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Lexicon :: Strong's H4438 - malḵûṯ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1199e

Strong’s Definitions

מַלְכוּת malkûwth, mal-kooth'; or מַלְכֻת malkuth; or (in plural) מַלְכֻיָּה malkuyâh; from H4427; a rule; concretely, a dominion:—empire, kingdom, realm, reign, royal.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 91x

The KJV translates Strong's H4438 in the following manner: kingdom (51x), reign (21x), royal (13x), realm (4x), empire (1x), estate (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 91x
The KJV translates Strong's H4438 in the following manner: kingdom (51x), reign (21x), royal (13x), realm (4x), empire (1x), estate (1x).
  1. royalty, royal power, reign, kingdom, sovereign power

    1. royal power, dominion

    2. reign

    3. kingdom, realm

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַלְכוּת malkûwth, mal-kooth'; or מַלְכֻת malkuth; or (in plural) מַלְכֻיָּה malkuyâh; from H4427; a rule; concretely, a dominion:—empire, kingdom, realm, reign, royal.
STRONGS H4438: Abbreviations
מַלְכוּת noun feminine royalty, royal power, reign, kingdom (chiefly late); — מ׳ absolute Esther 1:9 +; construct 1 Chronicles 12:23 +; suffix מַלְכוּתִי 1 Chronicles 17:14, etc.; plural מַלְכֻיּוֺת Daniel 8:22; —
1. royal power, dominion Numbers 24:7 (with תִּנַשֵּׂא), 1 Samuel 20:31 (with תִּכּוֺן), 1 Kings 2:12 (with id.); compare Jeremiah 10:7; Ecclesiastes 4:14; 1 Chronicles 11:10; 1 Chronicles 12:23; 1 Chronicles 29:30 (|| גְּבוּרָה), 2 Chronicles 33:13; Esther 1:19, royal (queenly) dignity Esther 4:14; 1 Chronicles 14:2 (with נִשֵּׂאת); with לָכַד Daniel 11:21; with הֵכִין (subject י׳) 1 Chronicles 17:11; 1 Chronicles 28:7; 2 Chronicles 12:1 (subject Rehoboam); Israel royalty as belonging to י׳ 1 Chronicles 17:14; dominion of י׳ Psalm 103:19 (with מָֽשְׁלָה), Psalm 145:13 (twice in verse); כְּבוֺד מ׳ Psalm 145:11; כְּבוֺד הֲדַר מ׳ Psalm 145:12; שֵׁבֶט מ׳ Psalm 45:7; כִּסֵּא מ׳ 1 Chronicles 22:10; 1 Chronicles 28:5; 2 Chronicles 7:18; of Persia Esther 1:2; Esther 5:1; בַּיִת לְמ׳ 2 Chronicles 1:18; 2 Chronicles 2:11; בֵּית מ׳ Esther 1:9; Esther 2:16; Esther 5:1 (compare Assyrian bit šarruti DlHWB 171); יֵין מ׳ royal wine Esther 1:7; דְּבַר מ׳ royal command Esther 1:19; הוֺד מ׳ royal honour, majesty 1 Chronicles 29:25; Daniel 11:21; so perhaps also הֶדֶר מ׳ Daniel 11:20 see Bev; עשֶׁר בְּבוֺד מ׳ Esther 1:4; כֶּתֶר מ׳ royal crown Esther 1:11; Esther 2:17; Esther 6:8; לְבוּשׁ מ׳ royal apparel Esther 6:8; Esther 8:15; מ׳ (לְבוּשׁ omitted) Esther 5:1 (queenly attire).
2. reign: 40th year of reign of David 1 Chronicles 26:31 compare 2 Chronicles 3:2; 15:10, 19; 16:1, 12; 35:19; Jeremiah 49:34; Daniel 1:1; also 2 Chronicles 29:19; of Babylonian and Persian kings Jeremiah 52:31 (בִּשְׁנַת מ׳ || 2 Kings 25:27 מָלְכוֺ) Daniel 2:1; Daniel 8:1; Ezra 4:5, 6 (twice in verse); Ezra 7:1; Ezra 8:1; Nehemiah 12:22; Esther 2:16; compare פָּרָס מַלְכוּת עַדמְֿלֹח 2 Chronicles 36:20.
3. kingdom, realm 2 Chronicles 1:1; 11:17; 20:30; Nehemiah 9:35; especially realm of Babylonia and Persia 2 Chronicles 36:22 = Ezra 1:1; Esther 1:14, 20; Esther 2:3; Esther 3:6, 8; Esther 5:3, 6; Esther 7:2; Esther 9:30; Daniel 8:22; Daniel 9:1; Daniel 10:13; compare Daniel 11:2, 4 (twice in verse); Daniel 11:9, 17; Daniel 11:20 הֶדֶר מ׳ = Jerusalem according to Hi., but see 1 above.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs



1 Samuel


1 Kings


2 Kings


1 Chronicles

11:10; 12:23; 12:23; 14:2; 17:11; 17:14; 17:14; 22:10; 26:31; 28:5; 28:7; 29:25; 29:30

2 Chronicles

1:1; 2:11; 3:2; 7:18; 11:17; 12:1; 15:10; 15:19; 16:1; 16:12; 20:30; 29:19; 33:13; 35:19; 36:20; 36:22


1:1; 4:5; 4:6; 7:1; 8:1


9:35; 12:22


1:2; 1:4; 1:7; 1:9; 1:9; 1:11; 1:14; 1:19; 1:19; 1:20; 2:3; 2:16; 2:16; 2:17; 3:6; 3:8; 4:14; 5:1; 5:1; 5:1; 5:3; 5:6; 6:8; 6:8; 7:2; 8:15; 9:30


45:7; 103:19; 145:11; 145:12; 145:13




10:7; 49:34; 52:31


1:1; 2:1; 8:1; 8:22; 8:22; 9:1; 10:13; 11:2; 11:4; 11:9; 11:17; 11:20; 11:20; 11:21; 11:21

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4438 matches the Hebrew מַלְכוּת (malḵûṯ),
which occurs 91 times in 82 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Num 24:7–Est 3:6)

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:7 -

“Water will flow from his buckets,

And his seed will be by many waters,

And his king shall be lifted up higher than Agag,

And his kingdom H4438 shall be exalted.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:31 - “For [fn]as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom H4438 will be established. So now, send and bring him to me, for he [fn]must surely die.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:12 - And Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom H4438 was firmly established.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 11:10 -

Now these are the heads of the mighty men whom David had, who gave him strong support in his kingdom H4438, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of Yahweh concerning Israel.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 12:23 -

Now these are the numbers of the [fn]companies equipped for military duty, who came to David at Hebron, to turn the kingdom H4438 of Saul to him, according to the [fn]command of Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 14:2 - Thus David knew that Yahweh had established him as king over Israel, and that his kingdom H4438 was lifted up, for the sake of His people Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:11 - “And it will be that when your days are fulfilled to go to be with your fathers, I will raise up one of your seed after you, who will be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom H4438.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:14 - “But I will cause him to stand in My house and in My kingdom H4438 forever, and his throne shall be established forever.”’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 22:10 - ‘He shall build a house for My name, and he shall be a son to Me and I will be a father to him; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom H4438 over Israel forever.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:31 - As for the Hebronites, Jerijah the chief [fn](these Hebronites were investigated according to their generations and fathers’ households, in the fortieth year of David’s reign H4438, and mighty men of valor were found among them at Jazer of Gilead)
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:5 - “Now of all my sons (for Yahweh has given me many sons), He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom H4438 of Yahweh over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:7 - ‘And I will establish his kingdom H4438 forever if he will be strong to do My commandments and My judgments, as [fn]is done now.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:25 - And Yahweh highly exalted Solomon in the sight of all Israel, and granted to him royal H4438 majesty which had not been on any king before him in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:30 - with all his reign H4438, his might, and the circumstances which came on him, on Israel, and on all the kingdoms of the lands.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:1 -

Now Solomon the son of David strengthened himself over his kingdom H4438, and [fn]Yahweh his God was with him and highly exalted him.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 2:1 -

[fn]Then Solomon [fn]decided to build a house for the name of Yahweh and a [fn]royal H4438 palace for himself.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 2:12 - Then Huram said, “Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, who has made heaven and earth, who has given King David a wise son, knowledgeable in insight and understanding, who will build a house for Yahweh and a [fn]royal H4438 palace for himself.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 3:2 - Then he began to build on the second day in the second month [fn]of the fourth year of his reign H4438.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:18 - then I will establish your royal H4438 throne as I cut a covenant with your father David, saying, ‘[fn]You shall not have a man cut off as ruler in Israel.’
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 11:17 - They strengthened the kingdom H4438 of Judah and gave courage to Rehoboam the son of Solomon for three years, for they walked in the way of David and Solomon for three years.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:1 -

Now it happened that when the kingdom H4438 of Rehoboam was established and strong, he and all Israel with him forsook the law of Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 15:10 - So they assembled at Jerusalem in the third month of the fifteenth year of Asa’s reign H4438.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 15:19 - And there was no more war until the thirty-fifth year of Asa’s reign H4438.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:1 -

In the thirty-sixth year of Asa’s reign H4438 Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah and built up Ramah in order to prevent anyone from going out or coming in to Asa king of Judah.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:12 - And Asa became diseased in his feet in the thirty-ninth year of his reign H4438. His disease was severe, yet even in his disease he did not seek Yahweh, but the physicians.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:30 - So the kingdom H4438 of Jehoshaphat was quiet, for his God gave him rest all around.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:19 - “Moreover, all the utensils which King Ahaz had rejected during his reign H4438 in his unfaithfulness, we have prepared and set apart as holy; and behold, they are before the altar of Yahweh.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:13 - Then he prayed to Him, and He was moved by his entreaty and heard his supplication, and returned him back to Jerusalem to his kingdom H4438. Then Manasseh knew that Yahweh was God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 35:19 - In the eighteenth year of Josiah’s reign H4438, this Passover was celebrated.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:20 - And those who had escaped from the sword he took away into exile to Babylon; and they were slaves to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom H4438 of Persia,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:22 -

Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to complete the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah—Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he had a proclamation pass throughout all his kingdom H4438, and also put it in writing, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 1:1 -

Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to complete the word of [fn]Yahweh from the mouth of Jeremiah—Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he had a proclamation pass throughout all his kingdom H4438, and also put it in writing, saying:

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 4:5 - and hired counselors against them to frustrate their counsel all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign H4438 of Darius king of Persia.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 4:6 -

Now in the reign H4438 of [fn]Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign H4438, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 7:1 -

Now after these things, in the reign H4438 of Artaxerxes king of Persia, there went up Ezra son of Seraiah, son of Azariah, son of Hilkiah,

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:1 -

Now these are the heads of their fathers’ households and the genealogical records of those who went up with me from Babylon in the reign H4438 of King Artaxerxes:

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:35 -

“But they, in their own kingdom H4438,

With Your abundant goodness which You gave them,

With the broad and rich land which You set before them,

Did not serve You or turn from their evil deeds.

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 12:22 -

As for the Levites, in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan and Jaddua, the heads of fathers’ households were written down; the priests were also in the reign H4438 of Darius the Persian.

Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:2 - in those days as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal H4438 throne which was at the citadel in Susa,
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:4 - [fn]while he displayed the riches of his royal H4438 glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:7 - And drinks were served in golden vessels of various kinds, and the royal H4438 wine was plentiful according to the king’s hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:9 - Queen Vashti also held a feast for the women in the royal H4438 house which belonged to King Ahasuerus.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:11 - to bring Queen Vashti before the king with her royal H4438 crown in order to display her beauty to the people and the princes, for she was [fn]beautiful in appearance.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:14 - and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who [fn]had access to the king’s presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom H4438
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:19 - “If it seems good to the king, let a royal H4438 word go forth from him, and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media so that it cannot [fn]be repealed, that Vashti may no longer come into the presence of King Ahasuerus, and let the king give her royal H4438 position H4438 to [fn]another who is better than she.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:20 - “And the king’s sentence, which he will make, will be heard throughout all his kingdom H4438, for it is [fn]vast, and all women will give respect to their husbands, great and small.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:3 - “And let the king appoint overseers in all the provinces of his kingdom H4438 that they may gather every young virgin, beautiful in appearance, to the citadel of Susa, to the harem, into the hand of Hegai, the king’s eunuch, who keeps charge of the women; and let their cosmetics be given to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:16 - So Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus to his royal H4438 house in the tenth month which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign H4438.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:17 -

And the king loved Esther more than all the women, and she advanced in favor and lovingkindness before him more than all the virgins, so that he set the royal H4438 crown on her head and made her queen in place of Vashti.

Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:6 - But he despised in his eyes to send forth his hand against Mordecai alone, for they had told him who the people of Mordecai were; therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, who were throughout the whole kingdom H4438 of Ahasuerus.

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