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Lexicon :: Strong's H398 - 'āḵal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 85

Strong’s Definitions

אָכַל ʼâkal, aw-kal'; a primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively):—× at all, burn up, consume, devour(-er, up), dine, eat(-er, up), feed (with), food, × freely, × in...wise(-deed, plenty), (lay) meat, × quite.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 810x

The KJV translates Strong's H398 in the following manner: eat (604x), devour (111x), consume (32x), miscellaneous (55x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 810x
The KJV translates Strong's H398 in the following manner: eat (604x), devour (111x), consume (32x), miscellaneous (55x).
  1. to eat, devour, burn up, feed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to eat (human subject)

      2. to eat, devour (of beasts and birds)

      3. to devour, consume (of fire)

      4. to devour, slay (of sword)

      5. to devour, consume, destroy (inanimate subjects - ie, pestilence, drought)

      6. to devour (of oppression)

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be eaten (by men)

      2. to be devoured, consumed (of fire)

      3. to be wasted, destroyed (of flesh)

    3. (Pual)

      1. to cause to eat, feed with

      2. to cause to devour

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to feed

      2. to cause to eat

    5. (Piel)

      1. consume

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָכַל ʼâkal, aw-kal'; a primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively):—× at all, burn up, consume, devour(-er, up), dine, eat(-er, up), feed (with), food, × freely, × in...wise(-deed, plenty), (lay) meat, × quite.
STRONGS H398: Abbreviations
אָכַל 806 verb eat (Arabic أَكَلَ, Assyrian akâlu DlW, Aramaic H399 אֲבַל, LfkAe  ) —
Qal Perfect אָכַל Exodus 34:28 +; אָֽכְלָה Numbers 21:28 +; etc. Imperfect יֹאכַל Genesis 49:27 +; וַיּאֹ֫כַל Genesis 25:34 +; וַיּאֹכַ֑ל Genesis 3:6 +; יאֹכֵ֑ל Leviticus 21:22 +; אֹכַל Genesis 24:33 +; וָֽאֹכַ֫ל Genesis 27:33; וְאֹכֵ֑ל Isaiah 44:19; וָֽאֹכֵל Genesis 3:12, 13; 3rd person plural יאֹכְלוּ Genesis 32:33 +; יאֹכֵ֑לוּ Deuteronomy 18:18 +; etc. (for יוֺכְלוּ Ezekiel 42:5 read יוצלו, יאצלו Greek Version of the LXX Ew Co); suffix יאֹכְלֶנּוּ Leviticus 7:6 +; תּאֹבַלְכֶם Isaiah 33:11, etc., probably also תְּאָכְלֵהוּ Job 20:26, either as secondary form from תּאֹ׳ (Ew§ 253 Di) or textual error (Ges§ 68. 1) > Pi., Thes KöI, 389; or Po`el, Ki De MV; Imperative אֱכוֺל 1 Kings 18:41 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute אָכוֺל Genesis 2:16 +; construct אֲכֹל Numbers 26:10 + 2 times; לֶאֱכֹל Genesis 24:33 +; לְאָכְלָה Jeremiah 12:9; Participle אֹכֵל (אוֺכֵל) Genesis 39:6 +, אֹכֶלֶת Exodus 24:17 +, etc. —
1. eat, human subject Genesis 3:11, 18 + often; mostly with accusative Exodus 16:35 +; also followed by מִן־ (eat of, — some of, — or from) Exodus 34:15; Ruth 2:14 +; followed by בְּ (eat of or at) Exodus 12:43f; absolute Deuteronomy 2:6 +; as act of worship Genesis 31:54 (compare Genesis 46:1) Exodus 18:12; Exodus 24:11; Exodus 34:15; Deuteronomy 12:7, 18; Deuteronomy 14:23, 26 +; compare of priests Exodus 29:32; Leviticus 10:13 +; compare אָבַל אֶל־הֶהָרִים Ezekiel 18:6, 11, 15; Ezekiel 22:9 + Ezekiel 33:25 עַל־הַדָּם Co עַל־הֶהָרִים; (but RSRel. Semitic i. 324 N would emend first 4 by last); eat up, finish eating Genesis 43:2 (with בלה) 1 Kings 13:28 +; אָכַל לֶחֶם = take a meal Genesis 43:25; Exodus 2:20; 1 Samuel 20:24; Jeremiah 41:1 +; so א׳ alone Genesis 43:16; 1 Samuel 20:5 +; לֶחֶם א׳ = eat, get food Genesis 3:19; 2 Kings 4:8 +; Amos 7:12 (i.e. spend one's life) compare Ecclesiastes 5:16; ל׳ לֹא א׳ i.e. fast 1 Samuel 28:20; 1 Samuel 30:12; Ezra 10:6 compare Daniel 10:3; figurative אֶת־בְּשָׂרוֺ א׳ Ecclesiastes 4:5 (i.e. waste away); eat words Jeremiah 15:16 (i.e. eagerly receive); of adultery, Proverbs 30:20 אָֽוֶן׃ לֹא־פָעַלְתִּי וְאָֽמְרָה פִּ֑יהָ וּמָֽחֲתָה אָֽכְלָה; eat (taste) good fortune, בַּטּוֺב א׳ Job 21:25; לְמִּי אָבְלוֺ according to his eating, i.e. according to his needs in eating Exodus 12:4; Exodus 16:16, 18 also Exodus 16:21; compare Job 20:21 & below אָכְלָה; אָכַל הַפְּרִי 2 Kings 19:29; Amos 9:14, of peaceful enjoyment of results of labour; figurative of receiving consequences of action, good or bad Proverbs 1:31; Proverbs 18:21; Hosea 10:13 compare אֶת־כַּסְפֵּנוּ גַּם־אָכוֺל וַיּאֹכַל Genesis 31:15 i.e. he has reaped all the benefit, compare Hosea 7:9; figurative of mourner, אֵפֶר כַּלֶּחֶם אָכָ֑לְתִּי Psalm 102:10 (compare Psalm 80:6 Hiph., & Assyrian akâl al âkul, bikîtum kurmatî = food I ate not, weeping (was) my refreshment HptASKT 166 f. Obsev. 1. 21, 22 ZimBP 34. 42); of gods, partaking of sacrifices Deuteronomy 32:38; figurative = destroy Deuteronomy 7:16 (compare Numbers 14:9); compare Jeremiah 10:25; Jeremiah 30:16; Jeremiah 50:7; Hosea 7:7.
2. of beasts, birds, etc., eat, devour; Genesis 37:20, 33; Genesis 40:17, 19; 1 Kings 13:28; 1 Kings 14:11; 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:23, 24; Hosea 2:14 +; specifically of locusts Joel 1:4; Joel 2:25; 2 Chronicles 7:13 compare Amos 4:9; moth Job 13:28; flies Psalm 78:45; worms Deuteronomy 28:39; also Ezekiel 19:3, 6 (of Israel under figure of lion), compare Jeremiah 50:7, 17; Jeremiah 51:34; also Hosea 13:8 (of י׳ under fig, of lion), Ezekiel 22:25 (נֶפֶשׁ אָכָ֑לוּ, of false prophets under figure of lion).
3. figurative of fire, devour, consume Leviticus 6:3 (followed by 2 accusative consume offering to ashes) Nahum 3:13; Isaiah 5:24 (in simile), particular of fire from י׳ Leviticus 10:2; Leviticus 16:25; Judges 9:15f 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10, 12, 14; 2 Chronicles 7:1; compare Amos 1:4, 7, 10, 12, 14; Amos 2:2, 5; Amos 5:6 +; Deuteronomy 5:22 of fire at Sinai; of י׳ as fire (in judgment) Deuteronomy 4:24 אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֵשׁ אֹכְלָה הוּא כִּי י׳; compare Deuteronomy 9:3; Isaiah 10:17 (|| בּער) Isaiah 30:27, 30; Isaiah 33:14 (|| מוֺקְדֵי עוֺלָם).
5. in general devour, consume, destroy (inanimate subject) of drought Genesis 31:40; of pestilence Ezekiel 7:15; of woods 2 Samuel 18:8; compare Leviticus 26:38 וְאָֽכְלָה אֶתְכֶם אֶרֶץ אֹיְבֵיכֶם; of הַבּשֶׁת Jeremiah 3:24 (see בּשֶׁת).
6. figurative of oppression, devour the poor, etc. Proverbs 30:14; Habakkuk 3:14 compare Psalm 14:4; of bitter enmity לֶאֱכֹל אֶת־בְּשָׂרִי Psalm 27:2. (compare Job 19:22).
Niph. Perfect וְנֶאֱבַל consecutive Exodus 22:5 Imperfect יֵאָכֵל Genesis 6:21 +; וַיֵּאָכֵ֫ל Numbers 12:12, etc.; Infinitive absolute הֵאָבֹל Leviticus 7:18; Leviticus 19:7; Participle feminine נֶאֱכֶ֫לֶת Leviticus 11:47; —
2. be devoured by fire, consumed Zephaniah 1:18; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 9:4; Ezekiel 23:25.
3. be wasted, destroyed, of flesh Numbers 12:12; Jeremiah 30:16.
Pu. Perfect אֻכְּלוּ be consumed with fire Nehemiah 2:3, 13 compare Nahum 1:10 (figurative); so Participle אֻכָּל (= מְאֻכָּל Ew§ 169 d) Exodus 3:2; by sword Isaiah 1:20 תְּאֻכְּלוּ.
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular suffix הֶאֱכַלְתָּם Psalm 80:6, וְהַאֲכַלְתִּ֫י Isaiah 49:26; suffix וְהַאֲכַלְתִּיךָ consecutive Isaiah 58:14; הֶאֱכַלְתִּיח Ezekiel 16:19; וְהַאֲכַלְתִּים consecutive Jeremiah 19:9; Imperfect suffix יַאֲכִלֵנוּ Numbers 11:4, 18, etc.; 2nd person masculine singular jussive [?] תַּאֲכֵל; 1st person singular אוֺכִיל Hosea 11:4; Imperative הַאֲכִילֵהוּ Proverbs 25:21, etc.; Infinitive לְהָכִיל Ezekiel 21:33 (but Co לההל, which see); Participle מַאֲבִיל Jeremiah 23:15, etc.; —
1. cause to eat, feed with, followed by 2 accusative subject mostly י׳; Exodus 16:32; Deuteronomy 8:3, 16; Ezekiel 3:2; Jeremiah 19:9; absolute Hosea 11:4; compare Numbers 11:4, 18; figurative Jeremiah 9:14; Jeremiah 23:15; Isaiah 49:26; Isaiah 58:14; Ezekiel 16:19; also Psalm 80:6 הֶאֱבַלְתָּם לֶחֶם דִּמְעָ֑ה (compare Psalm 102:10 Qal above); followed by accusative of person + מן Psalm 81:17, but also subject man Proverbs 25:21; 1 Kings 22:27; 2 Chronicles 18:26 וְהַאֲכִלֻהוּ לֶחֶם לַ֫חַץ of prison fare; followed by accusative of person only 2 Chronicles 28:15, compare Ezekiel 2:3.
2. cause to devour, object sword Ezekiel 21:33 [Ezekiel 21:28] (but on text see Co).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:16; 3:6; 3:11; 3:12; 3:13; 3:18; 3:19; 6:21; 6:21; 24:33; 24:33; 25:34; 27:33; 31:15; 31:40; 31:54; 37:20; 37:33; 39:6; 40:17; 40:19; 43:2; 43:16; 43:25; 46:1; 49:27


2:20; 3:2; 12:4; 12:16; 12:43; 12:46; 13:3; 13:7; 16:16; 16:18; 16:21; 16:32; 16:35; 18:12; 21:28; 22:5; 24:11; 24:17; 29:32; 29:34; 34:15; 34:15; 34:28


6:3; 6:9; 6:16; 6:19; 6:23; 7:6; 7:6; 7:15; 7:16; 7:18; 7:18; 7:19; 10:2; 10:13; 11:13; 11:34; 11:41; 11:47; 11:47; 16:25; 17:13; 19:6; 19:7; 19:7; 19:23; 21:22; 22:30; 26:38


11:4; 11:4; 11:18; 11:18; 12:12; 12:12; 14:9; 21:28; 26:10


2:6; 4:24; 5:22; 7:16; 8:3; 8:16; 9:3; 12:7; 12:18; 12:22; 14:23; 14:26; 18:18; 28:39; 32:38; 32:42





1 Samuel

20:5; 20:24; 28:20; 30:12

2 Samuel

11:25; 18:8; 18:8; 22:26

1 Kings

13:28; 13:28; 14:11; 16:4; 18:38; 18:41; 21:23; 21:24; 22:27

2 Kings

1:10; 1:12; 1:14; 4:8; 19:29

2 Chronicles

7:1; 7:13; 18:26; 28:15




2:3; 2:13


6:6; 13:28; 19:22; 20:21; 20:26; 21:25


14:4; 27:2; 78:45; 80:6; 80:6; 80:6; 102:10; 102:10


1:31; 18:21; 25:21; 25:21; 30:14; 30:20


4:5; 5:16


1:7; 1:20; 5:24; 10:17; 30:27; 30:30; 33:11; 33:14; 44:19; 49:26; 49:26; 58:14; 58:14


2:30; 3:24; 8:16; 9:14; 10:25; 12:9; 12:12; 15:16; 19:9; 19:9; 23:15; 23:15; 24:2; 24:3; 24:8; 29:17; 30:16; 30:16; 41:1; 50:7; 50:7; 50:17; 51:34


2:3; 3:2; 7:15; 16:19; 16:19; 18:6; 18:11; 18:15; 19:3; 19:6; 21:28; 22:9; 22:25; 23:25; 33:25; 42:5; 45:21




2:14; 7:7; 7:9; 10:13; 11:4; 11:4; 11:6; 13:8


1:4; 2:25


1:4; 1:7; 1:10; 1:12; 1:14; 2:2; 2:5; 4:9; 5:6; 7:12; 9:14


1:10; 3:13




1:18; 3:8



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H398 matches the Hebrew אָכַל ('āḵal),
which occurs 815 times in 703 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 15 (Gen 2:16–Gen 43:32)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:16 - And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely H398 eat: H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:17 - But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat H398 of it: for in the day that thou eatest H398 thereof thou shalt surely die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:1 - Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat H398 of every tree of the garden?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:2 - And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat H398 of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:3 - But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat H398 of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:5 - For God doth know that in the day ye eat H398 thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:6 - And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, H398 and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:11 - And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten H398 of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:12 - And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:13 - And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:14 - And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat H398 all the days of thy life:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:17 - And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten H398 of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat H398 of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat H398 of it all the days of thy life;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:18 - Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat H398 the herb of the field;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 - In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat H398 bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:22 - And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, H398 and live for ever:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:21 - And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, H398 and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:4 - But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:24 - Save only that which the young men have eaten, H398 and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:8 - And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:3 - And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:33 - And there was set meat before him to eat: H398 but he said, I will not eat, H398 until I have told mine errand. And he said, Speak on.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:54 - And they did eat H398 and drink, he and the men that were with him, and tarried all night; and they rose up in the morning, and he said, Send me away unto my master.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat H398 and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:30 - And he made them a feast, and they did eat H398 and drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:4 - And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; H398 that my soul may bless thee before I die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:7 - Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, that I may eat, H398 and bless thee before the LORD before my death.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:10 - And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, H398 and that he may bless thee before his death.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat H398 of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:25 - And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat H398 of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: H398 and he brought him wine, and he drank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat H398 of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:33 - And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten H398 of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:20 - And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, H398 and raiment to put on,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:15 - Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite H398 devoured H398 also our money.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:38 - This twenty years have I been with thee; thy ewes and thy she goats have not cast their young, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. H398
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:40 - Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed H398 me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:46 - And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat H398 there upon the heap.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat H398 bread: and they did eat H398 bread, and tarried all night in the mount.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:32 - Therefore the children of Israel eat H398 not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:20 - Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured H398 him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:25 - And they sat down to eat H398 bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:33 - And he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath devoured H398 him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - And he left all that he had in Joseph's hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat. H398 And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:17 - And in the uppermost basket there was of all manner of bakemeats for Pharaoh; and the birds did eat H398 them out of the basket upon my head.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:19 - Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat H398 thy flesh from off thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:4 - And the ill favoured and leanfleshed kine did eat up H398 the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaoh awoke.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:20 - And the lean and the ill favoured kine did eat up H398 the first seven fat kine:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:2 - And it came to pass, when they had eaten up H398 the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:16 - And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine H398 with me at noon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:25 - And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat H398 bread there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:32 - And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat H398 with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat H398 bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.

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