17; 44:15; 44:19; 55:10


5:17; 11:19; 16:7; 37:21


4:9; 4:16; 5:16; 13:19; 14:13; 16:19; 24:17; 24:22; 44:7; 48:18




9:4; 9:4; 9:4; 9:4


1:7; 1:7



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3899 matches the Hebrew לֶחֶם (leḥem),
which occurs 299 times in 277 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 6 (Gen 3:19–Lev 21:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 - In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, H3899 till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:18 - And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread H3899 and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:5 - And I will fetch a morsel of bread, H3899 and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:14 - And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, H3899 and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - Then Jacob gave Esau bread H3899 and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:17 - And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, H3899 which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:20 - And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread H3899 to eat, and raiment to put on,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: H3899 and they did eat bread, H3899 and tarried all night in the mount.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:25 - And they sat down to eat bread: H3899 and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - And he left all that he had in Joseph's hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread H3899 which he did eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:54 - And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. H3899
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:55 - And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: H3899 and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:25 - And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread H3899 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:31 - And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread. H3899
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:32 - And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread H3899 with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:23 - And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread H3899 and meat for his father by the way.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:12 - And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, H3899 according to their families.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:13 - And there was no bread H3899 in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:15 - And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: H3899 for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:17 - And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread H3899 in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread H3899 for all their cattle for that year.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:19 - Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, H3899 and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:20 - Out of Asher his bread H3899 shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:20 - And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread. H3899
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:3 - And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread H3899 to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:4 - Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread H3899 from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:8 - And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread H3899 to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:12 - I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; H3899 and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:15 - And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread H3899 which the LORD hath given you to eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:22 - And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, H3899 two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:29 - See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread H3899 of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:32 - And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread H3899 wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:12 - And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread H3899 with Moses' father in law before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:25 - And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, H3899 and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 25:30 - And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread H3899 before me alway.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:2 - And unleavened bread, H3899 and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:23 - And one loaf of bread, H3899 and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:32 - And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread H3899 that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:34 - And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, H3899 remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, H3899 nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:13 - The table, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread, H3899
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:36 - The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread, H3899
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:23 - And he set the bread H3899 in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:11 - And the priest shall burn it upon the altar: it is the food H3899 of the offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:16 - And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the food H3899 of the offering made by fire for a sweet savour: all the fat is the LORD'S.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:13 - Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his offering leavened bread H3899 with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:26 - And out of the basket of unleavened bread, H3899 that was before the LORD, he took one unleavened cake, and a cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, and put them on the fat, and upon the right shoulder:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:31 - And Moses said unto Aaron and to his sons, Boil the flesh at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and there eat it with the bread H3899 that is in the basket of consecrations, as I commanded, saying, Aaron and his sons shall eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:32 - And that which remaineth of the flesh and of the bread H3899 shall ye burn with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:6 - They shall be holy unto their God, and not profane the name of their God: for the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and the bread H3899 of their God, they do offer: therefore they shall be holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:8 - Thou shalt sanctify him therefore; for he offereth the bread H3899 of thy God: he shall be holy unto thee: for I the LORD, which sanctify you, am holy.

BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan