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Lexicon :: Strong's H5158 - naḥal

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From נָחַל (H5157) in its original sense
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1343a,1343b

Strong’s Definitions

נַחַל nachal, nakh'-al; or (feminine) נַחְלָה nachlâh; (Psalm 124:4), or נַחֲלָה nachălâh; (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28), from H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine):—brook, flood, river, stream, valley.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 141x

The KJV translates Strong's H5158 in the following manner: river (56x), brook (46x), valley (23x), stream (11x), flood (5x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 141x
The KJV translates Strong's H5158 in the following manner: river (56x), brook (46x), valley (23x), stream (11x), flood (5x).
  1. torrent, valley, wadi, torrent-valley

    1. torrent

    2. torrent-valley, wadi (as stream bed)

    3. shaft (of mine)

  2. palm-tree

    1. meaning dubious

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נַחַל nachal, nakh'-al; or (feminine) נַחְלָה nachlâh; (Psalm 124:4), or נַחֲלָה nachălâh; (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28), from H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine):—brook, flood, river, stream, valley.
STRONGS H5158: Abbreviations
† I. נַ֫חַל noun masculine 2 Kings 3:16 torrent, torrent-valley, wady (Ecclus 40:13; 40:16; Late Hebrew id., stream (rare); Targum נַחְלָא bdb063601, = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian naḫlu = Biblical Hebrew; LagBN 140 Anm. thinks Νεῖλος may be from Νεέλ = נַחַל pronounced *נִהִל; on נ׳ in Sabean proper name, of a location, see HalRev. Sémit. Iv (1896), 80, 1, 14); — absolute נ׳ Genesis 32:24 +, נַ֫חְלָה Psalm 124:4; construct נַחַל Genesis 26:17 +; with ה locative, Genesis 34:5 so read also Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28 (where MT נַחֲלָ֫ה; see Thes); dual נַחֲלַיִם Ezekiel 47:9, but read הַנַּחַל Greek Version of the LXX. Targum Syriac Version Vulgate Co Berthol; plural נְחָלִים Numbers 21:4 +; נַחֲלֵי Deuteronomy 8:7 +; suffix נְחֶלֶיהָ Isaiah 34:9; —
1. torrent, of rushing water in narrow channel Judges 5:21 (3 times in verse); Judges 4:7, 13; Psalm 83:10 (all of קִישֹׁן, which see); mountain torrent Deuteronomy 9:21 (compare Exodus 32:20); so Amos 5:24 (simile of righteousness); הַשּׁוֺטֵף הַנּ׳ 2 Chronicles 32:4 (|| מַעְיָנוֺת); לְזֶפֶת נ׳ נֶהְפְּכוּ Isaiah 34:9; simile of tears Lamentations 2:18; hyperb.שָֿׁ֑מֶן נ׳ Micah 6:7 torrents of oil, compare of honey and curd Job 20:17 (|| פְּלַגּוֹת, נְהָרִים); figurativeבְלִיַּעַל נ׳ 2 Samuel 22:5 torrents of worthlessness (|| מִשְׁבְּרֵי מָ֫וֶת), = Psalm 18:5; שׁוֺטֵף נ׳ simile of glory of nations Isaiah 66:12, figurative of invaders Jeremiah 47:2 (|| מַיִס), or foes Psalm 124:4 (נַ֫חְלָה, see above); 1 Kings 17:4, 6 (for drinking), drying up in summer 1 Kings 17:7 (יָבֵשׁ; all of Elijah's stream כְּרִית, which see); for drinking also Psalm 110:7, and (figurative) עֲדָנֶיךָ נ׳ Psalm 36:9; Job 6:15 (twice in verse) (אֲפִיק נְחָלִים; in simile); of water bursting from rock Psalm 78:20 (שָׁטַף, || מַיִם), compare Psalm 74:15 (+ מַעְיָן); figurative of מְקוֺר חָכְמָה Proverbs 18:4 (נֹבֵּעַ נ׳; || מַיִם עֲמֻקִים); more generally = stream, brook, river (chiefly late) Isaiah 11:15 (divisions of river, נָהָר) in desert Isaiah 35:6 (|| מַיִם), Jeremiah 31:9 (נַחֲלֵי מַיִם), Ezekiel 47:5 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 47:9b (all strike out Co), Ezekiel 47:6; Ezekiel 47:7; Ezekiel 47:9a (readהַנַּחַל, see above), Ezekiel 47:12; containing fish, etc. Leviticus 11:9, 10 (|| מַיִם, יַמִּים), Ecclesiastes 1:7 (twice in verse); figurative רוּחַ י׳, Isaiah 30:28 (שׁוֺטֵף נ׳, Isaiah 30:33 (גָּפְרִית נ׳).
2. Torrent-valley, wady, as stream-bed 1 Samuel 17:40; Nehemiah 2:15; Isaiah 57:6; with torrent flowing through it, אֵיתָן נ׳ Deuteronomy 21:4 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:6, אֶרֶץ נַחֲלֵי מַיִם Deuteronomy 8:7 (|| עֲיָנֹת וּתְהֹמֹת יֹּצְאִים בַּבִּקְעָה), compare Deuteronomy 10:7, 1 Kings 18:5 (|| מַעְיְנֵי הַמַיִם), Psalm 104:10; abode of Elijah 1 Kings 17:3, 5 (compare 1 Kings 17:4; 1 Kings 17:6; 1 Kings 17:7 above); עֹרְבֵי נ׳ Proverbs 30:17 (compare 1 Kings 17:4, 6); הַבַּתּוֺת נ׳ Isaiah 7:19 as home of bees; fertile, אֶשְׁכֹּל נ׳ Numbers 13:23, 24 (E); אִבֵּי הַנּ׳ Songs 6:11; עַרְבֵינֿ׳ poplars of the wady Leviticus 23:40 (H), Job 40:22; עֲרָבִים נ׳ Isaiah 15:7; needing water Genesis 26:17 (גְּרָר נ׳), Genesis 26:19 (J), compare 2 Kings 3:16, 17; place for refuse, ruins, etc. 2 Samuel 17:13; in poetry also as wild, remote ravine Job 30:6, compare בְּצוּר הַנְּחָלִים Job 22:24; place of child-sacrifice Isaiah 57:5; burial-place Job 21:33 (רִגְבֵי נ׳), — Numbers 24:6 see II. נַ֫חַל.
Particular wadys designate localities: אַרְנוֺן Numbers 21:14 (E), Deuteronomy 2:24, 36 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 3:8, 12, 16 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 4:48; Joshua 12:1, 2(twice in verse); Joshua 13:9 (twice in verse) (all D), Joshua 13:16; Joshua 13:16 (P), 2 Kings 10:33; אֶשְׁכֹּל Numbers 32:9 (J), Deuteronomy 1:24 בְּשׂוֺר 1 Samuel 30:9, 10, 21; גָּד 2 Samuel 24:5; זֶרֶד Numbers 21:12 (E), Deuteronomy 2:13 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 2:14; יַכֹּק Genesis 32:24 (J), Deuteronomy 2:37; Deuteronomy 3:16; Joshua 12:2 (all D); קִדְרוֺן 2 Samuel 15:23; 1 Kings 2:37; 1 Kings 15:13; 1 Kings 18:40; 1Ki 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 23:12; 2 Chronicles 15:16; 29:16; 30:14; Jeremiah 31:40; קָנָה Joshua 16:8; Joshua 17:9 (3 times in verse) (all P); שׂוֺרֵק Judges 16:4; הַשִּׁטִּים נ׳ Joel 4:18; נ׳ מִצְרַיִם is southwest limit of Palestine (Assyrian naḫal [mat] Muṣri, Dl Par. 310 SchrCOT Numbers 34:5) Numbers 34:5 (P), Joshua 15:4 (D), Joshua 15:47 (P), 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Kings 24:7, 2; Chron 2 Kings 7:8; Isaiah 27:12, + (omit מצרים) Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28 (see above); so read also possibly Amos 6:14 (see עֲרָבָה : usually identified with Wâdy el-Arîsh; on Wkl's different view, see references below מִצְרַיִם near the end); on identification of נ׳ Joshua 15:7; Joshua 19:11 (both P), 2 Samuel 23:30 = 1 Chronicles 11:32; 2 Chronicles 20:16; 33:14, see Commentaries; אָשֶׁד הַנְּחָלִים Numbers 21:15, see אֶשֶׁד.
3. Miner's shaft, נ׳ פָּרַץ Job 28:4.

† II. [נַ֫חַל] noun [masculine] perhaps palm-tree (Arabic bdb063602, noun of individual meaning bdb063603; see PerlesJQ, July, 1899, 688); — only plural absolute, כִּנְחָלִים נִטָּ֑יוּ Numbers 24:6 like palm-trees, which are stretched out, spread out (as to foliage). So Perlesl.c., who compares כערבי נחל Ecclus 50:12e, Greek Version of the LXX ὡς στελέχη φοινικων.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:17; 26:17; 26:19; 32:24; 32:24; 34:5




11:9; 11:10; 23:40


13:23; 13:24; 21:4; 21:12; 21:14; 21:15; 24:6; 24:6; 32:9; 34:5; 34:5


1:24; 2:13; 2:14; 2:24; 2:36; 2:37; 3:8; 3:12; 3:16; 3:16; 4:48; 8:7; 8:7; 9:21; 10:7; 21:4; 21:6


12:1; 12:2; 12:2; 13:9; 13:16; 13:16; 15:4; 15:7; 15:47; 16:8; 17:9; 19:11


4:7; 4:13; 5:21; 16:4

1 Samuel

17:40; 30:9; 30:10; 30:21

2 Samuel

15:23; 17:13; 22:5; 23:12; 23:30; 24:5

1 Kings

2:37; 8:65; 15:13; 17:3; 17:4; 17:4; 17:4; 17:5; 17:6; 17:6; 17:6; 17:7; 17:7; 18:5; 18:40

2 Kings

3:16; 3:16; 3:17; 7:8; 10:33; 24:2; 24:7

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

15:16; 20:16; 29:16; 30:14; 32:4; 33:14




6:15; 20:17; 21:33; 22:24; 28:4; 30:6; 40:22


18:5; 36:9; 74:15; 78:20; 83:10; 104:10; 110:7; 124:4; 124:4


18:4; 30:17



Song of Songs



7:19; 11:15; 15:7; 27:12; 30:28; 30:33; 34:9; 34:9; 35:6; 57:5; 57:6; 66:12


31:9; 31:40; 47:2




47:5; 47:6; 47:7; 47:9; 47:9; 47:9; 47:12; 47:19; 47:19; 48:28; 48:28


5:24; 6:14



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5158 matches the Hebrew נַחַל (naḥal),
which occurs 141 times in 123 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 26:17–2Sa 17:13)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:17 - And Isaac departed from there and camped in the valley H5158 of Gerar, and [fn]settled there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:19 - But when Isaac’s servants dug in the valley H5158 and found there a well of [fn]flowing water,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:23 - He took them and sent them across the stream. H5158 And he sent across whatever he had.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:9 - ‘These you may eat, whatever is in the water: all that have fins and scales, those in the water, in the seas or in the rivers, H5158 you may eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:10 - ‘But whatever is in the seas and in the rivers H5158 that does not have fins and scales among all the teeming life of the water, and among all the living creatures that are in the water, they are detestable things to you,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:40 - ‘Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the [fn]foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, H5158 and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:23 - Then they came to the [fn]valley H5158 of [fn]Eshcol and from there cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes; and they carried it on a pole between two men, with some of the pomegranates and the figs.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:24 - That place was called the valley H5158 of [fn]Eshcol, because of the cluster which the sons of Israel cut down from there.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:12 - From there they set out and camped in [fn]Wadi H5158 Zered.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:14 - Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the LORD,
“Waheb in Suphah,
And the wadis H5158 of the Arnon,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:15 - And the slope of the wadis H5158
That extends to the site of Ar,
And leans to the border of Moab.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:6 - “Like [fn]valleys H5158 that stretch out,
Like gardens beside the river,
Like aloes planted by the LORD,
Like cedars beside the waters.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:9 - “For when they went up to the [fn]valley H5158 of Eshcol and saw the land, they [fn]discouraged the sons of Israel so that they did not go into the land which the LORD had given them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:5 - ‘The border shall turn direction from Azmon to the brook H5158 of Egypt, and its termination shall be at the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:24 - “They turned and went up into the hill country, and came to the valley H5158 of Eshcol and spied it out.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:13 - ‘Now arise and cross over the [fn]brook H5158 Zered yourselves.’ So we crossed over the [fn]brook H5158 Zered.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:14 - “Now the [fn]time that it took for us to come from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed over the [fn]brook H5158 Zered was thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of war perished from within the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:24 - ‘Arise, set out, and pass through the [fn]valley H5158 of Arnon. Look! I have given Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land into your hand; begin to take possession and contend with him in battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:36 - “From Aroer which is on the edge of the [fn]valley H5158 of Arnon and from the city which is in the [fn]valley, H5158 even to Gilead, there was no city that was too high for us; the LORD our God delivered all [fn]over to us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:37 - “Only you did not go near to the land of the sons of Ammon, all along the [fn]river H5158 Jabbok and the cities of the hill country, and wherever the LORD our God had commanded us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:8 - “Thus we took the land at that time from the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, from the [fn]valley H5158 of Arnon to Mount Hermon
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:12 - “So we took possession of this land at that time. From Aroer, which is by the [fn]valley H5158 of Arnon, and half the hill country of Gilead and its cities I gave to the Reubenites and to the Gadites.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:16 - “To the Reubenites and to the Gadites I gave from Gilead even as far as the [fn]valley H5158 of Arnon, the middle of the [fn]valley H5158 [fn]as a border and as far as the [fn]river H5158 Jabbok, the border of the sons of Ammon;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:48 - from Aroer, which is on the edge of the [fn]valley H5158 of Arnon, even as far as Mount Sion (that is, Hermon),
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:7 - “For the LORD your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of brooks H5158 of water, of fountains and springs, flowing forth in valleys and hills;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - “I took your [fn]sinful thing, the calf which you had made, and burned it with fire and crushed it, grinding it very small until it was as fine as dust; and I threw its dust into the brook H5158 that came down from the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:7 - From there they set out to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of brooks H5158 of water.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:4 - and the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley H5158 with running water, which has not been plowed or sown, and shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley. H5158
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:6 - “All the elders of that city [fn]which is nearest to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley; H5158
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:1 - Now these are the kings of the land whom the sons of Israel [fn]defeated, and whose land they possessed beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise, from the valley H5158 of the Arnon as far as Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah to the east:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:2 - Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley H5158 of the Arnon, both the middle of the valley H5158 and half of Gilead, even as far as the brook H5158 Jabbok, the border of the sons of Ammon;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:9 - from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley H5158 of the Arnon, with the city which is in the middle of the valley, H5158 and all the plain of Medeba, as far as Dibon;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:16 - Their [fn]territory was from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley H5158 of the Arnon, with the city which is in the middle of the valley H5158 and all the plain by Medeba;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:4 - It continued to Azmon and proceeded to the [fn]brook H5158 of Egypt, and the [fn]border ended at the sea. This shall be your south border.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:7 - The border went up to Debir from the valley of Achor, and turned northward toward Gilgal which is opposite the ascent of Adummim, which is on the south of the valley; H5158 and the border continued to the waters of En-shemesh and [fn]it ended at En-rogel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:47 - Ashdod, its towns and its villages; Gaza, its towns and its villages; as far as the [fn]brook H5158 of Egypt and the Great Sea, even its [fn]coastline.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 16:8 - From Tappuah the border continued westward to the [fn]brook H5158 of Kanah, and [fn]it ended at the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Ephraim according to their families,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 17:9 - The border went down to the [fn]brook H5158 of Kanah, southward of the [fn]brook H5158 (these cities belonged to Ephraim among the cities of Manasseh), and the border of Manasseh was on the north side of the [fn]brook H5158 and [fn]it ended at the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:11 - Then their border went up to the west and to Maralah, it then [fn]touched Dabbesheth and reached to the [fn]brook H5158 that is before Jokneam.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:7 - ‘I will draw out to you Sisera, the commander of Jabin’s army, with his chariots and his [fn]many troops to the river H5158 Kishon, and I will give him into your hand.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:13 - Sisera called together all his chariots, nine hundred iron chariots, and all the people who were with him, from Harosheth-hagoyim to the river H5158 Kishon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:21 - “The torrent H5158 of Kishon swept them away,
The ancient torrent, H5158 the torrent H5158 Kishon.
O my soul, march on with strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:4 - After this it came about that he loved a woman in the valley H5158 of Sorek, whose name was Delilah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:5 - Saul came to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the valley. H5158
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:40 - He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, H5158 and put them in the shepherd’s bag which he had, even in his pouch, and his sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:9 - So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook H5158 Besor, where those left behind remained.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:10 - But David pursued, he and four hundred men, for two hundred who were too exhausted to cross the brook H5158 Besor remained behind.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:21 - When David came to the two hundred men who were too exhausted to follow David, who had also been left at the brook H5158 Besor, and they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him, then David approached the people and greeted them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:23 - While all the country was weeping with a loud voice, all the people passed over. The king also passed over the brook H5158 Kidron, and all the people passed over toward the way of the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:13 - “If he withdraws into a city, then all Israel shall bring ropes to that city, and we will drag it into the [fn]valley H5158 until not even a small stone is found there.”

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 26:17–2Sa 17:13) Gen 26:17–2Sa 17:13

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Sa 22:5–Isa 15:7

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