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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H4709 - miṣpâ

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Part of Speech
proper feminine locative noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Strong’s Definitions

מִצְפָּה Mitspâh, mits-paw'; feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine:—Mitspah. (This seems rather to be only an orthographic variation of H4708 when 'in pause'.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 32x

The KJV translates Strong's H4709 in the following manner: Mizpah (18x), Mizpeh (14x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 32x
The KJV translates Strong's H4709 in the following manner: Mizpah (18x), Mizpeh (14x).
  1. Mizpah = "watchtower"

    1. a place in Gilead north of Jabbok and location of Laban's cairn

    2. a place in Gilead south of Jabbok; site unknown

    3. a place near Mount Hermon

    4. an old sacred place in Benjamin

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מִצְפָּה Mitspâh, mits-paw'; feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine:—Mitspah. (This seems rather to be only an orthographic variation of H4708 when 'in pause'.)
STRONGS H4709: Abbreviations
מִצְפָּה 38 proper name, of a location (properly outlook-point or with article (except Hosea 5:1)); —
†1. in Gilead, explanation as name given to Laban's cairn, north of Jabbok Genesis 31:49 (on text see Ball Holz; Greek Version of the LXX ἡ ὅρασις).
†2. probably south of Jabbok, Judges 10:17 (ἡ σκοπιά), Judges 11:11, 34 (Μασσηφα; so LXX of Lucian (Lag.) Judges 10:17), Hosea 5:1 (ἡ σκοπιά); apparently = H4708 II. מִצְפֶּה 3, BuhlGeogr. 262 (־פֶּה, ־פָּה, seem to interchange); site unknown; see conjectures in Buhll.c., compare GASmGeogr. 586.
†3. near Hermon, הַמּ׳ אֶרֶץ Joshua 11:3, Μασευμαν, Μασσηφα(θ), = בִּקְעַת־מִצְפֶה H4708 Joshua 11:8, Μασσωχ, Μασσηφα; see BuhlGeogr. 240.
4. old sacred place in Benjamin, Μασσηφα, etc.; — הַמּ׳ Judges 20:1 +, הַמּצְפָּ֫תָה H4708 1 Samuel 7:5 +; — Judges 20:1, 3; Judges 21:1, 5, 8; H4708 1 Samuel 7:5; 7 times 1 Samuel 7; 1 Samuel 10; 1 Kings 15:22; 2 Chronicles 16:6; 2 Kings 25:23, 25; Jeremiah 40:10; 12 times Jeremiah 40, Jeremiah 41; Nehemiah 3:7, 15, 19; = הַמִּצְפֶּה H4708 Joshua 18:26; — modern Nabî Samwîl, 5 miles northwest of Jerusalem, see BuhlGeogr. 167 f..
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs






10:17; 10:17; 11:11; 11:34; 20:1; 20:1; 20:3; 21:1; 21:5; 21:8

1 Kings


2 Kings

25:23; 25:25

2 Chronicles



3:7; 3:15; 3:19




5:1; 5:1


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4709 matches the Hebrew מִצְפָּה (miṣpâ),
which occurs 36 times in 33 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:49 - and [fn]Mizpah H4709, for he said, “May the LORD keep watch between [fn]you and me when we are [fn]absent one from the other.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:3 - to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the hill country, and the Hivite [fn]at the foot of Hermon in the land of Mizpeh H4709.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:17 - Then the sons of Ammon were summoned, and they camped in Gilead. And the sons of Israel gathered together and camped in Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:11 - Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and leader over them; and Jephthah spoke all his words before the LORD at Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:34 - But Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah H4709, and behold, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. And she was his one and only child; besides her he had no son or daughter.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:1 - Then all the sons of Israel from Dan to Beersheba, including the land of Gilead, came out, and the congregation assembled as one person to the LORD at Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:3 - (Now the sons of Benjamin heard that the sons of Israel had gone up to Mizpah H4709.) And the sons of Israel said, “Tell us, how did this wickedness take place?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:1 - Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah H4709, saying, “None of us shall give his daughter to Benjamin [fn]in marriage.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:5 - Then the sons of Israel said, “Who is there among all the tribes of Israel who did not go up to the LORD in the assembly?” For [fn]they had taken a solemn oath concerning anyone who did not go up to the LORD at Mizpah H4709, saying, “He shall certainly be put to death.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:8 - And they said, “What one is there of the tribes of Israel that did not go up to the LORD at Mizpah H4709?” And behold, no one had come to the camp from Jabesh-gilead to the assembly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:5 - Then Samuel said, “Gather all Israel to Mizpah and I will pray to the LORD for you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:6 - So they gathered to Mizpah H4709, and drew water and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day and said there, “We have sinned against the LORD.” And Samuel judged the sons of Israel at Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:7 - Now when the Philistines heard that the sons of Israel had gathered at Mizpah H4709, the governors of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the sons of Israel heard about it, they were afraid of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:11 - And the men of Israel came out of Mizpah H4709 and pursued the Philistines, and killed them as far as below Beth-car.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:12 - Then Samuel took a stone and placed it between Mizpah H4709 and Shen, and named it [fn]Ebenezer, saying, “[fn]So far the LORD has helped us.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:16 - And he used to go annually on a circuit to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah H4709, and he judged Israel in all these places.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:17 - Now Samuel called the people together to the LORD at Mizpah H4709;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:22 - Then King Asa made a proclamation to all Judah—no one was exempt—and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timber with which Baasha had built fortifications. And King Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:23 - When all the captains of the forces, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah H4709, namely, Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, Johanan the son of Kareah, Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:25 - But it happened in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal [fn]family, came [fn]with ten men and struck Gedaliah down so that he died along with the Jews and the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:6 - Then King Asa brought all Judah, and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timber with which Baasha had been building, and with it he [fn]fortified Geba and Mizpah H4709.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:7 - Next to them Melatiah the Gibeonite and Jadon the Meronothite, the men of Gibeon and of Mizpah H4709, [fn]also made repairs for the official seat of the governor of the province beyond the Euphrates River.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:15 - Shallum the son of Col-hozeh, the official of the district of Mizpah H4709, repaired the Fountain Gate. He built it, made a roof for it, and installed its doors with its bolts and its bars, and the wall of the Pool of Shelah at the king’s garden as far as the steps that descend from the city of David.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:19 - And next to him Ezer the son of Jeshua, the official of Mizpah H4709, repaired [fn]another section in front of the ascent of the armory at the Angle.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 40:10 - “Now as for me, behold, I am going to stay in Mizpah H4709 to stand for you before the Chaldeans who come to us; but as for you, gather wine, summer fruit, and oil, and put them in your storage vessels, and live in your cities that you have taken over.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 40:15 - Then Johanan the son of Kareah spoke secretly to Gedaliah in Mizpah H4709, saying, “Let me go and kill Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and no one will know! Why should he take your life, so that all the Jews who are gathered to you would be scattered and the remnant of Judah would perish?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:1 - Now in the seventh month Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal [fn]family and one of the chief officers of the king, along with ten men, came to Mizpah H4709 to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam. While they were eating bread together there in Mizpah H4709,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:3 - Ishmael also struck and killed all the Jews who were with him, that is with Gedaliah in Mizpah H4709, and the Chaldeans who were found there, the men of war.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:6 - Then Ishmael the son of Nethaniah left Mizpah H4709 to meet them, weeping as he went; and as he met them, he said to them, “Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:10 - Then Ishmael took captive all the remnant of the people who were in Mizpah H4709, the king’s daughters and all the people who were left in Mizpah H4709, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard had put in the custody of Gedaliah the son of Ahikam. Ishmael the son of Nethaniah took them captive and proceeded to cross over to the sons of Ammon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:14 - So all the people whom Ishmael had taken captive from Mizpah H4709 turned around and came back, and went to Johanan the son of Kareah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:16 - Then Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces that were with him took from Mizpah H4709 all the remnant of the people whom he had [fn]recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, after he had struck and killed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, that is, the men who were [fn]soldiers, the women, the [fn]children, and the high officials, whom he had brought back from Gibeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:1 - Hear this, you priests!
Pay attention, house of Israel!
Listen, you of the house of the king!
For the judgment applies to you,
Because you have been a trap at Mizpah H4709,
And a net spread out on Tabor.
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