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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3971 - mᵊ'ûm

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
As if passive participle from an unused root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1137a

Strong’s Definitions

מאוּם mʼûwm, moom; usually מוּם mûwm; as if passive participle from an unused root probably meaning to stain a blemish (physically or morally):—blemish, blot, spot.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x

The KJV translates Strong's H3971 in the following manner: blemish (16x), spot (3x), blot (2x), variant (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x
The KJV translates Strong's H3971 in the following manner: blemish (16x), spot (3x), blot (2x), variant (1x).
  1. blemish, spot, defect

    1. of physical defect

    2. of moral stain

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מאוּם mʼûwm, moom; usually מוּם mûwm; as if passive participle from an unused root probably meaning to stain a blemish (physically or morally):—blemish, blot, spot.
STRONGS H3971: Abbreviations
מאוּם noun masculineJob 31:7 blemish, defect (for מְאוּם, which, although found only late, is (si vera lectio) apparently original form,.Köii. 146); — מ׳ absolute:
1. of physical defect Daniel 1:4.
2. figurative מ׳ דָּבַק בְּכַפַּ׳ Job 31:7 of moral stain; usually

מוּם noun masculineLeviticus 21:17 (= foregoing (above); quiescent א omitted) (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מוּמָא, bdb054801); — absolute מ׳ Leviticus 21:17 16 times; suffix מוּמוֺ Proverbs 9:7; מוּמָם Deuteronomy 32:5; — blemish, defect (chiefly H):
1. physical,
a. in man, as excluding from priestly service, Leviticus 21:17,18,21 (twice in verse); Leviticus 21:23; disfiguring man 2 Samuel 14:25, woman Songs 4:7; (in all בְּ היה מ׳); as caused by man upon man Leviticus 24:19,20.
b. in beast (reference to sacrifice) Leviticus 22:20,21,25; Numbers 19:2; Deuteronomy 15:21 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 17:1 (in all בְּ היה מ׳).
2. figurative of moral blemish Deuteronomy 32:5 (but text very dubious, compare Dr); תִּשָּׂא פָנֶיךָ מִמּוּם Job 11:15; of shame of repulse Proverbs 9:7 (|| (קָלוֺן).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


21:17; 21:17; 21:17; 21:18; 21:21; 21:23; 22:20; 22:21; 22:25; 24:19; 24:20




15:21; 17:1; 32:5; 32:5

2 Samuel



11:15; 31:7; 31:7


9:7; 9:7

Song of Songs





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3971 matches the Hebrew מְאוּם (mᵊ'ûm),
which occurs 22 times in 19 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:17 - “Speak to Aaron, saying, ‘None of your [fn]descendants throughout their generations who has an impairment H3971 shall approach to offer the food of his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:18 - ‘For no one who has an impairment H3971 shall approach: a man who is blind, or one who limps, or one who has a slit nose, or one with any conspicuous feature,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:21 - ‘No man among the [fn]descendants of Aaron the priest who has an impairment H3971 is to come forward to offer the LORD’S offerings by fire; since he has an impairment H3971, he shall not come forward to offer the food of his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:23 - only he shall not come up to the veil or approach the altar, since he has an impairment H3971, so that he does not profane My sanctuaries. For I am the LORD who sanctifies them.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:20 - ‘Whatever has a defect H3971, you shall not offer, for it will not be accepted for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:21 - ‘When someone offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD to fulfill a special vow or for a [fn]voluntary offering, [fn]of the herd or [fn]of the flock, it must be without defect to be accepted; there shall be no defect H3971 in it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:25 - nor shall you offer any of these animals taken from the hand of a [fn]foreigner as the [fn]food of your God; for their deformity is in them, they have an impairment H3971. They will not be accepted for you.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 24:19 - ‘If someone injures H3971 his neighbor, just as he has done, so shall it be done to him:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 24:20 - fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; just as he has injured H3971 a person, so shall it be [fn]inflicted on him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:2 - “This is the statute of the law which the LORD has commanded, saying, ‘Speak to the sons of Israel that they bring you an unblemished red heifer in which there is no defect H3971 and on which a yoke has never [fn]been mounted.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 15:21 - “But if it has any impairment H3971, such as a limp, or blindness, or any serious impairment H3971, you shall not sacrifice it to the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:1 - “You shall not sacrifice to the LORD your God an ox or a sheep which has a blemish H3971 or any [fn]defect, for that is a detestable thing to the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:5 - [fn]They have acted corruptly against Him,
They are not His children, because of their defect H3971;
But are a perverse and crooked generation.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:25 - Now in all Israel there was no one as handsome as Absalom, so highly praised; from the sole of his foot to the top of his head there was no impairment H3971 in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:15 - Then, indeed, you could lift up your face without moral blemish H3971,
And you would be firmly established and not fear.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:7 - “If my step has turned from the way,
Or my heart [fn]followed my eyes,
Or if any spot H3971 has stuck to my hands,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 9:7 - One who corrects a scoffer gets dishonor for himself,
And one who rebukes a wicked person gets [fn]insults H3971 for himself.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 4:7 - “You are altogether beautiful, my darling,
And there is no blemish H3971 on you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 1:4 - youths in whom there was no impairment H3971, who were good-looking, suitable for instruction in every kind of expertise, endowed with understanding and discerning knowledge, and who had ability to [fn]serve in the king’s [fn]court; and he ordered Ashpenaz to teach them the [fn]literature and language of the Chaldeans.
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