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Lexicon :: Strong's H5048 - neḡeḏ

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Part of Speech
adjective, adverb (with a preposition), substantive
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1289a

Strong’s Definitions

נֶגֶד neged, neh'-ghed; from H5046; a front, i.e. part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbial, especially with preposition) over against or before:—about, (over) against, × aloof, × far (off), × from, over, presence, × other side, sight, × to view.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x

The KJV translates Strong's H5048 in the following manner: before, against, in the presence, about.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x
The KJV translates Strong's H5048 in the following manner: before, against, in the presence, about.
  1. what is conspicuous, what is in front of

  2. in front of, straight forward, before, in sight of

  3. in front of oneself, straightforward

  4. before your face, in your view or purpose

    with preposition
  5. what is in front of, corresponding to

  6. in front of, before

  7. in the sight or presence of

  8. parallel to

  9. over, for

  10. in front, opposite

  11. at a distance

  12. from the front of, away from

  13. from before the eyes of, opposite to, at a distance from

  14. from before, in front of

  15. as far as the front of

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נֶגֶד neged, neh'-ghed; from H5046; a front, i.e. part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbial, especially with preposition) over against or before:—about, (over) against, × aloof, × far (off), × from, over, presence, × other side, sight, × to view.
STRONGS H5048: Abbreviations
נֶ֫גֶד 151 substantive what is conspicuous or in front, always as adverb or preposition in front of, in sight of, opposite to, נֶ֑גֶד, construct נֶגֶד, suffix נֶגְדִּי Psalm 38:11 +, נֶגְדְּךָ Psalm 38:10 +, etc.; with ה locative נֶ֫גְדָּה Psalm 116:14; Psalm 116:18; —
1. as adverb accusative in front of,
a. locally (rather stronger and distincter than לִפְנֵי),
(a) Genesis 31:32 נֶגֶד אַחֵינוּ הַכֶּרנָֿא in front of our brethren own it, now, Genesis 31:37; Genesis 47:15 ולמה נמות נגדך why should we die in thy sight ? Exodus 19:2 Israel encamped נגד ההר in front of the mountain, Exodus 34:10 נגד כלעֿמך אעשׂה נִפְלָאֹת, before, in sight of, all thy people (compare Psalm 78:12), Joshua 3:16 the people passed over נגד ירחו in front of J., 1 Kings 20:27, etc.; Nehemiah 3:23 in front of their house, Nehemiah 3:29; נגד (כלׅ ישׂראל Deuteronomy 31:11; Joshua 8:35 = 1 Samuel 15:30; 2 Samuel 12:12 +; 1 Kings 21:13 set Naboth נֶגֶד הָעָם; נגד י׳ 1 Samuel 12:3; 1 Samuel 16:6 מְשִׁיחוֺ אַךְ נֶגֶד י׳, so נֶגְדִּי Psalm 89:37, נֶגְדּוֺ Psalm 18:13; נגד השׁמשׁ Numbers 25:4; 2 Samuel 12:12; Psalm 22:26 יראיו נ׳, Psalm 52:11 (so in poetry נֶגְדָּה לְ Psalm 116:14; Psalm 116:18); hostilely, Job 10:17; with collateral idea of to the mortification of, Psalm 23:5; Psalm 31:20, compare Joel 1:16; with collateral idea of being open or known to, Proverbs 15:11 שׁאול ואבדון נגד י׳, Job 26:6; Psalm 38:10 נגדך כלתֿאותי (|| נסתרה לא ממך), Psalm 69:20 (|| יָדַעְתָּ), Psalm 119:168; Isaiah 59:12; so הָיוּ פָּנַי נֶגֶד Hosea 7:2.
(b) with reflexive suffix, and verb of motion, to go in front of oneself, i.e. straightforward, Joshua 6:5 ועלו העם אישׁ נגדו each straightforward, Joshua 6:20; Amos 4:3; Jeremiah 31:29; Nehemiah 12:37, compare Proverbs 4:25.
b. mentally, = vividly present to, Psalm 38:18 ומכאובי נגדי תמיד, Psalm 44:16; Psalm 51:5 וחטאתי נגדי תמיד, Psalm 109:15 י׳ נ׳ (remembered by): nearly = בְּעֵינָיו, כְּאַיִן נֶגְדּוֺ Isaiah 40:17; Psalm 39:6; so וְנ׳ נְבוֺנִים פְּנֵיהֶם Isaiah 5:21. But Exodus 10:10 כי רעה נגד פניכם before your face is = in your view, or purpose (compare לא אשׁית לְנֶגֶד עֵינַי דברבֿליעל Psalm 101:3).
2. With prepositions:
a.כְּנֶגֶד according to what is in front of = corresponding to, Genesis 2:18 I will make him עֵזֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֺ a help corresponding to him i.e. equal and adequate to himself, Genesis 2:20 among the animals there was no עֵזֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֺ. **Note that in Late Hebrew מכנגד = in front of, Ber 4:5; 9:5; Ab 2:10, מכנגד פני Git 7:7 and elsewhere.
b. לְנֶגֶד in front of, before, Genesis 33:12 וְֵֽֽֽאלְכָה לְנֶנְדֶּ֑ךָ, Numbers 22:32; 2 Kings 1:13 fell on his knees לנגד אליהו, Isaiah 1:7 your ground לנגדכם זרים אֹכלים אותהּ; with עָמַד Joshua 5:13; Daniel 8:15; Daniel 10:16, in a hostile sense Daniel 10:13, compare Proverbs 21:30; in the sight or presence of, Habakkuk 1:3 וְשֹׁד וְחָמָס לְנֶגְדִּי, Psalm 39:2 בעוד רשׁע לנגדי, Psalm 50:8 ועולֹתיך לנגדי תמיד, Nehemiah 3:37; opposite to (probably of opposite choirs), Nehemiah 12:9, 24; = parallel to, 1 Chronicles 5:11; = over, for, a business (peculiar) Nehemiah 11:22; figurative of what is visible morally, Psalm 18:23 כי כל משׁפטיו לנגדי (|| לֹא אָסִיר מֶנִּי), with to set or place Psalm 16:8; Psalm 54:5 לא שׂמו אלהים לנגדם (compare Psalm 86:14,), Psalm 90:8; often in the phrase לְנֶגֶד עֵינֵי ֗֗֗, both literal, as Job 4:16 תְּמוּנָה עֵינָ֑י לנ׳, Psalm 5:6 עיניך לא יתיצבו הוללים לנ׳ (compare Psalm 101:7); and in a moral sense, Psalm 18:25 עיניו כְּבֹר ידי לנ׳, Psalm 26:3 עיני כי חסדך לנ׳ i.e. is ever present to my mind, Psalm 36:2 עיניו אין פחד אלהים לנ׳ i.e. he has no eye to discern God's awe-inspiring judgments (compare Psalm 10:5); with לא אשׁית i.e. have in view, purpose (|| שׂנאתי) Psalm 101:3.
(a) adverb off (מִן 1c) the front, in front, opposite, ex adverso, Genesis 21:16 ותשׁב להּ מנגד sat her down opposite, Genesis 21:16, 2 Kings 2:7; Deuteronomy 28:66 והיו חייך תלואים לך מנגד shall be hung up for thee in front (i.e. suspended, as by a thread, in front of thee); Judges 9:17 וישׁלך נפשׁו מנגד and flung away his life in front or straight away (i.e. hazarded it); = some way off, from or at a distance, Numbers 2:2; Deuteronomy 32:52 כי מִנֶּגֶד תראה את הארץ, 2 Kings 2:15 וַיִּרְאֻהוּ מנ׳ at a distance, 2 Kings 3:22; 2 Kings 4:25; aloof, 2 Samuel 18:13 ואתה תתיצב מנגד, Obadiah 11.
(b) as a preposition
(α) from the front of, away from, Songs 6:5 הָסֵבִּי עֵינַיִךְ מִנֶּגְדִּי, 1 Samuel 26:20 אליֿפֹל פני י׳ דמי ארצה מנ׳; מנגד עיני from before the eyes of, with verbs of removing Isaiah 1:16, cutting off Psalm 31:23; Jonah 2:5, hiding Amos 9:3; Jeremiah 16:17.
(β) opposite to, Nehemiah 3:19, 25, 27; at a distance from, Psalm 10:5 מרום משׁפטיך מנגדו, Psalm 38:12 מנגד נגעי יעמדו.
(γ) מִנֶּגֶד לְ from before, Proverbs 14:7, in front of Judges 20:34.
d.עַד נֶגֶד as far as the front of, Nehemiah 3:16, 26.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:18; 2:20; 21:16; 21:16; 31:32; 31:37; 33:12; 47:15


10:10; 19:2; 34:10


2:2; 22:32; 25:4


28:66; 31:11; 32:52


3:16; 5:13; 6:5; 6:20; 8:35


9:17; 20:34

1 Samuel

12:3; 15:30; 16:6; 26:20

2 Samuel

12:12; 12:12; 18:13

1 Kings

20:27; 21:13

2 Kings

1:13; 2:7; 2:15; 3:22; 4:25

1 Chronicles



3:16; 3:19; 3:23; 3:25; 3:26; 3:27; 3:29; 11:22; 12:9; 12:24; 12:37


4:16; 10:17; 26:6


5:6; 10:5; 10:5; 16:8; 18:13; 18:23; 18:25; 22:26; 23:5; 26:3; 31:20; 31:23; 36:2; 38:10; 38:10; 38:11; 38:12; 38:18; 39:2; 39:6; 44:16; 50:8; 51:5; 54:5; 69:20; 78:12; 86:14; 89:37; 90:8; 101:3; 101:3; 101:7; 109:15; 116:14; 116:14; 116:18; 116:18; 119:168


4:25; 14:7; 15:11; 21:30

Song of Songs



1:7; 1:16; 5:21; 40:17; 59:12


16:17; 31:29


8:15; 10:13; 10:16






4:3; 9:3







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5048 matches the Hebrew נֶגֶד (neḡeḏ),
which occurs 150 times in 142 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 2:18–2Ch 7:6)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:18 -

Then Yahweh God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper [fn]suitable H5048 for him.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:20 - And the man gave names to all the cattle and to the birds of the [fn]sky and to every beast of the field; but for [fn]Adam there was not found a helper [fn]suitable H5048 for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:16 - Then she went and sat down opposite H5048 him, about a bowshot away, for she said, “Do not let me [fn]see when the child dies.” And she sat opposite H5048 him and lifted up her voice and wept.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:32 - “The one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence H5048 of our [fn]relatives recognize what is yours [fn]among my belongings and take it for yourself.” But Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:37 - “Though you have felt through all my goods, what have you found of all your household goods? Place it here before H5048 my [fn]relatives and your [fn]relatives, that they may decide between us two.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:12 -

Then [fn]Esau said, “Let us take our journey and go, and I will go before H5048 you.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:15 - Then the money came to an end in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan. So all the Egyptians came to Joseph [fn]and said, “Give us [fn]food, for why should we die in your presence H5048? For our money [fn]is gone.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:10 - Then he said to them, “Thus may Yahweh be with you, [fn]if ever I let you and your little ones go! See, for evil is [fn]on your faces.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 19:2 - Then they set out from Rephidim and came to the wilderness of Sinai and camped in the wilderness; and there Israel camped in front H5048 of the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:10 -

Then [fn]God said, “Behold, I am going to cut a covenant. Before H5048 all your people I will do wondrous deeds which have not been created in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people [fn]among whom you live will see the working of Yahweh, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to do with you.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 2:2 - “The sons of Israel shall camp, each by his own standard, with the [fn]banners of their fathers’ households; they shall camp around the tent of meeting [fn]at a distance H5048.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:32 - And the angel of Yahweh said to him, “Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Behold, I have come out as an adversary because your way was [fn]contrary to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:4 - And Yahweh said to Moses, “Take all who are the heads of the people and execute them [fn]in broad H5048 daylight before Yahweh, so that the burning anger of Yahweh may turn away from Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:66 - “So your life shall [fn]hang in doubt before you; and you will be in dread night and day and shall not have any faith in your life.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:11 - when all Israel comes to appear before Yahweh your God at the place which He will choose, you shall read this law in front H5048 of all Israel in their hearing.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:52 - “For you shall see the land at a distance H5048, but you shall not go there, into the land which I am giving the sons of Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 3:16 - the waters which were [fn]flowing down from above stood and rose up in one heap, a great distance away at Adam, the city that is beside Zarethan; and those which were [fn]flowing down toward the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, were completely cut off. So the people crossed opposite H5048 Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 5:13 -

Now it happened when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, a man was standing opposite H5048 him with his sword drawn in his hand, and Joshua went to him and said to him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:5 - “And it will be that when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city will fall down [fn]beneath itself, and the people will go up every man [fn]straight H5048 ahead H5048.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:20 - So the people shouted, and [fn]the priests blew the trumpets; and when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall fell down [fn]beneath itself, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight H5048 [fn]ahead H5048, and they took the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:11 - Then all the people of war who were with him went up and drew near and arrived in front H5048 of the city and camped on the north side of Ai. Now there was a valley between him and Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:33 - And all Israel with their elders and officers and their judges were standing on both sides of the ark before H5048 the Levitical priests who carried the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, the sojourner as well as the native. Half of them stood in front of Mount Gerizim and half of them in front of Mount Ebal, just as Moses the servant of Yahweh had given a command at first to bless the people of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:35 - There was not a word of all that Moses had commanded which Joshua did not read before H5048 all the assembly of Israel with the women and the little ones and the sojourners who were [fn]going among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:17 - for my father fought for you and [fn]risked H5048 his life and delivered you from the hand of Midian;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:34 - Then 10,000 choice men from all Israel came against H5048 Gibeah, and the battle became heavy; but [fn]Benjamin did not know that [fn]calamity was [fn]about to reach them.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:4 - “So I thought to uncover this matter in your hearing, saying, ‘Acquire it before H5048 those who are sitting here and before H5048 the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if no one redeems it, tell me that I may know; for there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am after you.’” And he said, “I will redeem it.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:3 - “Here I am; bear witness against me before H5048 Yahweh and His anointed. Whose ox have I taken, or whose donkey have I taken, or whom have I defrauded? Whom have I oppressed, or from whose hand have I taken a bribe to blind my eyes with it? I will restore it to you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:30 - Then he said, “I have sinned; but please honor me now before H5048 the elders of my people and before H5048 Israel, and return with me, that I may worship Yahweh your God.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:6 -

Now it happened, when they entered, he looked at Eliab and thought, “Surely the anointed of Yahweh is before H5048 Him.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:20 - “So now, do not let my blood fall to the ground away H5048 from the presence of Yahweh; for the king of Israel has come out to search for a single flea, just as one pursues a partridge in the mountains.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:12 - ‘Indeed you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before H5048 all Israel, and before H5048 the sun.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:13 - “Otherwise, if I had dealt treacherously against his life (and there is nothing hidden from the king), then you yourself would have stood aloof H5048.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:13 -

“From the brightness before H5048 Him

Coals of fire were kindled.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:23 -

“For all His [fn]judgments were before H5048 me,

And as for His statutes, I did not depart from [fn]them.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:25 -

“Therefore Yahweh has recompensed me according to my righteousness,

According to my cleanness before H5048 His eyes.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:22 -

Then Solomon stood before the altar of Yahweh before H5048 all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:27 - Now the sons of Israel were mustered and were provided for and went to meet them; and the sons of Israel camped before H5048 them like two little flocks of goats, but the Arameans filled the land.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:10 - and seat two vile men before H5048 him, and let them testify against him, saying, ‘You [fn]cursed God and the king.’ Then take him out and stone him so that he will die.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:13 - Then the two vile men came in and sat before H5048 him; and the vile men testified against him, against Naboth, before H5048 the people, saying, “Naboth cursed God and the king.” So they took him outside the city and stoned him with stones and he died.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 1:13 -

So he again sent the commander of a third fifty with his fifty. Then the third commander of fifty went up and came and bowed down on his knees before H5048 Elijah, and he begged him and said to him, “O man of God, please let my life and the lives of these fifty servants of yours be precious in your sight.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:7 -

Now fifty men of the sons of the prophets went and stood opposite H5048 them at a distance, but the two of them stood by the Jordan.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:15 -

Then the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho opposite H5048 him saw him and said, “The spirit of Elijah rests on Elisha.” And they came to meet him and bowed themselves to the ground before him.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:22 - Then they rose early in the morning, and the sun shone on the water, and the Moabites saw the water opposite H5048 them as red as blood.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:25 - So she went and came to the man of God to Mount Carmel.

Now it happened that when the man of God saw her at a distance H5048, he said to Gehazi his young man, “Behold, [fn]there is the Shunammite.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:11 -

Now the sons of Gad lived opposite H5048 them in the land of Bashan as far as Salecah.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 8:32 -

Mikloth became the father of [fn]Shimeah. And they also lived with their [fn]relatives in Jerusalem opposite H5048 their other [fn]relatives.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:38 -

Mikloth became the father of Shimeam. And they also lived with their relatives in Jerusalem opposite H5048 their other relatives.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:12 -

Then he stood before the altar of Yahweh before H5048 all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:13 - Now Solomon had made a bronze platform, five cubits long, five cubits wide and three cubits high, and had put it in the midst of the court; and he stood on it, knelt on his knees in the presence H5048 of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:6 - And the priests stood at their posts, and the Levites also, with the instruments of music to Yahweh, which King David had made for giving thanks to Yahweh-“for His lovingkindness endures forever”—whenever [fn]he gave praise by their hand, while the priests on the other H5048 side H5048 blew trumpets; and all Israel was standing.

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