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Lexicon :: Strong's H4886 - māšaḥ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1255

Strong’s Definitions

מָשַׁח mâshach, maw-shakh'; a primitive root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by implication, to consecrate; also to paint:—anoint, paint.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 69x

The KJV translates Strong's H4886 in the following manner: anoint (68x), painted (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 69x
The KJV translates Strong's H4886 in the following manner: anoint (68x), painted (1x).
  1. to smear, anoint, spread a liquid

    1. (Qal)

      1. to smear

      2. to anoint (as consecration)

      3. to anoint, consecrate

    2. (Niphal) to be anointed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָשַׁח mâshach, maw-shakh'; a primitive root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by implication, to consecrate; also to paint:—anoint, paint.
STRONGS H4886: Abbreviations
מָשַׁח verb smear, anoint (Late Hebrew id.; originally probably as Arabic bdb060203 wipe orstroke with the hand (compare RSSemitic i. 215; 2nd ed., 283), anoint, Aramaic bdb060204 מְשַׁח anoint; on משת, id. (?) in Aramaic inscription see CISii.1. No.145, C, 1; Palmyrene משחא oil VogNo.16; Ethiopic bdb060205 anoint, feast, dine DiLex 176; (Assyrian mašâḫu is measure; Aramaic מְשַׁח id.; Arabic bdb060206 measurement, compare DlProl. 178 Frä282)); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculinesingular מ׳ Numbers 3:25 + 2 times; suffix מְשָֽׁחֲךָ Psalm 45:8 [Psalm 45:7]; 1 Samuel 10:1; מְשָׁחוֺ 2 Chronicles 22:7; 2nd person masculine singular מָשַׁחְתָּ Genesis 31:13 + 12 times, + 9 times Perfect; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִמְשַׁח Leviticus 16:32 + 6 times; 3rd person masculine plural יִמְשָׁ֑חוּ Amos 6:6, + 13 times Imperfect; Imperative suffix מְשָׁחֵהוּ 1 Samuel 16:12; plural מִשְׁחוּ Isaiah 21:5; Infinitive absolute מָשׁוֺחַ Jeremiah 22:14; construct מְשֹׁחַ Judges 9:8; Daniel 9:24 + Hosea 8:3 Greek Version of the LXX We GASm Now; מָשְׁחָה Exodus 29:29; suffix מְֽֽֽשׁחֳךָ 1 Samuel 15:1 (Baer); מָשְׁחוֺ Leviticus 7:36; מָשְׁחָתָם Exodus 40:15; Participle plural משְׁחִים Judges 9:15; passive מָשׁוּחַ 2 Samuel 3:39 (We suggests derivation from שׁח, defective משׁח (מֻשַׁח), wrongly read as מָשֻׁחַ; or by transposition משׁוח may have been mistaken for an unexampled מוּשַׁח Hoph. Participle of שׁוח); מָשִׁיחַ 2 Samuel 1:21 (but read מָשֻׁח (or נמשׁח) Manuscripts We Dr Kit Bu HPS); plural מְשֻׁחִים Exodus 29:2 + 4 times; —
1. smear, house with colour (paint) Jeremiah 22:14; shield with oil (anoint) Isaiah 21:5; 2 Samuel 1:21 (compare Dr; Gr כְּלִי מָשׁוּחַ weapon anointed; PetersJBL 1893, 56 כְּלֵי מָשׁוּחַ weapons of one (the king) anointed); the person, with ointments Amos 6:6; unleavened cakes, with oil Exodus 29:2; Leviticus 2:4; Numbers 6:15 (P).
2. anoint, as consecration, solemn setting apart to an office, always by the use of oil poured on the head: לנביא as a prophet 1 Kings 19:16 (Elisha by Elijah) Isaiah 61:1; elsewhere of king, with accusative, מֶלֶךְ Judges 9:8 (E), so Hosea 8:3 reading מִמְּשֹׁחַ מֶלֶךְ (for MT מִמַּשָּׂא מ׳) We GASm Now; also Hosea 7:3 reading יִמְשְׁחוּ (for MT יְשַׂמְּחוּ) We Now; elsewhere accusative of person 1 Samuel 16:3, 1 Samuel 16:12, 1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Kings 1:39; 2 Kings 11:12; 2 Kings 23:30; 2 Chronicles 22:7; 2 Chronicles 23:11; בְּשֶׁמֶן קָדְשִׁי Psalm 89:21 [Psalm 89:20] with my holy oil; שׁמן שָׂשׂוֺן Psalm 45:8 [Psalm 45:7] (figurative); with על, 2 Samuel 19:11 [2 Samuel 19:10] whom we have anointed over us; לְמֶלֶךְ 1 Kings 1:45; 1 Kings 5:15 [1 Kings 5:1]; with עַל, לְמֶלֶךְ Judges 9:15; 2 Samuel 2:4, 2 Samuel 2:7; 1 Kings 19:15; על ישׂראל over Israel 1 Samuel 15:1, 1 Samuel 15:17; 2 Samuel 5:3 = 1 Chronicles 11:3; 2 Samuel 5:17; 2 Samuel 12:7; 1 Kings 1:34; 1 Kings 19:16; אֶליֿשׂראל 2 Kings 9:3, 2 Kings 9:6, 2 Kings 9:12 (Ehpraimitic source); לנגיד 1 Chronicles 29:22; על 1 Samuel 9:16; 1 Samuel 10:1; מָשׁוּחַ מֶלֶךְ 2 Samuel 3:39 (? see above)
3. anoint, consecrate to religious service:
a. Aaronic priests, only P, with accusative of person Exodus 28:41; Exodus 29:7; Exodus 30:30; Exodus 40:13, Exodus 40:15 (3 times in verse); Leviticus 7:36; Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 16:32; absolute Exodus 29:29; הכהנים הַמְּשֻׁחִים Numbers 3:3.
b. sacred things: מַצֵּבָה Genesis 31:13 (E); tabernacle and its sacred vessels Exodus 29:36; Exodus 30:26; Exodus 40:9, Exodus 40:10, Exodus 40:11; Leviticus 8:10, Leviticus 8:11 (all P); קדשׁ קדשׁים Daniel 9:24.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִמְשַׁח 1 Chronicles 14:8; Infinitive הִמָּשַׁח Leviticus 6:13 [Leviticus 6:20] + 3 times; — be anointed, למלך על כל ישׂראל 1 Chronicles 14:8; Aaron and his sons Leviticus 6:13 [Leviticus 6:20] (P); altar Numbers 7:10, Numbers 7:84,Numbers 7:88.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H4887.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


31:13; 31:13


28:41; 29:2; 29:2; 29:7; 29:29; 29:29; 29:36; 30:26; 30:30; 40:9; 40:10; 40:11; 40:13; 40:15; 40:15


2:4; 6:20; 6:20; 7:36; 7:36; 8:10; 8:11; 8:12; 16:32; 16:32


3:3; 3:25; 6:15; 7:10; 7:84; 7:88


9:8; 9:8; 9:15; 9:15

1 Samuel

9:16; 10:1; 10:1; 15:1; 15:1; 15:17; 16:3; 16:12; 16:12; 16:13

2 Samuel

1:21; 1:21; 2:4; 2:7; 3:39; 3:39; 5:3; 5:17; 12:7; 19:10

1 Kings

1:34; 1:39; 1:45; 5:1; 19:15; 19:16; 19:16

2 Kings

9:3; 9:6; 9:12; 11:12; 23:30

1 Chronicles

11:3; 14:8; 14:8; 29:22

2 Chronicles

22:7; 22:7; 23:11


45:7; 45:7; 89:20


21:5; 21:5; 61:1


22:14; 22:14


9:24; 9:24


7:3; 8:3; 8:3


6:6; 6:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4886 matches the Hebrew מָשַׁח (māšaḥ),
which occurs 69 times in 66 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 31:13–2Ki 9:3)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:13 - I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar and where you made a vow to me. Now leave this land at once and go back to your native land.’ ”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:41 - After you put these clothes on your brother Aaron and his sons, anoint and ordain them. Consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:2 - And from the finest wheat flour make round loaves without yeast, thick loaves without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves without yeast and brushed with olive oil.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:7 - Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:36 - Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:26 - Then use it to anoint the tent of meeting, the ark of the covenant law,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:30 - “Anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:9 - “Take the anointing oil and anoint the tabernacle and everything in it; consecrate it and all its furnishings, and it will be holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:10 - Then anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils; consecrate the altar, and it will be most holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:11 - Anoint the basin and its stand and consecrate them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:13 - Then dress Aaron in the sacred garments, anoint him and consecrate him so he may serve me as priest.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:15 - Anoint them just as you anointed their father, so they may serve me as priests. Their anointing will be to a priesthood that will continue throughout their generations.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 2:4 - “ ‘If you bring a grain offering baked in an oven, it is to consist of the finest flour: either thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in or thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with olive oil.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:20 - “This is the offering Aaron and his sons are to bring to the LORD on the day he[fn] is anointed: a tenth of an ephah[fn] of the finest flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:12 - “ ‘If they offer it as an expression of thankfulness, then along with this thank offering they are to offer thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with oil, and thick loaves of the finest flour well-kneaded and with oil mixed in.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:36 - On the day they were anointed, the LORD commanded that the Israelites give this to them as their perpetual share for the generations to come.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:10 - Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, and so consecrated them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:11 - He sprinkled some of the oil on the altar seven times, anointing the altar and all its utensils and the basin with its stand, to consecrate them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:12 - He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron’s head and anointed him to consecrate him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:32 - The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:3 - Those were the names of Aaron’s sons, the anointed priests, who were ordained to serve as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:15 - together with their grain offerings and drink offerings, and a basket of bread made with the finest flour and without yeast—thick loaves with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves brushed with olive oil.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 7:1 - When Moses finished setting up the tabernacle, he anointed and consecrated it and all its furnishings. He also anointed and consecrated the altar and all its utensils.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 7:10 - When the altar was anointed, the leaders brought their offerings for its dedication and presented them before the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 7:84 - These were the offerings of the Israelite leaders for the dedication of the altar when it was anointed: twelve silver plates, twelve silver sprinkling bowls and twelve gold dishes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 7:88 - The total number of animals for the sacrifice of the fellowship offering came to twenty-four oxen, sixty rams, sixty male goats and sixty male lambs a year old. These were the offerings for the dedication of the altar after it was anointed.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 35:25 - The assembly must protect the one accused of murder from the avenger of blood and send the accused back to the city of refuge to which they fled. The accused must stay there until the death of the high priest, who was anointed with the holy oil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:8 - One day the trees went out to anoint a king for themselves. They said to the olive tree, ‘Be our king.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:15 - “The thornbush said to the trees, ‘If you really want to anoint me king over you, come and take refuge in my shade; but if not, then let fire come out of the thornbush and consume the cedars of Lebanon!’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 9:16 - “About this time tomorrow I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin. Anoint him ruler over my people Israel; he will deliver them from the hand of the Philistines. I have looked on my people, for their cry has reached me.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:1 - Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it on Saul’s head and kissed him, saying, “Has not the LORD anointed you ruler over his inheritance?[fn]
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:1 - Samuel said to Saul, “I am the one the LORD sent to anoint you king over his people Israel; so listen now to the message from the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:17 - Samuel said, “Although you were once small in your own eyes, did you not become the head of the tribes of Israel? The LORD anointed you king over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:3 - Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what to do. You are to anoint for me the one I indicate.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:12 - So he sent for him and had him brought in. He was glowing with health and had a fine appearance and handsome features. Then the LORD said, “Rise and anoint him; this is the one.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:13 - So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came powerfully upon David. Samuel then went to Ramah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:4 - Then the men of Judah came to Hebron, and there they anointed David king over the tribe of Judah. When David was told that it was the men from Jabesh Gilead who had buried Saul,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:7 - Now then, be strong and brave, for Saul your master is dead, and the people of Judah have anointed me king over them.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:39 - And today, though I am the anointed king, I am weak, and these sons of Zeruiah are too strong for me. May the LORD repay the evildoer according to his evil deeds!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:3 - When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:17 - When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:7 - Then Nathan said to David, “You are the man! This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:10 - and Absalom, whom we anointed to rule over us, has died in battle. So why do you say nothing about bringing the king back?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:34 - There have Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel. Blow the trumpet and shout, ‘Long live King Solomon!’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:39 - Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the sacred tent and anointed Solomon. Then they sounded the trumpet and all the people shouted, “Long live King Solomon!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:45 - and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon. From there they have gone up cheering, and the city resounds with it. That’s the noise you hear.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 5:1 - When Hiram king of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king to succeed his father David, he sent his envoys to Solomon, because he had always been on friendly terms with David.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:15 - The LORD said to him, “Go back the way you came, and go to the Desert of Damascus. When you get there, anoint Hazael king over Aram.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:16 - Also, anoint Jehu son of Nimshi king over Israel, and anoint Elisha son of Shaphat from Abel Meholah to succeed you as prophet.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:3 - Then take the flask and pour the oil on his head and declare, ‘This is what the LORD says: I anoint you king over Israel.’ Then open the door and run; don’t delay!”

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