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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3978 - ma'ăḵāl

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 85d

Strong’s Definitions

מַאֲכָל maʼăkâl, mah-ak-awl'; from H398; an eatable (includ. provender, flesh and fruit):—food, fruit, (bake-)meat(-s), victual.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's H3978 in the following manner: meat (22x), food (5x), fruit (1x), manner (1x), victual (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's H3978 in the following manner: meat (22x), food (5x), fruit (1x), manner (1x), victual (1x).
  1. food, fruit, meat

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַאֲכָל maʼăkâl, mah-ak-awl'; from H398; an eatable (includ. provender, flesh and fruit):—food, fruit, (bake-)meat(-s), victual.
STRONGS H3978: Abbreviations
מַאֲכָל 30 noun masculineJudges 14:14 (feminine Habakkuk 1:16) foodמ׳ Genesis 2:9 + 21 times; construct מַאֲכַל Genesis 40:7 + 3 times; suffix מַאֲכָֽלְךָ Ezekiel 4:10; מַאֲכָלוֺ Habakkuk 1:16; מַאֲכָלָהּ Proverbs 6:8; מַאֲכַלְכֶם Daniel 1:10food, in general. Genesis 6:21; 1 Kings 10:5 2 Chronicles 9:4; Haggai 2:12; opposed to drink Ezra 3:7; 2 Chronicles 11:11; Daniel 1:10; מַאֲכַל תַּאֲוָה Job 33:20; figurative of peoples as fishes, food for Chaldeans Habakkuk 1:16; applied to fruit Genesis 2:9; Genesis 3:6 (of tree טוֺב לְמ׳) compare עֵץמֿ׳ Leviticus 19:23; Deuteronomy 20:20; Nehemiah 9:25; Ezekiel 47:12 (twice in verse); applied to דָּגָן Isaiah 62:8; applied to honey Judges 14:14; to flour 1 Chronicles 12:41 where apposition קֶמַח; to food of ants Proverbs 6:8 (|| לֶחֶם); to baker's work Genesis 40:17 compare Ezekiel 4:10; applied to carcasses, as food for beasts & birds of prey Deuteronomy 28:26; Psalm 79:2; compare Psalm 44:12 (צאֹן מ׳, simile of suffering people) Jeremiah 7:33; Jeremiah 16:4; Jeremiah 19:7; Jeremiah 34:20; Psalm 74:14.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:9; 2:9; 3:6; 6:21; 40:7; 40:17




20:20; 28:26


14:14; 14:14

1 Kings


2 Chronicles

9:4; 11:11








44:12; 74:14; 79:2


6:8; 6:8




7:33; 16:4; 19:7; 34:20


4:10; 4:10; 47:12


1:10; 1:10


1:16; 1:16; 1:16




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3978 matches the Hebrew מַאֲכָל (ma'ăḵāl),
which occurs 30 times in 29 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:9 - Out of the ground the LORD God caused every tree to grow that is pleasing to the sight and good for food H3978; the tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:6 - When the woman saw that the tree was good for food H3978, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took some of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband with her, and he ate.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:21 - “As for you, take for yourself some of every food H3978 that is edible, and gather it to yourself; and it shall be food for you and them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:17 - and in the top basket there were some of all [fn]kinds of baked food H3978 for Pharaoh, and the birds were eating them out of the basket on my head.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:23 -

‘Now when you enter the land and plant all kinds of trees for food H3978, then you shall count their fruit as [fn]forbidden. For three years it shall be [fn]forbidden to you; it shall not be eaten.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:20 - “Only the trees that you know [fn]are not fruit H3978 trees you shall destroy and cut down, so that you may construct siegeworks against the city that is making war against you until it falls.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:26 - “Your dead bodies will [fn]serve as food H3978 for all birds of the sky and for the animals of the earth, and there will be no one to frighten them away.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:14 - So he said to them,

“Out of the eater came something H3978 to H3978 eat H3978,

And out of the strong came something sweet.”

But they could not tell the answer to the riddle in three days.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:5 - and the food H3978 of his table, the seating of his servants, the service of his waiters and their attire, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered at the house of the LORD, [fn]she was breathless.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 12:40 - Moreover, those who were near to them, as far as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen, and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 9:4 - the food H3978 at his table, the seating of his servants, the attendance of his ministers and their attire, his cupbearers and their attire, and [fn]his stairway by which he went up to the house of the LORD, she was breathless.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 11:11 - He also strengthened the fortresses and put officers in them and supplies of food H3978, oil, and wine.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 3:7 - Then they gave money to the masons and carpenters, and food H3978, drink, and oil to the Sidonians and the Tyrians to bring cedar wood from Lebanon to the sea at Joppa, according to the permission they had [fn]from Cyrus king of Persia.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:25 -

“They captured fortified cities and a [fn]fertile land.

They took possession of houses full of every good thing,

Carved out cisterns, vineyards, olive groves,

Fruit H3978 trees in abundance.

So they ate, were filled and put on fat,

And lived luxuriously in Your great goodness.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:20 -

So that his life loathes bread,

And his soul, food H3978 [fn]that he should crave.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:11 -

You turn us over [fn]to be eaten H3978 like sheep,

And have scattered us among the nations.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:14 -

[fn]You crushed the heads of [fn]Leviathan;

You gave him as food H3978 for the [fn]creatures of the wilderness.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 79:2 -

They have given the dead bodies of Your servants to the birds of the sky as food H3978,

The flesh of Your godly ones to the animals of the earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:8 -

Prepares its food in the summer

And gathers its provision H3978 in the harvest.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 62:8 -

The LORD has sworn by His right hand and by His mighty arm:

“I will never again give your grain as food H3978 for your enemies,

Nor will [fn]foreigners drink your new wine for which you have labored.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:33 - “The dead bodies of this people will be food H3978 for the birds of the sky and for the animals of the earth; and no one will frighten them away.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:4 - “They will die of deadly diseases, they will not be mourned or buried; they will be like dung on the surface of the ground. And they will perish by sword and famine, and their dead bodies will become food H3978 for the birds of the sky and for the animals of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:7 - “And I will frustrate the planning of Judah and Jerusalem in this place, and I will make them fall by the sword before their enemies and by the hand of those who seek their life; and I will make their carcasses food H3978 for the birds of the sky and the animals of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 34:20 - I will hand them over to their enemies and to those who seek their lives. And their dead bodies will be food H3978 for the birds of the sky and the animals of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 4:10 - “Your food H3978 which you eat shall be twenty shekels a day by weight; you shall eat it from time to time.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 47:12 - “And by the river on its bank, on one side and on the other, will grow all kinds of trees for food H3978. Their leaves will not wither and their fruit will not fail. They will bear fruit every month because their water flows from the sanctuary, and their fruit will be for food H3978 and their leaves for healing.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 1:10 - The commander of the officials said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has allotted your food H3978 and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking gaunt in comparison to the youths who are your own age? Then you would [fn]make me forfeit my head to the king.”
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:16 -

Therefore they offer a sacrifice to their net

And [fn]burn incense to their fishing net,

Because through these things their [fn]catch is [fn]large,

And their food H3978 is [fn]plentiful.

Unchecked Copy BoxHag 2:12 - ‘If someone carries holy meat in the [fn]fold of his garment, and touches bread with [fn]this fold, or touches cooked food, wine, oil, or any other food H3978, will it become holy?’” And the priests answered, “No.”
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