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Lexicon :: Strong's H3988 - mā'as

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1139,1140

Strong’s Definitions

מָאַס mâʼaç, maw-as'; a primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear:—abhor, cast away (off), contemn, despise, disdain, (become) loathe(some), melt away, refuse, reject, reprobate, × utterly, vile person.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's H3988 in the following manner: despise (25x), refuse (9x), reject (19x), abhor (4x), become loathsome (1x), melt away (1x), miscellaneous (17x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's H3988 in the following manner: despise (25x), refuse (9x), reject (19x), abhor (4x), become loathsome (1x), melt away (1x), miscellaneous (17x).
  1. to reject, despise, refuse

    1. (Qal)

      1. to reject, refuse

      2. to despise

    2. (Niphal) to be rejected

  2. (Niphal) to flow, run

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָאַס mâʼaç, maw-as'; a primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear:—abhor, cast away (off), contemn, despise, disdain, (become) loathe(some), melt away, refuse, reject, reprobate, × utterly, vile person.
STRONGS H3988: Abbreviations
† I. [מָאַס] verb reject (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מְאַס reject, despise; BaES 15 compare (dubious) Arabic bdb054904 lightly esteem (Kam.); Assyrian ma’âsu is perhaps destroy MeissnSuppl. 55); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular מָאַס Isaiah 8:6 + 4 times; suffix מְאָסָם Psalm 53:6; 2nd person masculine singular מָאַסְתָּ Jeremiah 14:19 + 3 times; מָאַסְתָּה Judges 9:38; 1 Samuel 15:26 + 22 times Perfect; Imperfect יִמְאַס Job 8:20 + 3 times; יִמְאָ֑ס Psalm 36:5; Job 36:5; suffix וַיִּמְאָֽסְךָ 1 Samuel 15:23, 26; for וְאֶמְאָֽסְאךָ Hosea 4:6 (so Baer, compare DeComplut. Var. 18 f.; not וָא׳ van d. H.) read וְאֶמְֽֽֽאסְךָ; 3rd person masculine plural יִמְאֲסוּ Jeremiah 6:19 + 2 times; יִמְאָס֑וּן Isaiah 31:7; + 12 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute מָאוֺס Isaiah 7:15, 16 מָאֹס Jeremiah 14:19; Lamentations 5:22; construct. מָֽאָסְכֶם Isaiah 30:12; מָאֳסָם Amos 2:4; Participle מוֺאֵס Proverbs 15:32; מֹאֵס Isaiah 33:15, feminine מֹאֶסֶת Ezekiel 21:15 (text dubious, Co מוֺאֲסֵי; Berthol וּמְאַסֵּף), Ezekiel 21:18 (also dubious, Co מִטֻּמְאָתָס; Berthol מְאַסֵּף); —
1. reject, refuse,
a. with accusative: God rejects men Hosea 4:6; Hosea 9:17; 1 Samuel 15:23, 26; 1 Samuel 16:1, 7; 2 Kings 23:27; Jeremiah 7:29; Jeremiah 14:19 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 33:24, 26; Leviticus 26:44 (H), Psalm 53:6; Job 8:20; Job 10:3; Lamentations 5:22 (twice in verse); זָנַחְתָּ וַתִּמְאָס Psalm 89:39; men reject God Numbers 11:20 (J), 1 Samuel 8:7; 1 Samuel 10:19; men 1 Samuel 8:7; Job 30:1; idols Isaiah 31:7, evil Psalm 36:5, knowledge Hosea 4:6, divine תורה Amos 2:4; Isaiah 5:24; דבר 1 Samuel 15:23, 26, חקות Exodus 20:24, חקים 2 Kings 17:15; מוסר Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:11; variant reading things Isaiah 8:6; Ezekiel 21:15; Psalm 118:22; Job 31:13.
b. with בְ God rejects men 2 Kings 17:20; Jeremiah 6:30; Jeremiah 31:37; Psalm 78:59; Psalm 78:67, that in which man confides Jeremiah 2:37; men reject evil Isaiah 7:15, 16, divine תורה Jeremiah 6:19, דבר Isaiah 30:12; Jeremiah 8:9 חקות Leviticus 26:15 (H); משׁפטים Leviticus 26:43 (H), Ezekiel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:13, 16; variant reading things, Numbers 14:31 (J) Isaiah 33:15; Jeremiah 4:30; Psalm 106:24.
2. despise, with accusative, God subject שׂנאתי מאסתי חגיכם Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feasts; elsewhere men subject בי גם עוילים מ׳ Job 19:18 even young children despise me; חיי אמ׳ Job 9:21 I despise my life, compare מואס נפשׁוֺ Proverbs 15:32; בוֺ הלא זה העם אשׁר מ׳ Judges 9:38 is not this the people that thou despisedst? עָרִים מ׳ Isaiah 33:8; object omitted Job 7:16 (< join to preceding Me Siegf Du); Job 34:33; Job 36:5; Job 42:6 (Syriac Version Siegf אֶשְׁתֹּק; Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Symm Bö אֶמָּאֵס) Ezekiel 21:18 (but see above). —
Niph. be rejected: Imperfect תִּמָּאֵם Isaiah 54:6 (wife); Participle נִמְאָס Jeremiah 6:30 (silver), Psalm 15:4)= reprobate; opposed to יִרְאֵי י׳); + feminine נִמְאָסָה, נִמְאֶסֶת 1 Samuel 15:9 rejected, i.e. worthless (for HCT נָמֵם) according to We Klo Dr Kit Bu HPS (|| נמבזה, read נִבְזָה; compareמסס, בזה Niph.).

† II. [מָאַס] verb
Niph. flow, run (Aramaic id., but rare and dubious; — secondary form of מסס which see); — Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּמָּאֵס Job 7:5 my skin hath hardened and run (i. e. again, afresh; > GHoffm Du read וַיִּמַּס, Bu וַיִּמָּאס, √ מסס); 3rd person masculine plural כְּמוֺ מַיִם יִמָּֽאֲסוּ Psalm 58:8 (figurative of annihilation of wicked).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




26:15; 26:43; 26:44


11:20; 14:31


9:38; 9:38

1 Samuel

8:7; 8:7; 10:19; 15:9; 15:23; 15:23; 15:23; 15:26; 15:26; 15:26; 15:26; 16:1; 16:7

2 Kings

17:15; 17:20; 23:27


5:17; 7:5; 7:16; 8:20; 8:20; 9:21; 10:3; 19:18; 30:1; 31:13; 34:33; 36:5; 36:5; 42:6


15:4; 36:5; 36:5; 53:6; 53:6; 58:8; 78:59; 78:67; 89:39; 106:24; 118:22


3:11; 15:32; 15:32


5:24; 7:15; 7:15; 7:16; 7:16; 8:6; 8:6; 30:12; 30:12; 31:7; 31:7; 33:8; 33:15; 33:15; 54:6


2:37; 4:30; 6:19; 6:19; 6:30; 6:30; 7:29; 8:9; 14:19; 14:19; 14:19; 31:37; 33:24; 33:26


5:22; 5:22


5:6; 20:13; 20:16; 21:15; 21:15; 21:18; 21:18


4:6; 4:6; 4:6; 9:17


2:4; 2:4; 5:21

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3988 matches the Hebrew מָאַס (mā'as),
which occurs 76 times in 69 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:15 - And if ye shall despise H3988 my statutes, or if your soul abhor my judgments, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but that ye break my covenant:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised H3988 my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:44 - And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, H3988 neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I am the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:20 - But even a whole month, until it come out at your nostrils, and it be loathsome unto you: because that ye have despised H3988 the LORD which is among you, and have wept before him, saying, Why came we forth out of Egypt?
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:31 - But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. H3988
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:38 - Then said Zebul unto him, Where is now thy mouth, wherewith thou saidst, Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him? is not this the people that thou hast despised? H3988 go out, I pray now, and fight with them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:7 - And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected H3988 thee, but they have rejected H3988 me, that I should not reign over them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:19 - And ye have this day rejected H3988 your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes, and by your thousands.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:23 - For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected H3988 the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected H3988 thee from being king.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:26 - And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for thou hast rejected H3988 the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected H3988 thee from being king over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:1 - And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected H3988 him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:7 - But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused H3988 him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:15 - And they rejected H3988 his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:20 - And the LORD rejected H3988 all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:27 - And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off H3988 this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:17 - Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise H3988 not thou the chastening of the Almighty:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:5 - My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome. H3988
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:16 - I loathe H3988 it; I would not live alway: let me alone; for my days are vanity.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:20 - Behold, God will not cast away H3988 a perfect man, neither will he help the evil doers:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:21 - Though I were perfect, yet would I not know my soul: I would despise H3988 my life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:3 - Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, that thou shouldest despise H3988 the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:18 - Yea, young children despised H3988 me; I arose, and they spake against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:1 - But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained H3988 to have set with the dogs of my flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:13 - If I did despise H3988 the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:33 - Should it be according to thy mind? he will recompense it, whether thou refuse, H3988 or whether thou choose; and not I: therefore speak what thou knowest.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:5 - Behold, God is mighty, and despiseth H3988 not any: he is mighty in strength and wisdom.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 42:6 - Wherefore I abhor H3988 myself, and repent in dust and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 15:4 - In whose eyes a vile person H3988 is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:4 - He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way that is not good; he abhorreth H3988 not evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 53:5 - There were they in great fear, where no fear was: for God hath scattered the bones of him that encampeth against thee: thou hast put them to shame, because God hath despised H3988 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 58:7 - Let them melt away H3988 as waters which run continually: when he bendeth his bow to shoot his arrows, let them be as cut in pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:59 - When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred H3988 Israel:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:67 - Moreover he refused H3988 the tabernacle of Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:38 - But thou hast cast off and abhorred, H3988 thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:24 - Yea, they despised H3988 the pleasant land, they believed not his word:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 118:22 - The stone which the builders refused H3988 is become the head stone of the corner.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:11 - My son, despise H3988 not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:32 - He that refuseth instruction despiseth H3988 his own soul: but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:24 - Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away H3988 the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:15 - Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse H3988 the evil, and choose the good.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:16 - For before the child shall know to refuse H3988 the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:6 - Forasmuch as this people refuseth H3988 the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:12 - Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye despise H3988 this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and stay thereon:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:7 - For in that day every man shall cast away H3988 his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 - The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised H3988 the cities, he regardeth no man.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:15 - He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth H3988 the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:9 - Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away. H3988
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:6 - For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, H3988 saith thy God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:37 - Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thine hands upon thine head: for the LORD hath rejected H3988 thy confidences, and thou shalt not prosper in them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:30 - And when thou art spoiled, what wilt thou do? Though thou clothest thyself with crimson, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold, though thou rentest thy face with painting, in vain shalt thou make thyself fair; thy lovers will despise H3988 thee, they will seek thy life.

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