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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H4417 - melaḥ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1197a

Variant Spellings

The following spelling is supported by Strongs and Gesenius: מלח.

Strong’s Definitions

מֶלַח melach, meh'-lakh; from H4414; properly, powder, i.e. (specifically) salt (as easily pulverized and dissolved):—salt(-pit).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x

The KJV translates Strong's H4417 in the following manner: salt (27x), saltpits (with H4379) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x
The KJV translates Strong's H4417 in the following manner: salt (27x), saltpits (with H4379) (1x).
  1. salt

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מֶלַח melach, meh'-lakh; from H4414; properly, powder, i.e. (specifically) salt (as easily pulverized and dissolved):—salt(-pit).
STRONGS H4417: Abbreviations
† II. מֶ֫לַח noun masculine salt (Late Hebrew id.; Arabic bdb057105; Aramaic bdb057106, מִלְחָא); — מ׳ absolute Genesis 19:26 +; construct Leviticus 2:13; — salt for seasoning food Job 6:6; offering Leviticus 2:13 (3 times in verse) compare Ezekiel 43:24; בְּרִית מֶ֫לַח Numbers 18:19; 2 Chronicles 13:5 (compare Leviticus 2:13 see Di); used in purifying waters 2 Kings 2:20, 21; strewn on site of devoted city Judges 9:45 compare Zephaniah 2:9 (מִכְרֵהמֿ׳) Deuteronomy 29:22 (|| גָּפְרִית); produced in marshes reserved for purpose Ezekiel 47:11; pillar of salt נְצִיב מ׳ Genesis 19:26; usually in combination הַמֶּלַח יָם(־) Genesis 14:3 (עֶ֫מֶק הַשִּׂדִּים), Numbers 34:3, 12; Deuteronomy 3:17 (|| יָם הָעֲתָבָה), Joshua 3:16; Joshua 12:3; Joshua 15:2, 5; Joshua 18:19; also גֵיאמֿ׳ 2 Samuel 8:13; 2 Kings 14:7 Qr, Psalm 60:2 (title), גֵּיא הַמּ׳ 1 Chronicles 18:12; 2 Chronicles 25:11; 2 Kings 14:7 Kt.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H4416.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


14:3; 19:26; 19:26


2:13; 2:13; 2:13


18:19; 34:3; 34:12


3:17; 29:22


3:16; 12:3; 15:2; 15:5; 18:19



2 Samuel


2 Kings

2:20; 2:21; 14:7; 14:7

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

13:5; 25:11






43:24; 47:11




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4417 matches the Hebrew מֶלַח (melaḥ),
which occurs 29 times in 26 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:3 - This second group of kings joined forces in Siddim Valley (that is, the valley of the Dead Sea[fn]).
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:26 - But Lot’s wife looked back as she was following behind him, and she turned into a pillar of salt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 2:13 - Season all your grain offerings with salt to remind you of God’s eternal covenant. Never forget to add salt to your grain offerings.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:19 - Yes, I am giving you all these holy offerings that the people of Israel bring to the LORD. They are for you and your sons and daughters, to be eaten as your permanent share. This is an eternal and unbreakable covenant[fn] between the LORD and you, and it also applies to your descendants.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:3 - The southern portion of your country will extend from the wilderness of Zin, along the edge of Edom. The southern boundary will begin on the east at the Dead Sea.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:12 - and then along the Jordan River to the Dead Sea. These are the boundaries of your land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:17 - They also received the Jordan Valley, all the way from the Sea of Galilee down to the Dead Sea,[fn] with the Jordan River serving as the western boundary. To the east were the slopes of Pisgah.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:23 - They will exclaim, ‘The whole land is devastated by sulfur and salt. It is a wasteland with nothing planted and nothing growing, not even a blade of grass. It is like the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD destroyed in his intense anger.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 3:16 - the water above that point began backing up a great distance away at a town called Adam, which is near Zarethan. And the water below that point flowed on to the Dead Sea[fn] until the riverbed was dry. Then all the people crossed over near the town of Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:3 - Sihon also controlled the Jordan Valley and regions to the east—from as far north as the Sea of Galilee to as far south as the Dead Sea,[fn] including the road to Beth-jeshimoth and southward to the slopes of Pisgah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:2 - The southern boundary began at the south bay of the Dead Sea,[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:5 - The eastern boundary extended along the Dead Sea to the mouth of the Jordan River. The northern boundary began at the bay where the Jordan River empties into the Dead Sea,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:19 - ran past the north slope of Beth-hoglah, and ended at the north bay of the Dead Sea,[fn] which is the southern end of the Jordan River. This was the southern boundary.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:45 - The battle went on all day before Abimelech finally captured the city. He killed the people, leveled the city, and scattered salt all over the ground.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 8:13 - So David became even more famous when he returned from destroying 18,000 Edomites[fn] in the Valley of Salt.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:20 - Elisha said, “Bring me a new bowl with salt in it.” So they brought it to him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:21 - Then he went out to the spring that supplied the town with water and threw the salt into it. And he said, “This is what the LORD says: I have purified this water. It will no longer cause death or infertility.[fn]
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 14:7 - Amaziah also killed 10,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. He also conquered Sela and changed its name to Joktheel, as it is called to this day.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 18:12 - Abishai son of Zeruiah destroyed 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:5 - Don’t you realize that the LORD, the God of Israel, made a lasting covenant[fn] with David, giving him and his descendants the throne of Israel forever?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 25:11 - Then Amaziah summoned his courage and led his army to the Valley of Salt, where they killed 10,000 Edomite troops from Seir.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:6 - Don’t people complain about unsalted food?
Does anyone want the tasteless white of an egg?[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 60:1 - For the choir director: A psalm[fn] of David useful for teaching, regarding the time David fought Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and killed 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. To be sung to the tune “Lily of the Testimony.”

You have rejected us, O God, and broken our defenses.
You have been angry with us; now restore us to your favor.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 43:24 - You are to present them to the LORD, and the priests are to sprinkle salt on them and offer them as a burnt offering to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 47:11 - But the marshes and swamps will not be purified; they will still be salty.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:9 - Now, as surely as I live,”
says the LORD of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel,
“Moab and Ammon will be destroyed—
destroyed as completely as Sodom and Gomorrah.
Their land will become a place of stinging nettles,
salt pits, and eternal desolation.
The remnant of my people will plunder them
and take their land.”
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