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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H423 - 'ālâ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 91a

Strong’s Definitions

אָלָה ʼâlâh, aw-law'; from H422; an imprecation:—curse, cursing, execration, oath, swearing.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 36x

The KJV translates Strong's H423 in the following manner: curse (18x), oath (14x), execration (2x), swearing (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 36x
The KJV translates Strong's H423 in the following manner: curse (18x), oath (14x), execration (2x), swearing (2x).
  1. oath

  2. oath of covenant

  3. curse

    1. from God

    2. from men

  4. execration

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָלָה ʼâlâh, aw-law'; from H422; an imprecation:—curse, cursing, execration, oath, swearing.
STRONGS H423: Abbreviations
אָלָה noun feminine oath Genesis 26:28 +; suffix אָלָתִי, אָלָתוֺ Genesis 24:11 + (4 times); plural אָלוֺת Deuteronomy 29:20 + (4 times).
1. oath in testimony Leviticus 5:1; Numbers 5:21 (twice in verse) (P) Proverbs 29:23; בא באלה come into an oath Nehemiah 10:30; הביא באלה bring into an oath Ezekiel 17:13; נשׂא אלה 1 Kings 8:31 (= 2 Chronicles 6:22).
2. oath of convenant Genesis 24:41 (twice in verse); Genesis 26:28 (J) Deuteronomy 29:11; Deuteronomy 29:13; בזה אלה despise an oath Ezekiel 16:59; Ezekiel 17:16, 18, 19.
3. curse
(b) from men Job 31:30; Psalm 10:7; Psalm 59:13.
4. execration in the phrase היה לאלה become an execration Numbers 5:27 (P) Jeremiah 29:18; Jeremiah 42:18; Jeremiah 44:12.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:11; 24:41; 26:28; 26:28




5:21; 5:23; 5:27


29:11; 29:13; 29:18; 29:19; 29:20; 29:20; 30:7

1 Kings


2 Chronicles

6:22; 34:24






10:7; 59:13






23:10; 29:18; 42:18; 44:12


16:59; 17:13; 17:16; 17:18; 17:19





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H423 matches the Hebrew אָלָה ('ālâ),
which occurs 36 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:41 - then you will be free from my oath H423, when you come to my relatives; and if they do not give her to you, you will be free from my oath H423.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:28 - They said, “We have seen plainly that the LORD has been with you; so we said, ‘An oath H423 must now be taken [fn]by us,’ that is, [fn]by you and us. So let us make a covenant with you,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:1 -

‘Now if a person sins after he hears a [fn]public order H423 to testify when he is a witness, whether he has seen or otherwise known, if he does not tell it, then he will bear his punishment.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:21 - (then the priest shall have the woman swear with the oath of the curse H423, and the priest shall say to the woman), “may the LORD make you a curse H423 and an oath among your people by the LORD’S making your thigh [fn]shriveled and your [fn]belly swollen;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:23 -

‘The priest shall then write these curses H423 on a scroll, and he shall [fn]wash them off into the water of bitterness.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - ‘When he has made her drink the water, then it will come about, if she has defiled herself and has been unfaithful to her husband, that the water which brings a curse will go into her [fn]and cause bitterness, and her belly will swell up and her thigh will [fn]shrivel, and the woman will become a curse H423 among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:12 - so that you may enter into the covenant with the LORD your God, and into His oath H423 which the LORD your God is making with you today,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:14 -

“Now it is not with you alone that I am making this covenant and this oath H423,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:19 - “And it shall be when he hears the words of this curse H423, that he will consider himself fortunate in his heart, saying, ‘I will do well though I walk in the stubbornness of my heart in order [fn]to destroy the watered land along with the dry.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:20 - “The LORD will not be willing to forgive him, but rather the anger of the LORD and His wrath will [fn]burn against that person, and every curse H423 that is written in this book will lie upon him, and the LORD will wipe out his name from under heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:21 - “Then the LORD will single him out for disaster from all the tribes of Israel, in accordance with all the curses H423 of the covenant which is written in this Book of the Law.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - “And the LORD your God will [fn]inflict all these curses H423 on your enemies and on those who hate you, who persecuted you.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:31 -

“If a person sins against his neighbor and is compelled to take an oath H423 of innocence, and he comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this house,

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:22 -

“If someone sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath H423, and he comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this house,

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 34:24 - this is what the LORD says: “Behold, I am bringing [fn]evil on this place and on its inhabitants, all the curses H423 written in the book which they have read in the presence of the king of Judah.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 10:29 - are joining with their kinsmen, their nobles, and are [fn]taking on themselves a curse H423 and an oath to walk in God’s Law, which was given through Moses, God’s servant, and to keep and to [fn]comply with all the commandments of [fn]GOD our Lord, and His ordinances and statutes;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:30 -

[fn]No, I have not [fn]allowed my mouth to sin

By asking for his life in a curse H423.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:7 -

His mouth is full of cursing H423, deceit, and oppression;

Under his tongue is harm and injustice.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 59:12 -

[fn]On account of the sin of their mouths and the words of their lips,

May they even be caught in their pride,

And on account of curses H423 and lies which they tell.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:24 -

One who is a partner with a thief hates his own life;

He hears the oath H423 but tells nothing.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:6 - Therefore, a curse H423 devours the earth, and those who live on it suffer for their guilt. Therefore, the inhabitants of the earth decrease in number, and few people are left.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:10 -

For the land is full of adulterers;

For the land mourns because of the curse H423.

The pastures of the wilderness have dried up.

Their course is evil

And their might is not right.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 29:18 - ‘I will pursue them with the sword, with famine, and with plague; and I will make them an object of terror to all the kingdoms of the earth, to be a curse H423 and an object of horror and [fn]hissing, and a disgrace among all the nations where I have driven them,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 42:18 -

For this is what the LORD of armies, the God of Israel says: “As My anger and wrath have gushed out on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so My wrath will gush out on you when you enter Egypt. And you will become a curse H423, an object of horror, [fn]an imprecation, and a disgrace; and you will not see this place again.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 44:12 - ‘And I will take away the remnant of Judah who have set their [fn]minds on entering the land of Egypt to reside there, and they will all [fn]meet their end in the land of Egypt; they will fall by the sword or meet their end by famine. From the small to the great, they will die by the sword and famine; and they will become a curse, an object of horror, [fn]an imprecation, and a disgrace.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:59 - For this is what the Lord GOD says: “I will also do with you as you have done, you who have despised the oath H423 by breaking the covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:13 - ‘Then he took one of the royal [fn]family and made a covenant with him, [fn]putting him under oath H423. He also took away the mighty of the land,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:16 - ‘As I live,’ declares the Lord GOD, ‘In the [fn]country of the king who [fn]put him on the throne, whose oath H423 he despised and whose covenant he broke, [fn]in Babylon he shall certainly die.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:18 - ‘Now he despised the oath H423 by breaking the covenant, and behold, he [fn]pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:19 - Therefore, this is what the Lord GOD says: “As I live, My oath H423 which he despised and My covenant which he broke, I will certainly [fn]inflict on his head.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:11 - “Indeed, all Israel has violated Your Law and turned aside, not obeying Your voice; so the curse H423 has gushed forth on us, along with the oath which is written in the Law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 5:3 - Then he said to me, “This is the curse H423 that is going forth over the face of the entire [fn]land; everyone who steals certainly will be purged away according to [fn]the writing on one side, and everyone who swears falsely will be purged away according to [fn]the writing on the other side.
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