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Lexicon :: Strong's H4843 - mārar

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מָרַר
Transliteration
mārar
Pronunciation
maw-rar'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1248

Strong’s Definitions

מָרַר mârar, maw-rar'; a primitive root; properly, to trickle (see H4752); but used only as a denominative from H4751; to be (causatively, make) bitter (literally or figuratively):—(be, be in, deal, have, make) bitter(-ly, -ness), be moved with choler, (be, have sorely, it) grieved(-eth), provoke, vex.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 16x

The KJV translates Strong's H4843 in the following manner: bitterness (3x), bitter (2x), bitterly (2x), choler (2x), grieved (2x), vexed (2x), bitterness (with H4751) (1x), grieved him (1x), provoke (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 16x
The KJV translates Strong's H4843 in the following manner: bitterness (3x), bitter (2x), bitterly (2x), choler (2x), grieved (2x), vexed (2x), bitterness (with H4751) (1x), grieved him (1x), provoke (1x).
  1. to be bitter

    1. (Qal) to be bitter

    2. (Piel)

      1. to show bitterness

      2. to make bitter

    3. (Hiphil) to make bitter, embitter

    4. (Hithpalpel)

      1. to embitter oneself

      2. to be enraged

  2. (TWOT) to be strong, strengthen

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָרַר mârar, maw-rar'; a primitive root; properly, to trickle (see H4752); but used only as a denominative from H4751; to be (causatively, make) bitter (literally or figuratively):—(be, be in, deal, have, make) bitter(-ly, -ness), be moved with choler, (be, have sorely, it) grieved(-eth), provoke, vex.
STRONGS H4843:
† I. מָרַר verb be bitter (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian marâru and derivatives DlHWB 427; Arabic bdb060002 become roused (of bile), II. make bitter, IV. become bitter; bdb060003 bitter; Ethiopic bdb060004; Aramaic bdb060005, מְרַר); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular מַר Isaiah 38:17 + 2 times; 3rd person feminine singular מָ֫רָה 1 Samuel 30:6; 2 Kings 4:27; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יֵמַר Isaiah 24:9; — be bitter:
1. literal יֵמַר שֵׁכָר לְשֹׁתָיו Isaiah 24:9.
2. figurative מָ֫רָה נֶפֶשׁ 1 Samuel 30:6 the soul of all the people was bitter against (עַלֿ); נַפְשָׁהּ מָ֫רָהלָֿהּ 2 Kings 4:27 her soul, it is bitter to her (i.e. she is in bitter distress); impersonal מַרלִֿי מְאֹד מִכֶּם Ruth 1:13 it is very bitter to me on your account (I am much distressed), compare Lamentations 1:4. — לְשָׁלוֺם מַרלִֿי מָ֑ר Isaiah 38:17 is dubious; CheComm. for (my) welfare was it (so) bitter to me, (so) bitter, compare Brd; so De Kau (treating מר apparently as adjective); < Drechsl. Di for my welfare did the bitter become bitter to me (מָ֑ר adjective); Lo Gr, compare Buhl (sub מַר adjective), read מָר for מַר (√ מור), the bitter is changed for me into welfare; CheHpt strike out מָ֑ר; Du (after Greek Version of the LXX) strike out clause as gloss.
Pi. Imperfect 1st person singular אֲמָרֵר Isaiah 22:4; 3rd person masculine plural וַיְמָֽרֲרוּ Exodus 1:14, suffix וַיְמָֽרֲרֻהוּ Genesis 49:23; — make bitter, shew bitterness:
1. וַיְמ׳ Genesis 49:23 (poem) and the archers shewed bitterness (i.e. bitter hostility) toward him (suffix of indirect object); אֲמָרֵר בַּבֶּכִ֑י Isaiah 22:4 I will shew bitterness in weeping (= weep bitterly).
2. אֶתחַֿיֵּיהֶם וַיְמ׳ Exodus 1:14 (P) and they made their lives bitter by slavery.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הֵמַר Ruth 1:20; Job 27:2; Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תַּמֵּר Exodus 23:21 (but read תֶּ֫מֶרמרה Hiph. which see); Infinitive absolute הָמֵר Zechariah 12:10 (twice in verse); — make bitter, shew bitterness:
1. שַׁדַּי הֵמַר נַפְשִׁי Job 27:2 Shadday, who hath embittered my soul; הֵמַר שַׁדַּי לִי מְאֹד Ruth 1:20.
2. וְהָמֵר עָלָיו כְּהָמֵר עַלהַֿבְּכוֺר Zechariah 12:10 and a bitter outcry (= literally shewing bitterness; || מִסְפֵּד, סָפַד) over him, like a bitter outcry over the first-born.
Hithpalp. Imperfect וְיִתְמַרְמַר Daniel 11:11 and the king of the south shall embitter himself (be enraged); אֶלֿ וַיִּתְמ׳ Daniel 8:7 and he was enraged against.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

49:23; 49:23

Exodus

1:14; 1:14; 23:21

Ruth

1:13; 1:20; 1:20

1 Samuel

30:6; 30:6

2 Kings

4:27; 4:27

Job

27:2; 27:2

Isaiah

22:4; 22:4; 24:9; 24:9; 38:17; 38:17

Lamentations

1:4

Daniel

8:7; 11:11

Zechariah

12:10; 12:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4843 matches the Hebrew מָרַר (mārar),
which occurs 14 times in 13 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:23 - “The archers provoked H4843 him,
And shot at him and were hostile toward him;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:14 - and they made H4843 their lives bitter H4843 with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they violently had them perform as slaves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:21 - “Be attentive to him and obey his voice; do not be rebellious toward him, for he will not pardon your rebellion, since My name is in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:13 - would you therefore wait until they were grown? Would you therefore refrain from marrying? No, my daughters; for it is H4843 much more bitter H4843 for me than for you, because the hand of the LORD has come out against me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:20 - But she said to them, “Do not call me [fn]Naomi; call me [fn]Mara, for [fn]the Almighty has dealt H4843 very bitterly H4843 with me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:27 - But she came to the man of God at the hill and took hold of his feet. And Gehazi came up to push her away, but the man of God said, “Leave her alone, for her soul is H4843 [fn]troubled H4843 within her; and the LORD has concealed it from me and has not informed me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:2 - “As God lives, who has taken away my right,
And the Almighty, who has H4843 embittered H4843 my soul,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 22:4 - Therefore I say, “Look away from me,
Let me weep bitterly H4843,
Do not [fn]try to comfort me concerning the destruction of the daughter of my people.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:9 - They do not drink wine with song;
Intoxicating drink is bitter H4843 to those who drink it.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:17 - “Behold, for my own welfare I had great bitterness;
But You have [fn]kept my soul from the pit of [fn]nothingness,
For You have hurled all my sins behind Your back.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:7 - And I saw him come up beside the ram, and he was H4843 enraged H4843 at him; and he struck the ram and smashed his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was no one to rescue the ram from his [fn]power.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:11 - “And the king of the South will be H4843 enraged H4843 and go out and fight [fn]with the king of the North. Then the latter will raise a great multitude, but that multitude will be handed over to [fn]the former.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:10 - “And I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem [fn]the Spirit of grace and of pleading, so that they will look at Me whom they pierced; and they will mourn for Him, like one mourning for an only son, and they will weep H4843 bitterly H4843 over Him like the bitter H4843 weeping H4843 over a firstborn.

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