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Lexicon :: Strong's H4975 - māṯnayim

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be slender
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1267a

Variant Spellings

Variant spellings for this word: מתנים (Gesenius) מתן (Strongs)

Strong’s Definitions

מֹתֶן môthen, mo'-then; from an unused root meaning to be slender; properly, the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins:— greyhound, loins, side.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x

The KJV translates Strong's H4975 in the following manner: loins (42x), side (4x), greyhound (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x
The KJV translates Strong's H4975 in the following manner: loins (42x), side (4x), greyhound (1x).
  1. loins, hips

    1. used with H2223 in Pr. 30:31; perhaps an extinct animal, exact meaning unknown

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מֹתֶן môthen, mo'-then; from an unused root meaning to be slender; properly, the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins:— greyhound, loins, side.
STRONGS H4975: Abbreviations
מָתְנַ֫יִם noun masculine dual loins (Arabic bdb060802 back, bdb060803 the two sides of the back, etc.; Syriac bdb060804; — absolute מ׳ Deuteronomy 33:11 + 7 times, מָתְנָ֑יִם Ezekiel 29:7; Ezekiel 47:4; construct מָתְנֵי Jeremiah 13:11 + 3 times; suffix מָתְנַי Isaiah 21:3, מָתְנָ֑י Jeremiah 13:2; מָתְנֵיהֶם 1 Kings + Jeremiah 20:32 + 4 times, etc.; — loins:
a. place of wearing girdle 1 Kings 2:5; 2 Kings 1:8; Jeremiah 13:1, 2, 4, 11; Ezekiel 23:15; figurative Isaiah 11:5 righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins.
b. hence place of things attached to girdle: — sword girded on (חגר על, אסר 2 Samuel 20:8; Nehemiah 4:12; opposed to, וּמָתְנֵי מְלָכִים אֲפַתֵּחַ Isaiah 45:1 and the loins of kings I will loosen, i e. will disarm them (י׳ before Cyrus; compare Che); ink-horn Ezekiel 9:2, 3, 11.
c. girding up loins = make ready for action, וַיְשַׁנֵּס מָתְנָיו 1 Kings 18:46; more often חָגַר מ׳ 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1; Exodus 12:11 (P), Daniel 10:5; אָזַר מ׳ Jeremiah 1:17.
d. זַרְזִיר מ׳ Proverbs 30:31 that which is girt in the loins, i.e. probably either a greyhound Ew Bö De (contracted, as if by a belt), or a war-horse, charger, Bo Ges Hi Str Wild (with a saddle); compare also זרזיר; text perhaps corrupt (Wild).
e. girded with sackcloth (in mourning) Genesis 37:34 (J), Amos 8:10; Isaiah 20:2; 1 Kings 20:31, 32; Jeremiah 48:37.
f. linen breeches of priests were to extend מִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַד יְרֵכַיִם Exodus 28:42 (P); to be עַלמָֿת׳ Ezekiel 44:18; loins of slaves are girt with waistcloth, compare Job 12:18 (see also אֵזוֺר).
g. in general of the middle of the body, מֵי מָת׳ Ezekiel 47:4 (i.e. water reaching to the loins); so of the appearance of י׳ in Ezekiel's visions Ezekiel 1:27 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 8:2 (twice in verse).
a. loins as seat of strength, Deuteronomy 33:11; 1 Kings 12:10 2 Chronicles 10:10; חַזֵּק מָתְנַיִם Nahum 2:2 (|| אַמֵּץ כֹּחַ); כֹּחוֺ בְּמָתְנָיו Job 40:16 (of hippopotamus); in combination with 1a (figurative) חָֽגְרָה בְּעוֺז מ׳ Proverbs 31:17 she girdeth her loins with strength, she puts on energy with her girdle; compare also בְּשִׁבְרוֺן מ׳ Ezekiel 21:11 sigh with breaking of loins, i.e. in entire collapse of strength; so תָּמִיד הַמְעַ֑ד וּמ׳ Psalm 69:24 and make their loins continually to shake, make them totter; compare Ezekiel 29:7 (where read וְהִמְעַדְתָּ for וְהַעֲמַדְתָּ, see מָעַד).
b. as seat of keenest pain, due to grief or dread Nahum 2:11; Isaiah 21:3 (as in travail); so probably also Psalm 66:11 (compare Bae; and see מוּעָקָה below עוק).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




12:11; 28:42


33:11; 33:11

2 Samuel


1 Kings

2:5; 12:10; 18:46; 20:31; 20:32

2 Kings

1:8; 4:29; 9:1

2 Chronicles





12:18; 40:16


66:11; 69:24


30:31; 31:17


11:5; 20:2; 21:3; 21:3; 45:1


1:17; 13:1; 13:2; 13:2; 13:4; 13:11; 13:11; 48:37


1:27; 8:2; 9:2; 9:3; 9:11; 21:11; 23:15; 29:7; 29:7; 44:18; 47:4; 47:4






2:2; 2:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4975 matches the Hebrew מָתְנַיִם (māṯnayim),
which occurs 47 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:34 - So Jacob tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his loins H4975 and mourned for his son many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:11 - ‘Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins H4975 girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is the LORDS Passover.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:42 - “You shall make for them linen breeches to cover their bare flesh; they shall [fn]reach from the loins H4975 even to the thighs.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:11 - “O LORD, bless his substance,
And accept the work of his hands;
Shatter the loins H4975 of those who rise up against him,
And those who hate him, so that they will not rise again.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:8 - When they were at the large stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa came [fn]to meet them. Now Joab was [fn]dressed in his military attire, and over it was a belt with a sword in its sheath fastened at his waist; H4975 and as he went forward, it fell out.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:5 - “Now you also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, what he did to the two commanders of the armies of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner, and to Amasa the son of Jether, whom he killed; he also [fn]shed the blood of war in peace. And he put the blood of war on his belt [fn]about his waist, H4975 and on his sandals [fn]on his feet.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 12:10 - The young men who grew up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you shall say to this people who spoke to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, now you make it lighter for us!’ But you shall speak to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s loins! H4975
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:46 - Then the hand of the LORD was on Elijah, and he girded up his loins H4975 and [fn]outran Ahab [fn]to Jezreel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:31 - His servants said to him, “Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings, please let us put sackcloth on our loins H4975 and ropes on our heads, and go out to the king of Israel; perhaps he will save your [fn]life.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:32 - So they girded sackcloth on their loins H4975 and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel and said, “Your servant Ben-hadad says, ‘Please let me live.’” And he said, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 1:8 - They [fn]answered him, “He was a hairy man with a leather girdle [fn]bound about his loins.” H4975 And he said, “It is Elijah the Tishbite.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:29 - Then he said to Gehazi, “Gird up your loins H4975 and take my staff in your hand, and go your way; if you meet any man, do not salute him, and if anyone salutes you, do not answer him; and lay my staff on the lad’s face.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:1 - Now Elisha the prophet called one of the sons of the prophets and said to him, “Gird up your loins, H4975 and take this flask of oil in your hand and go to Ramoth-gilead.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 10:10 - The young men who grew up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you shall say to the people who spoke to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, but you make it lighter for us.’ Thus you shall say to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s loins! H4975
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:18 - As for the builders, each wore his sword girded at his side H4975 as he built, while [fn]the trumpeter stood near me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:18 - “He loosens the [fn]bond of kings
And binds their loins H4975 with a girdle.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:16 - “Behold now, his strength in his loins H4975
And his power in the muscles of his belly.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 66:11 - You brought us into the net;
You laid an oppressive burden upon our loins. H4975
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:23 - May their eyes grow dim so that they cannot see,
And make their loins H4975 shake continually.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:31 - The [fn]strutting H4975 rooster, H4975 the male goat also,
And a king when his army is with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:17 - She girds [fn]herself H4975 with strength
And makes her arms strong.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 11:5 - Also righteousness will be the belt about His loins,
And faithfulness the belt about His waist.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 20:2 - at that time the LORD spoke through Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go and loosen the sackcloth from your hips H4975 and take your shoes off your feet.” And he did so, going naked and barefoot.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:3 - For this reason my loins H4975 are full of anguish;
Pains have seized me like the pains of a woman in labor.
I am so bewildered I cannot hear, so terrified I cannot see.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:1 - Thus says the LORD to Cyrus His anointed,
Whom I have taken by the right hand,
To subdue nations before him
And [fn]to loose the loins H4975 of kings;
To open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 1:17 - “Now, gird up your loins H4975 and arise, and speak to them all which I command you. Do not be dismayed before them, or I will dismay you before them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:1 - Thus the LORD said to me, “Go and buy yourself a linen waistband and put it around your waist, H4975 but do not put it in water.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:2 - So I bought the waistband in accordance with the word of the LORD and put it around my waist. H4975
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:4 - “Take the waistband that you have bought, which is around your waist, H4975 and arise, go to [fn]the Euphrates and hide it there in a crevice of the rock.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:11 - ‘For as the waistband clings to the waist H4975 of a man, so I made the whole household of Israel and the whole household of Judah cling to Me,’ declares the LORD, ‘that they might be for Me a people, for [fn]renown, for praise and for glory; but they did not listen.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:37 - “For every head is bald and every beard cut short; there are gashes on all the hands and sackcloth on the loins. H4975
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 1:27 - Then I [fn]noticed from the appearance of His loins H4975 and upward something like [fn]glowing metal that looked like fire all around within it, and from the appearance of His loins H4975 and downward I saw something like fire; and there was a radiance around Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 8:2 - Then I looked, and behold, a likeness as the appearance of [fn]a man; from His loins H4975 and downward there was the appearance of fire, and from His loins H4975 and upward the appearance of brightness, like the appearance of [fn]glowing metal.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 9:2 - Behold, six men came from the direction of the upper gate which faces north, each with his shattering weapon in his hand; and among them was a certain man clothed in linen with a [fn]writing case at his loins. H4975 And they went in and stood beside the bronze altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 9:3 - Then the glory of the God of Israel went up from the cherub on which it had been, to the threshold of the [fn]temple. And He called to the man clothed in linen at whose loins H4975 was the writing case.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 9:11 - Then behold, the man clothed in linen at whose loins H4975 was the [fn]writing case [fn]reported, saying, “I have done just as You have commanded me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:6 - “As for you, son of man, groan with breaking [fn]heart H4975 and bitter grief, groan in their sight.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:15 - girded with belts on their loins, H4975 with flowing turbans on their heads, all of them looking like officers, [fn]like the [fn]Babylonians in Chaldea, the land of their birth.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:7 - “When they took hold of you with the hand,
You broke and tore all their [fn]hands;
And when they leaned on you,
You broke and made all their loins H4975 [fn]quake.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 44:18 - “Linen turbans shall be on their heads and linen undergarments shall be on their loins; H4975 they shall not gird themselves with anything which makes them sweat.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 47:4 - Again he measured a thousand and led me through the water, water reaching the knees. Again he measured a thousand and led me through the water, water reaching the loins. H4975
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 10:5 - I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a certain man dressed in linen, whose waist H4975 was girded with a belt of pure gold of Uphaz.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:10 - “Then I will turn your festivals into mourning
And all your songs into [fn]lamentation;
And I will bring sackcloth on everyone’s loins H4975
And baldness on every head.
And I will make it like a time of mourning for an only son,
And the end of it will be like a bitter day.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 2:1 - [fn]The one who scatters has come up against [fn]you.
Man the fortress, watch the road;
[fn]Strengthen your back, H4975 [fn]summon all your strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 2:10 - She is emptied! Yes, she is desolate and waste!
Hearts are melting and knees knocking!
Also anguish is in [fn]the whole body H4975
And all their faces are grown pale!
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