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Lexicon :: Strong's H5003 - nā'ap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1273

Strong’s Definitions

נָאַף nâʼaph, naw-af'; a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:—adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x

The KJV translates Strong's H5003 in the following manner: adultery (17x), adulterer (8x), adulteress (4x), adulterous (1x), women that break wedlock (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x
The KJV translates Strong's H5003 in the following manner: adultery (17x), adulterer (8x), adulteress (4x), adulterous (1x), women that break wedlock (1x).
  1. to commit adultery

    1. (Qal)

      1. to commit adultery

        1. usually of man

          1. always with wife of another

        2. adultery (of women) (participle)

      2. idolatrous worship (fig.)

    2. (Piel)

      1. to commit adultery

        1. of man

        2. adultery (of women) (participle)

      2. idolatrous worship (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָאַף nâʼaph, naw-af'; a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:—adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.
STRONGS H5003: Abbreviations
† [נאַף] verb commit adultery (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic נְאַף (rare)): —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִנְאַף Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse); 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּנְאָ֑פוּ Jeremiah 5:7 3 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute נָאוֺף Jeremiah 23:14; נָאֹף Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Participle נֹאֵף Proverbs 6:32; Job 24:15; feminine singular נֹאָ֑פֶת Leviticus 20:10; feminine plural נֹאֲפוֺת Ezekiel 16:38 2 times; —
1. literally commit adultery:
a. usually of man, always with wife of another; with accusative woman, Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 6:32; elsewhere absolute Exodus 20:14 = Deuteronomy 5:17 (Ten Words), Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 7:9; Jeremiah 23:14; Hosea 4:2; participle masculine Leviticus 20:10 (H), Job 24:15.
b. of women, only participle Leviticus 20:10 (H), Ezekiel 16:38; Ezekiel 23:45 (twice in verse).
2. figurative of idolatrous worship, את האבן ואת העץ Jeremiah 3:9.
Piel Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נִאֲפָה Jeremiah 3:8; 3rd person masculine plural נִאֵ֑פוּ Ezekiel 23:37 (twice in verse); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יְנַאֲפוּ Jeremiah 29:23; 3rd person feminine plural תְּנָאַפְנָה Hosea 4:13,14; Participle מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3; plural מְנָאֲפִים Jeremiah 9:1 4 times; feminine מְנָאָ֑פֶת Proverbs 30:20 2 times; —
1. literally commit adultery:
a. of man, with accusative woman, Jeremiah 29:23; absolute Ezekiel 23:37; pt plural Jeremiah 9:2; Jeremiah 23:10; Hosea 7:4; Malachi 3:5; Psalm 50:18.
b. of woman, absolute Hosea 4:13,14; participle Hosea 3:1; Proverbs 30:20; plural Ezekiel 16:32.
2. figurative of idolatrous worship, אֶתגִּֿלּוּלֵיהֶם Ezekiel 23:37; absolute Jeremiah 3:8, זֶאֶרַע מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




20:10; 20:10; 20:10; 20:10; 20:10




24:15; 24:15




6:32; 6:32; 30:20; 30:20


57:3; 57:3


3:8; 3:8; 3:9; 5:7; 5:7; 7:9; 7:9; 9:1; 9:2; 23:10; 23:14; 23:14; 29:23; 29:23


16:32; 16:38; 16:38; 23:37; 23:37; 23:37; 23:45


3:1; 4:2; 4:2; 4:13; 4:13; 4:14; 4:14; 7:4




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5003 matches the Hebrew נָאַף (nā'ap̄),
which occurs 31 times in 26 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:14 - "You shall not commit adultery.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:10 - "'The man who commits adultery with another man's wife, even he who commits adultery with his neighbor's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:18 - "Neither shall you commit adultery.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:15 - The eye also of the adulterer waits for the twilight, Saying, 'No eye shall see me.' He disguises his face.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:18 - When you saw a thief, you consented with him, And have participated with adulterers.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:32 - He who commits adultery with a woman is void of understanding. He who does it destroys his own soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:20 - So is the way of an adulterous woman: She eats and wipes her mouth, And says, 'I have done nothing wrong.'
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:3 - But draw near here, you sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the prostitute.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:8 - I saw, when, for this very cause that backsliding Yisra'el had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a bill of divorce, yet treacherous Yehudah, her sister, didn't fear; but she also went and played the prostitute.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:9 - It happened through the lightness of her prostitution, that the land was polluted, and she committed adultery with stones and with stocks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:7 - How can I pardon you? your children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they committed adultery, and assembled themselves in troops at the prostitutes' houses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:9 - Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense to Ba`al, and walk after other gods that you have not known,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:2 - Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging-place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they are all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:10 - For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourns; the pastures of the wilderness are dried up. Their course is evil, and their might is not right;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:14 - In the prophets of Yerushalayim also I have seen a horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies; and they strengthen the hands of evil-doers, so that none does return from his wickedness: they are all of them become to me as Sedom, and the inhabitants of it as `Amorah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 29:23 - because they have worked folly in Yisra'el, and have committed adultery with their neighbors' wives, and have spoken words in my name falsely, which I didn't command them; and I am he who knows, and am witness, says the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:32 - A wife who commits adultery! who takes strangers instead of her husband!
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:38 - I will judge you, as women who break wedlock and shed blood are judged; and I will bring on you the blood of wrath and jealousy.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:37 - For they have committed adultery, and blood is in their hands; and with their idols have they committed adultery; and they have also caused their sons, whom they bore to me, to pass through the fire to them to be devoured.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:45 - Righteous men, they shall judge them with the judgment of adulteresses, and with the judgment of women who shed blood; because they are adulteresses, and blood is in their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 3:1 - The LORD said to me, "Go again, love a woman loved by another, and an adulteress, even as the LORD loves the children of Yisra'el, though they turn to other gods, and love cakes of raisins."
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:2 - There is cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; They break boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:13 - They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains, And burn incense on the hills, under oaks and poplars and terebinths, Because its shade is good. Therefore your daughters play the prostitute, And your brides commit adultery.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:14 - I will not punish your daughters when they play the prostitute, Nor your brides when they commit adultery; Because the men consort with prostitutes, And they sacrifice with the shrine prostitutes; And the people that does not understand will come to ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:4 - They are all adulterers. They are burning like an oven that the baker stops stirring, From the kneading of the dough, until it is leavened.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against the perjurers, and against those who oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and who deprive the foreigner of justice, and don't fear me," says the LORD of Hosts.
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