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Lexicon :: Strong's H4751 - mar

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Part of Speech
adjective, adverb
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1248a,1248c

Strong’s Definitions

מַר mar, mar; or (feminine) מָרָה mârâh; from H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly:— angry, bitter(-ly, -ness), chafed, discontented, × great, heavy.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x

The KJV translates Strong's H4751 in the following manner: bitter (20x), bitterness (10x), bitterly (3x), chafed (1x), angry (1x), discontented (1x), heavy (1x), bitter thing (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x
The KJV translates Strong's H4751 in the following manner: bitter (20x), bitterness (10x), bitterly (3x), chafed (1x), angry (1x), discontented (1x), heavy (1x), bitter thing (1x).
  1. bitter, bitterness

    1. of water or food

    2. of harlot's end, end of wickedness, cry (fig.)

    3. of pain (subst)

  2. bitterly

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַר mar, mar; or (feminine) מָרָה mârâh; from H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly:— angry, bitter(-ly, -ness), chafed, discontented, × great, heavy.
STRONGS H4751: Abbreviations
† I. מַר adjective and substantive bitter, bitterness; — absolute מ׳ Proverbs 27:7 +, הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6, מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 [Psalm 64:3] +; construct מַר 1 Samuel 22:2 +; feminine מָרָה Genesis 27:34 +, מָרָא H4755 Ruth 1:20; construct מָרַת 1 Samuel 1:10; masculine plural מָרִים Exodus 15:23 +; construct מָרֵי Judges 18:25; Proverbs 31:6; — bitter:
1. literally, of water Exodus 15:23 (J); food Proverbs 27:7 (opposed to מָתוֺק); wormwood (לַעֲנָה Proverbs 5:4 (in simile of end of harlot, compare Ecclesiastes 7:26 below); as substantive plural, of physical pain, result of curse לְמָרִים Numbers 5:24, 27, whence מֵי הַמָּרִים Numbers 5:18 (compare Di) Numbers 5:19; Numbers 5:23; Numbers 5:24; of harmful result of ruthless fighting 2 Samuel 2:26; of wickedness Jeremiah 2:19; Jeremiah 4:18; = injurious, hurtful Isaiah 5:20 (twice in verse) (opposed to מָתוֺק).
2. figurative,
a. of cry (צְעָקָה, זְעָקָה) Genesis 27:34 (J), Esther 4:1; מָ֑ר מִסְפֵּד Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co); דָּבָר מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 [Psalm 64:3]; as adverb (cry, weep) bitterly Ezekiel 27:30 (מָרָה), Zephaniah 1:14; Isaiah 33:7 (both מַר).
b. of feeling, temper, especially with נֶפֶשׁ : אֲנָשִׁים מָרֵי נֶפֶשׁ Judges 18:25 men fierce (GFM acrid) of temper, so 2 Samuel 17:8 (like a bear robbed of whelps); הַגּוֺי הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6 the fierce nation; מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ = discontented 1 Samuel 22:2; מַרֵי נֶפֶשׁ = the bitterly wretched Job 3:20; Proverbs 31:6, so מָרַת נ׳ 1 Samuel 1:10; compare יוֺם מָ֑ר Amos 8:10; as substantive abstract מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ bitterness of soul Isaiah 38:15; Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co), Job 7:11; Job 10:1 = נפשׁ מָרָה Job 21:25; compare מָרָא H4755 Ruth 1:20 (name given to Naomi by herself); מַרהַֿמָּוֶת 1 Samuel 15:32 the bitterness of death; מַרמִֿמָּוֶת Ecclesiastes 7:26 (metaphor of harlot); in Ezekiel 3:14 I went bitterly, strike out מַר Co. — Isaiah 38:17 see H4843 מרר.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


27:34; 27:34


15:23; 15:23


5:18; 5:19; 5:23; 5:24; 5:24; 5:27


18:25; 18:25

1 Samuel

1:10; 1:10; 15:32; 22:2; 22:2

2 Samuel

2:26; 17:8




3:20; 7:11; 10:1; 21:25


64:3; 64:3


5:4; 27:7; 27:7; 31:6; 31:6


7:26; 7:26


5:20; 33:7; 38:15; 38:17


2:19; 4:18


3:14; 27:30; 27:31; 27:31




1:6; 1:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4751 matches the Hebrew מַר (mar),
which occurs 39 times in 36 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:34 - And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceedingly bitter cry, and said to his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:23 - And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah; for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:18 - And the priest shall set the woman before the LORD, and uncover the woman's head, and put the offering of memorial in her hands, which is the jealousy-offering: and the priest shall have in his hand the bitter water that causeth the curse:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:19 - And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say to the woman, If no man hath lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:23 - And the priest shall write these curses in a book, and he shall blot them out with the bitter water:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:24 - And he shall cause the woman to drink the bitter water that causeth the curse: and the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - And when he hath made her to drink the water, then it shall come to pass, that, if she is defiled, and hath done trespass against her husband, that the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter, and her belly shall swell, and her thigh shall perish: and the woman shall be a curse among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:25 - And the children of Dan said to him, Let not thy voice be heard among us, lest angry fellows rush upon thee, and thou lose thy life, with the lives of thy household.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:10 - And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept bitterly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:32 - Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came to him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:2 - And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, resorted to him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:26 - Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou wilt bid the people return from following their brethren?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:8 - For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they are mighty men, and they are chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:1 - When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:20 - Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:11 - Therefore I will not restrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:1 - My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:25 - And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:3 - Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 5:4 - But her end is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a two-edged sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:7 - The full soul lotheth a honey-comb; but to the hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:6 - Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that are of heavy hearts.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:26 - And I find more bitter than death the woman whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoever pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:20 - Woe to them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:7 - Behold, their valiant ones shall cry without: the embassadors of peace shall weep bitterly.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:15 - What shall I say? he hath both spoken to me, and himself hath done it: I shall go softly all my years in the bitterness of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:17 - Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:19 - Thy own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee: know therefore and see that it is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:18 - Thy way and thy doings have procured these things to thee; this is thy wickedness, because it is bitter, because it reacheth to thy heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:4 - The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:14 - So the spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit; but the hand of the LORD was strong upon me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:30 - And shall cause their voice to be heard against thee, and shall cry bitterly, and shall cast up dust upon their heads, they shall wallow themselves in the ashes:
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:31 - And they shall make themselves utterly bald for thee, and gird themselves with sackcloth, and they shall weep for thee with bitterness of heart and bitter wailing.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:10 - And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end of it as a bitter day.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:6 - For lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwelling-places that are not theirs.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 1:14 - The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly.
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