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Lexicon :: Strong's H4397 - mal'āḵ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1068a

Strong’s Definitions

מֲלְאָךְ mălʼâk, mal-awk'; from an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically, of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher):—ambassador, angel, king, messenger.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 214x

The KJV translates Strong's H4397 in the following manner: angel (111x), messenger (98x), ambassadors (4x), variant (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 214x
The KJV translates Strong's H4397 in the following manner: angel (111x), messenger (98x), ambassadors (4x), variant (1x).
  1. messenger, representative

    1. messenger

    2. angel

    3. the theophanic angel

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מֲלְאָךְ mălʼâk, mal-awk'; from an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically, of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher):—ambassador, angel, king, messenger.
STRONGS H4397: Abbreviations
מַלְאָךְ 214 noun masculine messenger; — מ׳ Exodus 23:20 + 48 times; construct מַלְאַךְ Genesis 16:7 + 69 times; suffixes מַלְאָכִי Exodus 23:23 + 3 times; מַלְאָכוֺ Genesis 24:7, 40; plural מַלְאָכִים Genesis 32:4 [Genesis 32:3] + 63 times + מלאכים 2 Samuel 11:1 Kt (Qr מלכים); construct מַלְאֲכֵי Genesis 28:12 + 11 times; מַלְאָכֶיךָ Numbers 24:12; 2 Kings 19:23; מַלְאָכֵכֵה Nahum 2:14 error for מַלְאָכֵכִי = מַלְאָכַיְכִי Ges§ 91, (2) Anm. 2 or < for מַלְאָכֵךְ by dittograph from following הוֺיii. 1. 571). מַלְאָכָיו 2 Chronicles 36:15 + 8 times; —
1. messenger,
a. one sent with a message Genesis 32:4 [Genesis 32:3 + 8 times J E; Deuteronomy 2:26, (not in P); Judges 6:35 + 8 times; 1 Samuel 6:21 + 51 times Samuel Kings, 1 Chronicles 14:1; 1 Chronicles 19:2, 16; 2 Chronicles 18:12; 35:21; Nehemiah 6:3; Job 1:14; Proverbs 13:17; Proverbs 17:11; Isaiah 14:32; Isaiah 18:2; Isaiah 30:4; Isaiah 37:9, 14; Jeremiah 27:3; Ezekiel 17:15; Ezekiel 23:16, 40; Ezekiel 30:9; Nahum 2:14; מלאכי שׁלום, messengers of peace Isaiah 33:7.
b. a prophet Isaiah 42:19; Isaiah 44:26; 2 Chronicles 36:15, 16; Haggai 1:13; the herald of the advent מלאכי Malachi 3:1.
c. priest Malachi 2:7, probably Ecclesiastes 5:5 (RV angel).
d. || מֵלִיץ Job 33:23, a messenger from God acting as an interpreter and declaring what is right (angel of RV too specific).
e. figurative רָעִים מ׳ messengers of evil Psalm 78:49; מות מ׳ messenger of death Proverbs 16:14; || רוחות winds his messengers Psalm 104:4.
2. angel, as messenger of God, מלאכים with God in theophanies Genesis 19:1, 15; Genesis 28:12; Genesis 32:2; [Genesis 32:1] (JE), praising him; Psalm 103:20; Psalm 148:2; in his sight not without error Job 4:18 charged with the care of the pious Psalm 91:11; elsewhere singular sent to a prophet 1 Kings 13:18; 1 Kings 19:5, 7; 2 Kings 1:3, 15; Zechariah 1:9 + 18 times in Zechariah 1-6; excellent, wise, powerful 1 Samuel 29:9; 2 Samuel 14:17, 20; 2 Samuel 19:28; Zechariah 12:8; encamping about the faithful Psalm 34:8; chasing his enemies Psalm 35:5; Psalm 35:6; destroying by judgment of Yahweh 2 Samuel 24:16, 17 = 1 Chronicles 21:12-30; 2 Kings 19:35 = Isaiah 37:36 2 Chronicles 32:21.
3. the theophanic angel ה֯א֠להים מ׳ in the story of E: Genesis 21:17; Genesis 31:11; Exodus 14:19, also in Judges 6:20; Judges 13:6, 9; יהוה מ׳ in the story of J: Genesis 16:7, 9, 10, 11; Genesis 22:11, 15; Exodus 3:2; Numbers 22:22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 34, 35 and in Judges 2:1; Judges 2:4; Judges 5:23; Judges 6:11; Judges 6:12; Judges 6:21 (twice in verse); Judges 6:22 (twice in verse); Judges 13:3, 13, 15, 16 (twice in verse); Judges 13:17, 18, 20 (twice in verse); Judges 13:21; הַמַּלְאָךְ Genesis 48:16 (E); מַלְאָךְ Exodus 23:20 (E), Exodus 33:2; Numbers 20:16 (JE), Hosea 12:5; מַלְאָכִי Exodus 23:23 (E), Exodus 32:34 (J); מַלְאָכוֺ Genesis 24:7, 40 (J), פניו מ׳ Malachi 3:1 (referring to the ancient מלאך); הכרית מ׳ Malachi 3:1 (referring to the advent of י׳ for judgment, see BrMP 473). The theophanic angel is not mentioned in D and P.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


16:7; 16:7; 16:9; 16:10; 16:11; 19:1; 19:15; 21:17; 22:11; 22:15; 24:7; 24:7; 24:40; 24:40; 28:12; 28:12; 31:11; 32:1; 32:3; 32:3; 48:16


3:2; 14:19; 23:20; 23:20; 23:23; 23:23; 32:34; 33:2


20:16; 22:22; 22:23; 22:24; 22:25; 22:26; 22:27; 22:31; 22:32; 22:34; 22:35; 24:12




2:1; 2:4; 5:23; 6:11; 6:12; 6:20; 6:21; 6:22; 6:35; 13:3; 13:6; 13:9; 13:13; 13:15; 13:16; 13:17; 13:18; 13:20; 13:21

1 Samuel

6:21; 29:9

2 Samuel

11:1; 14:17; 14:20; 19:28; 24:16; 24:17

1 Kings

13:18; 19:5; 19:7

2 Kings

1:3; 1:15; 19:23; 19:35

1 Chronicles

14:1; 19:2; 19:16; 21:12; 21:13; 21:14; 21:15; 21:16; 21:17; 21:18; 21:19; 21:20; 21:21; 21:22; 21:23; 21:24; 21:25; 21:26; 21:27; 21:28; 21:29; 21:30

2 Chronicles

18:12; 32:21; 35:21; 36:15; 36:15; 36:16




1:14; 4:18; 33:23


34:8; 35:5; 35:6; 78:49; 91:11; 103:20; 104:4; 148:2


13:17; 16:14; 17:11




14:32; 18:2; 30:4; 33:7; 37:9; 37:14; 37:36; 42:19; 44:26




17:15; 23:16; 23:40; 30:9






1:9; 12:8


2:7; 3:1; 3:1; 3:1

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4397 matches the Hebrew מַלְאָךְ (mal'āḵ),
which occurs 213 times in 196 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 16:7–Jdg 6:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:7 -

Now the angel H4397 of Yahweh found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:9 - Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh said to her, “Return to your mistress and [fn]humble yourself under her hands.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:10 - Moreover, the angel H4397 of Yahweh said to her, “I will greatly multiply your seed so that [fn]they will be too many to be counted.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:11 - And the angel H4397 of Yahweh said to her further,

“Behold, you [fn]are with child,

And you will bear a son;

And you shall call his name [fn]Ishmael,

Because Yahweh has heard your affliction.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:1 -

Then the two angels H4397 came to Sodom in the evening as Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. Lot saw them and rose to meet them and [fn]bowed down with his [fn]face to the ground.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:15 -

Now at the [fn]breaking of dawn, the angels H4397 urged Lot, saying, “Get up, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you be swept away in the [fn]punishment of the city.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:17 - Then God heard the voice of the boy crying; and the angel H4397 of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter with you, Hagar? Do not fear, for God has heard the voice of the boy where he is.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:11 - But the angel H4397 of Yahweh called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:15 -

Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh called to Abraham a second time from heaven,

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - “Yahweh, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and from the land of my kin, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, saying, ‘To your seed I will give this land,’ He will send His angel H4397 before you, and you will take a wife for my son from there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:40 - “And he said to me, ‘Yahweh, before whom I have walked, will send His angel H4397 with you and will make your journey successful, and you will take a wife for my son from my family and from my father’s house.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:12 - Then he had a dream, and behold, a [fn]ladder stood on the earth with its top touching heaven; and behold, the angels H4397 of God were ascending and descending on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:11 - “Then the angel H4397 of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:1 -

Now Jacob went on his way, and the angels H4397 of God met him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:3 -

Then Jacob sent messengers H4397 before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the [fn]country of Edom.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:6 -

Then the messengers H4397 returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother, to Esau, and furthermore he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:16 -

The angel H4397 who has redeemed me from all evil,

Bless these boys;

And may my name [fn]live on in them,

And the [fn]names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;

And may they grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:2 - And the angel H4397 of [fn]Yahweh appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of the bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:19 -

Then the angel H4397 of God, who had been going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:20 -

“Behold, I am going to send an angel H4397 before you to keep you along the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:23 - “For My angel H4397 will go before you and bring you in to the land of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I will annihilate them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:34 - “But now go, guide the people where I told you. Behold, My angel H4397 shall go before you; nevertheless in the day when I [fn]punish, I will [fn]punish them for their sin.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:2 - “And I will send an angel H4397 before you, and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:14 -

From Kadesh Moses then sent messengers H4397 to the king of Edom: “Thus your brother Israel has said, ‘You know all the hardship that has befallen us,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:16 - ‘So we cried out to Yahweh, and He heard our voice and sent an angel H4397 and brought us out from Egypt; now behold, we are at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:21 -

Then Israel sent messengers H4397 to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:5 - So he sent messengers H4397 to Balaam the son of Beor, at Pethor, which is near the [fn]River, in the land of the sons of his people, to call him, saying, “Behold, a people came out of Egypt; behold, they cover the surface of the land, and they are settled opposite me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:22 - But God was angry because he was going, so the angel H4397 of Yahweh took his stand in the way as an adversary against him. Now he was riding on his donkey, and his two young men were with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:23 - Then the donkey saw the angel H4397 of Yahweh standing in the way with his drawn sword in his hand, and the donkey turned off from the way and went into the field; so Balaam struck the donkey to turn it back into the way.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:24 - Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh stood in a narrow path of the vineyards, with a wall on this side and a wall on that side.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:25 - And the donkey saw the angel H4397 of Yahweh, and it pressed itself to the wall and pressed Balaam’s foot against the wall, so he struck it again.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:26 - And the angel H4397 of Yahweh passed on ahead and stood in a narrow place where there was no way to turn to the right hand or the left.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:27 - Then the donkey saw the angel H4397 of Yahweh and lay down under Balaam; so Balaam was angry and struck the donkey with his stick.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:31 -

Then Yahweh opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel H4397 of Yahweh standing in the way with his drawn sword in his hand; and he bowed his head down [fn]and prostrated himself to the ground.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:32 - And the angel H4397 of Yahweh said to him, “Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Behold, I have come out as an adversary because your way was [fn]contrary to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:34 - And Balaam said to the angel H4397 of Yahweh, “I have sinned, for I did not know that you were standing in the way against me. So now, if it is evil in your sight, I will turn back.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:35 - But the angel H4397 of Yahweh said to Balaam, “Go with the men, but you shall speak only the word which I [fn]tell you.” So Balaam went along with the leaders of Balak.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:12 - And Balaam said to Balak, “Did I not tell your messengers H4397 whom you had sent to me, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:26 -

“So I sent messengers H4397 from the wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:17 - “And the city shall be devoted to destruction, it and all that is in it belongs to Yahweh; only Rahab the harlot [fn]and all who are with her in the house shall live because she hid the messengers H4397 whom we sent.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:25 - However, Rahab the harlot and her father’s household and all she had, Joshua preserved alive; and she has lived in the midst of Israel to this day, for she hid the messengers H4397 whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:22 -

So Joshua sent messengers H4397, and they ran to the tent; and behold, it was concealed in his tent with the silver underneath it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:1 -

Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh came up from Gilgal to Bochim. And he said, “I brought you up out of Egypt and led you into the land which I have sworn to your fathers; and I said, ‘I will never break My covenant with you,

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:4 - So it happened that when the angel H4397 of Yahweh spoke these words to all the sons of Israel, the people lifted up their voices and wept.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:23 -

‘Curse Meroz,’ said the angel H4397 of Yahweh,

‘Utterly curse its inhabitants,

Because they did not come to the help of Yahweh,

To the help of Yahweh against the warriors.’

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:11 -

Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh came and sat under the [fn]oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to [fn]preserve it from the Midianites.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:12 - And the angel H4397 of Yahweh appeared to him and said to him, “Yahweh is with you, O mighty man of valor.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:20 - And the angel H4397 of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock and pour out the broth.” And he did so.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:21 - Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel H4397 of Yahweh went away from before his eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:22 - And Gideon saw that he was the angel H4397 of Yahweh, so [fn]he said, “Alas, O Lord Yahweh! For now I have seen the angel H4397 of Yahweh face to face.”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Gen 16:7–Jdg 6:22) Gen 16:7–Jdg 6:22

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Jdg 6:35–2Sa 24:17

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