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Lexicon :: Strong's H4069 - madûaʿ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
From מָה (H4100) and the pass. participle of יָדַע (H3045)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 848h

Strong’s Definitions

מַדּוּעַ maddûwaʻ, mad-doo'-ah; or מַדֻּעַ madduaʻ; from H4100 and the passive participle of H3045; what (is) known?; i.e. (by implication) (adverbially) why?:—how, wherefore, why.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 6x

The KJV translates Strong's H4069 in the following manner: wherefore, why, how.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 6x
The KJV translates Strong's H4069 in the following manner: wherefore, why, how.
  1. why?, on what account?, wherefore?

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַדּוּעַ maddûwaʻ, mad-doo'-ah; or מַדֻּעַ madduaʻ; from H4100 and the passive participle of H3045; what (is) known?; i.e. (by implication) (adverbially) why?:—how, wherefore, why.
STRONGS H4069: Abbreviations
מַדּוּעַ 61 and (Exodus 18:19) מַדֻּעַ adverb wherefore? (probably contracted from מַהיָּֿדוּעַ what being known ? i.e. from what motive? so Ges Ew§325 c Ol§223 f, compare in Greek τί μαθών;) — wherefore? on what account ? Genesis 26:27 מַדּוּעַ בָּאתֶם אֵלָ֑י, Genesis 40:7; Exodus 1:18; 2:18; 3:8 (in an indirect question), Exodus 5:14; 18:14; Leviticus 10:17; Joshua 17:14 (all in Hexateuch), Judges 5:28 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 3:7; 11:10 etc., Isaiah 5:4; 50:2; 63:2 (all in Isaiah); in Jeremiah 16 times, oft, rhetorically, after a double question introduced by אִם֗֗֗הֲ, expressing affected surprise: † Jeremiah 2:14 (see Gf) is Israel a slave (unable to defend himself)? wherefore, then, is he become a prey? (some other cause must therefore be found for Israel's misfortune), Jeremiah 2:31; 8:5, 19, 22; 14:19; 22:28; 49:1, compare Jeremiah 30:6; Job 3:12; Job 18:8 (never in Psalms).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:27; 40:7


1:18; 2:18; 3:8; 5:14; 18:14; 18:19







2 Samuel

3:7; 11:10


3:12; 18:8


5:4; 50:2; 63:2


2:14; 2:31; 8:5; 8:19; 8:22; 14:19; 22:28; 30:6; 49:1


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4069 matches the Hebrew מַדּוּעַ (madûaʿ),
which occurs 72 times in 71 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 26:27–Job 33:13)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:27 - Isaac said to them, “Why H4069 have you come to me, since you hate me and have sent me away from you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:7 - So he asked Pharaoh’s officials who were with him in confinement in his master’s house, “[fn]Why H4069 are your faces so sad today?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:18 - So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why H4069 have you done this thing, and let the boys live?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:18 - When they came to their father Reuel, he said, “Why H4069 have you come back so soon today?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:3 - So Moses said, “I must turn aside and see this [fn]marvelous sight, why H4069 the bush is not burning up!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:14 - Moreover, the foremen of the sons of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten [fn]and asked, “Why H4069 have you not completed your required task of making bricks either yesterday or today, as before?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:14 - Now when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why H4069 do you alone sit as judge and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:17 - “Why H4069 did you not eat the sin offering at the [fn]holy place? For it is most holy, and [fn]He gave it to you to take away the guilt of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:8 - With him I speak mouth to mouth,
That is, openly, and not [fn]using [fn]mysterious language,
And he beholds the form of the LORD.
So why H4069 were you not afraid
To speak against My servant, against Moses?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:3 - They assembled together against Moses and Aaron, and said to them, “[fn]You have gone far enough! For all the congregation are holy, every one of them, and the LORD is in their midst; so why H4069 do you exalt yourselves above the assembly of the LORD?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 17:14 - Then the sons of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, “Why H4069 have you given me only one lot and one portion as an inheritance, though I am a numerous people whom the LORD has blessed up to this point?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:28 - “Out of the window she looked and wailed,
The mother of Sisera through the [fn]lattice,
‘Why H4069 does his chariot delay in coming?
Why H4069 do the [fn]hoofbeats of his chariots delay?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:28 - Then Gaal the son of Ebed said, “Who is Abimelech, and who is Shechem, that we should serve him? Is he not the son of Jerubbaal, and is Zebul not his governor? Serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem; but why H4069 should we serve him?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - But Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Did you not hate me and drive me from my father’s house? So why H4069 have you come to me now when you are in trouble?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:26 - ‘While Israel was living in Heshbon and its villages, and in Aroer and its villages, and in all the cities that are on the banks of the Arnon, three hundred years, why H4069 did you not recover them within that time?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 12:1 - Now the men of Ephraim were summoned, and they crossed [fn]to Zaphon; and they said to Jephthah, “Why H4069 did you cross over to fight against the sons of Ammon without calling us to go with you? We will burn your house down on you!”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:10 - Then she fell on her face, bowing to the ground, and said to him, “Why H4069 have I found favor in your sight that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:2 - He said to him, “Far from it, you shall not die! Behold, my father does nothing either great or small [fn]without informing me. So why H4069 would my father hide this thing from me? It is not so!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:27 - But it came about the next day, the second day of the new moon, that David’s place was empty again; so Saul said to his son Jonathan, “Why H4069 has the son of Jesse not come to the meal, either yesterday or today?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:1 - Then David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came trembling to meet David and said to him, “Why H4069 are you alone, and no one with you?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:7 - And Saul had a concubine whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah; and [fn]Ish-bosheth said to Abner, “Why H4069 have you gone in to my father’s concubine?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:10 - Now when they informed David, saying, “Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Did you not come from a journey? Why H4069 did you not go down to your house?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:20 - then it shall be that if the king’s wrath rises and he says to you, ‘Why H4069 did you move against the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:9 - ‘Why H4069 have you despised the word of the LORD, by doing evil in His sight? You have struck and killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, you have taken his wife as your wife, and you have slaughtered him with the sword of the sons of Ammon.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:4 - And he said to him, “Why H4069 are you, the king’s son, so depressed morning after morning? Will you not tell me?” So Amnon said to him, “I am in love with Tamar, the sister of my brother Absalom.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:10 - But the king said, “[fn]What business of mine is yours, you sons of Zeruiah? If he curses, and if the LORD has told him, ‘Curse David,’ then who should say, ‘Why H4069 have you done so?’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:11 - Then Joab said to the man who had informed him, “So behold, you saw him! Why H4069 then did you not strike him there to the ground? And it would have been [fn]my duty to give you ten pieces of silver and a belt.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:41 - And behold, all the men of Israel came to the king and said to the king, “Why H4069 have our brothers, the men of Judah, abducted you and brought the king and his household and all David’s men with him, over the Jordan?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:43 - But the men of Israel answered the men of Judah and said, “[fn]We have ten parts in the king, therefore [fn]we also have more claim on David than you. Why H4069 then did you treat [fn]us with contempt? Was it not [fn]our [fn]advice first to bring back [fn]our king?” Yet the words of the men of Judah were harsher than the words of the men of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:21 - Then Araunah said, “Why H4069 has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, in order to build an altar to the LORD, so that the plague may be [fn]withdrawn from the people.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:6 - And his father had never rebuked him at any time by asking, “Why H4069 have you done so?” And he was also a very handsome man, and [fn]he was born after Absalom.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:13 - “Go [fn]at once to King David and say to him, ‘Have you not, my lord the king, sworn to your servant, saying, “Solomon your son certainly shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why H4069 then has Adonijah become king?’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:41 - Now Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard this as they finished eating. When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, “Why H4069 is the [fn]city making such an uproar?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:43 - “Why H4069 then have you not kept the oath of the LORD, and the command which I [fn]imposed on you?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:23 - But he said, “Why H4069 are you going to him today? It is neither new moon nor Sabbath.” So she just said, “It will be fine.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:12 - And Hazael said, “Why H4069 is my lord weeping?” And he [fn]answered, “Because I know the evil that you will do to the sons of Israel: you will set their fortified cities on fire, you will kill their young men with the sword, their little ones you will smash to pieces, and you will rip up their pregnant women.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:11 - Now Jehu went out to the servants of his master, and one said to him, “Is everything well? Why H4069 did this crazy fellow come to you?” And he said to them, “You know very well the man and his talk.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 12:7 - So King Jehoash summoned Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said to them, “Why H4069 do you not repair damage to the house? Now then, you are not to take any more money from your [fn]acquaintances, but give it up for the damage to the house.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 24:6 - So the king summoned Jehoiada, the chief priest, and said to him, “Why H4069 have you not required the Levites to bring in from Judah and from Jerusalem the [fn]contribution of Moses, the servant of the LORD, and the congregation of Israel, for the tent of the testimony?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:2 - So the king said to me, “Why H4069 is your face sad, though you are not ill? This is nothing but sadness of heart.” Then I was very much afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:3 - And I said to the king, “May the king live forever. Why H4069 should my face not be sad when the city, the [fn]site of my fathers’ tombs, is desolate and its gates have been consumed by fire?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:11 - So I [fn]reprimanded the officials and said, “Why H4069 has the house of God been neglected?” Then I gathered them together and stationed them at their posts.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:21 - Then I warned them and said to them, “Why H4069 do you spend the night in front of the wall? If you do so again, I will [fn]use force against you.” From that time on they did not come on the Sabbath.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:3 - Then the king’s servants who were at the king’s gate said to Mordecai, “Why H4069 are you violating the king’s command?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:12 - “Why H4069 were the knees there in front of me,
And why the breasts, that I would nurse?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:3 - “Why H4069 are we regarded as animals,
As stupid in your eyes?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:4 - “As for me, is my complaint [fn]to a mortal?
Or why H4069 should [fn]I not be impatient?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:7 - “Why H4069 do the wicked still live,
Grow old, and also become very [fn]powerful?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:1 - “Why H4069 are [fn]times not stored up by the Almighty,
And why do those who know Him not see His [fn]days?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:13 - “Why H4069 do you complain to Him
That He does not give an account of all His doings?

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 26:27–Job 33:13) Gen 26:27–Job 33:13

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