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Lexicon :: Strong's H3988 - mā'as

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1139,1140

Strong’s Definitions

מָאַס mâʼaç, maw-as'; a primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear:—abhor, cast away (off), contemn, despise, disdain, (become) loathe(some), melt away, refuse, reject, reprobate, × utterly, vile person.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's H3988 in the following manner: despise (25x), refuse (9x), reject (19x), abhor (4x), become loathsome (1x), melt away (1x), miscellaneous (17x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's H3988 in the following manner: despise (25x), refuse (9x), reject (19x), abhor (4x), become loathsome (1x), melt away (1x), miscellaneous (17x).
  1. to reject, despise, refuse

    1. (Qal)

      1. to reject, refuse

      2. to despise

    2. (Niphal) to be rejected

  2. (Niphal) to flow, run

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָאַס mâʼaç, maw-as'; a primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear:—abhor, cast away (off), contemn, despise, disdain, (become) loathe(some), melt away, refuse, reject, reprobate, × utterly, vile person.
STRONGS H3988: Abbreviations
† I. [מָאַס] verb reject (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מְאַס reject, despise; BaES 15 compare (dubious) Arabic bdb054904 lightly esteem (Kam.); Assyrian ma’âsu is perhaps destroy MeissnSuppl. 55); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular מָאַס Isaiah 8:6 + 4 times; suffix מְאָסָם Psalm 53:6; 2nd person masculine singular מָאַסְתָּ Jeremiah 14:19 + 3 times; מָאַסְתָּה Judges 9:38; 1 Samuel 15:26 + 22 times Perfect; Imperfect יִמְאַס Job 8:20 + 3 times; יִמְאָ֑ס Psalm 36:5; Job 36:5; suffix וַיִּמְאָֽסְךָ 1 Samuel 15:23, 26; for וְאֶמְאָֽסְאךָ Hosea 4:6 (so Baer, compare DeComplut. Var. 18 f.; not וָא׳ van d. H.) read וְאֶמְֽֽֽאסְךָ; 3rd person masculine plural יִמְאֲסוּ Jeremiah 6:19 + 2 times; יִמְאָס֑וּן Isaiah 31:7; + 12 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute מָאוֺס Isaiah 7:15, 16 מָאֹס Jeremiah 14:19; Lamentations 5:22; construct. מָֽאָסְכֶם Isaiah 30:12; מָאֳסָם Amos 2:4; Participle מוֺאֵס Proverbs 15:32; מֹאֵס Isaiah 33:15, feminine מֹאֶסֶת Ezekiel 21:15 (text dubious, Co מוֺאֲסֵי; Berthol וּמְאַסֵּף), Ezekiel 21:18 (also dubious, Co מִטֻּמְאָתָס; Berthol מְאַסֵּף); —
1. reject, refuse,
a. with accusative: God rejects men Hosea 4:6; Hosea 9:17; 1 Samuel 15:23, 26; 1 Samuel 16:1, 7; 2 Kings 23:27; Jeremiah 7:29; Jeremiah 14:19 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 33:24, 26; Leviticus 26:44 (H), Psalm 53:6; Job 8:20; Job 10:3; Lamentations 5:22 (twice in verse); זָנַחְתָּ וַתִּמְאָס Psalm 89:39; men reject God Numbers 11:20 (J), 1 Samuel 8:7; 1 Samuel 10:19; men 1 Samuel 8:7; Job 30:1; idols Isaiah 31:7, evil Psalm 36:5, knowledge Hosea 4:6, divine תורה Amos 2:4; Isaiah 5:24; דבר 1 Samuel 15:23, 26, חקות Exodus 20:24, חקים 2 Kings 17:15; מוסר Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:11; variant reading things Isaiah 8:6; Ezekiel 21:15; Psalm 118:22; Job 31:13.
b. with בְ God rejects men 2 Kings 17:20; Jeremiah 6:30; Jeremiah 31:37; Psalm 78:59; Psalm 78:67, that in which man confides Jeremiah 2:37; men reject evil Isaiah 7:15, 16, divine תורה Jeremiah 6:19, דבר Isaiah 30:12; Jeremiah 8:9 חקות Leviticus 26:15 (H); משׁפטים Leviticus 26:43 (H), Ezekiel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:13, 16; variant reading things, Numbers 14:31 (J) Isaiah 33:15; Jeremiah 4:30; Psalm 106:24.
2. despise, with accusative, God subject שׂנאתי מאסתי חגיכם Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feasts; elsewhere men subject בי גם עוילים מ׳ Job 19:18 even young children despise me; חיי אמ׳ Job 9:21 I despise my life, compare מואס נפשׁוֺ Proverbs 15:32; בוֺ הלא זה העם אשׁר מ׳ Judges 9:38 is not this the people that thou despisedst? עָרִים מ׳ Isaiah 33:8; object omitted Job 7:16 (< join to preceding Me Siegf Du); Job 34:33; Job 36:5; Job 42:6 (Syriac Version Siegf אֶשְׁתֹּק; Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Symm Bö אֶמָּאֵס) Ezekiel 21:18 (but see above). —
Niph. be rejected: Imperfect תִּמָּאֵם Isaiah 54:6 (wife); Participle נִמְאָס Jeremiah 6:30 (silver), Psalm 15:4)= reprobate; opposed to יִרְאֵי י׳); + feminine נִמְאָסָה, נִמְאֶסֶת 1 Samuel 15:9 rejected, i.e. worthless (for HCT נָמֵם) according to We Klo Dr Kit Bu HPS (|| נמבזה, read נִבְזָה; compareמסס, בזה Niph.).

† II. [מָאַס] verb
Niph. flow, run (Aramaic id., but rare and dubious; — secondary form of מסס which see); — Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּמָּאֵס Job 7:5 my skin hath hardened and run (i. e. again, afresh; > GHoffm Du read וַיִּמַּס, Bu וַיִּמָּאס, √ מסס); 3rd person masculine plural כְּמוֺ מַיִם יִמָּֽאֲסוּ Psalm 58:8 (figurative of annihilation of wicked).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




26:15; 26:43; 26:44


11:20; 14:31


9:38; 9:38

1 Samuel

8:7; 8:7; 10:19; 15:9; 15:23; 15:23; 15:23; 15:26; 15:26; 15:26; 15:26; 16:1; 16:7

2 Kings

17:15; 17:20; 23:27


5:17; 7:5; 7:16; 8:20; 8:20; 9:21; 10:3; 19:18; 30:1; 31:13; 34:33; 36:5; 36:5; 42:6


15:4; 36:5; 36:5; 53:6; 53:6; 58:8; 78:59; 78:67; 89:39; 106:24; 118:22


3:11; 15:32; 15:32


5:24; 7:15; 7:15; 7:16; 7:16; 8:6; 8:6; 30:12; 30:12; 31:7; 31:7; 33:8; 33:15; 33:15; 54:6


2:37; 4:30; 6:19; 6:19; 6:30; 6:30; 7:29; 8:9; 14:19; 14:19; 14:19; 31:37; 33:24; 33:26


5:22; 5:22


5:6; 20:13; 20:16; 21:15; 21:15; 21:18; 21:18


4:6; 4:6; 4:6; 9:17


2:4; 2:4; 5:21

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3988 matches the Hebrew מָאַס (mā'as),
which occurs 76 times in 69 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:15 - if, instead, you reject H3988 My statutes, and if your soul loathes My ordinances so as not to carry out all My commandments, but rather to break My covenant,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - ‘For the land will be abandoned by them, and will restore its Sabbaths while it is made desolate without them. They, meanwhile, will be making amends for their wrongdoing, [fn]because they rejected H3988 My ordinances and their soul loathed My statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:44 - ‘Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject H3988 them, nor will I so loathe them as to destroy them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:20 - [fn]but for a whole month, until it comes out of your nose and [fn]makes you nauseated; because you have rejected H3988 the LORD who is among you and have wept before Him, saying, “Why did we ever leave Egypt?”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:31 - ‘Your children, however, whom you said would become plunder—I will bring them in, and they will know the land which you have rejected H3988.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:38 - Then Zebul said to him, “Where then is your [fn]boasting with which you said, ‘Who is Abimelech that we should serve him?’ Is this not the people whom you rejected H3988? Go out now and fight them!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:7 - And the LORD said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people regarding all that they say to you, because they have not rejected H3988 you, but they have rejected H3988 Me from being King over them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:19 - “But today you have rejected H3988 your God, who saves you from all your catastrophes and your distresses; yet you have [fn]said, ‘No, but put a king over us!’ Now then, present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your [fn]groups of thousands.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:23 -

“For rebellion is as reprehensible as the sin of divination,

And insubordination is as reprehensible as false religion and idolatry.

Since you have rejected H3988 the word of the LORD,

He has also rejected H3988 you from being king.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:26 - But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you; for you have rejected H3988 the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected H3988 you from being king over Israel.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:1 -

Now the LORD said to Samuel, “How long are you going to mourn for [fn]Saul, since I have rejected H3988 him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, because I have chosen a king for Myself among his sons.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:7 - But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected H3988 him; for [fn]God does not see as man sees, since man looks at [fn]the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:15 - They rejected H3988 His statutes and His covenant which He made with their fathers, and His warnings which He [fn]gave them. And they followed [fn]idols and became empty, and followed the nations that surrounded them, about which the LORD had commanded them not to do as they did.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:20 - So the LORD rejected H3988 all the [fn]descendants of Israel and afflicted them and handed them over to plunderers, until He had cast them [fn]out of His sight.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:27 - And the LORD said, “I will also remove Judah from My sight, just as I have removed Israel. And I will reject H3988 this city which I have chosen, Jerusalem, and the [fn]temple of which I said, ‘My name shall be there!’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:17 -

“Behold, happy is the person whom God disciplines,

So do not reject H3988 the discipline of [fn]the Almighty.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:5 -

“My flesh is clothed with maggots and a crust of dirt,

My skin hardens and [fn]oozes.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:16 -

“I [fn]waste H3988 away H3988; I will not live forever.

Leave me alone, for my days are only a breath.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:20 -

“Behold, God will not reject H3988 a person of integrity,

Nor will He [fn]help evildoers.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:21 -

“I am guiltless;

I do not take notice of myself;

I reject H3988 my life.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:3 -

‘Is it [fn]right for You indeed to oppress,

To reject H3988 the work of Your hands,

And [fn]to look favorably on the plan of the wicked?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:18 -

“Even young children despise H3988 me;

I stand up and they speak against me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:1 -

“But now those who are younger than I mock me,

Whose fathers I refused H3988 to put with the dogs of my flock.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:13 -

“If I have rejected H3988 the claim of my male or female slaves

When they filed a complaint against me,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:33 -

“Shall God repay on your terms, because you have rejected H3988 His?

For you must choose, and not I;

Therefore declare what you know.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:5 -

“Behold, God is mighty but does not reject H3988 anyone;

He is mighty in strength of understanding.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 42:6 -

Therefore I retract H3988,

And I repent, sitting on dust and ashes.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 15:4 -

A despicable H3988 person H3988 is despised in his eyes,

But he honors those who fear the LORD;

He takes an oath to his own detriment, and does not change;

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:4 -

He plans wickedness on his bed;

He sets himself on a path that is not good;

He does not reject H3988 evil.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 53:5 -

They were in great [fn]fear there, where no [fn]fear had been;

For God scattered the bones of [fn]him who encamped against you;

You put them to shame, because God had rejected H3988 them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 58:7 -

May they flow H3988 away like water that runs off;

When he [fn]aims his arrows, may they be as [fn]headless shafts.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:59 -

When God heard them, He [fn]was filled with wrath

And He utterly rejected H3988 Israel;

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:67 -

He also rejected H3988 the tent of Joseph,

And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:38 -

But You have rejected and refused H3988,

You have been full of wrath [fn]against Your anointed.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:24 -

Then they rejected H3988 the pleasant land;

They did not believe His word,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 118:22 -

A stone which the builders rejected H3988

Has become the [fn]chief cornerstone.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:11 -

My son, do not reject H3988 the [fn]discipline of the LORD

Or loathe His rebuke,

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:32 -

One who neglects discipline rejects H3988 himself,

But one who listens to a rebuke acquires [fn]understanding.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:24 -

Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes stubble,

And dry grass collapses in the flame,

So their root will become like rot, and their blossom [fn]blow away like dust;

For they have rejected H3988 the Law of the LORD of armies,

And discarded the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:15 - “He will eat [fn]curds and honey [fn]at the time He knows enough to refuse H3988 evil and choose good.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:16 - “For before the boy knows enough to refuse H3988 evil and choose good, the land whose two kings you dread will be abandoned.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:6 -

“Inasmuch as these people have rejected H3988 the gently flowing waters of Shiloah

And rejoice in Rezin and the son of Remaliah;

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:12 -

Therefore this is what the Holy One of Israel says:

“Since you have rejected H3988 this word

And have put your trust in oppression and crookedness, and have relied on them,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:7 - For on that day every person will reject H3988 his silver idols and his gold idols, which your hands have made for you as a sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 -

The highways are desolate, [fn]the traveler has ceased,

He has broken the covenant, he has despised H3988 the cities,

He has no regard for mankind.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:15 -

One who walks righteously and speaks with integrity,

One who rejects H3988 [fn]unjust gain

And shakes his hands so that they hold no bribe;

One who stops his ears from hearing about bloodshed

And shuts his eyes from looking at evil;

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:9 -

You whom I have [fn]taken from the ends of the earth

And called from its remotest parts,

And said to you, ‘You are My servant,

I have chosen you and have not rejected H3988 you.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:6 -

“For the LORD has called you,

Like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit,

Even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected H3988,”

Says your God.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:37 -

“From this place as well you will go out

With your hands on your head;

For the LORD has rejected H3988 those in whom you trust,

And you will not prosper with them.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:30 -

And you, desolate one, what will you do?

Although you dress in scarlet,

Although you adorn yourself with jewelry of gold,

Although you enlarge your eyes with makeup,

In vain you make yourself beautiful.

Your [fn]lovers despise H3988 you;

They seek your life.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30) Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30

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