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Lexicon :: Strong's H4604 - maʿal

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1230a

Strong’s Definitions

מַעַל maʻal, mah'-al; from H4603; treachery, i.e. sin:—falsehood, grievously, sore, transgression, trespass, × very.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H4604 in the following manner: trespass (17x), transgression (6x), trespassed (2x), falsehood (1x), grievously (1x), sore (1x), very (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H4604 in the following manner: trespass (17x), transgression (6x), trespassed (2x), falsehood (1x), grievously (1x), sore (1x), very (1x).
  1. unfaithful or treacherous act, trespass

    1. against man

    2. against God

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַעַל maʻal, mah'-al; from H4603; treachery, i.e. sin:—falsehood, grievously, sore, transgression, trespass, × very.
STRONGS H4604: Abbreviations
† I. מַ֫עַל noun masculineEzra 9:2 unfaithful, treacherous act (Late Hebrew מְעִילָה); — מ׳ Leviticus 5:15 + 16 times; מָ֑עַל Numbers 5:12 + 2 times; suffix מַעֲלוֺ Ezekiel 17:20 + 4 times; מַעֲלָם Ezekiel 39:26 + 3 times; —
1. against man: נשׁאר מעל Job 21:34 faithlessness remains (compare Numbers 5:12, 27; Proverbs 16:10 under מָעַל).
2. elsewhere against God, with בְּ, Joshua 22:22 (P); without בְּ, 1 Chronicles 9:1; 2 Chronicles 29:19; 33:19; Ezra 9:2, 4; Ezra 10:6. — מַעַל elsewhere only with מָעַל which see (1; all cited).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




5:12; 5:12; 5:27



1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

29:19; 33:19


9:2; 9:2; 9:4; 10:6






17:20; 39:26


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4604 matches the Hebrew מַעַל (maʿal),
which occurs 29 times in 29 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:15 - “If a person acts unfaithfully H4604 and sins unintentionally against the LORD’S holy things, then he shall bring his guilt offering to the LORD: a ram without defect from the flock, according to your assessment in silver by shekels, in terms of the shekel of the sanctuary, as a guilt offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:2 - “When a person sins and acts unfaithfully H4604 against the LORD, and disavows the rightful claim of his neighbor regarding a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or regarding robbery, or he has extorted from his neighbor,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:40 -

‘But if they confess their wrongdoing and the wrongdoing of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their acting with hostility against Me—

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:6 - “Speak to the sons of Israel: ‘When a man or woman commits any of the sins of mankind, acting unfaithfully H4604 against the LORD, and that person is guilty,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:12 - “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘If any man’s wife goes astray and is unfaithful H4604 to him,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - ‘When he has made her drink the water, then it will come about, if she has defiled herself and has been unfaithful H4604 to her husband, that the water which brings a curse will go into her [fn]and cause bitterness, and her belly will swell up and her thigh will [fn]shrivel, and the woman will become a curse among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:16 - “Behold, they caused the sons of Israel, through the [fn]counsel of Balaam, to be unfaithful H4604 to the LORD in the matter of Peor, so that the plague took place among the congregation of the LORD!
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:1 -

But the sons of Israel acted unfaithfully H4604 regarding the things designated for destruction, for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, took some of the designated things; therefore the anger of the LORD burned against the sons of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:16 - “This is what the whole congregation of the LORD says: ‘What is this unfaithful H4604 act H4604 which you have committed against the God of Israel, turning away from following the LORD this day, by building yourselves an altar, to rebel against the LORD this day?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:20 - ‘Did Achan the son of Zerah not act unfaithfully H4604 in the things designated for destruction, and wrath fall on the entire congregation of Israel? So that man did not perish alone in his guilt.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:22 - “The Mighty One, God, the LORD, the Mighty One, God, the LORD! He knows, and may Israel itself know. If it was in rebellion, or if in an unfaithful H4604 act H4604 against the LORD, do not save us this day!
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:31 - And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said to the sons of Reuben, the sons of Gad, and to the sons of Manasseh, “Today we know that the LORD is in our midst, because you have not committed this unfaithful H4604 act H4604 against the LORD; now you have saved the sons of Israel from the hand of the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:1 -

So all Israel was enrolled in genealogies; and behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel. And Judah was taken into exile to Babylon for their infidelity H4604.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:13 -

So Saul died for his unfaithfulness H4604 which he committed against the LORD, because of the word of the LORD which he did not keep; and also because he asked counsel of a medium, making inquiry of her,

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:19 - For the LORD had humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel, for he had brought about a lack of restraint in Judah and was very H4604 unfaithful H4604 to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:19 - “Moreover, all the utensils which King Ahaz had discarded during his reign in his unfaithfulness H4604, we have prepared and consecrated; and behold, they are before the altar of the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:19 - His prayer also and how God was moved by him, and all his sin, his unfaithfulness H4604, and the sites on which he built high places and erected the [fn]Asherim and the carved images, before he humbled himself, behold, they are written in the records of [fn]Hozai.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:14 - Furthermore, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful H4604, following all the abominations of the nations; and they defiled the house of the LORD which He had sanctified in Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:2 - “For they have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and for their sons, so that the holy [fn]line has intermingled with the peoples of the lands; indeed, the hands of the officials and the leaders have taken the lead in this unfaithfulness H4604.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:4 - Then everyone who was frightened by the words of the God of Israel on account of the unfaithfulness H4604 of the exiles gathered to me, and I sat [fn]appalled until the evening offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:6 - Then Ezra rose from before the house of God and went into the chamber of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib. Although he went there, he did not eat bread nor drink water, because he was mourning over the unfaithfulness H4604 of the exiles.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:34 -

“So how dare you give me empty comfort?

For your answers remain nothing but falsehood H4604!”

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 14:13 - “Son of man, if a country sins against Me by being unfaithful, and I stretch out My hand against it, [fn]destroy its supply of bread, send famine against it, and eliminate from it both human and animal life,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:8 - ‘So I will make the land desolate, because they have acted unfaithfully H4604,’” declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:20 - “And I will spread My net over him, and he will be caught in My net. Then I will bring him to Babylon and enter into judgment with him there regarding the unfaithful H4604 act H4604 which he has committed against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:24 -

“But when a righteous person turns away from his righteousness, commits injustice and does according to all the abominations that the wicked person does, will he live? All his righteous deeds which he has done will not be remembered for his treachery H4604 which he has committed and his sin which he has committed; for them he will die.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 20:27 -

“Therefore speak to the house of Israel, son of man, and say to them, ‘This is what the Lord GOD says: “Again, in this your fathers have blasphemed Me by being disloyal to Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 39:26 - “They will [fn]forget their disgrace and all their [fn]treachery H4604 which they perpetrated against Me, when they live securely on their own land with no one to make them afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:7 -

“Righteousness belongs to You, Lord, but to us [fn]open shame, as it is this day—to the men of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and all Israel, those who are nearby and those who are far away in all the countries to which You have driven them, because of their unfaithful H4604 deeds H4604 which they have committed against You.

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