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Lexicon :: Strong's H4603 - māʿal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1230

Strong’s Definitions

מָעַל mâʻal, maw-al'; a primitive root; properly, to cover up; used only figuratively, to act covertly, i.e. treacherously:—transgress, (commit, do a) trespass(-ing).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x

The KJV translates Strong's H4603 in the following manner: trespass (13x), commit (11x), transgress (10x), done (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x
The KJV translates Strong's H4603 in the following manner: trespass (13x), commit (11x), transgress (10x), done (1x).
  1. to act unfaithfully, act treacherously, transgress, commit a trespass

    1. (Qal) to act unfaithfully or treacherously

      1. against man

      2. against God

      3. against devoted thing

      4. against husband

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָעַל mâʻal, maw-al'; a primitive root; properly, to cover up; used only figuratively, to act covertly, i.e. treacherously:—transgress, (commit, do a) trespass(-ing).
STRONGS H4603: Abbreviations
מָעַל verb act unfaithfully, treacherously, a priestly word (P Ezra, Chronicles), chiefly late (Late Hebrew id., act unfaithfully; Arabic bdb059101 whisper, backbite, bdb059102 perfidy, fraud); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular מָעַל Joshua 22:20 + 4 times; 3rd person feminine singular מָֽעֲלָה Leviticus 5:21; Numbers 5:12 + 13 times Perfect; Imperfect יִמְעַל Proverbs 16:10; 2 Chronicles 26:16; 3rd person feminine singular תִּמְעֹל Leviticus 5:15; Numbers 5:27; 3rd person masculine plural יִמְעֲלוּ Joshua 7:1, וַיִּמְעֲלוּ 1 Chronicles 5:25; 2nd person masculine plural תִּמְעָ֑לוּ Nehemiah 1:8; Infinitive construct לִמְעֹל, so read for HCT למסר Numbers 31:16 Thes Di; — act unfaithfully, treacherously, usually
1. מָעַל מַ֫עַל :
a. absolute בַּחֵרֶם in the matter of the devoted thing (the sin of Achan) Joshua 7:1 (JE), Joshua 22:20 (P), compare Leviticus 5:15 (P), 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezekiel 14:13; Ezekiel 15:8; Ezekiel 18:24.
b. wife against (בְּ) husband Numbers 5:12, 27 (P; marital infidelity).
2. usage without מַעַל (only late):
a. במשׁפט לא ימעל פיו Proverbs 16:10 let not his (the king's) mouth act treacherously against justice (RV in judgment).
b. elsewhere against God, with בְּ, Deuteronomy 32:51 (P), 1 Chronicles 5:25; 1 Chronicles 12:2; 1 Chronicles 26:22; 1 Chronicles 30:7; Ezra 10:2; Nehemiah 13:27; Ezekiel 39:23; without בְּ, 2 Chronicles 26:18; 29:6; Ezra 10:10; Nehemiah 1:8; בַּחֵרֶם 1 Chronicles 2:7.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


5:15; 5:15; 26:40


5:6; 5:12; 5:12; 5:27; 5:27; 31:16; 31:16




7:1; 7:1; 22:16; 22:20; 22:20; 22:31

1 Chronicles

2:7; 5:25; 5:25; 10:13; 12:2; 26:22; 28:19

2 Chronicles

26:16; 26:18; 29:6; 36:14


10:2; 10:10


1:8; 1:8; 13:27


16:10; 16:10


14:13; 15:8; 17:20; 18:24; 20:27; 39:23; 39:26



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4603 matches the Hebrew מָעַל (māʿal),
which occurs 35 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:15 - “If a person acts H4603 unfaithfully and sins unintentionally against the LORDS holy things, then he shall bring his guilt offering to the LORD: a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation in silver by shekels, in terms of the shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:2 - “When a person sins and acts H4603 unfaithfully against the LORD, and deceives his companion in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or through robbery, or if he has extorted from his companion,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:40 - ‘If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness H4603 which they committed H4603 against Me, and also in their acting with hostility against Me—
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:6 - “Speak to the sons of Israel, ‘When a man or woman commits any of the sins of mankind, acting H4603 unfaithfully against the LORD, and that person is guilty,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:12 - “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘If any man’s wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - ‘When he has made her drink the water, then it shall come about, if she has defiled herself and has been H4603 unfaithful to her husband, that the water which brings a curse will go into her [fn]and cause bitterness, and her abdomen will swell and her thigh will [fn]waste away, and the woman will become a curse among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:51 - because you broke H4603 faith H4603 with Me in the midst of the sons of Israel at the waters of Meribah-kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin, because you did not treat Me as holy in the midst of the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:1 - But the sons of Israel acted H4603 unfaithfully in regard to the things under the ban, for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, took some of the things under the ban, therefore the anger of the LORD burned against the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:16 - “Thus says the whole congregation of the LORD, ‘What is this unfaithful act which you have committed H4603 against the God of Israel, turning away from following the LORD this day, by building yourselves an altar, to rebel against the LORD this day?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:20 - ‘Did not Achan the son of Zerah act H4603 unfaithfully in the things under the ban, and wrath fall on all the congregation of Israel? And that man did not perish alone in his iniquity.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:31 - And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Manasseh, “Today we know that the LORD is in our midst, because you have not committed H4603 this unfaithful act against the LORD; now you have delivered the sons of Israel from the hand of the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:7 - The [fn]son of Carmi was [fn]Achar, the troubler of Israel, who violated H4603 the ban.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:25 - But they acted H4603 treacherously H4603 against the God of their fathers and played the harlot after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:13 - So Saul died for his trespass which he committed H4603 against the LORD, because of the word of the LORD which he did not keep; and also because he asked counsel of a medium, making inquiry of it,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:2 - And it came about in King Rehoboam’s fifth year, because they had been H4603 unfaithful H4603 to the LORD, that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 26:16 - But when he became strong, his heart was so [fn]proud that he acted corruptly, and he was unfaithful H4603 to the LORD his God, for he entered the temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar of incense.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 26:18 - They opposed Uzziah the king and said to him, “It is not for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to the LORD, but for the priests, the sons of Aaron who are consecrated to burn incense. Get out of the sanctuary, for you have been H4603 unfaithful H4603 and will have no honor from the LORD God.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:19 - For the LORD humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel, for he had brought about a lack of restraint in Judah and was very unfaithful to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:22 - Now in the time of his distress this same King Ahaz became H4603 yet more unfaithful H4603 to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:6 - “For our fathers have been H4603 unfaithful H4603 and have done evil in the sight of the LORD our God, and have forsaken Him and turned their faces away from the dwelling place of the LORD, and have [fn]turned their backs.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:7 - “Do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were unfaithful H4603 to the LORD God of their fathers, so that He made them a horror, as you see.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:14 - Furthermore, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful following all the abominations of the nations; and they defiled the house of the LORD which He had sanctified in Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:2 - Shecaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, said to Ezra, “We have been H4603 unfaithful H4603 to our God and have [fn]married foreign women from the peoples of the land; yet now there is hope for Israel in spite of this.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:10 - Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, “You have been H4603 unfaithful H4603 and have married foreign wives adding to the guilt of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:8 - “Remember the word which You commanded Your servant Moses, saying, ‘If you are unfaithful H4603 I will scatter you among the peoples;
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:27 - [fn]Do we then hear about you that you have committed all this great evil by acting H4603 unfaithfully H4603 against our God by [fn]marrying foreign women?”
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:10 - A divine decision is in the lips of the king;
His mouth should not [fn]err H4603 in judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 14:13 - “Son of man, if a country sins against Me by committing H4603 unfaithfulness, H4603 and I stretch out My hand against it, [fn]destroy its supply of bread, send famine against it and cut off from it both man and beast,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:8 - ‘Thus I will make the land desolate, because they have acted H4603 unfaithfully,’” declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:20 - “I will spread My net over him, and he will be caught in My snare. Then I will bring him to Babylon and enter into judgment with him there regarding the unfaithful act which he has committed H4603 against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:24 - “But when a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity and does according to all the abominations that a wicked man does, will he live? All his righteous deeds which he has done will not be remembered for his treachery which he has committed H4603 and his sin which he has committed; for them he will die.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 20:27 - “Therefore, son of man, speak to the house of Israel and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Yet in this your fathers have blasphemed Me by acting H4603 treacherously H4603 against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 39:23 - “The nations will know that the house of Israel went into exile for their iniquity because they acted H4603 treacherously H4603 against Me, and I hid My face from them; so I gave them into the hand of their adversaries, and all of them fell by the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 39:26 - “They will [fn]forget their disgrace and all their treachery which they [fn]perpetrated H4603 against Me, when they live securely on their own land with no one to make them afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:7 - “Righteousness belongs to You, O Lord, but to us [fn]open shame, as it is this day—to the men of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, those who are nearby and those who are far away in all the countries to which You have driven them, because of their unfaithful deeds which they have committed H4603 against You.
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