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Lexicon :: Strong's H5003 - nā'ap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1273

Strong’s Definitions

נָאַף nâʼaph, naw-af'; a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:—adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x

The KJV translates Strong's H5003 in the following manner: adultery (17x), adulterer (8x), adulteress (4x), adulterous (1x), women that break wedlock (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x
The KJV translates Strong's H5003 in the following manner: adultery (17x), adulterer (8x), adulteress (4x), adulterous (1x), women that break wedlock (1x).
  1. to commit adultery

    1. (Qal)

      1. to commit adultery

        1. usually of man

          1. always with wife of another

        2. adultery (of women) (participle)

      2. idolatrous worship (fig.)

    2. (Piel)

      1. to commit adultery

        1. of man

        2. adultery (of women) (participle)

      2. idolatrous worship (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָאַף nâʼaph, naw-af'; a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:—adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.
STRONGS H5003: Abbreviations
† [נאַף] verb commit adultery (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic נְאַף (rare)): —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִנְאַף Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse); 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּנְאָ֑פוּ Jeremiah 5:7 3 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute נָאוֺף Jeremiah 23:14; נָאֹף Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Participle נֹאֵף Proverbs 6:32; Job 24:15; feminine singular נֹאָ֑פֶת Leviticus 20:10; feminine plural נֹאֲפוֺת Ezekiel 16:38 2 times; —
1. literally commit adultery:
a. usually of man, always with wife of another; with accusative woman, Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 6:32; elsewhere absolute Exodus 20:14 = Deuteronomy 5:17 (Ten Words), Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 7:9; Jeremiah 23:14; Hosea 4:2; participle masculine Leviticus 20:10 (H), Job 24:15.
b. of women, only participle Leviticus 20:10 (H), Ezekiel 16:38; Ezekiel 23:45 (twice in verse).
2. figurative of idolatrous worship, את האבן ואת העץ Jeremiah 3:9.
Piel Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נִאֲפָה Jeremiah 3:8; 3rd person masculine plural נִאֵ֑פוּ Ezekiel 23:37 (twice in verse); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יְנַאֲפוּ Jeremiah 29:23; 3rd person feminine plural תְּנָאַפְנָה Hosea 4:13,14; Participle מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3; plural מְנָאֲפִים Jeremiah 9:1 4 times; feminine מְנָאָ֑פֶת Proverbs 30:20 2 times; —
1. literally commit adultery:
a. of man, with accusative woman, Jeremiah 29:23; absolute Ezekiel 23:37; pt plural Jeremiah 9:2; Jeremiah 23:10; Hosea 7:4; Malachi 3:5; Psalm 50:18.
b. of woman, absolute Hosea 4:13,14; participle Hosea 3:1; Proverbs 30:20; plural Ezekiel 16:32.
2. figurative of idolatrous worship, אֶתגִּֿלּוּלֵיהֶם Ezekiel 23:37; absolute Jeremiah 3:8, זֶאֶרַע מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




20:10; 20:10; 20:10; 20:10; 20:10




24:15; 24:15




6:32; 6:32; 30:20; 30:20


57:3; 57:3


3:8; 3:8; 3:9; 5:7; 5:7; 7:9; 7:9; 9:1; 9:2; 23:10; 23:14; 23:14; 29:23; 29:23


16:32; 16:38; 16:38; 23:37; 23:37; 23:37; 23:45


3:1; 4:2; 4:2; 4:13; 4:13; 4:14; 4:14; 7:4




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5003 matches the Hebrew נָאַף (nā'ap̄),
which occurs 31 times in 26 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:14 - “You shall not commit H5003 adultery H5003.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:10 - ‘If there is a man who commits H5003 adultery H5003 with another man’s wife, one who commits H5003 adultery H5003 with his friend’s wife, the adulterer H5003 and the adulteress H5003 must be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:18 - ‘You shall not commit H5003 adultery H5003.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:15 - “The eye of the adulterer H5003 watches for [fn]twilight,
Saying, ‘No eye will see me.’
And he [fn]disguises his face.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:18 - “When you see a thief, you become friends with him,
And [fn]you associate with adulterers H5003.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:32 - One who commits H5003 adultery H5003 with a woman is lacking [fn]sense;
He who would destroy [fn]himself commits it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:20 - This is the way of an adulterous H5003 woman:
She eats and wipes her mouth,
And says, “I have done no wrong.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:3 - “But come here, you sons of a sorceress,
Offspring of an adulterer H5003 and [fn]a prostitute!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:8 - “And I saw that for all the [fn]adulteries H5003 of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a certificate of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and prostituted herself also.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:9 - “And because of the thoughtlessness of her prostitution, she defiled the land and committed H5003 [fn]adultery H5003 with stones and trees.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:7 - “Why should I forgive you?
Your sons have forsaken Me
And sworn by those who are not gods.
When I had fed them to the full,
They committed H5003 adultery H5003
And stayed at the prostitute’s house.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:9 - “Will you steal, murder, commit H5003 adultery H5003, swear falsely, [fn]offer sacrifices to Baal, and follow other gods that you have not known,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:2 - [fn]Oh that I had in the desert
A travelers’ lodging place;
So that I might leave my people
And go away from them!
For all of them are adulterers H5003,
An assembly of treacherous people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:10 - For the land is full of adulterers H5003;
For the land mourns because of the curse.
The pastures of the wilderness have dried up.
Their course is evil
And their might is not right.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:14 - “Also among the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen a horrible thing:
The committing H5003 of H5003 adultery H5003 and walking in deceit;
And they strengthen the hands of evildoers,
So that no one has turned back from his wickedness.
All of them have become to Me like Sodom,
And her inhabitants like Gomorrah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 29:23 - because they acted [fn]foolishly in Israel, and committed H5003 adultery H5003 with their neighbors’ wives, and falsely spoke words in My name which I did not command them. I am He who knows, and a witness,” declares the LORD.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:32 - “You adulteress H5003 wife, who takes strangers instead of her husband!
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:38 - “So I will judge you as women who commit H5003 adultery H5003 or shed blood are judged; and I will bring on you the blood of wrath and jealousy.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:37 - “For they have committed H5003 adultery H5003, and blood is on their hands. So they have committed H5003 adultery H5003 with their idols, and even made their sons, whom they bore to Me, pass through the fire to [fn]them as food.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:45 - “But they, righteous people, will judge them with the judgment of adulteresses H5003 and with the judgment of women who shed blood, because they are adulteresses H5003 and blood is on their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 3:1 - Then the LORD said to me, “Go again, love [fn]a woman who is loved by her [fn]husband, yet is committing H5003 adultery H5003, as the LORD loves the sons of Israel, though they turn to other gods and love [fn]raisin cakes.”
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:2 - There is oath-taking, [fn]denial, murder, stealing, and adultery H5003.
They employ violence, so that bloodshed [fn]follows bloodshed.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:13 - They offer sacrifices on the tops of the mountains
And [fn]burn incense on the hills,
Under oak, poplar, and terebinth,
Because their shade is pleasant.
Therefore your daughters play the prostitute,
And your [fn]brides commit H5003 adultery H5003.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:14 - I will not punish your daughters when they play the prostitute,
Or your [fn]brides when they commit H5003 adultery H5003,
Because the men themselves slip away with the prostitutes
And offer sacrifices with temple prostitutes;
So the people without understanding are ruined.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:4 - They are all adulterers H5003,
Like an oven heated by the baker,
Who stops [fn]stoking the fire
From the time the dough is kneaded until it is leavened.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - “Then I will come near to you for judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, the adulterers H5003, against those who swear falsely, those who [fn]oppress the wage earner in his wages or the widow or the [fn]orphan, and those who turn away the stranger from justice and do not [fn]fear Me,” says the LORD of armies.
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